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Encyclopedia > Hamilton, Ontario
City of Hamilton

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve
Location in the province of Ontario, Canada
Coordinates: 43°15′19″N 79°52′23″W / 43.25528, -79.87306
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Incorporated June 9, 1846[1]
Government
 - Mayor Fred Eisenberger
 - City Council Hamilton City Council
 - MPs
 - MPPs
Area [2]
 - City 1,138.11 km² (439.4 sq mi)
 - Land 1,117.11 km² (431.3 sq mi)
 - Water 21 km² (8.1 sq mi)
 - Urban 227.70 km² (87.9 sq mi)
 - Metro 1,371.76 km² (529.6 sq mi)
Elevation 75–324 m (246–1,063 ft)
Population (2006)[3]
 - City 504,559
 - Density 451.6/km² (1,169.6/sq mi)
 - Metro 692,911
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span L8E to L8W
Area code(s) (905) and (289)
Website: http://www.myhamilton.ca/

Hamilton (pronounced: IPA /'hæməltən/) (2006 Population 504,559; UA population 647,634; CMA population 692,911) is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812.[4] The town of Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe. On January 1, 2001 the new City of Hamilton was formed through amalgamation of the former City with the constituent towns of the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Municipality.[5] Residents of the city are known as Hamiltonians.[6] Since 1981, the metropolitan area has been listed as the ninth largest in Canada and the third largest in Ontario. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 574 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Map_of_Ontario_HAMILTON.svg‎ File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Fred Eisenberger (born 1952) is a Canadian politician. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The Hamilton City Council is the governing body of the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... 38th Parliament Members of the House of Commons in the 38th Parliament of Canada, as of May 17, 2005. ... Dean Allison (born February 18, 1965) is a Conservative member of the Canadian House of Commons from the riding of Niagara West—Glanbrook. ... Chris Charlton is a Canadian politician. ... David Christopherson (born October 5, 1954) is a Canadian politician. ... Wayne Marston (born 1947 in Plaster Rock, New Brunswick) is a Canadian politician. ... David Sweet is a Canadian Member of Parliament and former CEO of the Promise Keepers (Canada). ... A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is one of three major political parties in Ontario, Canada running in the 2007 Ontario provincial election. ... Ontario NDP MPP Andrea Horwath Andrea Horwath is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Timothy Tim Hudak, MPP, is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Ted McMeekin is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Paul Miller (born February 7, 1951) is a politician in Hamilton, Ontario. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 905 (1-905) (with overlay Area code 289) is a telephone dialing area for south central Ontario. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... George Hamilton (October 1788-February 20, 1836) was a businessman and politician in Upper Canada, who founded the city of Hamilton, Ontario. ... James Durand (1775-March 22, 1833) was a businessman and political figure in Upper Canada. ... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Hamilton, Ontario Skyline The skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario side The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region or urban agglomeration centred around the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... The Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth was proclaimed by the Progressive Conservative government of Ontario on January 1, 1974 (with legislation being passed the previous year). ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ...


Traditionally, the local economy has been led by the steel and heavy manufacturing industries. Within the last decade, there has been a shift towards the service sector, particularly health and sciences. The Hamilton Health Sciences corporation employs nearly 10,000 staff and serves approximately 2.2 million people in the region.[7] The Hamilton General Hospital is major teaching hospital in downtown Hamilton, Canada that is affiliated with McMaster University. ...


Hamilton is home to the Royal Botanical Gardens, the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, the Bruce Trail, McMaster University and several colleges. The Canadian Football League's Hamilton Tiger-Cats play at Ivor Wynne Stadium, close to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. Partly because of its diverse locations, numerous TV and film productions have been filmed in Hamilton regulated by the Hamilton Film Liaison Office.[8] A growing arts and culture sector had garnered media attention in a 2006 Globe and Mail news article, entitled "Go West, Young Artist," focused on the growing art scene in Hamilton. The article highlighted local art galleries, recording studios and independent film production. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Museum building with a CF-104 Starfighter mounted as a monument The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is one of the major aviation museums in Canada. ... The Bruce Trail is a hiking (and multi-use) trail in southern and central Ontario, Canada. ... McMaster University is a highly regarded medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... CFL redirects here. ... The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a Canadian Football League team based in Hamilton, Ontario, founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Tigers and the Hamilton Flying Wildcats. ... Ivor Wynne Stadium (originally known as Civic Stadium) is a Canadian football stadium located in Hamilton, Ontario. ... The Canadian Football Hall of Fame is a not-for-profit corporation located in Hamilton, Ontario that celebrates great achievements in Canadian football. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ...

Contents

History

United Empire Loyalists, statue, Hamilton Courthouse

In pre-colonial times, the Neutral Indians used much of the land but were gradually driven out by the Five (later Six) Nations (Iroquois) who were allied with the British against the Huron and their French allies. A member of the Iroquois Confederacy provided the route and name for Mohawk Road, which originally included King street in the lower city. The History of Hamilton, Ontario contains only the history before 1946 of the area governed by Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, since its amalgamation in 2001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 531 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 531 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The name United Empire Loyalists is given to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... This group was called the Attawandaron by the Hurons, meaning people of a slightly different language. Their territory was almost entirely in southern Ontario, save for three or four villages to the east, across the Niagara River in New York State; their western border was about Lake St. ... The term Six Nations can refer to: The six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a union of Native American/First Nations tribes. ... This article is about the First Nations people, the Wyandot, also known as the Huron. ...


In 1784, about 10,000 United Empire Loyalists settled in what is now southern Ontario, chiefly in Niagara, around the Bay of Quinte, and along the St. Lawrence River between Lake Ontario and Montreal. They were soon followed by many more Americans, some of them not so much ardent loyalists but attracted nonetheless by the availability of inexpensive, arable land. At the same time large numbers of Iroquois loyal to Britain arrived from the United States and were settled on reserves west of Lake Ontario.[9] The name United Empire Loyalists is given to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... Heraldic Motto: Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty Corporate Motto: Building Communities, Building Lives Location of the Niagara Region within Ontario Area: 1,852 sq. ... The Bay of Quinte is on the northern shore of Lake Ontario. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ... For other uses, see Iroquois (disambiguation). ...


The town of Hamilton was conceived by George Hamilton (a son of a Queenston entrepreneur and founder, Robert Hamilton), when he purchased farm holdings of James Durand, the local Member of the British Legislative Assembly, shortly after the War of 1812.[4] Nathaniel Hughson, a property owner to the north, cooperated with George Hamilton to prepare a proposal for a courthouse and jail on Hamilton's property. Hamilton offered the land to the crown for the future site. Durand was empowered by Hughson and Hamilton to sell property holdings which later became the site of the town. As he had been instructed, Durand circulated the offers at York during a session of the Legislative Assembly and a new Gore District was established of which the Hamilton town site was a member.[4] George Hamilton (October 1788-February 20, 1836) was a businessman and politician in Upper Canada, who founded the city of Hamilton, Ontario. ... The Village of Queenston (Latitude 43°10N Longitude 79°03W) is located 5km north of Niagara Falls, Ontario in the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake. ... Robert Hamilton (September 14, 1753 - March 8, 1809) was a businessman, judge and political figure in Upper Canada. ... James Durand (1775-March 22, 1833) was a businessman and political figure in Upper Canada. ... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... Nathaniel Hughson, born: 16 July 1755 at New York. ... The Gore District was a historic district in Upper Canada which existed until 1849. ...

Initially, this town was not the most important centre of the Gore District. A permanent jail was not constructed until 1832 when a cut-stone design was completed on one of the two squares created in 1816, Prince's Square.[4] Subsequently, the first police board and the town limits were defined by statute on February 13, 1833.[10] Official City status was achieved on June 9, 1846 by an act of Parliament, 9 Victoria Chapter 73.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Current logo of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


As the city grew several prominent building were constructed in the late 19-century, including the Grand Lodge of Canada in 1855,[11] a public library in 1890, the Right House department store in 1893. The first commercial telephone service in Canada, the first telephone exchange in the British Empire, and the second telephone exchange in all of North America all occurred in the city between 1877–78.[12] Current logo of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...

Scottish Rite Castle/ Masonic Centre, onetime home of George Elias Tuckett, Hamilton's 27th Mayor

Though suffering through the Hamilton Street Railway strike of 1906, with industrial businesses expanding Hamilton's population doubled between 1900 and 1914. Two steel manufacturing companies, Stelco and Dofasco, were formed in 1910 and 1912, respectively, and Procter & Gamble and the Beech-Nut Packing Company opened manufacturing plants in 1914 and 1922, respectively, their first outside the US.[13] Population and economic growth continued until the 1960s, with the 1929 construction of the city's first high-rise building, the Pigott Building, the move of McMaster University from Toronto to Hamilton, the opening of the second Canadian Tire store in Canada in 1934, an airport in 1940, a Studebaker assembly line in 1948,[14] the Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway in 1958, and the first Tim Hortons store in 1964. Since then many of the large industries have moved or shut down operations[13] and the economy has shifted more toward the service sector, such as transportation, education, and health services. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 624 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 624 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... George Elias Tuckett was mayor of Hamilton, Ontario in 1896. ... This June 2007 does not cite any references or sources. ... Dofasco is a steel company based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, which is also home to longtime Canadian rival Stelco. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Beech-Nut Nutrition Corporation is a baby food company that in its current form is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Milnot Holding Corporation, one of the portfolio of companies owned by the private equity investment firm Madison Dearborn Partners. ... McMaster University is a highly regarded medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... Canadian Tire (TSX: CTC CTC.a, CTC) is one of Canadas 35 largest publicly traded companies and operates an inter-related network of businesses engaged in retailing, financial services and petroleum. ... Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway, taken in July 2004. ... Tim Hortons is a coffee-and-doughnut fast food restaurant chain largely based in Canada. ...


On January 1, 2001 the new city of Hamilton was formed from the amalgamation of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth and its six municipalities: Hamilton, Ancaster, Dundas, Flamborough, Glanbrook, and Stoney Creek.[5] Before amalgamation, the "old" City of Hamilton had 331,121 Hamiltonians divided into 100 neighbourhoods. The new amalgamated city has 490,268 people in over 200 neighbourhoods.[15] is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Ancaster is a suburban community southwest of Hamilton, Ontario, with which it amalgamated in 2001. ... Dundas, Ontario, Canada held a town charter between 1848 and 2001. ... Flamborough (sometimes both officially and informally spelled Flamboro) is a former town near and current community in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Glanbrook was formerly a rural township of about ten thousand inhabitants south of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with which it was amalgamated in 2001. ... Stoney Creek was a municipality which is now part of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ...


Geography

Niagara Escarpment & the Great Lakes
See also: Infrastructure of Hamilton, Ontario and List of streets in Hamilton, Ontario

Hamilton is located on the western end of the Niagara Peninsula and wraps around the westernmost part of Lake Ontario; most of the city, including the downtown section, is on the south shore. Hamilton is situated in the geographic centre of the Golden Horseshoe and is roughly the midway point between Toronto and Buffalo. The major physical features are Hamilton Harbour marking the northern limit of the city and the Niagara Escarpment running through the middle of the city across its entire breadth, bisecting the city into 'upper' and 'lower' parts.[16] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (931x535, 28 KB) Summary The extent of the Niagara Escarpment in New York, Ontario, Michigan, and Wisconsin (marked in red). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (931x535, 28 KB) Summary The extent of the Niagara Escarpment in New York, Ontario, Michigan, and Wisconsin (marked in red). ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum. ... The following is a list of streets found in Hamilton, Ontario: // 50 Road Aberdeen Avenue, named after Lord Aberdeen (John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair) and Lady Aberdeen (Ishbel Hamilton-Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair) who both lived in Hamilton on Bay Street South (1890-1898... Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Hamilton, Ontario Skyline The skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario side The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region or urban agglomeration centred around the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ...


The first aboriginals to settle in the Hamilton area called this bay Macassa, meaning beautiful waters.[15] Hamilton is one of 11 cities showcased in the book, "Green City: People, Nature & Urban Places" by Quebec author Mary Soderstrom, which examines the city as an example of an industrial powerhouse co-existing with nature.[17] Soderstrom credits Thomas McQueston and family in the 1930s who "became champions of parks, greenspace and roads" in Hamilton.[18] Categories: Canadian people stubs | Ontario MPPs ...


Burlington Bay is a natural harbour with a large sandbar called the Beachstrip. This sandbar was deposited during a period of higher lake levels during the last ice age, and extends southeast through the central lower city to the escarpment. Hamilton's deep sea port is accessed by ship canal through the beach strip into the harbour and is traversed by two bridges, the QEW's Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway and the lower Canal Lift Bridge.[19] Burlington Bay, also known as Hamilton Harbour, is a branch of Lake Ontario bounded on the northwest by the City of Burlington, on the south by the City of Hamilton, and on the east by Hamilton Beach (south of the Skyway Bridge) and Burlington Beach (north of the channel). ... The Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway, taken in July 2004. ...

Weather averages for Hamilton, Ontario
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C -0.5 -0.5 3 11 18 24 27 26 21 15 7 1 13
Average low °C -9 -10 -5 1 6 12 15 13 10 4 -1 -6 2
Precipitation mm 65.8 55.3 74.8 78.0 75.6 83.9 86.5 80.6 82.1 72.5 78.6 76.6 910.1
Average high °F 31 31 39 53 65 76 82 80 71 59 45 32 54
Average low °F 15 14 22 34 44 54 60 57 51 40 30 20 37
Precipitation inch 2.7 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.6 3.1 2.3 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 30.9
Source: Weatherbase and Environment Canada[20] Dec 25, 2006
The climate of Hamilton is humid continental (Dfa type) and relatively mild compared with most Canadian cities.
Downtown Hamilton at Gore Park, originally known as Barton township.

Between 1788 and 1793 the townships at the Head-of-the-Lake were surveyed and named. The area was first known as The Head-of-the-Lake for its location at the western end of Lake Ontario.[12] John Ryckman, born in Barton township (where present day downtown Hamilton is), described the area in 1803 as he remembered it: "The city in 1803 was all forest. The shores of the bay were difficult to reach or see because they were hidden by a thick, almost impenetrable mass of trees and undergrowth...Bears ate pigs, so settlers warred on bears. Wolves gobbled sheep and geese, so they hunted and trapped wolves. They also held organized raids on rattlesnakes on the mountainside. There was plenty of game. Many a time have I seen a deer jump the fence into my back yard, and there were millions of pigeons which we clubbed as they flew low."[21] Image File history File linksMetadata Gore_Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gore_Park. ...

Bayfront Park
Webster's Falls.

George Hamilton, a settler and local politician, established a town site in the northern portion Barton Township in 1815. He kept several east–west roads which were originally Indian trails, but the north–south streets were on a regular grid pattern. Streets were designated "East" or "West" if they crossed James Street or Highway 6. Streets were designated "North" or "South" if they crossed King Street or Highway 8.[22] The overall design of the townsite, likely conceived in 1816, was commonplace. George Hamilton employed a grid street pattern used in most towns in Upper Canada and throughout the American frontier. The eighty original lots had frontages of fifty feet; each lot faced a broad street and backed onto a twelve foot lane. It took at least a decade for all of the original lots to be sold, but the construction of the Burlington Canal in 1823, and a new court-house in 1827 encouraged Hamilton to add more blocks around 1828–9. At this time, he included a market square in an effort to draw commercial activity onto his lands, but the natural growth of the town was to the north of Hamilton's plot.[23] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 720 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Websters Falls of Waterdown, Ontario. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 720 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Websters Falls of Waterdown, Ontario. ... George Hamilton (October 1788-February 20, 1836) was a businessman and politician in Upper Canada, who founded the city of Hamilton, Ontario. ... Hamilton Street Railway Bus crossing King and James Streets. ... King Street, is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York(later renamed Toronto in 1834) 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council...


The Hamilton Conservation Authority owns, leases or manages about 4,000 ha (9,900 acres) of land with the City operating 1,077 ha (2,661 acres) of parkland at 310 locations.[24][25] Many of the parks are located along the Niagara Escarpment, which runs from Tobermory at the tip of the Bruce Peninsula in the north, to Queenston at the Niagara River in the south, and provides views of the cities and towns at the western end of Lake Ontario. The hiking path Bruce Trail runs the length of the escarpment and through parks with cliffs and waterfalls.[26] Over 90 waterfalls and cascades have been identified here which led to the city being nicknamed "The City of Waterfalls".[27] The Hamilton Conservation Authority maintains the greenspace, trails, parks and some attractions in the Hamilton, Ontario region. ... Tobermory is a small town lying at the north tip of the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Bruce Peninsula in red. ... The Village of Queenston (Latitude 43°10N Longitude 79°03W) is located 5km north of Niagara Falls, Ontario in the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... The Bruce Trail is a hiking (and multi-use) trail in southern and central Ontario, Canada. ...

Panoramic view of lower Hamilton from Sam Lawrence Park

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 221 pixelsFull resolution‎ (8,937 × 2,473 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 221 pixelsFull resolution‎ (8,937 × 2,473 pixels, file size: 3. ...

Demographics

City population (1816-2006)[28][22][29]

According to the 2001 Canadian Census, one-fourth of the local population was not born in Canada. This is the third highest such proportion in Canada after Toronto, and Vancouver. Hamilton also had a high proportion of British Isles origins (English, Scottish and Irish). Nearly three in ten residents reported English as their sole ethnic origin, or as one of their ancestral origins. As well, nearly one in five reported Scottish ancestry either alone or in combination with another ethnic origin.[30] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


The top countries of birth for the newcomers living in Hamilton in the 1990s were: former Yugoslavia, Poland, India, China, the Philippines, and Iraq. Hamilton was home to 64,400 visible minorities in 2001, representing 10% of its population, up from 7% in 1991. Visible minorities comprised 19% of Ontario’s population, primarily due to high proportions in Toronto.[30] The population is 90% White. It has very small numbers of South Asian/East Indian: 2.10%, Black: 2.00%, Chinese: 1.29%, and mixed race: 1.03%.[31] Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Though most indigenous Africans possess relatively dark skin, they exhibit much variation in physical appearance. ... The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ...


Children under 14 accounted for 19.24% of the population while those over 65 years of age constituted 14.26%, resulting in an average age of 37.8 years, slightly above the national average.


The most described religion in Hamilton is Christianity though other religions brought by immigrants are also growing. The 2001 census indicates that 77.56% of the population adheres to a Christian denomination, Protestants constituting 37.08% of the population, while Roman Catholics number 35.48% (significantly lower than the national average), while Christ the King Cathedral is the seat of the Diocese of Hamilton. The remaining 5.0% consists of Orthodox, and independent Christian churches. The largest non-Christian religion is Islam with 12,880 adherents or 1.96% of the total population. Other religions including Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and other constitute less than one percent each. Those with No religious affiliation account for 115,510 (17.63%) in 2001.[32] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Diocese of Hamilton was created on February 29th, 1856 by a division of the Archdiocese of Toronto. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Environics Analytics, a geodemographic marketing firm that created 66 different "clusters" of people complete with profiles of how they live, what they think and what they consume sees a future Hamilton with younger upscale Hamiltonians—who are tech savvy and university educated—choosing to live in the downtown and surrounding areas rather than just visit intermittently. More two- and three-storey townhouses and flats will be built on downtown lots; small condos will be built on vacant spaces in areas such as Dundas and Westdale to accommodate newly retired seniors; and more retail and commercial zones will be created. The city is also expected to grow by more than 28,000 people and 18,000 households by the year 2012.[33] Dundas, Ontario, Canada held a town charter between 1848 and 2001. ... Westdale is a residential neighbourhood in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada centered on the quaint Westdale Village shopping district and located near McMaster University. ...

Ethnic origin Population[31]
Canadian 193,580
English 186,815
Scottish 125,490
Irish 102,955
Italian 67,885
German 55,055
Ethnic origin
Population
French 52,830
Polish 33,065
Dutch 32,330
Ukrainian 24,070
Portuguese 14,110
Hungarian 12,925

This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...

Economy

See also: List of films shot in Hamilton, Ontario and List of head offices in Hamilton, Ontario
The census divisions of the original Golden Horseshoe marked red with recent additions in green.

The most important economic activity in Ontario is manufacturing, and the Toronto–Hamilton region is the most highly industrialized section of the country. The area from Oshawa, Ontario around the west end of Lake Ontario to Niagara Falls, with Hamilton at its centre, is known as the "Golden Horseshoe" and had a population of 6,704,598 in the 2001 census.[34] "Golden Horseshoe" The phrase was first used by Westinghouse President, Herbert H. Rogge, in a speech to the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce, on January 12, 1954. "Hamilton in 50 years will be the forward cleat in a 'golden horseshoe' of industrial development from Oshawa to the Niagara River...150 miles long and 50 miles wide...It will run from Niagara Falls on the south to about Oshawa on the north and take in numerous cities and towns already there, including Hamilton and Toronto." [35] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Companies with head offices located in Hamilton, Ontario and Area include: [1] Hamilton Health Sciences [2] Stelco Inc. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Ontario_GOLDEN_HORSESHOE.svg‎ File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Ontario_GOLDEN_HORSESHOE.svg‎ File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... Hamilton, Ontario Skyline The skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario side The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region or urban agglomeration centred around the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... This article is about the defunct Westinghouse Electric Corporation founded in 1886, renamed CBS Corporation in 1997, and purchased by Viacom in 1999. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Lloyd D. Jackson Square (Mall), Commerce Place Complex
Stelco in background, view from Pier 8

With sixty percent of Canada's steel being produced in Hamilton by Stelco and Dofasco the city has become known as the Steel Capital of Canada.[36] After nearly declaring bankruptcy, Stelco returned to profitability in 2004[37] and on August 26, 2007 United States Steel Corporation acquired Stelco for $38.50 (Canadian) in cash per share, owning more than 76 percent of Stelco's outstanding shares.[38] Dofasco, in 1999, was the most profitable steel producer in North America and in 2000 the most profitable in Canada. It currently has approximately 7,300 employees at its Hamilton plant and produces over four million tons of steel annually, representing about 30% of Canada's flat rolled sheet steel shipments. Dofasco is one of North America's most profitable steel companies, and Dofasco was named to the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index in 2006 for the seventh year in a row. Dofasco’s produces steel products for the automotive, construction, energy, manufacturing, pipe and tube, appliance, packaging and steel distribution industries.[39] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 784 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 784 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Lloyd D. Jackson Square, also known as Lloyd Douglas Jackson Square or simply The Jackson Square, is an indoor shopping mall in the Lower City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, named after Lloyd Douglas Jackson, the mayor of the city in the 1950s. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 362 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 362 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This June 2007 does not cite any references or sources. ... This June 2007 does not cite any references or sources. ... Dofasco is a steel company based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, which is also home to longtime Canadian rival Stelco. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dow Jones & Company NYSE: DJ, based in the United States, is a publishing and financial information firm. ...


Originally, in the 1940s the John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport was used as a wartime air force training station. Today TradePort International Corporation manages and operates the John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport. Under TradePort management, passenger traffic at the Hamilton terminal has increased from 90,000 in 1996 to approx. 900,000 in 2002. The airport's mid-term target for growth in its passenger service is five million air-travelers annually. The air cargo sector of the airport has 24-7 operational capability and strategic geographic location allowing its capacity to increase by 50% since 1996; 91,000 metric tonnes (100,000 tons) of cargo passed through the airport in 2002. Courier companies with operations at the airport include United Parcel Service and Cargojet Canada.[40] The airport is also home to the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum. John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport or Hamilton International, (IATA: YHM, ICAO: CYHM), is an international airport in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... A ton(ne) (symbol t) is a unit of mass. ... The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 907. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Museum building with a CF-104 Starfighter mounted as a monument The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is one of the major aviation museums in Canada. ...


A report by Hemson Consulting identified an opportunity to develop 1,000 ha (2,500 acres) of greenfields (the size of the Royal Botanical Gardens) that could generate an estimated 59,000 jobs by 2031. A proposed aerotropolis industrial park at Highway 6 and 403, has been debated at City Hall for years. Opponents feel the city needs to do more investigation about the cost to taxpayers before embarking on the project.[41] An aerotropolis (pl. ...


Government

See also: List of politicians in Hamilton, Ontario and Category:Mayors of Hamilton, Ontario
Bay Street Federal Building

Citizens of Hamilton are represented by three tiers of Government. The federal representation consists of five members of parliament serving in the Parliament of Canada. At the provincial tier there are five elected members who serve in the Legislature of Ontario. The municipal tier is comprised of one mayor, elected city wide, and 15 city councillors, elected individually by each of the 15 ward divisions, to serve on the Hamilton City Council. Additionally, at the municipal tier, each ward elects a school board trustee for each of the school boards serving in their respective area. City Hall. ... // As of the January 23, 2006 Federal Parliament Election, the following members were elected: Dean Allison (CPC) Chris Charlton (NDP) David Christopherson (NDP) Wayne Marston (NDP) David Sweet (CPC) In the Ontario general election, 2003, the following representatives were elected in Hamilton, Ontario: Marie Bountrogianni (OLP) Andrea Horwath (NDP) Judy... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Hamilton City Hall. ...

The Hamilton City Council is granted authority to govern by the province through the Municipal Act of Ontario.[42] The Province of Ontario has supervisory privilege over the municipality and the power to redefine, restrict or expand the powers of all municipalities in Ontario. Further, the province provides oversight of Hamilton City Council through the Ontario Municipal Board. Image File history File linksMetadata Hamilton_city_hall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hamilton_city_hall. ... Hamilton City Hall. ... The Ontario Municipal Board (OMB) is an independent adjudicative tribunal that provides a public forum for resolving disagreements relating to community planning, governance issues and other matters in the province of Ontario, Canada, as provided for under the Ontario Municipal Board Act. ...


The Criminal Code of Canada is the chief piece of legislation defining criminal conduct and penalty. The Hamilton Police Service is chiefly responsible for the enforcement of federal and provincial law. Although the Hamilton Police Service has authority to enforce, bylaws passed by the Hamilton City Council are mainly enforced by Provincial Offences Officers[43] employed by the City of Hamilton. The Hamilton Police Service, formerly The Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police, is the local police force for the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ...


Education

Hamilton is home to several post-secondary institutions which has led to numerous direct and indirect jobs in education and research. McMaster University moved to the city in 1930 and today has over 27,000 enrolled students, of which almost two-thirds of the students come from outside the immediate Hamilton region.[44] Brock University of St. Catharines, Ontario has a satellite campus used primarily for teacher education located in Hamilton.[45] Colleges in Hamilton include: McMaster University is a highly regarded medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... Nickname: Motto: Industry and Liberality Location of St. ...

McMaster University Medical Centre

Public education for students from kindergarten through high school is administered by three school boards. The Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board manages approximately 120 public schools, while the Hamilton-Wentworth Catholic District School Board operates 60 schools in the greater Hamilton area.[49] The Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest offers two french immersion schools. Hillfield Strathallan College as well as Calvin Christian School/Hamilton District Christian High School are private K-12 schools in the area. McMaster Divinity College is a seminary in Hamilton, Ontario. ... For the Ecuadorian artist, see Manuel Rendón Seminario. ... Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec (BCOQ) - the oldest union of Baptist churches in central Canada. ... Mohawk College is a college in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Columbia International College of Canada is a private school in Hamilton, Ontario which is inspected and registered with the Ontario Ministry of Education. ... The coat of arms of Redeemer University College, registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority Redeemer University College located in Ancaster, Ontario, Canada, is a small college of Christian conviction with 750 students and faculty under the administration of Dr. Justin Cooper. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 466 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 466 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Hamilton Wentworth District School Board (HWDSB) is based out of Hamilton, Ontario. ... The Hamilton-Wentworth Catholic District School Board is the Roman Catholic school board for the city of Hamilton, Ontario, which includes the former Wentworth County. ... The Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest, also known as CSDCSO or Ontario District School Board #58, manages the French-language schools in the central south-western region of Ontario. ... Hillfield Strathallan College is a Canadian private, co-educational school in Hamilton, Ontario. ...


The Dundas Valley School of Art is an independent art school which has serviced the Hamilton region since 1964. Students range from 4-year olds to senior citizens and enrollment at the school as of February 2007 is close to the 4,000-mark. In 1998 a new fulltime diploma programme was launched as a joint venture with McMaster University. The faculty and staff is comprised of highly regarded regional artists.[50]


The Hamilton Conservatory for the Arts is home to many of the areas talented young actors, dancers, musicians, singers and visual artists. The school is equipped with a Keyboard Studio, spacious dance studios, art and sculpting studios, gallery space and a 300-seat recital hall. HCA offers over 90 programs for ages 3–93, creating a “united nations” of arts under one roof.[51]


Culture

See also: List of media outlets in Hamilton, Ontario and People from Hamilton, Ontario
Hamilton Harbour Queen, Pier 8, reached via Hughson Street North
HMCS Haida, Pier 9, Catharine Street North

Hamilton has built on its historical and social background with attractions including the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, the HMCS Haida National Historic Site (Canada's most famous warship and the last remaining Tribal Class in the world[52]), Dundurn Castle (the residence of a Prime Minister of Upper Canada),[53] the Royal Botanical Gardens, the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, the African Lion Safari park, and the Christ the King Cathedral. Below is the expanded version of the Culture section from the Hamilton, Ontario page. ... The following is a list of media outlets for The City of Hamilton, Ontario: // Hamilton has seven FM stations and three AM radio stations. ... The following people were born in, residents of, or are otherwise closely connected to the city of Hamilton, Ontario. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Hamilton Harbour Queen, Pier 8 Hughson Street is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... HMCS Haida (G-63) is the most famous ship in the Royal Canadian Navy, having sunk more enemy surface tonnage than any other Canadian ship. ... HMCS Haida in Hamilton, Ontario Catharine Street, is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Dundurn Castle is an historic chateau in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... York Boulevard is a Lower City road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Museum building with a CF-104 Starfighter mounted as a monument The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is one of the major aviation museums in Canada. ... HMCS Haida (G-63) is the most famous ship in the Royal Canadian Navy, having sunk more enemy surface tonnage than any other Canadian ship. ... Dundurn Castle is an historic chateau in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York(later renamed Toronto in 1834) 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Canadian Football Hall of Fame is a not-for-profit corporation located in Hamilton, Ontario that celebrates great achievements in Canadian football. ... Map to African Lion Safari African Lion Safari is a safari park that is around 80 km west of Toronto. ... Cathedral of Christ the King is the seat of the Bishop of the Diocese of Hamilton, and the cathedral of the Diocese of Hamilton. ...


Founded in 1914, the Art Gallery of Hamilton is Ontario's third largest public art gallery. The Gallery has 8,500 works in its permanent collection that focus on three areas: 19th-century European, Historical Canadian and Contemporary Canadian.[54]


The McMaster Museum of Art, founded on campus in 1967, houses McMaster University’s collection of more than 6,000 works of art, including exhibitions on the historical and contemporary work and the Herman Levy collection of Impressionist painting.[55]


Growth in the arts and culture sector has garnered high level media attention for Hamilton. A Globe and Mail article in 2006, entitled "Go West, Young Artist," focused on the growing art scene in Hamilton.[56] The Factory: Hamilton Media Arts Centre,[57] opened up a new home on James Street North in 2006. Art galleries are springing up on many streets across the City: James Street, Locke Street and King Street, to name a few. This, coupled with growth in the Downtown condo market which is drawing people back to the Core, is having an impact on the cultural fabric of the City. The opening of the Downtown Arts Centre[58] on Rebecca Street has spurred further creative activities in the Core. The Community Centre for Media Arts[59] (CCMA) continues to operate in Downtown Hamilton. The CCMA works with marginalized populations and combines new media services such as website development, graphic design, video, and information technology, with arts education and skills development programming.[60] The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... Hamilton Street Railway Bus crossing King and James Streets. ... Locke Street, is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... King Street, is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ...


Sports

See also: Sports venues in Hamilton, Ontario and Category:Sport in Hamilton, Ontario
Copps Coliseum, York Boulevard, looking East
Professional sports teams
Club League Venue Established Championships
Hamilton Tiger-Cats Canadian Football League Ivor Wynne Stadium 1950[61] 8
Hamilton Bulldogs American Hockey League Copps Coliseum 1996 1
Hamilton TBA American Basketball Association Copps Coliseum 2008 0
Amateur and junior clubs
Club League Venue Established Championships
Hamilton Red Wings Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey Dave Andreychuk Mountain Arena 1973 1
Hamilton Hornets R.F.C. Niagara Rugby Union Mohawk Sports Park 1954 ?
Hamilton Wildcats Australian Rules Football League Mohawk Sports Park 1997 0
Hamilton Thunderbirds Inter County Baseball League Bernie Arbour Memorial Stadium 2005 0



Hamilton was the host of the first Commonwealth Games, then called British Empire Games in 1930, Canada's first major international athletic event, and bid unsuccessfully for the Commonwealth Games in 2010, losing out to New Delhi in India.[62] Below is the expanded version of the Sports section from the Hamilton, Ontario wikipedia page. ... Below is a list of Sports venues found in Hamilton, Ontario. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 596 pixelsFull resolution (2551 × 1901 pixel, file size: 797 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 596 pixelsFull resolution (2551 × 1901 pixel, file size: 797 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Ivor Wynne Stadium (originally known as Civic Stadium) is a Canadian football stadium located in Hamilton, Ontario. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 682 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 682 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Copps Coliseum, York Boulevard, looking East Copps Coliseum, Bay Street, looking North Copps Coliseum is a sports and entertainment arena with a capacity of up to 19,000 (depending on event type and configuration) on the corner of Bay Street North and York Boulevard in Hamilton, Ontario. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3000x2400, 1010 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canadian football Hamilton, Ontario Canadian Football Hall of Fame List of attractions in Hamilton, Ontario ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3000x2400, 1010 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canadian football Hamilton, Ontario Canadian Football Hall of Fame List of attractions in Hamilton, Ontario ... The Canadian Football Hall of Fame is a not-for-profit corporation located in Hamilton, Ontario that celebrates great achievements in Canadian football. ... The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a Canadian Football League team based in Hamilton, Ontario, founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Tigers and the Hamilton Flying Wildcats. ... CFL redirects here. ... Ivor Wynne Stadium (originally known as Civic Stadium) is a Canadian football stadium located in Hamilton, Ontario. ... // August 23 — European Championships Marathon, Brussels, Belgium Mens Winner: Jack Holden (ENG) 2:32:14 December 10 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Shunji Koyanagi (JPN) 2:30:47 May 21 — United States Mens Winner: — 2:45:55 July 22 — Netherlands Mens Winner: Adri Moons — 2:58... The Hamilton Bulldogs are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Copps Coliseum, York Boulevard, looking East Copps Coliseum, Bay Street, looking North Copps Coliseum is a sports and entertainment arena with a capacity of up to 19,000 (depending on event type and configuration) on the corner of Bay Street North and York Boulevard in Hamilton, Ontario. ... // June 16 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: John Mandu (KEN) 2:15:14 Womens Winner: Mieke Pullen (NED) 2:41:13 July 28 — Olympic Marathon, Atlanta, Georgia (USA) Womens Winner: Fatuma Roba (ETH) 2:26:05 August 4 — Olympic Marathon, Atlanta, Georgia (USA) Mens Winner: Josia... For information on the original league that lasted until 1976, see American Basketball Association (1967-1977). ... Copps Coliseum, York Boulevard, looking East Copps Coliseum, Bay Street, looking North Copps Coliseum is a sports and entertainment arena with a capacity of up to 19,000 (depending on event type and configuration) on the corner of Bay Street North and York Boulevard in Hamilton, Ontario. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hamilton Red Wings are a Tier II Junior A ice hockey team from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League is a Tier II Junior A ice hockey league under the supervision of the Ontario Hockey Association and the Canadian Junior A Hockey League. ... The Dave Andreychuk Mountain Arena is a 2,500-seat ice hockey arena located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... See also: 1972 in sports, other events of 1973, 1974 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty wins the Daytona 500 in which singer Marty Robbins made his first appearance as a driver. ... Mohawk Sports Park, is a large park on the east mountain of Hamilton, Ontario, 1100 Mohawk Road East, with a number of sporting facilities including Bernie Arbour Memorial Stadium and the Mountain 4 Ice Centre, (4 rinks). ... See also: 1953 in sports, other events of 1954, 1955 in sports and the list of years in sports. // 1954 World Championships Mens all-around champion: Viktor Chukarin, USSR Womens all-around champion: Galina Rudko, USSR Team competition champions: mens - USSR; womens - USSR NASCAR Championship... The Wildcats are an Australian Football club based in Canada. ... Mohawk Sports Park, is a large park on the east mountain of Hamilton, Ontario, 1100 Mohawk Road East, with a number of sporting facilities including Bernie Arbour Memorial Stadium and the Mountain 4 Ice Centre, (4 rinks). ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Ivan Ivankov, Belarus Womens all-around champion: Svetlana Khorkina, Russia Mens team competition champion: China Womens team competition champion: Romania June 8 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Dmitriy Kapitonov (RUS) 2:12:09 Womens Winner: Carla... The Hamilton Thunderbirds Baseball Club were known as the Hamilton Cardinals for many years. ... Bernie Arbour Memorial Stadium was a stadium in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... // Athletics Mens 100 metres - Asafa Powell of Jamaica sets a new world record of 9. ... The 1930 British Empire Games was the first of what later became known as the Commonwealth Games was held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... The 2010 Commonwealth Games are going to be held in Delhi, India. ... The 2010 Commonwealth Games are going to be held in Delhi, India. ...


The Around the Bay Road Race circumnavigates Hamilton Harbour or Burlington Bay. Although it is not a proper marathon, it is the longest continuously held long distance foot race in North America.[62] The local newspaper also hosts the amateur Spectator Indoor Games.[62] Around the Bay Road Race, is one of the oldest long distance road races in North America, held in Hamilton, Ontario since 1894, 3-years before the Boston Marathon. ... Burlington Bay, also known as Hamilton Harbour, is a branch of Lake Ontario bounded on the northwest by the City of Burlington, on the south by the City of Hamilton, and on the east by Hamilton Beach (south of the Skyway Bridge) and Burlington Beach (north of the channel). ...


Hamilton has representation in two professional sports leagues, the Canadian Football League and the American Hockey League. The major sports complexes include Ivor Wynne Stadium and Copps Coliseum and is also home to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame museum.[63] The museum hosts an annual induction event in a week-long celebration that includes school visits, a golf tournament, a formal induction dinner and concludes with the Hall of Fame game involving the local CFL Hamilton Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium.[64][65] CFL redirects here. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Ivor Wynne Stadium (originally known as Civic Stadium) is a Canadian football stadium located in Hamilton, Ontario. ... Copps Coliseum, York Boulevard, looking East Copps Coliseum, Bay Street, looking North Copps Coliseum is a sports and entertainment arena with a capacity of up to 19,000 (depending on event type and configuration) on the corner of Bay Street North and York Boulevard in Hamilton, Ontario. ... The Canadian Football Hall of Fame is a not-for-profit corporation located in Hamilton, Ontario that celebrates great achievements in Canadian football. ... CFL redirects here. ... The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a Canadian Football League team based in Hamilton, Ontario, founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Tigers and the Hamilton Flying Wildcats. ...


In addition to team sports, Hamilton is also home to two auto race tracks, Cayuga International Speedway,[66] Flamboro Speedway[67] and Canada's fastest half-mile harness horse racing track, Flamboro Downs.[68] The Cayuga Speedway, also known as the Cayuga 2000 Speedway is a racing track located near Cayuga, Ontario in Haldimand County. ... Flamboro Speedway, 1/3-mile semi banked ashphalt oval auto racing track in Hamilton (Flamborough), Ontario. ... Flamboro Downs is Canadas fastest half-mile harness horse racing track, based in Hamilton (Flamborough), Ontario since April, 1975. ...


Sister cities

Hamilton is twinned with Flint, Michigan, and its young amateur athletes compete in the Canusa Games, held alternatively in the two cities since 1958.[62] Flint and Hamilton hold the distinction of having the oldest continuous sister-city relationship between a U.S. and Canadian city, since 1957.[69] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ...


Cities that are twinned with Hamilton include:[70]

Other City Relationships:[70] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Fukuyama can refer to: Fukuyama, Hiroshima, a city in Japan Francis Fukuyama, an American philosopher and political economist Masaharu Fukuyama, a Japanese singer-songwriter Yoshiki Fukuyama, a Japanese guitarist Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) Category: ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Maanshan (Simplified Chinese: 马鞍山; Traditional Chinese: 馬鞍山; pinyin: Mǎānshān) is an industrial city on the Yangtze river in Anhui province, about 50 km southwest of Nanjing. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: El Trabajo templa el Espíritu Location of Monterrey in northern Mexico Coordinates: , Country State Founded 20 September 1596 Government  - Mayor Adalberto Madero ( PAN) Area  - City 860 km²  (332 sq mi) Elevation 537 m (1,762 ft) Population (2005)  - City 1,133,814  - Density 1,989/km² (5... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Province of Agrigento (AG) Mayor Elevation 455 m Area 68. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cà dZan - a 1925 Sarasota residence that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Sarasota is a city located in Sarasota County on the central west coast of Florida, USA. Its official limits include Sarasota Bay and several barrier islands between the bay and the Gulf of... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Shawinigan is a city in the Province of Quebec, Canada on the Saint-Maurice River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... “Abruzzi” redirects here. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about Porto Alegre, Brazil. ...

See also

Hamilton, Ontario Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... The Bank of Hamilton was established in 1872 by local businessmen under the leadership of Donald McInnes, the banks first President. ... Below is the Economic History of Hamilton, Ontario: // In the beginning, the Head-of-the-Lake (Present day Hamilton)[1] was covered in forest. ... Current logo of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario. ... The Hamilton Street Railway (abbreviated as HSR) is the name of the organization which operates all public transit vehicles in the city of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport or Hamilton International, (IATA: YHM, ICAO: CYHM), is an international airport in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Below is a timeline of events in Hamilton, Ontario Canada. ... Copps Coliseum The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum. ... King Edward VII of England King George VI of England Below is a listing of Royal visitors to Hamilton, Ontario: [1] ^ Fast Facts from Hamiltons Past. ... Skyline view from the mountain (Niagara Escarpment). ... The following people were born in, residents of, or are otherwise closely connected to the city of Hamilton, Ontario. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Provincial Statutes of Canada 1846 9° vict. pg 981 Chapter LXXIII. An Act to amend the Act incorporating the Town of Hamilton, and to erect the same into a City.
  2. ^ Community Highlights for Hamilton (City). 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  3. ^ Stats Canada 2006 Canadian Census: Hamilton, Ontario. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  4. ^ a b c d Weaver, John C. (1985). Hamilton: an illustrated history. James Lorimer & Company, Publishers, 15–16. ISBN 0-88862-593-6 cloth. 
  5. ^ a b City of Hamilton Act, 1999. Retrieved on 2007-10-29.
  6. ^ Houghton, Margaret (2003). The Hamiltonians, 100 Fascinating Lives. James Lorimer & Company Ltd., Publishers Toronto. ISBN 1-55028-804-0. 
  7. ^ Murray T. Martin. Welcome to Hamilton Health Health Sciences. Hamilton Health Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-01-01.
  8. ^ Reel Choices: Film production resource guide (pdf). City of Hamilton. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  9. ^ Mackenzie, Ann. A Short History of the United Empire Loyalists (pdf). United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  10. ^ Statutes of Upper Canada, 1833 3° William IV pg. 58-68. Chapter XVII An act to define the Limits of the Town of Hamilton, in the District of Gore, and to establish a Police and Public Market therein.
  11. ^ A Brief History of Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario:1855 ~ 2005 Then and Now. Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario. Retrieved on 2007-01-10.(Requires navigation to article).
  12. ^ a b Chronology of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth. Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  13. ^ a b History of Industry in Hamilton, Ontario. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  14. ^ The Hamilton Spectator- Souvenir Edition page MP45 (Saturday June 10, 2006). The Hamilton Memory Project; STUDEBAKER. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  15. ^ a b Manson, Bill (2003). Footsteps In Time: Exploring Hamilton's heritage neighbourhoods. North Shore Publishing Inc. ISBN 1-896899-22-6. 
  16. ^ Seward, Carrie. About Hamilton; Physical features. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  17. ^ Soderstrom, Mary (2006). Green City: People, Nature & Urban Places. Independent Pub Group. ISBN 1550652079. 
  18. ^ Lawson, B.. "Green City", The Hamilton Spectator, 2007-01-26, p. Go-7. Retrieved on 2007-02-02. 
  19. ^ Burlington Bay/ Beach strip, Hamilton harbour, Skyway Bridge. Retrieved on 2006-12-30. (Requires navigation to relevant articles.)
  20. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Weatherbase (2006). Retrieved on 2006-12-25.
  21. ^ A History of the city of Hamilton. Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  22. ^ a b Bailey, Thomas Melville (1981). Dictionary of Hamilton Biography (Vol I, 1791-1875). W.L. Griffin Ltd. 
  23. ^ Weaver, John C.. Dictionary of Canadian Biography: George Hamilton. University of Toronto. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  24. ^ Hamilton Conservation Authority. HCH History: A Long History.... Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  25. ^ City of Hamilton. Hamilton Conservation Authority: City Parks. myhamilton.ca. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  26. ^ Bruce Trail Association. Retrieved on 2007-01-20.
  27. ^ Hamilton - The City of Waterfalls. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
  28. ^ The Hamilton Spectator- Souvenir Edition page MP38 (Saturday June 10, 2006). The Hamilton Memory Project;. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  29. ^ Township of Barton. Barton township population: 1816. Hamilton Public Library. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  30. ^ a b Hamilton: Third highest proportion of foreign-born. 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2006-12-23.
  31. ^ a b Stats Canada: Population by selected ethnic origins, by census metropolitan areas (Hamilton). Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.
  32. ^ Community Highlights for Hamilton (Census Metropolitan Area). 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-01-01.
  33. ^ Choi, Paul. "How does your city grow?", The Hamilton Spectator, 2007-01-19, pp. Go-16. Retrieved on 2007-01-19. 
  34. ^ Population and Dwelling Counts, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) Included in the Extended Golden Horseshoe, 2001 and 1996 Censuses. Statistics Canada (2003). Retrieved on 2007-01-02.
  35. ^ Fast Facts from Hamilton's Past. Hamilton Public Library. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  36. ^ Schneider, Joe (2006-01-24). "Hamlton Steel capital of Canada". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.
  37. ^ Wines, Leslie (2004-12-24). "Stelco has returned to profitability". CBS Market Watch. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  38. ^ "U. S. Steel Agrees to Acquire Stelco.". Stelco.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
  39. ^ Forstner, Gordon (2005-10-31). "Dofasco one of North America's most profitable steel companies". Dofasco. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  40. ^ "About the Airport". John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport. Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  41. ^ McacIntyre, Nicole. "Airport land 'key to future'", The Hamilton Spectator, 2007-04-16. Retrieved on 2007-02-02. 
  42. ^ Municipal Act, 2001. Ontario. Retrieved on 2007-02-13.
  43. ^ Provincial Offences Act. Ontario. Retrieved on 2007-01-23.
  44. ^ McMaster's Economic Impact on the Hamilton Community. McMaster University. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  45. ^ Brock University: Official web site. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  46. ^ Office of Public Relations (2003-04-11). Collaborative medical radiation sciences program meets needs of students, Ontarians. McMaster University. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  47. ^ Columbia International College: At a glance. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  48. ^ About Redeemer. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  49. ^ (2006) Hamilton 2007 Gold Book; "The Ultimate Local Directory". Metroland Printing, Publishing and Distribution Ltd., 40–43. 
  50. ^ Dundas Valley School of Art. Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  51. ^ Hamilton Conservatory for the Arts. Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  52. ^ Parks Canada HMCS Haida website. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  53. ^ Dundurn Castle. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  54. ^ Art Gallery of Hamilton. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  55. ^ McMaster Museum of Art. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  56. ^ Mowat, Bruce. "Go west, young artist", Globe and Mail, January 6, 2007. 
  57. ^ The Factory: Hamilton Media Arts Centre. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  58. ^ Downtown Arts Centre, Hamilton, Ontario. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  59. ^ Community Centre for Media Arts. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  60. ^ Invest in Hamilton, Economic Development Review 2005, Wednesday, 28 June, 2006, "City Remains Committed To Growing Arts & Culture" Page H20
  61. ^ The Tiger-Cats trace their origins to the founding of the Hamilton Foot Ball Club in 1869. See Canadian Football Timelines (1860 – present). Football Canada. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  62. ^ a b c d The Hamilton Spectator-Memory Project (Souvenir Edition) page MP56 (2006-06-10). "Tigertown Triumphs". Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-30.
  63. ^ Canadian Football Hall of Fame & Museum. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  64. ^ Five more walk into Canadian Football's hallowed shrine. Hamilton Scores!. Retrieved on 2007-01-01.
  65. ^ Ivor Wynne Stadium Information. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  66. ^ New owners give Cayuga International Speedway its old name. Hamilton Scores!. Retrieved on 2007-03-12.
  67. ^ Flamboro Speedway Race Track. Official web site. Retrieved on 2007-03-12.
  68. ^ Flamboro Downs. Official web site. Retrieved on 2007-03-12.
  69. ^ a b About Sister Cities of Flint Michigan. Retrieved on 2007-01-18.
  70. ^ a b Hamilton Ontario Sister Cities. Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  71. ^ Sarasota Sister Cities. Retrieved on 2007-01-01.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hamilton Conservation Authority maintains the greenspace, trails, parks and some attractions in the Hamilton, Ontario region. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Football Canada is the governing body for amateur Canadian football. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hamilton, Ontario
  • City of Hamilton website
  • Head-of-the-Lake Historical Society
  • Waterdown east-Flamborough Heritage Society
  • Glanbrook Heritage Society
  • Dundas Valley Historical Society
  • Maps and aerial photos for 43°15′36″N 79°50′00″W / 43.25999, -79.8499999Coordinates: 43°15′36″N 79°50′00″W / 43.25999, -79.8499999
    • WikiSatellite view at WikiMapia
    • Street map from Mapquest
    • Aerial photograph from Terraserver
    • Topo, Nautical, Aeronautical maps from Maptech

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