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Encyclopedia > Halych
Jackdaw on the coat-of-arms of Galicia alludes to the name of Halych
Jackdaw on the coat-of-arms of Galicia alludes to the name of Halych

Halych (Russian and Ukrainian: Галич) is a historic town in Western Ukraine on the Dniester River. The town gave its name to the historic province and kingdom of Galicia, of which it was the capital until the early 14th century, when the seat of local princes was moved to Lviv. Today Halych is a small town and a seat of Halych Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, located 26 km to the north of Ivano-Frankivsk. Its population is estimated at 4,600. This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. ... Lviv or Lviv (Ukrainian: ; Polish: Lwów; German: Lemberg; Latin: Leopolis; Russian: ; see also Cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine with 830,000 inhabitants (an additional 200,000 commute daily from suburbs). ... Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (Івано-Франківська область, Ivano-Frankivs’ka oblast’ or Івано-Франківщина, Ivano-Frankivshchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast of Ukraine. ... Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian: Івано-Франківськ/Ivano-Frankivsk; Станиславів/Stanyslaviv before 1962; Polish: StanisÅ‚awów 14th century - 1939; Russian: Ivano-Frankovsk; German: Stanislau (before World War I); Yiddish: סטאַניסלוו/Stanislev) is a city in Ukraine, center of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast in the west of the country. ...

Contents


Name

The name of the city, although spelled identically in modern East Slavic languages, is pronounced as Halych in Ukrainian and as Galich in Russian. The Russian transliteration should be distinguished from Galich, Russia. In Polish the name is rendered as Halicz; in Yiddish - as העליטש (Helitsh/Heylitsh); in Latin - as Galic. This article or section should be merged with List of East Slavic languages The East Slavic languages constitute one of three regional subgroups of Slavic languages, currently spoken in Eastern Europe. ... Galich, Галич is a town in Kostroma Oblast, Russia. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


The origin of this Slavic toponym is uncertain. Historians formerly believed it was of Celtic origin, relating it to many similar place names found across Europe, such as Galati in Romania, Gaul in France, and Galicia in Spain. Max Vasmer and modern Slavists generally agree that the name represents an adjective derived from the East Slavic word for jackdaw. Consequently, this bird is featured in the town's coat of arms. Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, both those spoken by the ancient Celts, and those used by their modern descendants, the Gaels, Welsh, Cornish and Bretons. ... Galaţi is a city in eastern Romania, on the banks of the Danube, very close to Braila. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (from Latin Gallia, c. ... Motto: Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Galician  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Portuguese  Galician  galego  gallego  galego Statute of Autonomy April... Max Vasmer (1886 – 1962), German linguist. ... Binomial name Corvus monedula (Linnaeus, 1758) The Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) is one of the smallest species (34-39 cm in length) in the genus of crows and ravens. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Old Halych

Nativity church in Halych dates back to the early 15th century.
Nativity church in Halych dates back to the early 15th century.

The excavations by Soviet scientists established that Halych originated in the 10th century. It was first attested in a written document much later. The first mention in the Hypatian Codex of the Primary Chronicle dates to 1141, when the settlement was being considerably expanded. Three years later, Prince Volodimirko Volodarevich (1104-52) united the competing principalities of Peremyshl, Zwenihorod and Terebovlya into the state of Halychyna, making Halych the seat of his Rurikid dynasty. Image File history File links Galichurch. ... Image File history File links Galichurch. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The Hypatian Codex (Hypatian Chronicle, Ipatiev Chronicle, Russian: ) is a compendium of three chronicles: Primary Chronicle, Kiev Chronicle, and Halych-Volhynian Chronicle. ... The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let, which is often translated in English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the early East Slavic state, Kievan Rus, from around 850 to 1110. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Lincoln. ... Places PrzemyÅ›l – a city in SE Poland, probably established by an unknown duke called PrzemysÅ‚ PrzemyÅ›l Voivodship – a Polish province from 1975 to 1998 People PrzemysÅ‚, PrzemysÅ‚aw, PÅ™emysl or Przemko is a common Slavic name. ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ... Rurik Dynasty ...


The first dynasty of Halych, descending from Vladimir of Novgorod, went extinct in 1199. The same year Roman the Great founded the new Rurikid dynasty, uniting Halychyna and Volhynia into the more powerful principality of Halych-Volhynia. The Mongols under Batu Khan took the capital in 1241, when the famous King Danylo was its ruler. Thereafter the town steadily declined, eventually ceding supremacy to the newly-founded Lviv. Vladimir is buried in this cathedral he built in Novgorod. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Roman the Great or Roman Mstislavich (c. ... Rurik Dynasty ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ... Volhynia ( Волинь/Волынь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian and Russian respectevely; WoÅ‚yÅ„ in Polish; also called Volynia, Volyň in Czech) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ... Halych-Volhynia, or Halych-Volodymyr, was a large state in Ruthenia (Rus ) which existed in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. ... Batu Khan (Russian: Batyi, Батый) (c. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Monument to King Danylo in Lviv. ... Lviv or Lviv (Ukrainian: ; Polish: Lwów; German: Lemberg; Latin: Leopolis; Russian: ; see also Cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine with 830,000 inhabitants (an additional 200,000 commute daily from suburbs). ...


The excavations of 1939-41, 1951-52, and 1955 uncovered remains of houses, workshops, fortifications, and 10 churches built of white stone. It is believed that the early Halychian architecture, thoroughly permeated with Romanesque influences from the West, had much in common with the extant cathedrals of Vladimir and Bogolyubovo. The foundations of the Assumption Cathedral (1157) are still to be seen. The only surviving medieval church is that of Saint Panteleon, originally constructed at the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries, but much rebuilt in the 17th century and controversially reconstructed in the 1990s. Romanesque St. ... Population 358,000 (census 2004) Time zone Moscow: UTC+3 Latitude/Longitude 56°09′ N 40°25′ E Vladimir (Влади́мир) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Vladimir Oblast. ... During the high waters of spring, the Intercession Church appears stranded on the desolate islet. ...


New Halych

Old Polish postcard with a view of Halych.
Old Polish postcard with a view of Halych.

Gradually, old Halych depopulated to the point that its only mid-14th century inhabitants were the Metropolitan of Halych and his staff. The present-day town is situated 5 km away from the ancient capital of Halychyna, on the spot where the old town's riverport used to be located and where prince Lubart of Lithuania constructed his wooden castle in 1367. Image File history File links Halych. ... Image File history File links Halych. ... Coat of arms of Galicia Lubart (Lubko, Lubartas, Dymitr; ca 1300 – 1384) was the King of Galicja (independent kingdom 1253 – 1349) 1340 – 1349, Prince of Polock 13?? – 1342, Wlodzimierz, Luck 1340 – 138?, Wolynia 1340 – 1349, 1350 – 1366, 1371 – 1383. ... Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ...


Its main historical monument is the church dedicated to the Nativity of Mary. Originally built at the turn of the 14th and 15th century, it was restored in 1825. Also of interest is an equestrian monument to Danylo of Halych, opened in 2003 to mark the 750th anniversary of that prince's coronation as the king of Ruthenia. Libellus de Nativitate Sanctae Mariae is a text concerning the events surrounding the birth of Mary, mother of Jesus. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Monument to King Danylo in Lviv. ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ...


External links

  • Ukrainian-language guide
  • Ancient Halych Historical Reserve
  • History and photographs (in Ukrainian)
  • The first dynasty of Halych
  • The second dynasty of Halych

  Results from FactBites:
 
Halych - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
Halych (Russian and Ukrainian: Галич) is a historic town in Western Ukraine on the Dniester River.
Today Halych is a small town and a seat of Halych Raion (district) of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province), located 26 km to the north of Ivano-Frankivsk.
Also of interest is an equestrian monument to Danylo of Halych, opened in 2003 to mark the 750th anniversary of that prince's coronation as the king of Ruthenia.
Halych-Volhynia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (646 words)
Halych-Volhynia was created by Prince Roman the Great of Volodymyr-Volyns'kyi after he conquered the Principality of Halych and united both lands into one state at the end of the 12th century.
Danylo defeated the Polish and Hungarian forces in the battle of Yaroslav (Jarosław) in 1245, but at the same time he was compelled to acknowledge, at least nominally, the supremacy of the Tatar Golden Horde.
King Casimir the Great of Poland took Halych, Belz, Kholm, Podolia and part of Volhynia; Gediminas of Lithuania took the remaining part of Volhynia and Podlachia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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