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Encyclopedia > Halland

Halland is a historical province (landskap) on the western coast of Sweden. It borders Västergötland, Småland, Scania and the sea of Kattegat. Image File history File links Sv-Halland. ... The provinces or landskap were the subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). ... Västergötland ( ♫) is one of the historical provinces of Sweden (landskap), situated in the southwest of Sweden. ... is a historical province (landskap) in southern Sweden. ... The Flag of SkÃ¥ne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ... The Baltic Sea The Kattegat (Danish), or Kattegatt (Swedish), is a bay of the North Sea and a continuation of the Skagerrak, bounded by Denmark and Sweden. ...

Halland

The provinces of Sweden with Halland highlighted
Coat of Arms
Land Götaland
Main corresponding County Halland County
Area 4,796 km²
Flower Broom
Animal Salmon

Contents

Image File history File links FC-Halland,_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Halland_coat_of_arms. ... Norrland Svealand Götaland Historical map: Lands of Sweden Sweden is divided into the tre lands: Götaland, Svealand, Norrland. ... Götaland Maps of Swedens historical three lands, and Österland in Finland. ... A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... Halland County, or Hallands län, is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ...


County

Provinces serve no administrative function in Sweden today. Instead, that function is served by the Counties of Sweden. However, the province of Halland is virtually coextensive with Halland County, though parts of the province belong to Västra Götaland County and Skåne County. Historically, Halland also included the Danish island of Anholt. A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... Halland County, or Hallands län, is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ... Västra Götaland County, or Västra Götalands län is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ... SkÃ¥ne County, or SkÃ¥ne län, is the southernmost County or län, of Sweden, basically corresponding to the historical province SkÃ¥ne. ... For the village in Drenthe, Netherlands, see Anholt (Drenthe) Anholt port Anholt desert Anholt is a Danish island in the Kattegat. ...


Halland has a population of 287,558. Of these, 272,142 are counted among Halland County; 13,363 within Västra Götaland County, and 2,053 in Skåne County. Halland County, or Hallands län, is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ... Västra Götaland County, or Västra Götalands län is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ... SkÃ¥ne County, or SkÃ¥ne län, is the southernmost County or län, of Sweden, basically corresponding to the historical province SkÃ¥ne. ...


History

The Bronze Age was probably a period of relative prosperity in Halland. This is shown in the number of new settlements and the numerous archeological remains. Over 1,100 tumuli and grave mounds are found. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


The end of the Bronze Age witnesses an over-consumption of the resources. Large areas were deforested. This might have been a result of a high demand charcoal in smelting gold or bronze among the local elites. General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Assorted ancient bronze castings found as part of a cache, probably intended for recycling. ...


The worsening climate at the beginning of the Iron Age meant that the local elites no longer could obtain bronze to the same extant as before. As a result the social structures collapsed. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...


The early iron age social structures seems to have been relatively egalitarian, but from around 200 AD there is a trend where villages form larger communities and small kingdoms. This is likely to have been a distant influence from the growing roman empire. During the 5th and 6th Century large free-standing farms were created; they grew larger as time passed. An example of such a farm can be found in Slöinge. For other uses, see number 200. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... In politics, a country (or in some cases, a group of countries) over which a king or queen reigns, is a kingdom, see: monarchy. ... Octavian, widely known as Augustus, founder of the Roman empire The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Slöinge is a village south of Falkenberg, Sweden, with about 900 citizens. ...


It was not just the social structure that changed, so too did the settlement structure. New villages were formed, while old were abandoned. The new centers that were formed became the kernel from which new areas were settled during medieval times. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


According to information from a trader traveling from Skingsal, close to the Oslofjord to Hedeby in the 870s it can be concluded that Halland was a Danish area at that time. It would stay so for the larger part of recorded historical times. The Oslofjord (Oslofjorden) is a bay in the south-east of Norway, stretching from Færder in the south to Oslo at the head. ... Hedeby (Haithabu in Old Norse; Heidiba in Latin; in Germany the name Haithabu is frequently used) was a Danish settlement and trading centre on the southern Baltic Sea coast of the Jutland Peninsula at the head of a narrow, navigable inlet, the Schlei (Danish: Slien) in the province of Schleswig... Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Decades: 820s - 830s - 840s - 850s - 860s - 870s - 880s - 890s - 900s - 910s - 920s Years: 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 Events and trends The Danes invade England (870) and conquer East Anglia. ...


Iron extraction is known to have taken place in Hishult and Tvååker/Sibbarp during the iron age. Hishult is a parish in Laholm Municipality, Halland, Sweden. ... Tvååker is a village in Varberg Municipality, Halland, Sweden. ... Sibbarp is a village and parish in Varberg Municipality, Halland, Sweden. ...


Halland came to use the Scanian provincial law and participate in the Thing that took place in Getinge. The Flag of Skåne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ... A thing or ting (Old Norse and Icelandic: þing; other modern Scandinavian: ting) was the governing assembly in Germanic societies, made up of the free men of the community and presided by lawspeakers. ... Getinge is a village in Halmstad Municipality, Halland, Sweden. ...


Halland was the scene of considerable military action from the 13th Century and on as Sweden, Denmark and to some degree Norway fought for supremacy in Scandinavia. The many wars came made the county poor. Not only were material damages caused by the military action, but the social impact of the fighting was devastating; people lacked the motivation to invest in their land and properties as it was likely to be destroyed anyway. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe named after the Scandinavian Peninsula. ...


The county was the site of combat and plunder three times during the 13th Century: in 1256 Haakon IV of Norway invaded, followed by Magnus I of Sweden in 1277 and Eric VI of Denmark in 1294. The county came to be split in two parts for the next century, with river Ätran forming a boundary. The lords of the two parts succeeded each other in a high tempo. For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... An illustration of Hákon, King of Norway, and his son Magnus, from Flateyjarbók HÃ¥kon IV (1204 – December 16, 1263), (Norwegian HÃ¥kon HÃ¥konsson, Old Norse Hákon Hákonarson) also called Haakon the Old. ... Seal of Magnus I Magnus I of Sweden (1240 – 1290), often called LadulÃ¥s: Barnlock, was king of Sweden from 1275/1280 until his death in 1290. ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... Eric VI Menved (1274 - 13 November 1319) was King of Denmark (1286-1319) and a son of Eric V. Born in 1274. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Ätran position Ätran is a Swedish river. ...


As the Kalmar Union was formed, Halland came for a brief period of time to have a rather central position. The king was to be elected, according to the union treaty, in Halmstad. The Kalmar Union flag. ... Halmstad [hulm-stɑː(d)] is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the river Nissan in Halland in south-western Sweden. ...


During the rebellion of Engelbrekt in 1434 the fortress in Falkenberg was burnt down and two years later Lagaholm was captured by the Swedes. The Swedish-Danish struggles in the early 16th Century came to affect the county as well, as in 1519 when the border regions were sacked by the Swedes as a vengeance for similar Danish action in Västergötland. Look up rebellion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson (appr. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck paints the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... Falkenberg is a Municipality in Halland County, in southwest Sweden. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Västergötland ( ♫) is one of the historical provinces of Sweden (landskap), situated in the southwest of Sweden. ...


The Count's Feud, the Northern Seven Years' War and the Kalmar War came all to affect Halland. One of the major battles of the Northern Seven Years' War, the battle of Axtorna took place in Halland. The Counts Feud (Danish Grevens Fejde), also called the Counts War, was a civil war that raged in Denmark in 1534–1536 and brought about the Reformation in Denmark. ... Frederick II of Denmark attacking Älvsborg, 1563 The Northern Seven Years War (also known as the Nordic Seven Years War, the First Northern War or the Seven Years War in Scandinavia) was the war between Sweden and a coalition of Denmark-Norway, Lubeck and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, fought between 1563... Kalmar War The Kalmar War lasted from 1611 to 1613. ... Combatants Sweden Denmark Commanders Jacob Henriksson Hästesko Daniel Rantzau Strength 11,000 troops 7,500 troops Casualties 1,200-1,700 300-2,000 The Battle of Axtorna was fought October 20, 1565. ...


Halland was occupied by Sweden in 1645 under the terms of the Treaty of Brömsebro, for a period limited to 30 years. The conquest was later made permanent by ceding of the province in the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The island of Anholt, part of the parish of Morup, was however forgotten in the peace settlement, and the island remains Danish. The last battle in Halland took place in Fyllebro at August 17, 1676 during the Scanian War. // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... The Treaty of Brömsebro of August 13, 1645 ended the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, which had begun in 1643. ... The Treaty of Roskilde was signed on February 26, 1658 in the Danish city Roskilde, whereby the king of Denmark-Norway sacrificed nearly half his territory to save the rest. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... For the village in Drenthe, Netherlands, see Anholt (Drenthe) Anholt port Anholt desert Anholt is a Danish island in the Kattegat. ... The Battle of Halmstad (also known as the Battle at Fyllebro) was fought at Fyllebro 5 km south of the town Halmstad in southwest Sweden on August 17, 1676. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Scanian War (Danish: SkÃ¥nske Krig Swedish: SkÃ¥nska kriget) was the Nordic part of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-1678). ...


The more peaceful conditions that followed meant that the county could start to develop again. The 19th Century saw the farming develop quickly to become one of the more efficient in the country by the end of the century. Parts of the county did however remain poor and erosion and blown sand remained a problem for much of the century. The county did therefor see a lot of emigration, continuing well into the 20th century. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion s the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of wind, water or ice, by downward or down-slope movement in response to gravity or by living organisms (in the case of... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Immigration. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


The 20th Century has seen the county becoming one of the fastest growing in Sweden, as it has doubled its population since the second world war. This is in part due to the northern parts, such as Kungsbacka and Onsala, becoming suburbs of Gothenburg. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Kungsbacka is a town in Halland County, south west Sweden, and the seat of Kungsbacka Municipality. ... Onsala is the biggest penisula in Sweden, 40 kilometers south of Gothenburg. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Gothenburg (Swedish: ) ) is a city and municipality in the province Västergötland on the west-coast of Sweden. ...


Heraldry

Halland was granted its arms at the time of the funeral of Charles X Gustav of Sweden in 1660. The province is a duchy and the arms are represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, a Lion rampant Argent langued, armed and dente Gules." Unlike Blekinge, neither Skåne nor Halland had their own coat or arms while part of Denmark. Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... Blekinge is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Blechingia, or Blekinge - a historical Province of Sweden Blekinge County, or Blekinge län - a current County of Sweden This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... The Flag of SkÃ¥ne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ...


Geography

The streams of Lagan, Ätran, Nissan and Viskan flow through the province and reach the sea in Kattegat. Halland is well known for its good soil and as an agricultural district. ... Ätran position Ätran is a Swedish river. ... Nissan is the name of a 240 km long stream in southwest Sweden. ... Viskan is a river in the south west of Sweden. ... The Baltic Sea The Kattegat (Danish), or Kattegatt (Swedish), is a bay of the North Sea and a continuation of the Skagerrak, bounded by Denmark and Sweden. ...


Cities

City status in Sweden required a Royal Charter and was (until discontinued in 1971) quite sparingly granted. The Danish Crown was more hospitable with granting royal charters, and the status of the Town in Scania thus differ some from the rest of Sweden. Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. ... The notion of towns and cities in Scania is somewhat problematic or controversial, as the Scanian usage of the Swedish terms for city/town and village differ somewhat from that in the rest of Sweden, and may be considered related to the Danish usage. ...


Privileges to towns in Halland was during the Danish time granted to:

Falkenberg is a Municipality in Halland County, in southwest Sweden. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Halmstad [hulm-stɑː(d)] is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the river Nissan in Halland in south-western Sweden. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... Kungsbacka is a town in Halland County, south west Sweden, and the seat of Kungsbacka Municipality. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... Laholm is a Municipality in Halland County, in southwest Sweden. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... Varberg is a Municipality in Halland County, in southwest Sweden. ... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ...

Hundreds

Hundreds of Sweden were provincial divisions until early 20th century, when they lost importance. Halland's hundreds were: Faurås Hundred, Fjäre Hundred, Halmstad Hundred, Himle Hundred, Höks Hundred, Tönnersjö Hundred, Viske Hundred and Årstad Hundred. A hundred is an administrative division which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller geographical units. ... FaurÃ¥s Hundred, or FaurÃ¥s härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Fjäre Hundred, or Fjäre härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Halmstad Hundred, or Halmstads härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Himle Hundred, or Himle härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Höks Hundred, or Höks härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Tönnersjö Hundred, or Tönnersjö härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Viske Hundred, or Viske härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ... Ã…rstad Hundred, or Ã…rstads härad, was a hundred of Hallandia in Sweden. ...


Culture

The language varieties spoken in Halland are together called Halländska, though they belong to two main dialectal groups. In northern Halland a variation of the Götaland dialect is spoken and in the south the spoken language is a variety of Scanian, formerly East Danish. The Småländska dialect spoken in the east, on the border to Smalandia, is not counted as Halländska. A variety of a language is a form that differs from other forms of the language systematically and coherently. ... Götaland Maps of Swedens historical three lands, and Österland in Finland. ... SkÃ¥ne in southern Sweden Scanian ( ) is a closely related group of dialects spoken in SkÃ¥ne (Scania). ... SmÃ¥ländska (Swedish for SmÃ¥landian) is a general term for the dialects of Swedish spoken in the historical province of SmÃ¥land in southern Sweden. ... Smalandia (Småland, literally Small Country) is a historical Province (landskap) in southern Sweden. ...


Sights

The Varberg Fortress was built in the 13th century and improved with higher walls in the 15th century. Varberg Fortress was built 1287-1300 by count Jacob Nielsen as protection against his Danish king, who had declared him an outlaw after the murder of king Eric V of Denmark. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


Dukes of Halland

Already in 13th century, (southern) Halland was given as duchy to a branch of the Danish royal dynasty. In 14th century, it was given to various relatives of danish and Swedish royal families, such as Benedict, Duke of Halland 1353-57. This lists those feudal magnates (counts, dukes and other sort of princes) who have held Halland as fief, or its southern or northern part, titled as duke. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title. Catherine IIs soldiers in the Russo-Turkish War, by Alexandre Benois. ...

See List of Dukes of Halland Prince Bertil of Sweden, Bertil Gustaf Oskar Carl Eugén (February 28, 1912 – January 5, 1997), Duke of Halland, was the third son of King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This lists those feudal magnates (counts, dukes and other sort of princes) who have held Halland as fief, or its southern or northern part, titled as duke. ...


Sources

  • Kungsvägen genom Halland - Bidrag till halländsk kulturhistoria och underlag för vägminnesvårdsprogram. Stellan Haverling. 1996. Gothenburg: Vägverket

External link

  • Halland - Tourist site


Provinces of Sweden (Landskap) Flag of Sweden
Ångermanland | Bohuslän | Blekinge | Dalarna | Dalsland | Gästrikland | Gotland | Halland | Hälsingland | Härjedalen | Jämtland | Lapland | Medelpad | Norrbotten | Närke | Öland | Östergötland | Skåne | Småland | Södermanland | Uppland | Värmland | Västmanland | Västerbotten | Västergötland

  Results from FactBites:
 
Halland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1194 words)
Halland was the scene of considerable military action from the 13th Century and on as Sweden, Denmark and to some degree Norway fought for supremacy in Scandinavia.
Halland was occupied by Sweden in 1645 under the terms of the Treaty of Brömsebro, for a period limited to 30 years.
In northern Halland a variation of the Götaland dialect is spoken and in the south the spoken language is a variety of Scanian, formerly East Danish.
Halland (215 words)
Halland, or or Hallandia, is a traditional province or landskap on the western coast of Sweden.
Halland became a Swedish province for a period of 30 years in 1645 by the Treaty of Brömsebro[?], and permanently from 1658 by the Treaty of Roskilde.
The last Duke of Halland was Prince Bertil (1912-1997), of the house Bernadotte and son of Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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