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Encyclopedia > Halifax Harbour
Halifax Harbour, October 13, 2006. Facing mouth of Harbour, Georges Island on left, McNabs Island in centre, and ‘Sea Princess’ Cruises Ship moored on right.
Halifax Harbour, October 13, 2006. Facing mouth of Harbour, Georges Island on left, McNabs Island in centre, and ‘Sea Princess’ Cruises Ship moored on right.
A sailboat in Halifax Harbour
A sailboat in Halifax Harbour
Entrance to Halifax Harbour as seen from Georges Island
Entrance to Halifax Harbour as seen from Georges Island

Halifax Harbour is a large natural harbour on the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia, Canada. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1085, 351 KB) Summary Halifax Harbour, October 13, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1085, 351 KB) Summary Halifax Harbour, October 13, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1207x733, 182 KB) Sailing ship leaves Halifax harbour as part of the Tall Ships regatta. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1207x733, 182 KB) Sailing ship leaves Halifax harbour as part of the Tall Ships regatta. ... Diagram of Sailboat, in this case a typical monohull sloop with a bermuda or marconi rig. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Picture_049. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Picture_049. ... Georges Island is a glacial drumlin and the largest island entirely within the harbour limits of Halifax Harbour located in the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of the Earths surface. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic de facto) Flower Trailing arbutus Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11...


Located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Halifax Harbour is considered to be the second largest ice free harbour in the world, although this claim is also contested by roughly a half dozen other harbours, depending upon how harbour limits are delineated. Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ...

Contents

Harbour description

The harbour is called chebucto by the Mi'kmaq Nation and runs in a northwest-southeast direction. It has been suggested that Lnu be merged into this article or section. ...


Based on average vessel speeds, the harbour is strategically located approximately one hour sailing time north of the Great Circle Route between the Eastern Seaboard and Europe. As such, it is the first inbound and last outbound port of call in eastern North America with trans-continental rail connections. A great circle is a circle on the surface of a sphere that has the same diameter as the sphere, dividing the sphere into two equal hemispheres. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... European redirects here. ...


The harbour is largely formed by a drowned river valley which succumbed to sea level rise since glaciation. The Sackville River now empties into the upper end of the harbour in Bedford Basin, however its original river bed has been charted by the Canadian Hydrographic Service throughout the length of the harbour and beyond. Sea level measurements from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments Changes in sea level since the end of the last glacial episode Sea level rise is an increase in sea level. ... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... Bedford Basin is a large enclosed bay, forming the northwestern end of Canadas Atlantic coast. ... Canadian Hydrographic Service logo or crest The Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) is Canadas hydrographic office, with responsibility for performing hydrographic surveys and publishing paper and electronic nautical charts. ...


The harbour includes the following geographic areas:

  • Northwest Arm Another drowned river valley now largely used by pleasure boats.
  • The Narrows A constricted passage to Bedford Basin.
  • Bedford Basin A sheltered bay and the largest part of the harbour.

North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... Bedford Basin is a large enclosed bay, forming the northwestern end of Canadas Atlantic coast. ...

Islands

The harbour is home to several small islands.


The harbour limit is actually formed by the northern end of its largest island - McNabs Island. The largest island entirely within the harbour limits is Georges Island, a glacial drumlin similar to its dryland counterpart at Citadel Hill. Several small islands are located in the Bedford Basin near Bedford and Burnside. There is also a small island known as Deadman's Island (for the burial location of War of 1812 prisoners of war) in the Northwest Arm. McNabs Island is the largest island in Halifax Harbour located in Halifax Regional Municipality . ... Georges Island is a glacial drumlin and the largest island entirely within the harbour limits of Halifax Harbour located in the Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Drumlin in Cato, New York A drumlin (Gaelic druim the crest of a hill) is an elongated whale-shaped hill formed by glacial action. ... Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ... Bedford Basin is a large enclosed bay, forming the northwestern end of Canadas Atlantic coast. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Combatants United States Native Americans Great Britain Canadian colonial forces Native Americans First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson Isaac Brock† George Prevost Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6...


Although outside the defined harbour limits, Lawlor Island and Devils Island are also frequently included in descriptions of Halifax Harbour and the surrounding area. Lawlor Island is 55 ha in size and located opposite MacCormicks Beach in Eastern Passage and McNabs Island in the outermost limit of Halifax Harbour in the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia. ... Devils Island (French Île du Diable), is an island located off the coast of French Guiana. ...


Navigation

Halifax's official harbour limit for navigational purposes is delineated by a line running from Herring Cove on the west side of the main channel, to the northern end of McNabs Island, then from McNabs Island across the Eastern Passage to the actual community of Eastern Passage on the east side of the island. Herring Cove, Nova Scotia, at 44°34; North and 63°33; West, is a community located 15 km southwest of central Halifax at the mouth of Halifax Harbour, and at the intersection of Nova Scotia collector highways # 253 and # 349. ... A photo of Fishermans Cove in 2001 Eastern Passage is mid-sized communty on Nova Scotias Eastern Coast. ...


Deep draught vessels must use the main channel into the harbour, which runs on the west side of McNabs Island. The west entrance point marking the beginning of the inner approach using this channel is located near Chebucto Head, approximately 12 km south of the limit.


Shallow draught vessels (less than 2.5 m, 8.5 ft) may use the Eastern Passage, which runs on the east side of McNabs Island; however, continuous silting makes charted depths unreliable. The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ...


Large vessels have compulsory pilotage, with harbour pilots boarding at the pilot station off Chebucto Head. Vessels wishing to transit The Narrows between the outer harbour and Bedford Basin must travel one at a time; this rule was established after the disastrous Halifax Explosion of December 6, 1917 when a collision between the French munitions ship Mont-Blanc and the Norwegian Imo destroyed part of Halifax and Dartmouth. A red pilot boat A pilot boat is used to transport pilots between land and inbound or outbound ships that they are piloting. ... The Halifax Explosion was a Canadian disaster which occurred on Thursday, December 6, 1917, at 9:04:35 a. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ...


Canadian Forces Maritime Command, the Canadian Navy also referred to as MARCOM, maintains a large base housing its Atlantic Fleet (MARLANT) along the western side of The Narrows, as well as an ammunition depot on the northeastern shore of Bedford Basin. There are strict security regulations relating to vessels navigating near MARCOM facilities and anchorages. Flag ship HMCS Algonquin, HMCS , and HMCS Protecteur. ...


There are two large suspension bridges crossing The Narrows:

The Angus L. Macdonald Bridge is the original suspension bridge linking downtown Halifax to Dartmouth, opened on April 2, 1955. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Looking towards Dartmouth from Halifax side The A. Murray MacKay Bridge is the second suspension bridge linking the Halifax peninsula with Dartmouth and opened on July 10, 1970. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...

Port facilities

The Halifax Port Authority is a federally-appointed agency which administers and operates various port properties on the harbour. Previously run by the National Harbours Board, the HPA is now a locally-run organization. The Halifax Port Authority (HPA) is a port authority operating as a not-for-profit Crown corporation of the Government of Canada. ...


HPA facilities include:

  • South End Container Terminal - Piers 36-42 (currently operated by Halterm Limited, with several gantry and post-Panamax cranes)
  • Halifax Grain Elevator
  • Ocean Terminals - Piers 23-34
  • Seawall - Piers 20-22, Cruise Ship Pavillion and Pier 21 museum
  • Richmond Terminals - Piers 9 and 9A
  • Richmond Offshore Terminals - Piers 9B-9D (multi-user supply base for offshore oil and gas exploration/production)
  • Fairview Cove Container Terminal - (currently operated by Cerescorp)
  • National Gypsum Wharf - (currently operated by National Gypsum to serve Wrights Cove gypsum terminal)
  • Woodside Atlantic Wharf - (vessel lay-up and repair, oil platform servicing)
  • Imperial Oil Wharves - (currently operated by Imperial Oil to serve Dartmouth refinery)
  • Ultramar Oil Wharves -( currently operated by Ultramar to serve the petroleum storage facility )
  • Autoport - (currently owned by CN Rail)

All HPA facilities are serviced by CN Rail. It provides on-dock daily train service to Montreal, Toronto, Chicago, and Detroit. The railway also operates the Halifax Intermodal Terminal (HIT) adjacent to the Richmond Terminals. Container ship Rita being loaded at Copenhagen by a portainer crane A portainer (also known as a gantry crane, container crane, container handling gantry crane, quay crane, ship-to-shore crane, STS crane or a dockside crane) is a very large crane used to load and unload container ships, and... The two ships seen here seem almost to be touching the walls of the Miraflores Locks. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... Pier 21 is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia in the Halifax Ocean Terminals, near the South End Container Terminal. ... An oil platform is a large structure used to house workers and machinery needed to drill and then produce oil and natural gas in the ocean. ... Imperial Oil Limited TSX: IMO is Canadas largest petroleum company. ... A refinery is a building and/or the equipment used for refining or processing specific products. ... This business-related article is a stub. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... Motto: Concordia Salus Coordinates: Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 City Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area    - City 366. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


In addition to HPA facilities, the following users have port facilities:

  • Irving Shipbuilding operates the Halifax Shipyard, a medium-sized vessel construction and repair yard. The yard contains two floating drydocks (the largest is Panamax size) plus one graving dock and various shore-based operations.
  • Maritime Forces Atlantic (MARLANT) operates the HMC Dockyard, Dockyard Annex and CFAD Bedford through CFB Halifax. There are also military docking facilities located at CFB Shearwater.
  • Canadian Coast Guard operates CCG Base Dartmouth, housing part of the Atlantic and Arctic fleets as well as pollution response and navigation aids maintenance facilities.
  • Bedford Institute of Oceanography maintains docking facilities for various government scientific vessels. Shannon Hill, above the BIO campus is also home to CCG's "Halifax Marine Communications and Traffic Services" which operates Halifax Coast Guard Radio and the Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) centre, providing continuous radar coverage of all harbour activity.

Canadian Forces Base Halifax (CFB Halifax) is Canadas east coast navy base and home port to the Atlantic fleet. ... Canadian Forces Base Shearwater (CFB Shearwater) is a Canadian Forces base located in Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia on the eastern shore of Halifax harbour. ... The Canadian Coast Guard or CCG (Fr. ... The Bedford Institute of Oceanography is Canadas largest centre for ocean research. ... The Armdale Yacht Club is a yacht club located on Melville Island at the head of Halifax Harbours Northwest Arm in Nova Scotia Canada. ... North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... The oldest yacht club in North America, located on the North West Arm of Halifax Harbour in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... Shearwater is a largely industrial area in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. ... North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... A technician checks data from a weather station. ... McNabs Island is the largest island in Halifax Harbour located in Halifax Regional Municipality . ... Weather buoys are instruments which collect weather and ocean data within the worlds oceans. ...

External links

  • Halifax Port Authority - official website
  • HDBC Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge Commission
  • Satellite View of Halifax Harbour from Google Maps
  • Halifax Explosion
  • Halifax Harbour webcam views
  • Halifax Harbour: A Geological Journey documentary
  • Fenwick Place Web Cam
  • Bedford Basin WebCam
  • Brian Campbell's Bridge Cam
  • Station 44258 - Halifax Harbor

Coordinates: 44°37′N 63°33′W The Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge Commission is a Nova Scotia provincial agency responsible for operating, maintaining, and constructing bridges over the harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia and Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. ... The Halifax Explosion was a Canadian disaster which occurred on Thursday, December 6, 1917, at 9:04:35 a. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Halifax Harbour - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (876 words)
Halifax Harbour is a large natural harbour on the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.
Located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Halifax Harbour is considered to be the second largest harbour in the world after Sydney, Australia, although this claim is also contested by roughly a half dozen other harbours, depending upon how harbour limits are delineated.
Halifax's official harbour limit for navigational purposes is delineated by a line running from Herring Cove on the west side of the main channel, to the northern end of McNabs Island, then from McNabs Island across the Eastern Passage to the actual community of Eastern Passage on the east side of the island.
Halifax, Nova Scotia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3977 words)
Halifax was the shire town of Halifax County and the provincial capital.
From the construction of the Halifax Citadel as a counterpoint to the French fortress at Louisbourg, to the Royal Navy's largest dockyard in the Western Hemisphere, the history of the city is intertwined with story of the British Imperial forces in North America and the North Atlantic.
Halifax's dependency on the military continues to this day as the city's largest single employer is CFB Halifax, which is also the largest naval base in Canada and the nation's largest military base in terms of the number of personnel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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