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Encyclopedia > Hampshire
Hampshire
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Region: South East England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 9th
3,769 km²
Ranked 8th
3,679 km²
Admin HQ: Winchester
ISO 3166-2: GB-HAM
ONS code: 24
NUTS 3: UKJ33
Demographics
Population
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
- Admin. pop.
Ranked 5th
1,671,000
443 / km²
Ranked 3rd
1,259,400
Ethnicity: 96.7% White
1.3% S. Asian
Politics

Hampshire County Council
http://www.hants.gov.uk/hcc/
Executive Conservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
  1. Gosport
  2. Fareham
  3. Winchester
  4. Havant
  5. East Hampshire
  6. Hart
  7. Rushmoor
  8. Basingstoke and Deane
  9. Test Valley
  10. Eastleigh
  11. New Forest
  12. Southampton (Unitary)
  13. Portsmouth (Unitary)

Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. Hants) is a county on the south coast of England. The county borders (clockwise from West), Dorset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey and West Sussex. The county has an area of 1,455 square miles (3,769 km²) and at its widest points is approximately 55 miles (90 km) east-west and 40 miles (65 km) north-south. The county town is Winchester situated at 51°03′35″N, 1°18′36″W. The 2001 census gave the population of the administrative county as 1.24 million; the ceremonial county also includes the cities of Portsmouth and Southampton, which are administratively independent, and has a total population of 1.6 million. Christchurch and Bournemouth, within the historic borders of the county, were made part of the non-metropolitan county of Dorset in 1974. Hampshire is the name of several geographical locations. ... map of admin county File links The following pages link to this file: Hampshire Southampton Itchen (UK Parliament constituency) Southampton Test (UK Parliament constituency) Romsey (constituency) Hampshire North West (UK Parliament constituency) Aldershot (constituency) Havant (constituency) Portsmouth South (UK Parliament constituency) Portsmouth North (UK Parliament constituency) Gosport (constituency) Basingstoke (constituency... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This is a List of Administrative shire counties of England by Area, that is to say Administrative counties with a two-tier County council structure, not including Administrative counties which are Unitary Authorities. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for the United Kingdom correspond to the nations administrative divisions. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - 2002 mid-year estimates from the Office for National Statistics, unrounded figures published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in the Entitlement Notification Reports for Revenue Support Grants [1]. See also: List of Administrative shire counties of... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Arms of Hampshire County Council. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... The Right Honourable James Norwich Arbuthnot (August 4, 1952) A British politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... John Yorke Denham (born July 15, 1953) British politician, Labour Member of Parliament for Southampton Itchen. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Sandra Gidley. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Michael Thomas Hancock CBE (born 9 April 1946, Portsmouth) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Mark Gerard Hoban (born 31 March 1964, County Durham) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... James Gerald Douglas Howarth known as Gerald Howarth (born 12 September 1947, Hurley, Berkshire) is a British politician in the Conservative Party. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Christopher Murray Paul Huhne, known as Chris Huhne, (born 2 July 1954) is a British Liberal Democrat politician and the current Member of Parliament for the Eastleigh constituency in Hampshire. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Julian Murray Lewis (born 26 September 1951, in Swansea, Wales) is a British politician and Conservative Member of Parliament for New Forest East in Hampshire. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Right Honourable Michael John Mates (born 9 June 1934) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Sarah McCarthy-Fry is the Labour Party Member of Parliament for Portsmouth North in the United Kingdom since the 2005 general election, when she replaced Syd Rapson. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British political party. ... Maria Frances Lewis Miller (born March 26, 1964, Wolverhampton) is the Conservative MP for Basingstoke. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Mark Oaten Mark Oaten (born 8 March 1964, Watford) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom, and Member of Parliament for the Winchester constituency. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Desmond Angus Swayne (born 20 August 1956) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Peter John Viggers (born March 13, 1938, Gosport) is a lawyer and Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Alan Patrick Vincent Whitehead (born 15 September 1950, Isleworth) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... For the West End actor, see Dave Willetts. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Sir George Young, 6th Baronet (born July 16, 1941) is an English politician, and Tory member of Parliament for Hampshire North West. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Districts in the Ceremonial County of Hampshire. ... Gosport is a town and district in Hampshire with around 77,000 inhabitants (including Lee-on-the-Solent), situated on the south coast of England. ... Fareham is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England. ... Winchester is a local government district in Hampshire, England, with city status. ... Havant is a town and district in Hampshire on the South coast of England, between Portsmouth and Chichester. ... East Hampshire is a local government district in Hampshire, England. ... Hart is a local government district in Hampshire, England, named after the River Hart. ... Rushmoor is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England. ... Basingstoke and Deane is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England. ... Test Valley is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England. ... Eastleigh is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England, bordering Southampton. ... New Forest is a local government district in Hampshire, England. ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... Christchurch is a town in Dorset, England on the English Channel coast. ... , Bournemouth is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ...


Hampshire is a popular holiday area, with tourist attractions including its many seaside resorts, the maritime area in Portsmouth, and the motor museum at Beaulieu. The New Forest National Park lies within the borders, as does a large area of the South Downs, which is also scheduled to become a National Park. Hampshire has a long maritime history and two of England's largest ports lie on its coast. The county is famed as home of the writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens. Beaulieu is a small village located on the south eastern edge of the New Forest national park in Hampshire, England. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... The Brecon Beacons National Park, looking from the highest point of Pen Y Fan (886 m/2907 feet) to Corn Du (873 m/2864 feet) The national parks of England and Wales are areas of relatively undeveloped and scenic landscape that are designated under the National Parks and Access to... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ... 1873 engraving of Jane Austen, based on a portrait drawn by her sister Cassandra. ... “Dickens” redirects here. ...

Contents

Physical geography

Main article: Geology of Hampshire

Hampshire's geology falls into two categories. In the south, along the coast is the "Hampshire Basin", an area of relatively non-resistant Eocene and Oligocene clays and gravels which are protected from sea erosion by the Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, and the Isle of Wight. These low, flat lands support heathland and woodland habitats, a large area of which form part of the New Forest. The New Forest has a mosaic of heathland, grassland, coniferous and deciduous woodland habitats that host diverse wildlife. The forest is protected as a national park, limiting development and agricultural use to protect the landscape and wildlife. Large areas of the New Forest are open common lands kept as a grassland plagioclimax by grazing animals, including domesticated cattle, pigs and horses, and several wild deer species. Erosion of the weak rock and sea level change flooding the low land has carved several large estuaries and rias, notably the 12 mile (19 km) long Southampton Water and the large convoluted Portsmouth Harbour. The Isle of Wight lies off the coast of Hampshire where the non-resistant rock has been eroded away forming the Solent. Hampshires geology falls into two categories. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Resistance can mean one of: electrical resistance antibiotic resistance resistance to a disease (see related subject immunology) a political resistance movement military resistance against foreign occupation geological resistance fluid resistance thermal resistance This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ... The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... Gravel (largest fragment in this photo is about 4 cm) Gravel is rock that is of a certain particle size range. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as an operation of Mathematical morphology, see Erosion (morphology) Erosion is displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of ocean currents, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement... Corfe Castle The Isle of Purbeck, not a true island but a peninsula, is in the county of Dorset, England. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire, between the Solent and the English Channel. ... Heaths are anthropogenic habitats found primarily in northern and western Europe, where they have been created by thousands of years of human clearance of natural forest vegetation by grazing and burning on mainly infertile acidic soils. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... Habitat (which is Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species live and grow. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... The Brecon Beacons National Park, looking from the highest point of Pen Y Fan (886 m/2907 feet) to Corn Du (873 m/2864 feet). ... The term climax community is an outdated ecological term for a community of plants and animals which is the result of succession, where a biological system, a community, or a soil has reached a steady state. ... An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and within which sea water mixes with fresh water. ... Georges River, in the southern suburbs of Sydney (Australia) is a ria, or drowned river valley. ... Fawley oil refinery from Netley Hospital. ... Portsmouth Harbour is a large natural harbour in Hampshire, England. ... Satellite image showing the Solent, separating the Isle of Wight from mainland Britain The Solent is a stretch of sea separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of Great Britain. ...


In the north and centre of the county the substrate is the Southern England Chalk Formation of Salisbury Plain and the South Downs. These are high hills with steep slopes where they border the clays to the south. The hills dip steeply forming a scarp onto the Thames valley to the north, and dip gently to the south. The highest point in the county is Pilot Hill, which reaches the height of 286 m (938 ft). The downland supports a calcareous grassland habitat, important for wild flowers and insects. In the past Hampshire had little arable agriculture, but in the early 20th century the demand for food led to the establishment of farms on the downs. A large area of the downs are now protected from further agricultural damage by the East Hampshire Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty The Itchen and Test are trout rivers that flow from the chalk through wooded valleys into Southampton Water. Nestled in a valley on the downs is Selborne, and the countryside surrounding the village was the location of Gilbert White's pioneering observations on natural history. Hampshire's county flower is the Dog Rose.[1] In this geological map of Great Britain the Chalk is labled 6 The Chalk Formation of Southern England is a system of chalk downland in the south of England. ... This article is about the plateau in southern England; Salisbury Plain is also an area on South Georgia Island. ... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Pilot Hill is a hill in Hampshire, England, which at 286 metres (938 ft) is the highest in the county. ... A downland is an area of open chalk upland. ... Calcareous grassland (or alkaline grassland) is an ecosystem associated with thin basic soil, such as that on chalk and limestone downland. ... Look up flower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets... In geography, arable land is a form of agricultural land use, meaning land that can be (and is) used for growing crops. ... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ... The Itchen near Ovington. ... The Test downstream of Sadlers Mill, Romsey The Test is tidal in Southampton and is lined with quays The River Test is a river in Hampshire, England. ... Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss Biwa trout (or Biwa salmon), Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ... Selborne is a village in Hampshire, England, about 50 miles from London, with a population of about 650. ... Gilbert White (July 18, 1720 – June 26, 1793) was a pioneering naturalist and ornithologist. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. ... The Dog Rose (Rosa canina) is a scrambling shrub-like rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia. ...


Hampshire has a milder climate than most areas of the British Isles, being in the far south with the climate stabilising effect of the sea, but protected against the more extreme weather of the Atlantic coast. Hampshire has a higher average annual temperature than the UK average at 9.8 °C to 12 °C,[2] average rainfall at 741–1060 mm per year,[3] and higher than average sunshine at over 1541 hours per year.[4] This article describes the archipelago in north-Western Europe. ... “Atlantic” redirects here. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


History

Main article: History of Hampshire

The chalk downland of the South Downs and southern edges of Salisbury Plain were settled in the neolithic, and these settlers built hill forts such as Winklebury and may have farmed the valleys of Hampshire. Hampshire was part of an area named Gwent or Y Went by the Celts, which also covered areas of Somerset and Wiltshire. In the Roman invasion of Britain, Hampshire was one of the first areas to fall to the invading forces. The county was occupied by Jutish tribes until Saxon times. Hampshire was one of the first Saxon shires, recorded in 755, but for two centuries represented the western end of Saxon England, as advances into Dorset and Somerset were fought off by the Britons. After the Saxons advanced west Hampshire became the centre of the Kingdom of Wessex, and many Saxon kings are buried at Winchester. A statue in Winchester celebrates the powerful King Alfred, who stabilised the region in the 9th century. Hampshire was recorded in the Domesday Book divided into 44 hundreds. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The term hill fort is commonly used by archeologists to describe fortified enclosures located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. ... Winklebury is a large suburb located two miles north-west of central Basingstoke in the UK. Up until the late 1960s Winklebury was a collection of small holdings but Basingstokes growth as a new town saw the area developed for housing. ... Roman invasion of Britain: Britain was the target of invasion by forces of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire several times during its history. ... Jutland peninsula The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have originated from Jutland in modern Denmark and part of the Frisian coast. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A shire is an administrative area of Great Britain and Australia. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman I lands in Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... Alfred (849? – 26 October 899) (sometimes spelt Ælfred) was king of England from 871 to 899, though at no time did he rule over the whole of the land. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...


After the Norman Conquest the county was favoured by Norman kings who established the New Forest as a hunting forest. The county was recorded in the Domesday Book divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent, wool and cloth manufacture in the county, and the fishing industry, and a shipbuilding industry was established. Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... Norman conquests in red. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... A hundred is an administrative division, frequently used in Europe and New England, which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller geographical units. ...


Over several centuries a series of castles and forts were constructed along the coast of the Solent to defend the harbours at Southampton and Portsmouth. These include the Norman Portchester Castle which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour, and a series of forts built by Henry VIII including Hurst Castle, situated on a sand spit at the mouth of the Solent, Calshot Castle on another spit at the mouth of Southampton Water, and Netley Castle. Southampton and Portsmouth remained important harbours when rivals, such as Poole and Bristol declined, as they are amongst the few locations that combine shelter with deep water. Southampton has been host to many famous ships, including the Mayflower and the Titanic, the latter being staffed largely by natives of Southampton. For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Satellite image showing the Solent, separating the Isle of Wight from mainland Britain The Solent is a stretch of sea separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of Great Britain. ... Portchester Castle (Latin name: Portus Adurni) is a Roman Channel Fort, considered by many as one of the finest Roman fortifications remaining in Europe. ... Portsmouth Harbour is a large natural harbour in Hampshire, England. ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... Hurst Castle is one of Henry VIIIs Device Forts built at the end of a long shingle spit at the west end of the Solent to guard the approaches to Portsmouth, and given extensive new wing batteries after the 1859 Royal Commission report. ... A spit is a deposition landform found off coasts. ... Calshot Castle is one of Henry VIIIs device forts, built near Fawley to guard the entrance to Southampton Water. ... Netley Castle is a castle in Netley in Hampshire, England. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... This article is about the English city. ... Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882) The Mayflower was the famous ship that transported the Pilgrims from Plymouth, England, to Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts (United States), in 1620. ... RMS Titanic was a British Olympic class passenger liner that became famous for her collision with an iceberg on 14 April 1912 and dramatic sinking on 15 April 1912. ...


Hampshire played a large role in World War II due to its large Royal Navy harbour at Portsmouth, the army camp at Aldershot and the military Netley Hospital on Southampton Water, as well as its proximity to the army training ranges on Salisbury Plain and the Isle of Purbeck. Supermarine, the designers of the Spitfire and other military aircraft, were based in Southampton, which led to severe bombing of the city. Aldershot remains one of the British Army's main permanent camps. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... Aldershot is a town in the English county of Hampshire, located on heathland approximately 55 km (35 miles) southwest of London. ... The chapel is all that remains of the Hospital today. ... This article is about the plateau in southern England; Salisbury Plain is also an area on South Georgia Island. ... Corfe Castle The Isle of Purbeck, not a true island but a peninsula, is in the county of Dorset, England. ... Supermarine was a British aircraft manufacturer that become famous for producing a range of sea planes and the legendary Supermarine Spitfire fighter. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter, which was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries during the Second World War, and into the 1950s. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...

Southampton from Netley Hospital.

The county has in the past been called "Southamptonshire" and appears as such on some Victorian maps. The name of the administrative county was changed from 'County of Southampton' to 'County of Hampshire' on 1 April 1959. The short form of the name, often used in postal addresses, is Hants, which sometimes gives rise to puzzlement. This abbreviated form is derived from the Old English Hantum plus Scir (meaning a district governed from the settlement now known as Southampton) and the Anglo-Saxons called it Hamtunschire. At the time of the Domesday Book (1086) this was compressed to Hantescire. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 472 KB)View from Netley Hospital chapel tower, in the Royal Victoria Country Park, Netley, Hampshire, UK. Looking north-west across the park, up Southampton Water, towards Southampton. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 472 KB)View from Netley Hospital chapel tower, in the Royal Victoria Country Park, Netley, Hampshire, UK. Looking north-west across the park, up Southampton Water, towards Southampton. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... An administrative county is an administrative area in the British Isles. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging toRaedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


The Isle of Wight has traditionally been treated as part of Hampshire for some purposes, but has been administratively independent for over a century, obtaining a county council of its own in 1890. The Isle of Wight became a full ceremonial county in 1974. Apart from a shared police force and health authority there are now no formal administrative links between the Isle of Wight and Hampshire, though many organisations still combine Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire, between the Solent and the English Channel. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ...


The towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch also fall within the traditional county of Hampshire, but were ceded to Dorset in the local government reorganisation of 1974. , Bournemouth is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... Christchurch is a town in Dorset, England on the English Channel coast. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ...


Economy

The Beaulieu River.

Hampshire is a relatively affluent county, with a Gross domestic product (GDP) of £22.9 billion (£16.3 billion when excluding Southampton and Portsmouth). This makes it the sixth largest economy in England, and is equal in size to the economy of Northern Ireland, making up 2% each of the economy of the UK as a whole.[5] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Nominal GDP per person (capita) in 2006. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...


Portsmouth and Winchester have the highest job densities in the county, and therefore there is a high level of commuting into the cities. Southampton has the highest number of total jobs and commuting both into and out of the city is high. The county has a lower level of unemployment than the national average, at 1.9% when the national rate was 3.3%, and as of March 2005 has fallen to 1.1%. 39% are employed by large firms, compared to a national average of 42%. Hampshire has a considerably higher than national average employment in high-tech industries, but average levels in knowledge based industry. 25.21% of the population work in the public sector.[6] Unemployment rates in the United States. ... < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial...


Many rural areas of Hampshire have traditionally been reliant on agriculture, though the county was less agricultural than most surrounding counties, and was mostly concentrated on dairy farming. The significance of agriculture as an employer and wealth creator has declined since the first half of the 20th century and agriculture currently employs 1.32% of the population. The county has a long association with wild boar, and the domesticated Hampshire hog breed of pig, from which bacon is produced.[7] Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or more properly, an animal husbandry enterprise, raising female cattle, goats, or other lactating animals for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Look up bacon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The New Forest area is a National Park, and tourism is a significant economic segment in this area, with 7.5 million visitors in 1992.[8] The South Downs and the cities of Southampton and Winchester also attract tourists to the county. Southampton Boat Show is one of the biggest annual events held in the county, and attracts visitors from throughout the country. In 2003 the county had a total of 31 million day visits, and 4.2 million longer stays.[9] For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... The Brecon Beacons National Park, looking from the highest point of Pen Y Fan (886 m/2907 feet) to Corn Du (873 m/2864 feet). ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ...


The cities of Southampton and Portsmouth are both significant ports, with Southampton handling a large proportion of the national container freight and Portsmouth housing a large Royal Navy base. The docks have traditionally been large employers in these cities, though again mechanisation has forced diversification of the economy. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...


Demographics

Southampton Docks.

At the Census 2001[10] the ceremonial county recorded a population of 1,644,249, of which 1,240,103 were in the administrative county, 217,445 were in the unitary authority of Southampton, and 186,701 were in Portsmouth. The population of the administrative county grew 5.6% from the 1991 census, Southampton grew 6.2% while Portsmouth remained unchanged, compared with 2.6% for England and Wales as a whole. Eastleigh and Winchester grew fastest at 9% each. The age structure of the population is similar to the national average. Image File history File links River Test and Southampton Docks, Southampton. ... Image File history File links River Test and Southampton Docks, Southampton. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ...


96.73% of residents were indigenous, falling to 92.37% in Southampton. The significant ethnic minorities are Asian at 1.34% and mixed race at 0.84%. 0.75% of residents were migrants from outside the UK. 73.86% stated their religion as Christianity and 16.86% were not religious. Significant minority religions were Islam (0.76%) and Hinduism (0.33%). Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Politics

Hampshire is divided into eighteen parliamentary constituencies. Ten of these are represented by Conservative Members of Parliament (MPs), four by the Liberal Democrats and three by Labour. Labour represent the large cities, including both Southampton constituencies (Test and Itchen) and Portsmouth North. The Conservatives represent the most rural constituencies, New Forest West, New Forest East, Hampshire North West, Hampshire North East, Hampshire East and the constituencies of Aldershot, Basingstoke, Havant, Gosport and Fareham, which are centred on towns. The Liberal Democrats represent Winchester, Portsmouth South and Eastleigh, all centred around towns, and the largely rural constituency of Romsey. There is a new parliamentary constituency to be contested at the next general election as part of the new boundary changes. The Meon Valley constituency is notionally a Conservative seat. The ceremonial county of Hampshire, which includes the unitary authorities of Portsmouth and Southampton, is divided into 17 Parliamentary constituencies - 7 Borough constituencies and 10 County constituencies. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Southampton Test is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Southampton Itchen is a United Kingdom parliamentary constituency, currently represented by the Labour Party Member of Parliament John Denham MP (b. ... Portsmouth North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... New Forest West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... New Forest East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Hampshire North West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Hampshire North East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Hampshire East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Aldershot is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Basingstoke is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Havant is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Gosport is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Fareham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Winchester is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Portsmouth South is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Eastleigh is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Romsey is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Meon Valley will be a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


The Isle of Wight returns its own Member to the House of Commons and, in this way, it is often said[citation needed] that Hampshire returns nineteen Members of Parliament despite Hampshire and the Isle of Wight having been separated administratively and ceremonially for some time. The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire, between the Solent and the English Channel. ... Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups...


At the 2005 local elections for Hampshire County Council the Conservative Party had a 43.69% share of the votes, the Liberal Democrats had 36.01% and Labour 16.08%. Therefore 46 Conservatives, 28 Liberal Democrats and four Labour councillors sit on the County Council.[11] Southampton City Council, which is entirely independent, has 18 Liberal Democrat, 15 Labour and 15 Conservative councillors.[12] Portsmouth City Council, also independent, has 20 Liberal Democrat, 18 Conservative, seven Labour and one independent councillor.[13]


Hampshire also has its own County Youth Council (HCYC) and is an independent youth-run organisation. It meets once a month around Hampshire and aims to give the young people of Hampshire a voice.[14]


Cities, towns, and villages

New apartment blocks in the rapidly changing Basingstoke.

Hampshire's county town is Winchester, a historic city that was once the capital of the ancient kingdom of Wessex and of England. The port cities of Southampton and Portsmouth were split off as independent unitary authorities in 1997, although they are still included in Hampshire for ceremonial purposes. Fareham, Gosport and Havant have grown into a conurbation that stretches along the coast between the two main cities. The three cities are all university cities, Southampton being home to the University of Southampton and Southampton Solent University (formerly Southampton Institute), Portsmouth to the University of Portsmouth, and Winchester to the University of Winchester (formerly known as University College Winchester; King Alfred's College). Download high resolution version (864x576, 109 KB)View from railway station forecourt, Basingstoke, England Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 27th May 2004, with original filename DCP_2604. ... Download high resolution version (864x576, 109 KB)View from railway station forecourt, Basingstoke, England Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 27th May 2004, with original filename DCP_2604. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... A unitary authority is a term used in a two-tier local government system to describe a unit of local government that operates as a single tier. ... Arms of Fareham Borough Council Fareham Creek today, looking towards Gosport The market town of Fareham lies in the south east of Hampshire, England, between the cities of Southampton and Portsmouth, roughly in the centre of the South Hampshire conurbation. ... Gosport is a town and district in Hampshire with around 77,000 inhabitants (including Lee-on-the-Solent), situated on the south coast of England. ... Havant is a town and district in Hampshire on the South coast of England, between Portsmouth and Chichester. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The University of Southampton is a university situated in the city of Southampton, on the south coast of Great Britain. ... Southampton Solent University (formerly: Southampton Dimstitute of Higher Education) is a university of 17,000 students based in Southampton, United Kingdom. ... The University of Portsmouth is the only university in the city of Portsmouth, Hampshire. ... The University of Winchester is a university in Winchester in the United Kingdom. ...


Hampshire lies outside the green belt area of restricted development around London, but has good railway and motorway links to the capital, and in common with the rest of the south-east has seen the growth of dormitory towns since the 1960s. Basingstoke, in the north of the county, has grown from a country town into a business and finance centre. Aldershot, Portsmouth, and Farnborough have strong military associations with the Army, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force respectively. The county also includes several market towns: Alton, Andover, Bishop's Waltham, Lymington, Petersfield, Ringwood, Romsey, and Whitchurch. For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ... This article or section should be merged with Bedroom community A dormitory town is generally a rural town where a large proportion of its population commute to nearby cities. ... Basingstoke railway station, as seen from Alençon Link. ... Aldershot is a town in the English county of Hampshire, located on heathland approximately 55 km (35 miles) southwest of London. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Farnborough is a town in the Hampshire borough of Rushmoor in South East England. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Statistics Population: 16,584 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU716394 Administration District: East Hampshire Shire county: Hampshire Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hampshire Historic county: Hampshire Services Police force: Hampshire Constabulary Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: GUILDFORD... Statistics Population: 52,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU3645 Administration District: Test Valley Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hampshire Historic county: Hampshire Services Police force: Hampshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town... Location within the British Isles Bishops Waltham is a town in Hampshire, England with a population of around 6,500 people. ... Cobbled streets in Lymington town centre. ... Petersfield is a market town in the English county of Hampshire, situated on the northern border of the South Downs. ... Location within the British Isles Ringwood is a town in Hampshire, England, on the River Avon, to the west of the New Forest and north of Bournemouth. ... , Romsey, located at (50. ... Whitchurch is a town in Hampshire, England. ...


Towns by population size: (2004 est.)[citation needed]

For the complete list of settlements see List of places in Hampshire. Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Basingstoke railway station, as seen from Alençon Link. ... This article is about the town in Hampshire. ... Havant is a town and district in Hampshire on the South coast of England, between Portsmouth and Chichester. ... Arms of Fareham Borough Council Fareham Creek today, looking towards Gosport The market town of Fareham lies in the south east of Hampshire, England, between the cities of Southampton and Portsmouth, roughly in the centre of the South Hampshire conurbation. ... Statistics Population: 52,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU3645 Administration District: Test Valley Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hampshire Historic county: Hampshire Services Police force: Hampshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... This is a list of settlements and places of interest in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England. ...


Culture, arts and sport

Winchester Cathedral.

Due to Hampshire's long association with pigs and boars, natives of the county have been known as Hampshire hogs since the 18th century.[7] Hampshire has literary connections, being the birthplace of authors including Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, and the residence of others, such as Charles Kingsley. Austen lived most of her life in Hampshire, where her father was rector of Steventon, and wrote all of her novels in the county. Hampshire also has many visual art connections, claiming the painter John Everett Millais as a native, and the cities and countryside have been the subject of paintings by L. S. Lowry and J. M. W. Turner. Hampshire is also the birthplace of explorer Lawrence Oates, and entertainers Peter Sellers, Benny Hill and Craig David. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 355 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 355 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... 1873 engraving of Jane Austen, based on a portrait drawn by her sister Cassandra. ... “Dickens” redirects here. ... Charles Kingsley A statue of Charles Kingsley at Bideford, Devon (UK) Charles Kingsley (June 12, 1819 – January 23, 1875) was an English novelist, particularly associated with the West Country. ... Steventon can refer to: the village of Steventon, Hampshire. ... Many times, the term art is used to refer to the visual arts. ... Sir John Everett Millais Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (June 8, 1829 – August 13, 1896) was a British painter and illustrator who was one of founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Joseph Mallord William Turner (April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed) – December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ... Lawrence Edward Grace Oates (March 17, 1880 – March 17, 1912) was a British Antarctic explorer. ... Richard Henry Peter Sellers, CBE (8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was an English comedian, actor, and performer, who came to prominence on the BBC radio series The Goon Show and later became a film star. ... Alfred Hawthorn Hill (21 January 1924 – 19 April 1992), better known as Benny Hill, was a prolific English comic, actor and singer, best known for his television programme, The Benny Hill Show. ... Craig Ashley David (born 5 May 1981), better known as Craig David, is an English R&B singer and songwriter who has sold about thirteen million albums worldwide as of 2007. ...


Hampshire's relatively safe waters have allowed the county to develop as one of the busiest sailing areas in the country, with many yacht clubs and several manufacturers on the Solent. The sport cricket was largely developed in south-east England, with one of the first teams forming at Hambledon in 1750. Hampshire County Cricket Club today is a successful first-class team, captained by Shane Warne. Hampshire has several association football teams, the most successful being Premier League side Portsmouth F.C. and Championship side Southampton F.C., which have traditionally been fierce rivals. Aldershot F.C. also played in the Football League until the club's closure in 1992. Thruxton Circuit is Hampshire's premier motor racing course with the National Motor Museum being located in the New Forest adjacent to Beaulieu Palace House. The Farnborough Air Show is a popular international event, held biennially. For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... Hambledon is a village in Hampshire It is thought that Hambledon Cricket Club was formed circa 1750, making it the oldest known. ... Hampshire County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Hampshire. ... First-class cricket matches are those between international teams or the highest standard of domestic teams in which teams have two innings each. ... Shane Keith Warne (born 13 September 1969 in Upper Ferntree Gully, Victoria), is an Australian cricketer and the current captain of Hampshire. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... The original FA Premier League logo, used until 2007 The Premier League (officially known as the Barclays Premier League for sponsorship reasons, colloquially known as The Premiership), is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top echelon of the English football league system (above The Football League). ... Portsmouth Football Club are an English football club based in the south coast city of Portsmouth. ... The Football League Championship (often referred to as The Championship for short, the Coca-Cola Football League Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the highest division of The Football League and second-highest division overall in the English football league system after the Premier League. ... Southampton Football Club is a professional English football team, nicknamed The Saints and based in the city of Southampton. ... Aldershot Football Club was an English Football League club which went out of business in 1992. ... Thruxton Circuit is a notable attraction for visitors to the Hampshire village of Thruxton, originally built in 1940 as a World War II airfield and home to both the RAF and USAF, it was used for troop-carrying aircraft and gliders during the D-Day landings. ... The National Motor Museum (originally the Montagu Motor Museum) is a museum in Beaulieu, Hampshire, England. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... Beaulieu is a small village located on the south eastern edge of the New Forest national park in Hampshire, England. ... Farnborough 2006 Farnborough 2006 The Red Arrows in formation at Farnborough The Airbus A380, at Farnborough The Farnborough International Airshow is a seven-day international trade fair for the aerospace business which is held biannually in England. ...


Transport

Southampton Airport, with an accompanying main line railway station, is an international airport situated in the Borough of Eastleigh, close to Swaythling in the city of Southampton. Cross-channel and cross-Solent ferries link the county to the Isle of Wight and European continent. The South Western Main Line railway from London to Weymouth runs through Winchester and Southampton, and the Wessex Main Line from Bristol to Portsmouth also runs through the county. This airport is located in the United Kingdom, for the airport in Canada, see Southampton Airport (Ontario) Southampton Airport (IATA: SOU, ICAO: EGHI) is the 20th largest airport in the UK, located in Eastleigh near Southampton. ... Southampton Airport (Parkway) railway station is a railway station located in Eastleigh in the county of Hampshire in England. ... Eastleigh is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England, bordering Southampton. ... Swaythling was once a village but over the years it has gradually become a suburb of Southampton. ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: , the sleeve) is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Satellite image showing the Solent, separating the Isle of Wight from mainland Britain The Solent is a stretch of sea separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of Great Britain. ... The South Western Main Line is the railway line from London Waterloo to Weymouth on the Dorset coast. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Weymouth is a town in Dorset, England, United Kingdom, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. ... The Wessex Main Line is the railway line from Bristol Temple Meads to Southampton. ... This article is about the English city. ...


The M3 motorway connects the county to London. The construction of the Twyford Down cutting near Winchester caused major controversy by cutting through a series of ancient trackways (the Dongas) and other features of archaeological significance. The M27 motorway serves a bypass for the major conurbations and as a link to other settlements on the south coast. Other important roads include the A3, A31 and A36.The roads in the county are known for their heavy traffic,especially around Southampton and Portsmouth and the M27 and A27. In the Republic of Ireland, the M3 motorway is a planned upgrade to part of the N3 road from Dublin to Cavan and the Northwest. ... Twyford Down lies to the South East of Winchester, Hampshire, England. ... Looking down onto the M27 from Portsdown Hill. ... The A3 is a trunk road in Southern England, connecting London to Portsmouth. ... The A31 is a major trunk road in England running south west from Guildford in Surrey along the Hogs Back. ... The A36 is a trunk road in the UK that links the port city of Southampton to the city of Bath. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Looking down onto the M27 from Portsdown Hill. ... The A27 near Southwick The A27 is a major road in England. ...


The county has a high level of car ownership, with only 15.7% having no access to a private car compared to 26.8% for England and Wales. The county has a lower than average use of trains (3.2% compared to 4.1% for commuting) and buses (3.2% to 7.4%) but a higher than average use of bicycles (3.5% to 2.7%) and cars (63.5% to 55.3%).[15]


See also

Hampshire Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... A list of churches and church buildings in Hampshire (including the unitary authorities of Southampton and Portsmouth) listed by borough: // Sandham Memorial Chapel St. ... This is a list of settlements and places of interest in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England. ... The following are lists of recreational walks in Hampshire, England // Grange Farm, a series of circular walks at Tichborne, south of New Alresford Hamble Common has a waymarked circular walk The Hayling Billy Trail (part of which is called the Hayling Billy Coastal Path), runs from the centre of Havant... The ceremonial county of Hampshire, which includes the unitary authorities of Portsmouth and Southampton, is divided into 17 Parliamentary constituencies - 7 Borough constituencies and 10 County constituencies. ... This article is about the English county of Hampshire, not Hampshire, Illinois Hampshires total economy (worth £22. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hampshire
  • Hampshire County Council
  • Walks Around Hampshire
  • BBC Hampshire
  • Photographs of Hampshire
  • Hampshire Visitor Attractions
  • 93 Vintage Photographs of Portsmouth from the Air

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Notes

  1. ^ BBC News, May 5 2004. UK counties choose floral emblems.
  2. ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average temperature for the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average rainfall for the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Met Office, 2000. Annual average sunshine for the United Kingdom.
  5. ^ Hampshire County Council, 2002. Economic factors.
  6. ^ Hampshire County Council, 2004. Profile of Hampshire.
  7. ^ a b Hampshire County Council, 2003. "Press Release: Hampshire's Hog has a home."
  8. ^ New Forest District Council, n.d. "Tourism questions and answers."
  9. ^ Hampshire County Council, United Kingdom Tourism Survey & GB Leisure Day Visits Survey, 2004. "Tourism Facts and Figures."
  10. ^ Office for National Statistics & Hampshire County Council, 2003. Census 2001 data
  11. ^ Hampshire County Council, 2005. Local election results.
  12. ^ Southampton City Council, 2005. Local election results.
  13. ^ Portsmouth City Council, 2005. List of councillors.
  14. ^ Hampshire County Youth Council
  15. ^ Hampshire County Council, 2005. Facts and Figures website.

BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Office for National Statistics logo The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the United Kingdom government executive agency charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the United Kingdom at national and local levels. ...

References

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911. "Hampshire".
  2. Draper, Jo. 1990. Hampshire. Wimborne: Dovecote Press. ISBN 0-946159-82-3
  3. Pigot & Co's Atlas of the Counties of England, 1840. London: J Pigot & Co.

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