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Encyclopedia > Halifax bomber
Halifax W1057 ZA-X of No. 10 Squadron RAF. This aircraft took part in a number of raids on the German battleship Tirpitz in Fættenfjord near Trondheim, Norway during April and May, 1942.
Halifax W1057 ZA-X of No. 10 Squadron RAF. This aircraft took part in a number of raids on the German battleship Tirpitz in Fættenfjord near Trondheim, Norway during April and May, 1942.

The Handley Page Halifax was one of the front-line, four-engine heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during World War II. A contemporary of the famous Avro Lancaster, the Halifax remained in service until the end of the war, performing a variety of duties in addition to bombing. The Halifax was also operated by squadrons of the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal New Zealand Air Force. Handley Page Halifax II Series I Heavy Bomber. ... Handley Page Halifax II Series I Heavy Bomber. ... No. ... Tirpitz was a battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, a sister ship to the German battleship Bismarck, and named for Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz. ... County Sør-Trøndelag Landscape Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (A) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... This article is about the year. ... The B-52 Stratofortress, a heavy bomber. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the UK Armed Forces. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... The Avro Lancaster was a four-engine World War II bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF). ... The RAAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force, with the central circle replaced by a Kangaroo, a symbol of Australia. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force or RNZAF is the air operations arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ...

Contents


Overview

Handley Page produced the H.P.56 twin-Vulture engined design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 but performance was found to be lacking. Modifications resulted in the definitive H.P.57 Halifax design; the aircraft was enlarged and powered by four 1,280 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin X engines. Such was the promise of the new model that the RAF had placed their first order for 100 Mk I Halifaxes before the first prototype even flew on September 24, 1939, shortly after the start of the war. The Halifax entered service with No. 35 Squadron RAF at Linton on Ouse in November 1940 and its first operational raid was against Le Havre on the night of March 11-12, 1941. The Handley Page Aircraft Company was founded by Frederick Handley Page in 1909. ... The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... The Merlin is an aircraft engine built during World War II by Rolls-Royce. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1939: Events January January 12 - the RAF Auxiliary Air Force Reserve is formed February February 9 - Alex Henshaw sets a new speed record for the round trip between England and Cape Town in 4 days 10 minutes in a Percival Mew... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1940: Events March March 16 - Britain suffers its first civilian air-raid casualties of the war after a raid by KG 26 on Scapa Flow March 25 - the US government grants permission to the countrys aircraft manufacturers to sell advanced... Le Havre is a city in Normandy, northern France, on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Seine. ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1941: Events Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The Mk I had a 22 ft bomb bay as well as six bomb cells in the wings, enabling it to carry 13,000 lb (5,897 kg) of bombs. Defensive armament consisted of two .303-in Browning machine guns in the nose, four in a tail turret and in some aircraft, two waist guns. Subtle modifications distinguished the Mk I aircraft. The first batch of Mk I Halifaxes were designated Mk I Series I. The Mk I Series II increased the aircraft's gross weight (from 58,000 lb to 60,000 lb) and the Mk I Series III increased fuel capacity. A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


Introduction of 1,390 hp Merlin XX engines and a twin .303-in dorsal turret instead of waist guns resulted in the Mk II Series I Halifax. The Mk I Series I (Special) achieved improved performance by removing the nose and dorsal turrets. The Mk II Series IA had a moulded Perspex nose (the standard for future Halifax variants), a four-gun Defiant-type dorsal turret, Merlin 22 engines and larger vertical tail surfaces which solved control deficiencies (rudder-stall) in the early Marks. The installation of Dowty landing gear and hydraulics (in place of the standard Messier equipment) on the Mk II Series I (Special) and IA produced the Mk V Series I (Special) and Mk V Series IA. A total of 1,966 Mk II and 915 Mk V Halifaxes were built. Perspex is a trade name in the United Kingdom for polymethyl methacrylate. ... A pair of 264 Squadron Defiants. ...


The most numerous Halifax variant was the Mk III of which 2,091 were built. First appearing in 1943, the Mk III featured the Perspex nose and modified tail of the Mk II Series IA but replaced the Merlin with the more powerful 1,650 hp Bristol Hercules XVI radial engine. Other changes included DH Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing-tips. The Mk IV was a non-production design using a turbocharged Hercules powerplant. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1943: Events January January 27 - the USAAF makes its first daylight raid on Germany January 30 - Royal Air Force de Havilland Mosquitos make the first daylight air-raid on Berlin January 30-31 – the H2S radar is used by RAF bombers... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ...


The definitive version of the Halifax was the Mk VI, powered by the 1,800 hp Hercules 100. The final bomber version, the Mk VII, reverted to the less powerful Hercules XVI. However, these variants were produced in relatively small quantities.


The remaining variants were the Mk C.VIII unarmed transport (8,000 lb cargo pannier instead of a bomb bay, space for 11 passengers) and the Mk A.IX paratroop transport (space for 16 paratroopers and gear). An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ...


In addition to bombing missions, the Halifax served as a glider tug, ECM aircraft for No. 100 Group RAF and special operations such as parachuting agents and arms into occupied Europe. Halifaxes were also operated by Coastal Command for ASW, reconnaissance and meteorological roles. No. ... Skydiver about to land Parachuting, or skydiving, is a recreational activity, competitive sport and method of deployment of military personnel (and occasionally, firefighters). ... World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Coastal Command was an organization within the Royal Air Force tasked with protecting the United Kingdom from naval threats. ... Anti-submarine warfare is a term referring to warfare directed against submarines. ... Mixed reconaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ...


Total Halifax production was 6,176 with the last aircraft delivered in November 1946. In addition to Handley Page, Halifaxes were built by English Electric, Fairey Aviation, Rootes Motors and the London Aircraft Production Group. Peak production resulted in one Halifax being completed every hour. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1946: Events January January 1 - a British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian becomes the first commercial flight to depart Heathrow Airport January 10 - a Sikorsky R5 sets an unofficial helicopter altitude record of 6,400 m (21,000 ft) at Stratford... The Handley Page Aircraft Company was founded by Frederick Handley Page in 1909. ... The English Electric Company was formed in 1918 and, during that year and 1919, acquired control of Dick, Kerr & Co of Preston, England, Willans & Robinson of Rugby, England, and the Phoenix Dynamo Manufacturing Company of Bradford. ... The Fairey Aviation Company, Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century, notable for a number of important planes, including the Fairey III family and the Fairey Swordfish. ... The Rootes Group is a now-defunct British automobile manufacturer. ...


Post-WWII, Halifaxes remained in service with the RAF Coastal and Transport commands and the Armée de l'Air until early 1952. The Pakistan Air Force which inherited the planes from RAF continued to use it until 1961. The familiar French military aviation roundel gave rise to similar roundels for air forces all over the world, including that of the United Kingdom (RAF), which reversed the colors on the French roundel. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1952: Events January January 5 - Pan Am commences trans-atlantic freight services. ... The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (Pakistan Fizaya in Urdu) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The only complete Halifax bomber in the world is located at the Yorkshire Air Museum, on the site of the WWII airfield RAF Elvington. The Yorkshire Air Museum, (RAF Elvington airfield during the World War II), is an air museum in the United Kingdom. ... RAF Elvington was the only airfield in the United Kingdom used by the remainder of the Free French Air Force, flying Halifax heavy bombers, during World War II. After the war the airfield was extended for use by the United States Air Force but was never used. ...


A transport/cargo version of the Halifax was also produced, the Handley Page Halton.


Designation series

  • H.P.56 - pre-Halifax prototype
  • H.P.57 - Mk I
  • H.P.59 - Mk II
  • H.P.61 - Mk III, Mk VI, Mk VII
  • H.P.63 - Mk V
  • H.P.70 - Mk C.VIII
  • H.P.71 - Mk A.IX

Specifications (Mk III)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7
  • Length: 71 ft 7 in (21.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 104 ft 2 in (31.75 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m)
  • Wing area: 1,190 ft² (110.6 m²)
  • Empty: lb ( kg)
  • Loaded: 54,400 lb (24,675 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 x Bristol Hercules XVI radial engines, 1,615 hp ( kW) each

Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... Radial engine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 282 mph at 13,500 ft (454 km/h at 4,115 m)
  • Combat range: 1,030 miles (1,658 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,000 ft (7,315 m)
  • Rate of climb: 750 ft/min (229 m/min)
  • Wing loading: lb/ft² ( kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: hp/lb ( kW/kg)

Armament

.303 cartridge The . ... Browning Model 1919 Type Machine Gun Nationality U.S. Era World War II History Date of design 1919 Production period 1919 - 1945 Service duration 1919 - 1990s Operators U.S. and Allies War service WWII - Korea Specifications Type Calibre . ... Vickers Gas Operated Type Machine gun Nationality UK Era History Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK War service Specifications Type Calibre 0. ...

Related content

Related development: None


Comparable aircraft: Avro Lancaster The Avro Lancaster was a four-engine World War II bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF). ...


Designation series: H.P.53 - H.P.54 - H.P.56 - H.P.57 - H.P.59 - H.P.61 - H.P.63 - H.P.67 - H.P.68 - H.P.70 - H.P.71 The Handley Page HP.52 Hampden was a twin-engine medium bomber of the Royal Air Force that was one of the main front-line bombers at the start of World War II. Along with the Whitley and Wellington bombers, the Hampden bore the brunt of the early bombing war... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ... The Handley Page HP 67 Hastings was a troop-carrier and freight transport of the Royal Air Force. ...


See also

Many aircraft types have served in the Royal Air Force since it was formed in 1918 by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service. ...

External links

  • Handley Page Halifax

  Results from FactBites:
 
Halifax - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (108 words)
Halifax, Nova Scotia- Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia
Halifax, Nova Scotia (former city) - A community and former city in Nova Scotia
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
Handley Page Halifax - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1058 words)
A contemporary of the famous Avro Lancaster, the Halifax remained in service until the end of the war, performing a variety of duties in addition to bombing.
Such was the promise of the new model that the RAF had placed their first order for 100 Mk I Halifaxes (following the practice of naming heavy bombers after major towns in this case Halifax, West Yorkshire) before the first prototype even flew on September 24, 1939, shortly after the start of the war.
Halifaxes were also operated by Coastal Command for ASW, reconnaissance and meteorological roles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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