In organic chemistry, a halocarbon is a compound containing carbon and one or more halogens. Usually halocarbons also contain hydrogen. A halocarbon is also known as a halogenated derivative or halogenated organic compound. Examples of halocarbons are perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, chloroform, paradichlorobenzene, bromoform, n-propyl bromide (1-bromopropane), iodoform, methyl iodide (iodomethane), and many other compounds. Many of these species are of industraial importance and are used as solvents, fire retardants, drugs, disinfectants, pesticides, and many other things.
The aims of this project were therefore to contribute to the knowledge of the occurrence, distribution and dynamics of biogenic halogenated gases in seawater, and to test the hypothesis that the ocean is a source of the light alkyl nitrates.
Halocarbons that contain chlorine (CFCs and HCFCs) and bromine (halons) cause ozone depletion, and their emissions are controlled under the Montreal Protocol and its Adjustment and Amendments.
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