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Encyclopedia > Hanafi

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Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...


Schools of Law

HanafiShafi`iMaliki
Hanbali This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Shāfi‘ī madhab () is one of the four schools of fiqh, or religious law, within Sunni Islam. ... This page deals with Islamic thought. ... Hanbali (Arabic: حنبلى ) is one of the four schools (Madhhabs) of Fiqh or religious law within Sunni Islam. ...

Schools of Theology

MaturidiAsh'ariAthariMu'tazili Theology is reasoned discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason). It can also refer to the study of other religious topics. ... In Islam, one who follows Abu Mansur Al Maturidis theology, which is a close variant of Ashari school of thought. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Athari ((al-Athariyya), the textualists, from the word Athar, report) is the smallest of the four schools of Sunni Islamic theology. ... Mutazilah (Arabic المعتزلة al-mu`tazilah) is a theological school of thought within Islam. ...

Movements

DeobandiBarelwiSalafi The religion of Islam has many divisions, sects, schools, traditions, and related faiths. ... The Deobandi (Urdu: دیو بندی devbandī) is a Sunni Islamic revivalist movement which started in South Asia and has more recently spread to other countries, such as Afghanistan, South Africa and the United Kingdom. ... Barelvi (Hindi: बरेलवी, Urdu: بریلوی) is a movement of Sufism in South Asia that was founded by Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareilly, India (hence the term Barelvi). ... This article is on the beliefs of the followers of the Salaf. ...

Five Pillars

ShahadaSalah
ZakahSawmHajj The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic: أركان الإسلام) is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. ... , // Shāhāda is a town in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India, now in Nandurbār District (formerly in Dhule District). ... Salat redirects here. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ... Sawm (Arabic: صوم) is an Arabic word for fasting regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ...

Rightly Guided Caliphs

Abu Bakr • Umar ibn al-Khattab
Uthman ibn AffanAli ibn Abi Talib The Four Rightly Guided Caliphs (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ) is a term used in Sunni Islam and in general around the world to refer to the first four caliphs who are seen as being model leaders. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman. ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ...

Hadith Collections
The Six major Hadith collections are the works of some individuals Islamic scholars who by their own initiative started collecting sayings that people attributed to Muhammad approximately 200 years after his death. ...

Sahih BukhariSahih Muslim
Al-Sunan al-Sughra
Sunan Abi Dawood
Sunan al-Tirmidhi
Sunan ibn Maja • Al-Muwatta
Sunan al-Darami
The authentic collection (Arabic: الجامع الصحيح, al-Jaami al-Sahih [1]) or popularly al-Bukharis authentic (Arabic: صحيح البخاري, Sahih al-Bukhari) is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad ). Sunni view this as their most trusted collection. ... Sahih Muslim (Arabic: صحيح مسلم, ṣaḥīḥ muslim) is one of the Sunni Six Major Hadith collections, collected by Imam Muslim. ... as-Sunan as-Sughra (Arabic: السنن الصغرى), also known as Sunan an-Nasai (Arabic: سنن النسائي) is one of the Sunni Six Major Hadith collections, and was collected by Al-Nasai. ... Sunan Abu Daud (Arabic: ‎) is one of the Sunni Six Major Hadith collections , collected by Abu Daud. ... Jami al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: ‎), popularly Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: ‎) is one of the Sunni Six major Hadith collections collected by al-Tirmidhi. ... Sunan Ibn Maja is the last compiled of Sunni Islams six canonical hadith collections, compiled by Ibn Maja. ... The Muwatta is a collection of hadith of the Muhammad that form the basis for the jurisprudence of the Maliki school. ... Sunan al-Darami is a Hadith collection consider by some Sunnis to be the sixth of the Six major Hadith collections. ...

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Map showing some Core areas of maliki, Shafi, Hanbalis and Hanafi Muslims in Africa, Asia and Europe.

The Hanafi (Arabic حنفي) school is the oldest of the four schools of thought (Madhhabs) or jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam. The Hanafi madhhab is named after its founder, Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man ibn Thābit (Arabic: النعمان بن ثابت‎) (699 - 767), but its doctrine derives primarily from his two most important disciples, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad al-Shaybani. The latter's works, known collectively as zāhir al-riwāya, remained authoritative for later Hanafis. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 420 pixelsFull resolution (2480 × 1302 pixel, file size: 483 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Approximate map of the distribution of the four Sunni madhhab schools of legal interpretation. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 420 pixelsFull resolution (2480 × 1302 pixel, file size: 483 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Approximate map of the distribution of the four Sunni madhhab schools of legal interpretation. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Madhhab (Arabic مذهب pl. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man Al-Imam al-Azam Muhammad Nu’man bin Thabit bin Zuta bin Maah (), better known by his kunya as AbÅ« HÌ£anÄ«fah, () (699 — 767 CE / 80 — 148 AH) was the founder of the Hanafi school... Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf (Arabic:أبو يوسف) (d. ...

Contents

Overview

Among the four established Sunni schools of legal thought in Islam, the Hanafi school is the oldest, but it is generally regarded as the most liberal and as the one which puts the most emphasis on human reason. The Hanafi school also has the most followers among the four major Sunni schools. (Both the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire were Hanafi so the Hanafi school is still widespread in their former lands). The other three schools of thought are Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali. Today, the Hanafi school is predominant among the Sunnis of Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the most of the Indian Subcontinent, China as well as in Iraq, Turkey, Albania, the Balkans and the Caucasus. In his book Mektubat, Imam Rabbani told that he came to know by kashf that Jesus would be a hanafi in his second coming. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... Shafii is one of the four schools of Fiqh or religious law within Sunni Islam. ... This page deals with Islamic thought. ... Hanbali (Arabic: حنبلى ) is one of the four schools (Madhhabs) of Fiqh or religious law within Sunni Islam. ... Rabbani is a Malaysian nasyid group that consists of 7 members and they are Mohamad Asri Ibrahim as the lead vocal, together with Mohd Asri Ubaidullah, Ahmad Shafie, Zulkiflee Azman, Mohd Loqman Abd. ... The literal meaning of the word kashf is unveling, but in Sufi terminology it means to expose the heart to metaphysical illumination or revelation unattainable by reason. ...


According to Abdalhaqq Bewley:

"The madhhab of Imam Abu Hanifa, may Allah cover him with mercy, was formulated in Iraq, a very different environment to that of Madina al-Munawwara where the deen had been laid down, and the number of Companions who had settled there had been too few to allow a complete picture of the Sunna to emerge. For this reason Hanafi methodology involved the logical process of examining the Book and all available knowledge of the Sunna and then finding an example in them analogous to the particular case under review so that Allah's deen could be properly applied in the new situation. It thus entails the use of reason in the examination of the Book and Sunna so as to extrapolate the judgements necessary for the implementation of Islam in a new environment. It represents in essence, therefore, within the strict compass of rigorous legal and inductive precepts, the adaptation of the living and powerful deen to a new situation in order to enable it take root and flourish in fresh soil. This made it an ideal legal tool for the central governance of widely varied populations which is why we find it in Turkey as the legacy of the Uthmaniyya Khilafa and in the sub-continent where it is inherited from the Moghul empire." This article is about the Saudi city of Medina. ...

Some distinctive opinions of Abu Hanifa and the Hanafi School

  • Abu Hanifah held that "wine" (the fermented juice of dates or grapes) was absolutely prohibited. But he thought it was permissible to drink small non-intoxicating amounts of other alcoholic beverages (e.g. made from honey or grains). Later Hanafi scholars tend to rule that all alcoholic beverages are prohibited regardless of source.
  • It is prohibited or disliked to eat some forms of non-fish seafood based on the hadith of the prophet Muhammad: "Two types of dead meat and two types of blood have been made lawful for your consumption [without being slaughtered]: fish and locust, liver and spleen". (Reported by Ahmad and Ibn Majah,).
  • Except during Hajj every salah needs to be made in its regular time. It is not valid to combine prayers, even when travelling.[1]
  • A sixth daily Witr prayer is wajib or "required".
  • Abu Hanifah held that "the Quran" consists of the meaning of the text and so in the daily prayers it was permissible to recite "the Quran" in any language unconditionally. Later Hanafis only held that this was permissible if the person praying was unable to recite the Quran in Arabic.
  • Bleeding can break one's wudu.
  • Abu Hanifah and the Maturidis say that "Faith neither increases nor decreases" and that "Actions are not a part of faith".

Despite these differences, there is little or no animosity between the four schools of religious law within Sunni Islam.[citation needed] Instead there is a cross-pollination of ideas and debate that serves to refine each school's understanding of Islam. A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... Salat redirects here. ... Witr is an optional Muslim prayer yet that can be said at night between Ishaa (night) and Fajr (morning) prayers. ... This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ... Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. ...


Notable Hanafis

Imam Abu Hanifa Númān ibn Thābit (Arabic: إمام أبو حنيفه نعمان بن ثابت) (699 - 765) was an important Islamic scholar and jurist and is considered the founder of the Hanafi school of fiqh. ... Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf (Arabic:أبو يوسف) (d. ... Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud Abu Mansur al-Samarqandi al-Maturidi al-Hanafi (d. ... Imam Muhammad Zahid ibn Hasan al-Kawthari (1296 AH-1371 AH) was the adjunct to the last Sheikh al-Islam of the Ottoman Empire and a well known Hanafi jurist. ... Ibn Abidin, honoured as Allama Ibn Abidin (1198 - 1252 AH.) is a well known Hanafi Sunni Islamic scholar. ... Ahmad Sirhindi was an Islamic scholar and prominent member of the Naqshbandi Sufi order. ... Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari (1318 – 1389) was the founder of what would become one of the largest and most influential Sufi Muslim orders, the Naqshbandi. ... Rumi redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Wali Allah Dahlawi be merged into this article or section. ... Fethullah Gülen (born 27 April 1941) is a modernist Islamic scholar[1], writer, and leader of the Gülen movement. ... Sayyidunna Mawlana Sanaadi Ala Hadrat Alshaykh Allamah Muhammad Mukhtar Ziauddin AÄ¥med Riđā Abdul Mustapha Khān al-BarelwÄ« al-Barkati al-Nuri al-Razwi al-Qadiri (1856–1921, sometimes transcribed as Ahmad Raza Khan) , was a prominent Muslim Alim from Bareilly, a city in Northern India during the late... Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi (Urdu:ریاض احمدگوھرشاہی) (‎25 November 1941 – 25 November 2001) also known as Sayyedna Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi (Urdu:سیدناریاض احمدگوھرشاہی) or Hazrat Sayyedna Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi Muddazullahul Aali (Urdu:حضرت سیدناریاض احمدگوھرشاہی مدظلہ العالی) was a Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader and founder of the spiritual movement Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam. ... Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad al-Yaqoubi al-Hasani as-Shami al Hanafi descends from a scholarly family whose lineage goes back to the Prophet, salla Allahu alayhi sallam, through his grandson Sayyiduna al-Hasan, radiya Allahu anhu. ... Shaikh-ul-Hadith Mawlānā Muhammad ZakarÄ«yā al-KāndahlawÄ« (d. ... Shaykh Nazim in Cyprus after a prayer Sultanul Awliya/Evliye Shaykh Mevlana as-Sayyid Khwaja Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani al-Kibrisi an-Naqshbandi (Arabic : الشيخ ناظم القبرصي; born Mehmet Nâzım Adil on April 23, 1922) is the leader of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order. ... Ilyas Attar Qadri is the leader of the Islamic missionary and revival movement Dawat-e-Islami, which he founded in 1981. ... Mawlana Shibli Numani (in Arabic: شبلي نعماني) was an Indian Muslim scholar (1857 - 1914). ... Sadr ad-DÄ«n Abul Hassan AlÄ« ibn AbÄ« al-`Izz (1331 — 1390; 731AH — 792AH ), commonly known as Ibn Abi al-`Izz (Arabic: ابن أبي العز), was a Syrian born Sunni Hanafi jurist and theologian. ... Shaykh Faraz Rabbani , is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and translator of several Arabic works to the English language. ... Image:Hadrat Abdullah Shah Naqshbandi. ... Mufti Ghulam Rasool Jamaati (Arabic: ‎) is a Sunni Hanafi [2] Islamic scholar [1]. List of Islamic scholars ^ a b http://www. ... Abu Jafar Ahmad ibn Muhammad At-Tahaawee, Imaam Abu Jafar at-Tahaawee or simply Tahawi (843 or 853 [1] to 935 (321 AH)[2]) was a famous Sunni Islamic Scholar who followed the Hanafi madhhab. ... Farid al-Din Attar (b. ... Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi the eminent Muslim scholar and sufi was born in Damascus in 1641 into a family of Islamic scholarship. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Hanafi Groups and Movements

The Deobandi (Urdu: دیو بندی devbandī) is a Sunni Islamic revivalist movement which started in South Asia and has more recently spread to other countries, such as Afghanistan, South Africa and the United Kingdom. ... Barelvi (Hindi: बरेलवी, Urdu: بریلوی) is a movement of Sufism in South Asia that was founded by Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareilly, India (hence the term Barelvi). ... In Islam, one who follows Abu Mansur Al Maturidis theology, which is a close variant of Ashari school of thought. ... Sunni Bohras are a Sunni Muslim community in Sindh province of Pakistan and Gujarat state of India. ... Tablighi Jamaat (Conveying[1] Group) (Arabic: جماعة التبليغ , also Tabligh) is a Muslim missionary and revival movement. ...

References

  • The Recovery of True Islamic Fiqh

External links

  • Salaah Evidences for the Hanafi Madhab
  • SunniPath.com Hanafi ruling website
  • NoorOnline.com
  • sunniport.com
  • Shariah Board (Hanafi) Audio Fatawa in many languages (free online)
  • Sahih al Islam Over 2,000 Collection of Islamic Information
  • Online Urdu Audio on Various Subjects
  • Kitab Ghar Urdu Translation of Hanafi Fiqh and Hadith Books
  • Hizmet Books Hanafi books in English (free online)
  • White Thread Press Books on Hanafi Fiqh and Hadith
  • Al-Rashad Books and Audio Books and Audio on Hanafi Fiqh
  • The Al-Imam al-A'zam Abu Hanifah web site!

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hanafi Islam Washington DC shootout (789 words)
Within the Sunni Muslim tradition, Hanafi is one of four “schools of law” and considered the oldest and most liberal school of law.
Hanafi is one of the four schools of thought (madhabs / Maddhab) of religious jurisprudence (fiqh) within Sunni Islam.
Hanafis concluded that blasphemy could not be punished by the state.
Hanafi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (329 words)
Hanafi (Arabic: حنفى) is one of the four schools (madhabs) of jurisprudence (Fiqh) or religious law within Sunni Islam.
The Hanafi school is predominant among Sunni Muslims in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Lower (Northern) Egypt, where the influence of the Ottomans was strongest.
For example, under Hanafi jurisprudence, blasphemy is not punishable by the state, despite being considered a civil crime by some other schools.
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