FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
حامد کرزي


Incumbent
Assumed office 
22 December 2001
Vice President Ahmad Zia Massoud
Karim Khalili
Preceded by Burhanuddin Rabbani

Born 24 December 1957 (1957-12-24) (age 50)
Kandahar, Afghanistan
Political party Independent
Spouse Zeenat Karzai
Religion Sunni Muslim

Hamid Karzai (Persian: حامد کرزى and Pashto: حامد کرزي) (b. 24 December 1957) is the current President of Afghanistan, since 07 December 2004. He became a prominent political figure after the removal of the Taliban regime in late 2001. From December 2001, Hamid Karzai had been the Chairman of the Transitional Administration followed by the Interim President from 2002 until he won the 2004 Presidential election of Afghanistan. Image File history File linksMetadata Hamid_Karzai_2006-09-26. ... Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973-1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times being governed by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the mujahideen and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Ahmad Zia Massoud is the current vice-president of Afghanistan in the administration of President Hamid Karzai. ... This biographical article needs to be wikified. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: , also rendered as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu, Pathani or Pushtoo and also known as Afghan language[4][5]) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and Pakistan[6]. // Geographic distribution of Pashto (purple) and other Iranian languages Pashto is spoken by about 30... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973-1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times being governed by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the mujahideen and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... An election to the office of President of Afghanistan was held on October 9, 2004. ...

Contents

Early years and personal life

Hamid Karzai, an ethnic Pashtun of the Popalzai clan of the Durrani tribe, was born in Kandahar, Afghanistan. He comes from a family that were strong supporters of the former king, Zahir Shah. He has six brothers and one sister. Karzai is well-versed in several languages, including Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, English and French.[1] Language(s) Pashto (plus second languages from countries of residence) Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto/Urdu/Persian: or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ) or ethnic Afghans (Pashto: افغان )[9][10] are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and... Popalzai or Popalzay is the name of the Pashtun clan that is part of the larger Durrani tribe from which the first king of Afghanistan Ahmad Shah Durrani originated. ... Durrani (Persian: درانی) or Abdali (Persian: ابدالی) tribe is one of the Pashtun elite, and is also found in large numbers in western Pakistan. ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ... Mohammed Zahir Shah (born October 16, 1914) was the last King of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: , also rendered as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu, Pathani or Pushtoo and also known as Afghan language[4][5]) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and Pakistan[6]. // Geographic distribution of Pashto (purple) and other Iranian languages Pashto is spoken by about 30... Farsi redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


From 1979 to 1983, Karzai took a postgraduate course in political science at Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. He then returned to work as a fund-raiser by supporting anti-Soviet Mujahideen in Afghanistan during the Soviet intervention for the rest of the 1980s. After the fall of Najibullah's Soviet-backed government in 1992, he served as Deputy Foreign Minister in the government of Burhanuddin Rabbani. Himachal Pradesh University is a public university in Shimla, India. ... , Shimla   (Hindi: शिमला), originally called Simla, is a city in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Mujahideen (Arabic: ‎, , literally strugglers) is a term for Muslims fighting in a war or involved in any other struggle. ... The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was a 10-year war which wreaked incredible havoc and destruction on Afghanistan. ... Mohammad Najibullah (1947–September 27, 1996) was the fourth President of Afghanistan during the period of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1999, Hamid Karzai married Zeenat Karzai, an obstetrician by profession who was working as a doctor with Afghan refugees living in Pakistan. They have a son named Mirwais, who was born on January 25th, 2007.[2]. Karzai is known for his trademark Karakul hat, which is made from the skin and fur of aborted lamb fetuses.[3][4][5][6] This article needs cleanup. ... The Muhajir or Mohajir Afghans are the Afghan refugees that fled Afghanistan after the Soviet invasion in 1979. ... Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and his Qawwali group wearing Karakul hat Karakul (Persian: قراقلی ) hat is made from wool of Karakul sheep. ... An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death. ... Sheep redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fetus (disambiguation). ...


Involvement in the Soviet war in Afghanistan

Karzai was a member of the Mujahideen and took active part in driving the Soviets out of Afghanistan during the Soviet invasion in the 1980s. The Mujahideen were secretly supplied and funded by the United States, and Karzai was a top contact for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) at the time. He had close personal contact with CIA Director William Casey and George H. W. Bush, who was Vice President of the United States.[citation needed] Karzai and his brothers later immigrated to the U.S. under CIA protection, where Karzai continued to work with the US government and to prepare for further developments in Afghanistan.[citation needed] Soviet redirects here. ... CIA redirects here. ... William Joseph Casey (March 13, 1913 – May 6, 1987) was the Director of Central Intelligence from 1981 to 1987. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ...


Taliban supporter

Hamid Karzai in 2003, with a longer beard and his traditional turban.

When the Taliban emerged in the 1990s, Karzai was at first one of their supporters but later he broke with them and refused to serve as their U.N. ambassador. However on August 20, 1998, after an attempt by the United States to kill Osama bin Laden with a cruise missile, Karzai praised the Taliban saying, This article is about headwear. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...

...there were many wonderful people in the Taliban.[7]

He lived in exile in Quetta, in Pakistan where he worked to reinstate the Afghan king, Zahir Shah. His father was assassinated, presumably by Taliban agents, on July 14, 1999, and Karzai swore revenge against the Taliban by working to help overthrow them.[citation needed] In 2001, Hamid Karzai worked closely with the Ahmad Shah Massoud to help gather support for the anti-Taliban movement.   (Urdu: کوئٹہ) also spelled Kwatah city is a variation of kwatkot, a Pashto word meaning “fort,”. It is the largest city and provincial capital and district of Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. ... Mohammed Zahir Shah (born October 16, 1914) was the last King of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Ahmad Shah Massoud(Persian: ) (c. ...


On February 11, 2005, in an interview with the Oxford International Review, Karzai criticizes the role the U.S. played in empowering the Taliban to take control in Afghanistan. He claims he spent many years before the 9/11 attacks warning embassies about the threat, but the West failed to respond, an act of “neglect, selfishness and short-sightedness." While he highlights the key role the United States and other donors have played in rebuilding and developing Afghanistan, his tone is not without bitterness. is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...

It’s just that we could have done all this before September 11th. We could have had these improvements here and the Twin Towers...We could have stopped terrorism before it reached you.
 
— Hamid Karzai

Chairman to Interim President

In the months following the September 11, 2001 attacks, Mujahideen loyal to the Northern Alliance worked with the United States to overthrow the Taliban in Afghanistan and muster support for a new government. In December 2001, Hamid Karzai and his group survived an American "friendly fire" missile attack in southern Afghanistan. The group received injuries and were treated in the United States, Karzai received injuries to his facial nerves. Later in the month political leaders gathered in Bonn, Germany, to agree on new leadership structures. Under the December 5 Bonn Agreement they formed an interim Transitional Administration and named Karzai Chairman of a 29-member governing committee. He was sworn-in as leader on December 22. The Loya Jirga of June 19, 2002 appointed Karzai Interim holder of the new position as President of the Afghan Transitional Administration. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Mujahideen (Arabic: ‎, , literally strugglers) is a term for Muslims fighting in a war or involved in any other struggle. ... Flag flown by the UIF (Northern Alliance). ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Officially the Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-Establishment of Permanent Government Institutions, the Bonn Agreement was the initial series of agreements intended to re-create the State of Afghanistan following the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, an... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Image:Loya_Jirga_2002. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Afghan Transitional Administration was established in June and July of 2002. ...

Hamid Karzai as Interim President in June 2004 being applauded by politicians at the United States Congress in Washington, D.C.

After being installed into power Karzai's actual authority outside the capital city of Kabul was said to be so limited that he was often derided as the "Mayor of Kabul". Former members of the Northern Alliance remained extremely influential, most notably Vice President Mohammed Fahim, who also served as Defense Minister. A politician is an individual involved in politics, sometimes this may include political scientists. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Mohammad Qasim Fahim (محمد قسيم فهيم) was the defense minister of the Afghan Transitional Administration, beginning in 2002. ...


In 2004 he rejected a US proposal to end poppy production in Afghanistan through aerial spraying of chemical herbicides, fearing that it will harm the economic situation of his country men. Moreover, Karzai's younger brother, Ahmed Wali Karzai, who partially helped finance Karzai's presidential campaign, is rumored to be involved in the drug trade[8] (although Karzai's family were quite wealthy already from owning well established restaurants in the United States.[9][10][11]) The situation was particularly delicate since Karzai and his administration have not been equipped either financially or politically to influence reforms outside of the region around the capital city of Kabul. Other areas, particularly the more remote ones, are currently and have historically been under the influence of various local leaders. Karzai has been, to varying degrees of success, attempting to negotiate and form amicable alliances with them for the benefit of Afghanistan as a whole, instead of aggressively fighting them and risking an uprising. This article is about the plant. ... An herbicide is used to kill unwanted plants. ... Ahmad Wali Khan Karzai, younger brother of Hamid Karzai, president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is the representative for southern Afghanistan in Kandahar. ...


Assassination attempts

Karzai in early 2003, wearing his traditional clothes and a karakul hat.
  • September 5, 2002, an assassination attempt was made on Hamid Karzai in Kandahar City. A gunman wearing the uniform of the new Afghan National Army opened fire, wounding Gul Agha Sherzai (former governor of Kandahar) and an American Special Operations officer. The gunman, one of the President's bodyguards, and a bystander who knocked down the gunman were killed when Karzai's American bodyguards returned fire. Recently, Some pictures of the U.S. Navy's DEVGRU responding to the attempt have surfaced.34 Apparently one of their members were wounded. 35
  • September 16, 2004, an attempted assassination on Karzai took place when a rocket missed the helicopter he was flying in while en route to Gardez.
  • June 10, 2007, the Taliban attempted to assassinate Karzai in Ghazni where Karzai was giving a speech to elders. The Taliban fired approximately 12 rockets, some of which landed 220 yards (200 m) away from the crowd. Karzai was not hurt in the incident and was transported away from the location after finishing his speech.[12][13][14]
  • April 27, 2008: Taliban activists used automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenades to attack an military parade that Karzai was attending in Kabul. Karzai was safe, but one person was killed and eleven injured. [15]

Hamid Karzai. ... Hamid Karzai. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and his Qawwali group wearing Karakul hat Karakul (Persian: قراقلی ) hat is made from wool of Karakul sheep. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... Afghan National Army (ANA) is a service branch of the Military of Afghanistan, which is currently being trained by the coalition forces to ultimately take the lead in land-based military operations. ... Gul Agha Sherzai was the governor of Kandahar province, Afghanistan from December 2001 to August 16, 2003. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... Gardez is the capital of Paktia province, Afghanistan. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , Ğaznī) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

2004 presidential election

Karzai was a candidate in the October 9, 2004 presidential election. He won 21 of the 34 provinces, defeating his 22 opponents and became the first democratically elected leader of Afghanistan. is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An election to the office of President of Afghanistan was held on October 9, 2004. ... The Provinces of Afghanistan (locally recognized as wilayats) are the primary political subdivisions of Afghanistan. ...

Inauguration of Hamid Karzai on December 7, 2004, after winning the presidential election.

As incumbent president Karzai held high name recognition among voters, and was admired by his supporters for his steady leadership during an uncertain post-war period. Other contributing factors to his win may have included his endorsement by US President George W. Bush's administration, the use of US Army transport during his election campaign, the brief one-month campaign season as well as the paucity of news coverage in the country about his opponents. Although his campaigning was limited due to fears of violence, elections passed without significant incident. Following investigation by the UN of alleged voting irregularities, the national election commission on November 3 declared Karzai winner, without runoff, with 55.4% of the vote. This represented 4.3 million of the total 8.1 million votes cast. The election took place safely in spite of a surge of insurgent activity. An excellent first-hand account of the violence and counter-terrorism efforts appears in A Democracy Is Born.[16] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... December 7, 2004 The United States Supreme Court heard arguments on the constitutionality of state laws that block merchants from shipping wine across state lines. ... An election to the office of President of Afghanistan was held on October 9, 2004. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Karzai was officially sworn in as President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on December 7, 2004 at a formal ceremony in Kabul. Many interpreted the ceremony as a symbolically important "new start" for the war-torn nation. Notable guests at the inauguration included the country's former King, Zahir Shah, three living former US presidents, and U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney. is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mohammed Zahir Shah (born October 16, 1914) was the last King of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ...


President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

After winning a democratic mandate in the 2004 election and removing many of the former Northern Alliance warlords from his cabinet, it was thought that Karzai would pursue a more aggressively reformist path in 2005. However, Karzai has proved to be more cautious than was expected. Northern Alliance may refer to: NATO The Afghan Northern Alliance The white supremacist group of Canada The Northern Alliance Radio Network of conservative bloggers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Ever since Karzai's new administration took over in 2004, the economy of Afghanistan has been growing rapidly for the first time in many years. Government revenue is increasing every year, although it is still heavily dependent on foreign aid. The economic outlook of Afghanistans Economy has improved significantly since 2002 due to the infusion of over $2 billion in international assistance, dramatic improvements in agricultural production, and the end of a four-year drought in most of the country. ...

March 1, 2006, President George W. Bush and Hamid Karzai appear together in Kabul, Afghanistan.

On September 20, 2006 Karzai told the United Nations General Assembly that Afghanistan has become the "worst victim" of terrorism.[17] Karzai said terrorism is "rebounding" in his country, with militants infiltrating the borders to wage attacks on civilians. He stated, "This does not have its seeds alone in Afghanistan. Military action in the country will, therefore, not deliver the shared goal of eliminating terrorism." He demanded assistance from the international community to destroy terrorist sanctuaries inside and outside Afghanistan. "You have to look beyond Afghanistan to the sources of terrorism," he told the UN General Assembly, and "destroy terrorist sanctuaries beyond" the country, dismantle the elaborate networks in the region that recruit, indoctrinate, train, finance, arm, and deploy terrorists. These activities are also robbing thousands of Afghan children of their right to education, and prevent health workers from doing their jobs in Afghanistan. In addition he promised to eliminate opium-poppy cultivation in the country, which helps fuel the ongoing insurgency. He has repeatedly demanded that NATO and U.S.-led coalition forces take more care when conducting military operations in residential areas to avoid civilian casualties, which undermine his government's already weak standing in parts of the country.[18] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA, UNGA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Combatants Canada, Afghan National Army support from United States, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Denmark, Taliban insurgents Strength 2,000 1,200+ Casualties Canada: 12 killed, 44 wounded U.S.: 1 killed U.K.: 14 killed (MR-2 crash) 517 killed, 85 captured[2] Operation Medusa was a Canadian-led offensive by... This article is about the military alliance. ...


In a video broadcast on September 24, 2006, Karzai stated that if the money wasted on the Iraq War was actually spent on rebuilding Afghanistan, his country would "be in heaven in less than one year".[19] In May of 2007, after as many as 51 Afghan civilians were killed in a bombing, Karzai asserted that his government "can no longer accept" casualties caused by the US and NATO operations.[20] is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Ethnic groups of Afghanistan (1980 map)  42% Pashtun  27% Tajik  9% Hazara  9% Uzbek         3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        Languages of Afghanistan (1980 map)  50% Dari dialect of Persian  35% Pashto  8% Uzbek  3% Turkmen  2% Baloch        The Demographics of Afghanistan are ethnically and linguistically mixed. ... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... This article is about the military alliance. ...


Relations with USA, Iran and Pakistan

In a January 2008 interview, Karzai expressed his feelings towards America by stating: "if I am called a puppet because we are grateful to America, then let that be my nickname."[21]


Although the Bush administration in USA often charge that Iran has been meddling in Afghanistan's affairs, Karzai stated that Iran is a "very close friend" of Afghanistan despite accusations of Iranian-made arms being found in Afghanistan.[22]

President Hamid Karzai's August 2007 visit to the United States, where he was met by George and Laura Bush at Camp David in Maryland.

In August of 2007 Karzai contradicted US assessments on Iran's role in Afghanistan by saying that Iran has been "a helper and a solution."[23][24] Karzai added that "Iran has been a supporter of Afghanistan, in the peace process that we have and the fight against terror, and the fight against narcotics in Afghanistan..."[25] Also in the same month, on August 5, 2007, Karzai was invited to Camp David in Maryland, USA, for a special meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... August 2007 is the eighth month of that year. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... The West Wing, see NSF Thurmont (The West Wing). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The West Wing, see NSF Thurmont (The West Wing). ... State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Other U.S. States Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich Official languages English Area 32,160 km² (42nd)  - Land 25,338 km²  - Water 6,968 km² (21%) Population (2000)  - Population 5,296,486 (19th)  - Density 165 /km² (5th) Admittance into...


In October of 2007, Karzai rejected Western accusations against Iran, stating, "We have resisted the negative propaganda launched by foreign states against the Islamic Republic and we stress that aliens' propaganda should not leave a negative impact on the consolidated ties between the two great nations of Iran and Afghanistan."[26] Karzai added, "The two Iranian and Afghan nations are close to each other due to their bonds and commonalities, they belong to the same house and they will live alongside each other for good."[26][27] Occident redirects here. ... Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Unification  -  Unified by Cyrus the Great 559 BCE   -  Parthian (Arsacid) dynastic empire (first reunification) 248 BCE-224 CE   -  Sassanid dynastic empire 224–651 CE   -  Safavid dynasty... Language(s) Persian, Kurdish, Pashto, Balouchi, Ossetian and various other Iranian languages. ...


In late December of 2007 Karzai and his delegates went to meet President Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad, Pakistan, for new trade ties and intelligence sharing between the two countries.[28] Karzai also met and had a 45-minute talk with Benazir Bhutto on the morning of December 27, hours before her trip to Liaquat National Bagh where she was assassinated after her speech.[29] Four months later, Karzai himself escaped an assassination attempt after making a speech, on the morning of April 27, 2008.[30] The President of Pakistan (Urdū: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ... Benazir Bhutto (Urdu: بینظیر بھٹو, IPA: ; Sindhi:بینظیر ڀُٽو ) (born 21 June 1953 in Karachi) is a Pakistani politician who became the first elected woman to lead a post-colonial Muslim state. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Talks with the Taliban

In April of 2007, Karzai acknowledged that he spoke to the Taliban about trying to bring peace in Afghanistan.[31] He noted that the Afghan Taliban are "always welcome" in Afghanistan, although foreign militants are not. The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ...


In September of 2007, Karzai again offered talks with the Taliban after a security scare forced him to end a commemoration speech.[32]Karzai left the event and was taken back to his palace, where he was due to meet visiting Latvian President Valdis Zatlers. After the meeting the pair held a joint news conference, at which Karzai called for talks with his Taliban foes. He made no reference to the security scare. "We don't have any formal negotiations with the Taliban. They don't have an address. Who do we talk to?" Karzai told reporters. He further stated: "If I can have a place where to send somebody to talk to, an authority that publicly says it is the Taliban authority, I will do it."[32] Valdis Zatlers (born March 22, 1955) is president-elect of Latvia. ...

Afghan Taliban are always welcome, they belong to this country ... they are the sons of this soil.

—Hamid Karzai, April 6, 2007, [33]

Criticism

Hamid Karzai has received criticism for his past associations with the Taliban[7] and for negotiating with them[citation needed]. He is also criticized for attempting to negotiate with former Prime Minister of Afghanistan, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar[7]. The Prime Minister of Afghanistan is a currently a defunct post in the Afghan Government. ... Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (born 1947) Islamist Mujahideen leader and warlord. ...


Unocal connection

Karzai has been the talk of many conspiracy theories over his supposed consultant work for the infamous Union Oil Company of California aka Unocal a now defunct oil company.[34][35] Spokesmen for both Unocal and Karzai have denied any such relationship, although Unocal could not speak for all companies involved in the consortium. The original claim that Karzai worked for Unocal seems to originate from a December 6, 2001 issue of the French newspaper Le Monde.[36] Union Oil Company of California, dba Unocal was incorporated in California in 1890. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For the song by the Thievery Corporation, see Le Monde (song). ...


Honorary degrees and awards

Himachal Pradesh University is a public university in Shimla, India. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is an incomplete list of people who have been created honorary Knights (or Dames) by the British crown, as well as those who have been raised to the two comparable Orders of Chivalry (Order of Merit and Order of the Companions of Honour) and the Royal Victorian Chain, which... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... June 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Events June 1, 2003 The Group of Eight summit opens in Evian, France to tight security and tens of thousands of protestors. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Philadelphia Liberty Medal is an annual award administered by the National Constitution Center of the United States to recognize leadership in the pursuit of freedom. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Nebraska at Omaha, founded 1908 as the University of Omaha, is the Omaha, Nebraska, campus of the University of Nebraska system, and is the second-largest institution of higher education in Nebraska (after the University of Nebraska–Lincoln), located in the metropolitan area. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Georgetown University is a Jesuit private university located in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. Father John Carroll founded the school in 1789, though its roots extend back to 1634. ...

See also

This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... // Padshah Ahmad Shah Durrani (October 1747-October 16 (23?) 1772) Emir Timur Shah Durrani (October 1772-1793) Emir Zaman Shah Durrani (1793-1800) Emir Mahmud Shah Durrani (1800-1803) Emir Shoja Shah (1803-1809) Emir Mahmud Shah Durrani (1809-1818) Emir Sultan Ali Shah (1818-1819) Emir Ayub Shah (1819... In recent years the politics of Afghanistan have been dominated by the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan by the United States and the subsequent efforts to stabilise and democratise the country. ...

References

  1. ^ Bio: Hamid Karzai. Retrieved on 2008-02-27.
  2. ^ BBC News (January 26, 2007), Hamid Karzai becomes father at 49
  3. ^ Hamid Karzai's Famous Hat Made From Aborted Lamb Fetuses FOX News
  4. ^ Karakuls burst upon the fashion world, AP, KANIMEKH, UZBEKISTAN, Sunday, May 27, 2007, Page 12
  5. ^ HSUS Investigation Reveals Slaughter of Unborn and Newborn Lambs for Fur: Dateline NBC Features Undercover Investigation Documenting Animal Cruelty, Dec 12, 2000
  6. ^ Transcript of NBC "Dateline" Feature on Karakul Production
  7. ^ a b c Marlowe, Ann. "Two Myths About Afghanistan", United States: The Washington Post, February 11, 2008, p. A13. Retrieved on 2008-02-11. "On Aug. 20, 1998, the day the United States sent cruise missiles to kill Osama bin Laden, Karzai told The Post that "there were many wonderful people in the Taliban. ...So he spent much of the fall offering to negotiate with Taliban chief Mohammad Omar and the vicious warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar." 
  8. ^ Marc W. Herold (March 7, 2006). Pseudo-development in Karzai's Afghanistan (HTML). cursor. Retrieved on 2007-12-11. “but the real power in Kandahar is Wali Ahmad Karzai, the president's drug-trafficking younger brother.”
  9. ^ Helmand - Baltimore, Maryland
  10. ^ Helmand - San Francisco, California
  11. ^ Helmand - Cambridge, Massachusetts
  12. ^ UN 'outraged' after assassination attempt on Karzai (HTML). The Associated Press (June 10, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  13. ^ Tim Albone in Kabul (June 11, 2007). Taleban fail in rocket attempt on Karzai’s life (HTML). timesonline. Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  14. ^ "Karzai unhurt in Taleban attack", BBC News, June 10, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 2007
  15. ^ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24332573/ http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hmW-4fUkegeSQ3uAx2VRfXwxQ-YA
  16. ^ Matthew J. Morgan (9/30/2007). A Democracy Is Born: An Insider's Account of the Battle Against Terrorism in Afghanistan. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0275999998. 
  17. ^ RFE/RL, Karzai Says Afghanistan 'Worst Victim' Of Terrorism
  18. ^ "Civilians reported killed by airstrikes as NATO hunts Taliban" October 19, 2006 accessed 19 October 2006.
  19. ^ msnbc (updated 7:31 p.m. ET Sept. 24, 2006). Karzai says U.S. underfunding Afghanistan (HTML). pub. Retrieved on 2007-12-11. “Iraq war money could have stabilized nation against Taliban surge, he says”
  20. ^ Washington Post Foreign Service, Karzai Says Civilian Toll Is No Longer Acceptable
  21. ^ Karzai: Terrorists could regain control - CNN.com
  22. ^ Karzai: Iran a 'very close friend', Chicago Tribune
  23. ^ Gates: Troop draw downs "possible" this year, Washington Post
  24. ^ Karzai at odds with US over Iran | NEWS.com.au
  25. ^ Karzai at odds with US over Iran | NEWS.com.au
  26. ^ a b Karzai Underlines Strong Bonds between Iran, Afghanistan (HTML). pub (2007-10-20). Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  27. ^ [http://www2.irna.ir/en/news/view/menu-236/0710207137174726.htm Karzai: Anti-Iran propaganda cannot have impact on Tehran-Kabul friendly ties Tehran] (HTML). IRNA (October 20, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  28. ^ Pajhowk Afghan News, Islamabad, Kabul agree on intelligence cooperation, December 27, 2007.
  29. ^ Pajhwok Afghan News, Bhutto, Karzai meeting proved the first & last one, December 28, 2007.
  30. ^ "Afghan president escapes assassination bid" Reuters April 27, 2008
  31. ^ The Washington Times (world), Karzai admits meeting Taliban in peace talks
  32. ^ a b Afghanistan's Karzai urges Taliban talks after scare (HTML). reuters (Sun Sep 9, 2007 5:51pm IST). Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  33. ^ "Karzai acknowledges meetings with Taliban", msnbc.com, April 6, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-12-02. "Afghan Taliban are always welcome, they belong to this country ... they are the sons of this soil." 
  34. ^ Ilene R. Prusher, Scott Baldauf, and Edward Girardet (June 10, 2002 edition). Afghan power brokers (HTML). pub. Retrieved on 2007-12-11. “Cool and worldly, Karzai is a former employee of US oil company Unocal – one of two main oil companies that was bidding for the lucrative contract to build an oil pipeline from Uzbekistan through Afghanistan to seaports in Pakistan – and the son of a former Afghan parliament speaker.”
  35. ^ Tom Turnipseed (January 10, 2002). A Creeping Collapse in Credibility at the White House: (HTML). counterpunch. Retrieved on 2007-12-11. “As reported in Le Monde, the new Afghan government's head, Hamid Karzai, formerly served as a UNOCAL consultant. Only nine days after Karzai's ascension, President Bush nominated another UNOCAL consultant and former Taliban defender, Zalmay Khalilzad, as his special envoy to Afghanistan.”
  36. ^ Hamid Karzai (HTML). globalsecurity (2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-11. “The claim appears to have originated in the December 9, 2001 issue of the French newspaper Le Monde. Some have suggested that Karzai was confused with U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad.”
  37. ^ BBC News, Queen gives Karzai knighthood, June 6, 2003.
  38. ^ 2004 Recipient Hamid Karzai - Liberty Medal - National Constitution Center
  39. ^ AFGHAN PRESIDENT HAMID KARZAI CHALLENGES BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATES TO BE GUIDED BY HUMANITY (HTML). Boston University (May 22, 2005). Retrieved on 2007-12-11.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MSNBC logo MSNBC (Microsoft & National Broadcasting Company) is a 24-hour news channel in the United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Morgan, Matthew J.. A Democracy Is Born: An Insider's Account of the Battle Against Terrorism in Afghanistan, Hardcover, 184 pages, Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-99999-8. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hamid Karzai
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Hamid Karzai
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Hamid Karzai
  • Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Office of the President
  • The Embassy of Afghanistan: President Hamid Karzai
  • Notable Biographies: Hamid Karzai
Political offices
Preceded by
Burhanuddin Rabbani
President of Afghanistan
2001 – present
Incumbent
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hamid Karzai - MSN Encarta (832 words)
Hamid Karzai, born in 1957, first president of Afghanistan, elected in 2004 in the country’s first popular election of a leader.
Karzai was born in Kandahār into the prestigious Popolzai (Popalzai) clan of the Durrani tribe of ethnic Pashtuns.
Karzai and others advocated the return from exile of former king Zahir to help lead the country, and in 1999 Karzai was a key participant in the loya jirga that Zahir organized in Rome, Italy.
Hamid Karzai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1335 words)
Hamid Karzai is congratulated by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Faisal Ahmad Shinwari after he was administered the oath of office on December 7, 2004, becoming Afghanistan's first directly elected president.
Karzai was a candidate in the October 9, 2004 Presidential Elections.
Karzai was officially sworn in as President of Afghanistan on December 7, 2004 at a formal ceremony in Kabul.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m