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Encyclopedia > Hamilton, Ohio

Hamilton is a city in Butler County, Ohio, United States. The population was 60,690 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Butler CountyGR6. 2005 estimates indicate a slight population increase to approximately 61,943. Butler County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Butler County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...


The city's mayor is Mr. Donald Ryan. Most of the city is in the Hamilton City School District, which has been named the number one urban school district in Ohio, and its superintendent, Janet Baker, has been named Ohio's superintendent of the year.

Contents

History

Hamilton was laid out as Fairfield in 1794, but took the name of Fort Hamilton, the army post established there by General Arthur St. Clair and named for Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. From there, St. Clair and General Richard Butler, namesake of the county, marched north in 1791 to fight Indians. Butler was killed in the expedition. The 'father of Hamilton' and a leading statesman was James McBride. Portrait of St. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757 — July 12, 1804) was an American politician, leading statesman, financier, intellectual, military officer, and founder of the Federalist party. ... Richard Butler (April 1, 1743-November 4, 1791) was an officer in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War who later died fighting Indians in Ohio. ... James McBride was a prominent pioneer statesman in Butler County, Ohio. ...


Hamilton was first incorporated by act of the Ohio General Assembly in 1810, but lost its status in 1815 for failure to hold elections. It was reincorporated in 1827 with Rossville, the community across the Great Miami River in St. Clair Township but the two places severed their connection in 1831 only to be rejoined in 1854. It became a city in 1857. On March 14, 1867, Hamilton withdrew from the townships of Fairfield and St. Clair to form a paper township. The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... The Great Miami River (also called the Miami River) is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 160 mi (257 km) long, in southwestern Ohio in the United States. ... St. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Fairfield Township, one of thirteen civil townships in Butler County, is located in the south central portion of the county. ... St. ... Paper townships are a type of township under Ohio law which functioning units of civil government. ...


The paper industry, iron works, and manufacturing works thrived in Hamilton in the early to mid twentieth century due to the migration of skilled German immigrants and presence of a good water supply needed by industry; in the forms of the Great Miami River, Miami Aquifer and the old Miami Erie Canal system. Many military supplies needed for WWII were manufactured in Hamilton; including tank turrets, liberty ship and submarine engines, machined and stamped metal parts.


In the 1920s, many Chicago gangsters had second homes in Hamilton. This gave Hamilton the nickname "Little Chicago." John Dillinger is documented to have been a visitor to Hamilton. During World War II, due to the large number of gambling and prostitution establishments such as Madame Freeze's and the long row of prostitution establishments along Wood Street (now called Pershing Ave), the entire city was declared off-limits to military personnel. Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders The 312 Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area... Italian WWII propaganda poster presenting an Allied airman as a gangster, playing on the popular gangster icons of Al Capone and the Thompson M1928 gun. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


In May of 1986, in order to draw attention to the city, Hamilton changed its name to Hamilton! (with an exclamation point), though the change was dismissed by the United States Board on Geographic Names. [1] The United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is an American federal body whose purpose is to establish and maintain uniform usage of geographic names throughout the U.S. government. ...


The city is the birthplace of the late game-show host Ray Combs, Joe Nuxhall, a star pitcher and longtime announcer for the Cincinnati Reds baseball team and also the youngest major leaguer ever, two members of the highly successful funk band The Ohio Players: Leroy Bonner and Greg Webster, and R&B/Funk legend Roger Troutman, who - with his brothers - formed the band Zapp. James Ruppert who murdered 11 members of his entire family on Easter Sunday in 1975 including 8 nieces and nephews, lived in Hamilton. Captain John Cleves Symmes (died 1829), constructed the Symmes Theory of Concentric Spheres and Polar Voids which contended that the earth was hollow and that the inside could be reached through the polar regions. Singer and movie star Doris Day broke her leg when riding in an automobile which was struck by a train in Hamilton. Combs hosting Family Feud. ... Statue of Joe Nuxhall at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati Joseph Henry Nuxhall (born July 30, 1928 in Hamilton, Ohio), was a Major League Baseball pitcher for sixteen seasons. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... John Cleves Symmes (1779 - May 1829) was born in New Jersey to Timothy Symmes. ... Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff, known as Doris Day (born April 3, 1924), is an American singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate. ...


Noteworthy Residents Past and Present

William Allen (1827-1881) was an American Congressman from Hamilton, Ohio. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... You may have been looking for another Jim Tracy, a member of the Tennessee Senate. ... Scott Walker is the stage name of the American singer-songwriter (born Noel Scott Engel, 9 January 1943, in Hamilton, Ohio). ... Zapp was a soul and funk band formed in 1978 by the Troutman brothers (Roger, Larry, Lester, and Terry) and also included Bobby Glover, Eddie Barber, Bootsy Collins, Jannetta Boyce, Jerome Derrickson, Sherman Fleetwood, Gregory Jackson, and Michael Warren. ... Greg Dulli Greg Dulli (born May 11, 1965) is an American singer of Greek (father) and Irish (mother) descent. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... Greg Stokes (born August 5, 1963 in New Haven, Connecticut), is an American former professional basketball player who was selected by the Philadelphia 76ers in the 2nd round (33rd overall) of the 1985 NBA Draft. ... Kevin Michael Grevey (born May 12, 1953 in Hamilton, Ohio) is an American former professional basketball player. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Statue of Joe Nuxhall at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati Joseph Henry Nuxhall (born July 30, 1928 in Hamilton, Ohio), was a Major League Baseball pitcher for sixteen seasons. ... Aaron James Cook (born February 8, 1979 in Fort Campbell, Kentucky) is a right-handed Major League Baseball pitcher currently playing for the Colorado Rockies. ... Charles Francis Richter (April 26, 1900 – April 20, 1985), was an American seismologist, born in Hamilton, Ohio. ... Combs hosting Family Feud. ...

Education

Hamilton is served by the Hamilton City Schools district.


Geography

Location of Hamilton, Ohio

Hamilton is located at 39°23′45″N, 84°33′54″W (39.395806, -84.564920)GR1. Adapted from Wikipedias OH county maps by Catbar. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.2 km² (22.1 mi²). 56.0 km² (21.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.2 km² (0.5 mi²) of it (2.13%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 60,690 people, 24,188 households, and 15,867 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,084.3/km² (2,808.2/mi²). There were 25,913 housing units at an average density of 463.0/km² (1,199.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.94% White, 7.55% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.58% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 24,188 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,365, and the median income for a family was $41,936. Males had a median income of $32,646 versus $23,850 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,493. About 10.6% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Hamilton is the 12th largest city in Ohio.


Historical population figures

1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

External links

  • City of Hamilton official site
  • Hamilton City Schools official site
  • Railroads of Cincinnati, includes rail information and history of Hamilton
  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 39.395806° -84.56492°
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Trivia

  • Hamilton is one of the few towns located at the intersection of 4 consecutively numbered highways--US 127, and State Routes 128, 129, and 130. Additionally, since State Route 126 is just south of the city, it could be argued that it lies at the intersection of 5 consecutively numbered highways.
  • Hamilton is the only city in the United States to legally have an exclamation mark attached to it's name. Due to Post Office confusion the exclamation mark is rarely used at all.

References

    1. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who.
  • Jim Blount. The 1900's: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
  • Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.

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