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Encyclopedia > Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada
List of cities in Canada
Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia Official Flag
(in detail)
List of Flags of Canada
Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia Coat of Arms
(in detail)
List of Provincial Symbols
Motto:
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E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea)
Logo:
HRM Logo
Location
City Information
Established: April 1, 1996
Area: (former city) 79.2 km²
(municipality) 5,490.90 km²
Population:

 - Total (2001)
 -Estimated (2005)
 - Cdn. CD Rank:
 - Cdn. Mun. Rank: This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Halifax, Nova Scotia Categories: Flag images ... Halifax City coat of arms Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. File links The following pages link to this file: Halifax, Nova Scotia Categories: GFDL images ... This is a list of the symbols of Canadian provinces and territories. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Image File history File links Halifaxregionlogo. ... Image File history File links Novascotiahrm-detail-map. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This is a list of the 100 largest cities and towns (see note) in Canada ranked by area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 1 km² (100 hectares) and 10 km² (1000 hectares). ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 1 km² (100 hectares) and 10 km² (1000 hectares). ... Outline map of Canadas Census Divisions in 2001 Note: This page refers only to subdivisions in Canada. ...


359,111
375,000
Ranked 19th
Ranked 11th The below table is a list of the 100 largest cities (or municipalities) in Canada. ...

Population density: (urban area) 1506.2/km²
(municipality) 65.4/km²
Time zone: Atlantic: UTC -4
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Postal code span:
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Local area code:
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902
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Latitude:
Longitude:
A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... AST is UTC-4 The Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that form part of a postal address in Canada. ... The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes and seven-digit telephone numbers that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. ...

{{Canadian_City/Map_source_is:{{{CCMapSource}}}|44|39|N|63|35|W|region:CA_type:city(359,111)_}}
Elevation: Sea Level m MSL
Government
Mayor: Peter Kelly
{{Hide = {{{Disable Mayor Listing}}}}}

List of mayors of Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia
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Governing body: Halifax Regional Council
MPs
Alexa McDonough, Geoff Regan, Michael Savage, Peter Stoffer, (Bill Casey), (Gerald Keddy), (Peter MacKay)
MLAs
Barry Barnet, Keith Colwell, Kevin Deveaux, Darrell Dexter, Bill Dooks, Howard Epstein, Bill Estabrooks, Len Goucher, Maureen MacDonald, Joan Massey, Marilyn More, Percy Paris, Leonard Preyra, Michele Raymond, Graham Steele, Brooke Taylor, Diana Whalen, Dave Wilson, Trevor Zinck
Members of Parliament:
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Provincial Representatives:
Halifax Regional Municipality
1(sc) According to the Canada 2001 Census.
Template help Flag of Canada

Halifax Regional Municipality, commonly referred to as HRM is a Canadian regional municipality, the largest population centre in both the Province of Nova Scotia and the Atlantic region, the provincial capital, and a major economic centre of Canada's east coast. Halifax Regional Municipality (2001 population, 359,111) was created in 1996, through the amalgamation of the Municipal services and councils of cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, the town of Bedford, and the Municipality of the County of Halifax. The regional municipality's boundary includes all of Halifax County except for several First Nation reserves. The settlements within HRM retain their place names for legal, mapping, Mail, 9-1-1 and other services. The name "Halifax Regional Municipality" does not refer to any individual location, including the former City of Halifax; it may only be used to describe the entire region. It is common for residents and media personalities of the former City of Halifax to mistakenly use HRM to refer solely to their own community. The urban core area of HRM is located in the western end of the municipality, fronting on Halifax Harbour in the Halifax - Dartmouth and Bedford area and constitutes the most populous urban area on Canada's Atlantic coast, and the second largest coastal population centre in the country, after Vancouver, British Columbia. HRM currently accounts for 40% of Nova Scotia's population, and 15% of that of the Atlantic provinces. The western and most of the eastern parts of the municipality are rural. The community of Hubbards is actually in both HRM and Lunenburg County. Enfield is shared with County of Hants. Orders of magnitude (length) 1 E-13 m 1 E-12 m 1 E-11 m 1 E-10 m 1 E-9 m 1 E-8 m 1 E-7 m 1 E-6 m 1 E-5 m 1 E-4 m 1 E-3 m 1 E... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Peter J. Kelly is the current mayor of the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ... List of mayors of Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia The Halifax Regional Municipality is a regional municipality in central Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Halifax Regional Council is the governing body for the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Alexa McDonough (born August 11, 1944) is a Canadian politician, and former leader of the New Democratic Party. ... The Honourable Geoff Regan, PC, MP (born November 22, 1959 in Windsor, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Michael John Savage (born May 13, 1960 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) is the Liberal Party of Canada Member of Parliament for the riding of Dartmouth—Cole Harbour. ... Peter Arend Stoffer (born January 6, 1956 in Heerlen, Limburg, Netherlands) is a Canadian politician. ... William D. Casey (born February 19, 1945 in Amherst, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Gerald Gordon Keddy (born February 15, 1953 in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Peter Gordon MacKay, PC , MP, BA, LL.B, (born September 27, 1965) serves as the member of Parliament (MP) for Central Nova, Nova Scotia, Canadas Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. ... The Nova Scotia House of Assembly is the legislative branch of the provincial government of Nova Scotia, located in Halifax. ... Kevin Deveaux (24 September 1966) is the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for the constituency of Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. ... Darrell Dexter (born in Halifax, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Bill Dooks (born January 24, 1956 in Musquodoboit Harbour, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician, who currently serves as Minister of Energy in the legistlative assembly of Nova Scotia. ... Howard Epstein is a Canadian politician, lawyer and part-time law professor. ... Michele Raymond is a Canadian historian and politician. ... Brooke Taylor(born June 21, 1950 in Musquodoboit Vallley) is a Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative MLA for Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley. ... Diana Whalen is a politician in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Dave Wilson (ca. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... This article is about the term as used within the Commonwealth of Nations; there is also an Legislative Assembly in Oregon and there used to be a Legislative Assembly in France during the French Revolution. ... The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Halifax skyline at night Halifax neighbourhoods and boundaries of former city in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Halifax can refer to several things: The original Halifax, Halifax, England in West Yorkshire. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... Atlantic Canada consists of the four Canadian provinces on the Atlantic Ocean: Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Halifax skyline at night Halifax neighbourhoods and boundaries of former city in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... A British pillar box (or post box, mail box [U.S.]). The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ... 9-1-1 (nine-one-one) is the emergency telephone number for the North American Numbering Plan (NANP). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Atlantic Canada consists of the four Canadian provinces on the Atlantic Ocean: Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. ... Lunenburg County is a county located on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Enfield, pop. ... Hants County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...

Contents


History

Main article: History of Halifax. See also Halifax, Nova Scotia (former city), Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Bedford, Nova Scotia and Halifax County, Nova Scotia for in-depth information of HRM's constituent communities.

Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Halifax skyline at night Halifax neighbourhoods and boundaries of former city in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...

The area prior to amalgamation

In 1993, the Conservative provincial government of Nova Scotia began to consider merging the cities of Halifax and Dartmouth with the town of Bedford and Halifax County. Halifax, Dartmouth and Bedford were densely populated municipalities, while Halifax County was largely rural with large areas of wilderness. Amalgamating these regions had been proposed as far back as 1974.


Expectations and reactions

Bill Hayward was hired by the Conservatives to prepare a report on the potential savings resulting from the merger. Before the report was completed, the Conservatives were defeated in the provincial election and the Liberals took power. John Savage became the Premier at this time, and he had previously declared the Halifax regional amalgamation a crazy idea. However, he imposed amalgamation on Cape Breton in 1994 as a means to prevent the bankruptcy of several Cape Breton towns. This merger went relatively smoothly and seemed to achieve the predicted economic goals. Savage's government decided to proceed with the Halifax merger, with Bill Hayward overseeing the process. Hayward's report predicted that Halifax regional amalgamation would save over $20 million annually, through reductions in duplication of services and the elimination of many high-level administrative positions. Many residents of the affected areas were against the merger. Rural areas tended to generate the most opposition, with people fearing that they would be forced to pay higher taxes and follow urban standards without receiving higher service. Hayward's predicted cost savings were widely criticized as unrealistic, with a general feeling that he had arbitrarily determined the figures. Politicians were also divided on the merger, as many saw the influence of their localities being much reduced in the new municipality which would be dominated by the former cities of Halifax and Dartmouth. Many of the positions occupied by these rural politicians would be eliminated by the merger. Actual debate of the planned amalagamation was minimal, with a few sparsely attended public information sessions and some political discussion. The prevailing attitude was that amalagamation was inevitable and could not be stopped. The New Democratic Party called for a plebiscite, which did not happen. John Savage (born 25 August, 1949) is an actor. ...


Incorporation of the Halifax Regional Municipality

In 1995, an Act to Incorporate the Halifax Regional Municipality received Royal Assent in the provincial legislature and the Halifax Regional Municipality was established on April 1, 1996. HRM is an amalgamation of all municipal governments in Halifax County, these being the cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, town of Bedford, and Municipality of the County of Halifax within the area of Halifax County. Sable Island, being part of Halifax County, is also jurisdictionally part of HRM, despite being located 180 km offshore. The population of HRM is 359,111 according to the 2001 census, making it Canada's 11th largest population centre. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Sable Island is situated 180 km southeast of Nova Scotia, Canada in the Atlantic Ocean. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Aftermath

There were many initial problems with the merger. Many of the predicted cost savings did not materialize, and some savings achieved by eliminating jobs were offset by the fact that staff from rural areas now demanded to paid at the same rate as their urban counterparts. The initial costs of merging doubled from initial estimates. Small scandals such as the purchase of $1,000 chairs for the new council cast a negative light on the process, and unflattering articles in the national media portrayed the Halifax amalgamation as an example of how not to merge municipalities. Halifax was repeatedly referenced as a scenario to avoid as Toronto planned its own amalagamation. Since amalgamation, the municipality has experienced dramatic growth and prosperity. However, these benefits have mostly flowed to the former cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, with many rural areas of HRM continuing to experience economic stagnation and decline. In 2004, there was some discussion in the eastern shore area of applying to the province of Nova Scotia to form their own municipality. This was due to the perceived lack of services to and representation from this part of HRM.


Notable persons born in/from the Halifax Regional Municipality

See the article List of Notable HRM Persons. This is a list of persons who were born in the communities making up the Halifax Regional Municipality or spent a significant part of their lives there. ...


Climate & Geography

The Town Clock and central business district facing east from Citadel Hill.
The Town Clock and central business district facing east from Citadel Hill.

Main Article: Climate and Geography of the Halifax Regional Municipality HRM's climate is heavily influenced by its location on Nova Scotia's Atlantic coast. The weather, while notoriously unpredictable, is usually milder than that of central Canada, with the temperature remaining (with occasional notable exceptions) between about -5°C (23°F) and 28°C (80°F) inland but the coast can be milder in the winter and cooler in the summer with the oceans influence . The Halifax Regional Municipality has an area of 5,577 km² [1] which is a little smaller than the province of Prince Edward Island, and measures approximately 165 km in length between its eastern and western-most extremeties. HRM's shoreline is approximately 400 km in length, while its northern boundary is usually between 50-60 km inland. The coast, which is mostly rock with small isolated sand beaches in sheltered bays, is heavily indented by numerous inlets, the largest of which are St. Margaret's Bay, Halifax Harbour,Cole Harbour,Musquodoboit Harbour,Jeddore Harbour, Ship Harbour , and Sheet Harbour . Given this fact, it takes approximately 3.5 hours to drive along the shore from Hubbards, located in the southwestern end of HRM, to Moser River, 195 km (120 mi) away at the southeastern end. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1302x1348, 1254 KB)July 2005 looking towards town clock and downtown Halifax. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1302x1348, 1254 KB)July 2005 looking towards town clock and downtown Halifax. ... The town clock from behind, on Citadel Hill. ... Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ... Climate The climate of Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) is heavily influenced by water temperatures in the adjacent Atlantic Ocean. ... Central Canada is a term used to refer to the two largest and most populous provinces in Eastern Canada: Ontario and Quebec. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Flower Ladys slipper Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 13th... St. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Cole Harbour is a town in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... On Marine Drive Sheet Harbour Location () , is a small community with the eastern shore of the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia in the Musquodoboit/Sheet Harbour region of the Marine Drive on Nova Scotia Route 7 . ...


Education

The Halifax Regional School Board is responsible for administering the 150 public schools located within HRM providing instruction from primary to grade 12. There are also 14 independent/private schools in the municipality. The Halifax Regional School Board is the public school board responsible for the approximately 150 elementary, junior high, and high schools located in the Halifax Regional Municipality including all of Halifax County in Nova Scotia, Canada. ...


Post Secondary

The municipality is home to six degree-granting post-secondary educational institutions: Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, University of King's College, Atlantic School of Theology, and Nova Scotia College of Art and Design University are all located on the Halifax Peninsula while Mount Saint Vincent University is located in Rockingham. The former Technical University of Nova Scotia (TUNS) is now integrated with Dalhousie University. The University of King's College remains an independent institution but its students have access to Dalhousie's arts and science faculties. Both Université Sainte-Anne and Cape Breton University have satellite campuses in HRM for extension courses. The Nova Scotia Community College network maintains three campuses in HRM, although these are scheduled to be replaced by a single new campus under construction on the Dartmouth waterfront. There are also a variety of private career and business colleges located in and around HRM's urban core. Post-secondary education is a form of secondary education that is taken after first attending a secondary school, such as a high school. ... Dalhousie University is a university located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Saint Marys University is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... The Kings Quad in a Halifax spring fog. ... The Atlantic School of Theology (AST) is an ecumenical university which provides graduate level theological education and research, and in formation for Christian ministries, lay and ordained, in church and society, primarily in Atlantic Canada. ... The Nova Scotia College of Art and Design University (NSCAD) is a post-secondary art school located in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... Mount Saint Vincent University, commonly referred to as The Mount, is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Rockingham is a former community located in Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality. ... In the early 1900s, at the request of the province of Nova Scotia, Dr. Frederick Sexton laid the plans for the current system and roles of Associated Universities in engineering education in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick. ... Université Sainte-Anne is a university in Church Point, Nova Scotia, and the only French language university in Nova Scotia. ... Cape Breton University (CBU), formerly the University of Crayons and Colouring Books (UCCB), is a university in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality, near Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, on the island of Cape Breton. ... The Nova Scotia Community College (NSCC) is the community college of Nova Scotia. ...


Economy

A sailing ship leaves Halifax Harbour as part of Tall Ships 2004.
A sailing ship leaves Halifax Harbour as part of Tall Ships 2004.

The largest employer in HRM is government, with most provincial government departments headquartered in the area, as well as many regional offices for federal government departments and agencies. The Department of National Defence is the largest single employer and Halifax Harbour continues to serve a major military purpose as home port for Maritime Forces Atlantic. CFB Halifax is Canada's largest naval base and the nation's largest military base in number of personnel. This base is comprised of various shore-based facilities including HMC Dockyard, Stadacona, CFAD Bedford, and other adjunct facilities throughout HRM and central Nova Scotia. Approximately 2/3 of the navy's major ships are home ported in Halifax. Another major military facility is located at 12 Wing, CFB Shearwater in Eastern Passage. This is the home base of naval aviation in Canada and is presently used as a heliport for the CH-124 Sea King. The largest influence on HRM's economy is its port and related spin-offs. Halifax Harbour is strategically located just north of the Great Circle Route between western Europe and the Eastern Seaboard of North America as the first inbound, last outbound major port of call on the continent with strategic rail connections to central and western Canada and the United States. The port has two major container terminals, a medium-sized oil refinery, numerous general cargo piers and more specialized cargo handling piers for products such as automobiles and bulk gypsum. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1207x733, 182 KB) Sailing ship leaves Halifax harbour as part of the Tall Ships regatta. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1207x733, 182 KB) Sailing ship leaves Halifax harbour as part of the Tall Ships regatta. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Department of National Defence, frequently referred to by its acronym DND, is the department within the government of Canada with responsibility for Canadas military, the Canadian Armed Forces. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Flag ship HMCS Algonquin, HMCS , and HMCS Protecteur. ... Canadian Forces Base Halifax (CFB Halifax) is Canadas east coast navy base and home port to the Atlantic fleet. ... Canadian Forces Base Shearwater (CFB Shearwater) is a Canadian Forces base located in Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia on the eastern shore of Halifax harbour. ... A photo of Fishermans Cove in 2001 Eastern Passage is mid-sized communty on Nova Scotias Eastern Coast. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea_King. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A great circle is a circle on the surface of a sphere that has the same diameter as the sphere, dividing the sphere into two equal hemispheres. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... Containerization is a system of intermodal cargo transport using standard ISO containers (also known as isotainers) that can be loaded sealed and intact onto container ships, railroad cars and trucks. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Car redirects here. ... Gypsum is a very soft mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. // Chemical structure Heating gypsum to between 100°C and 150°C (302°F) partially dehydrates the mineral by driving off exactly 75% of the water contained in its chemical structure. ...

For more detailed information on the port, consult main article Halifax Harbour.

Port facilities are also increasingly used for logistics support of offshore natural gas production platforms near Sable Island, and for ongoing oil and gas exploration. The port has a shipyard and the eastern side of the harbour is home to Canadian Coast Guard Base Dartmouth and the internationally renowned Bedford Institute of Oceanography. In recent years, there has been an increase in number of cruise ships through a redeveloped passenger terminal at Pier 21. The port is also the eastern terminus of the transcontinental Canadian National Railway which maintains extensive facilities around the waterfront. HRM is a major exporter of beer, being home to the Keith's brewery; there are numerous local specialty beers produced in micro-breweries. Another important export is chocolate, produced originally by the locally-owned Moir's company, now owned by Hershey Foods. The aerospace industry has an increasing significance in the regional economy, through engine manufacturer Pratt and Whitney Canada, and IMP Aerospace, as well as the increasing passenger and cargo traffic at Halifax International Airport. The economy of HRM has been relatively strong in the past decade, largely as a result of an increasing trend toward urbanization; Atlantic Canada is one of the last regions in Canada to undergo such a transformation. Another important ingredient in HRM's growth has been a major investment in offshore oil and gas exploration, resulting in many high-paying jobs locating to the area. Halifax Harbour was also the staging site for much of the development of the Sable Offshore Energy natural gas project during the late 1990s, as well as somewhat smaller crude oil development projects during the 1970s-1990s. Unemployment is relatively low (5.3% as of January 2006) and is well below both the provincial and national averages. The number of construction projects for residential and commercial structures has grown steadily; notably in suburban areas such as Clayton Park and Lower Sackville although the downtown core has recently seen a resurgence, which has included several high rise proposals. One impact relating to the strength of the economy has been the gentrification of some former working-class areas of the city, such as downtown and north-end Dartmouth and the North End of the Halifax Peninsula. In the latter case, a formerly working class area which was reconstructed following its devastation in the disaster of 1917 is now home to many affluent people, with the resulting change in character of some of its neighbourhoods. The South End (of the peninsula) has remained a traditionally wealthy district. Some areas of HRM are known for their concentrations of lower income housing, urban neglect and a preception of higher rates of crime, notably Spryfield in HRM's Mainland South district, the Gottingen Street area in the peninsula's North End, as well as remaining areas of north end Dartmouth and certain pockets of Lower Sackville. Another change in recent years has been the extensive redevelopment of the waterfront in Halifax, Bedford, and Dartmouth. Traditionally the focus has been industry and shipping. However, with changes in shipping technology, larger ships now use container terminals or other harbour facilities, leaving the waterfronts along the Halifax and Dartmouth urban core relatively unused (aside from naval and shipyard activities). Many former industrial waterfront areas have been converted to commercial use to attract the tourist trade. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... The Canadian Coast Guard or CCG (Fr. ... The Bedford Institute of Oceanography is Canadas largest centre for ocean research. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner or luxury liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part of the experience. ... Pier 21 is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia in the Halifax Ocean Terminals, near the South End Container Terminal. ... Canadian National Railways logo or herald (used pre-1960) Network Map of Canadian National Railway The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class... A selection of bottled beers A selection of cask beers Beer is the worlds oldest and most popular alcoholic beverage, selling more than 133 billion litres (35 billion gallons) per year. ... Alexander Keiths is a Canadian brewery founded in 1820 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, by Alexander Keith, who emigrated from Scotland in 1817, where it is still the only location of an Alexander Keiths brewery. ... Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the brown coloration. ... The Hershey Foods Corporation (NYSE: HSY) is the worlds largest chocolate company. ... Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) is a Canadian aircraft engine manufacturer. ... I.M.P. Group International is a diversified company based in Halifax, Nova Scotia founded in 1967. ... Halifax International Airport (also known as HIA) is an airport in Enfield, Nova Scotia, and serves Halifax Regional Municipality and central Nova Scotia as well as nearby areas of the Maritime provinces. ... An 1837 political cartoon about unemployment in the United States. ... Gentrification is a process in which low-cost, deteriorated neighborhoods experience urban restoration and an increase in property values, along with an influx of wealthier residents. ... Gottingen Street commercial district at night. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The South End is a region of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Spryfield is a neighbourhood in Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Culture, Sport, and Media

Halifax from MacDonald Bridge
Halifax from MacDonald Bridge

See Main Article: Culture, Sport and Media in Halifax Regional Municipality HRM's urban core is the highest population centre in Atlantic Canada and is the major cultural centre within the region. The municipality's urban core also benefits from a large population of post-secondary students who strongly influence the local cultural scene. HRM has a number of art galleries, theatres and museums, as well as most of the region's national-quality sports and entertainment facilities. The region is noted for the strength of its music scene. HRM has also become a significant film-production centre, with many American and Canadian filmmakers using the city's streetscapes, often to stand in for other cities that are more expensive to work in. HRM has become adept at attracting national and international events, such as the 2003 World Junior Hockey Championship, 2003 Nokia Brier, the 2004 Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, the 2007 World Indoor Lacrosse Championships and the 2006 Juno Awards. The city hosts the Quebec Major Junior team the Halifax Mooseheads, as well as many local and university teams. Since 1984, the city has been home to the CIS Men's Basketball Championship. Halifax has considered lobbying to have a CFL team located in the area, though the proposal has never been formally endorsed by the municipal or Provincial governments. For more than twenty five years it has hosted an international military tattoo, which in 2006 was granted the right to be known as the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo by HRH Queen Elizabeth II. HRM is the Maritimes' centre for broadcast and print media. CBC, CTV and Global Television all have regional television hubs in the Halifax area. There are also regional hubs for CBC Radio ,Rogers Radio and the Canadian Press/Broadcast News. Several newspapers publish in the HRM, including the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, the Halifax Daily News, and The Coast. Halifax was chosen as Canada's 2014 Commonwealth Games bid. The host of the 2014 games will be selected November 9, 2007 in Sri Lanka. Halifax is a sister city of Hakodate, Japan and Norfolk, Virginia. Image File history File links Halifaxsmallfrombridge. ... Image File history File links Halifaxsmallfrombridge. ... Halifax Regional Municipality, often referred to as HRM, is the largest population centre in Atlantic Canada and is the cultural, sport and media centre of the Atlantic region. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event put together by the IIHF, the International Ice Hockey Federation, since 1930. ... The 2003 Nokia Brier was held at the Halifax Metro Centre in Halifax, Nova Scotia from March 1 to 9, 2003. ... The 2004 IIHF World Women Championships were held March 30-April 6, 2004 in Halifax and Dartmouth, Canada. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The inaugural World Indoor Lacrosse Championships were held in Hamilton, Kitchener, Mississauga, and Oshawa, Ontario, Canada in May, 2003. ... The 2006 Juno Awards will be held April 2 at the Halifax Metro Centre in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... The Halifax Mooseheads are an ice hockey team in the Eastern Divison of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. ... This is a list of Canadian Interuniversity Sport past champions in mens basketball: 1963 - Assumption College 1964 - Windsor Lancers 1965 - Acadia Axemen 1966 - Windsor Lancers 1967 - Windsor Lancers 1968 - Waterloo Lutheran Golden Hawks 1969 - Windsor Lancers 1970 - UBC Thunderbirds 1971 - Acadia Axemen 1972 - UBC Thunderbirds 1973 - Saint Marys... The Canadian Football League (CFL), also known by its French name, Ligue canadienne de football (LCF), is a professional league located entirely in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... The Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo is a show inspired by Military Tattoos given by military bands and display teams. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Cipher-block chaining ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Global Television is an Australian independent television production facility, responsible for producing many Australian TV series such as Australian Idol, Big Brother, Hi-5, MTV Australias Total Request Live, Neighbours, Rove Live and the former TV show, Good Morning Australia as GMA With Bert Newton. ... CBC Radio is the English language radio division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... The Canadian Press (CP) is a Canadian news agency established in 1917 as a vehicle to permit Canadian newspapers of the day to exchange their news and information. ... Broadcast News may refer to: Broadcast News, the 1987 movie. ... The Chronicle-Herald is a broadsheet published in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... The Daily News is a newspaper in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... The Coast is a free weekly newspaper in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... The location of the 2014 Commonwealth Games has not been decided yet. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... View of Hakodate from Mountain Hakodate (函館市; -shi) is a city and port located in Oshima, Hokkaido, Japan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Government

Local

Halifax skyline at night
Halifax skyline at night

The Halifax Regional Municipality is governed by a mayor (elected at large) and a twenty-three person regional council, who are elected by geographic district; municipal elections occur every leap year. HRM has established "community councils" where three or more councilors agree to form these councils to deal primarily with local development issues. Most community council decisions are subject to approval by regional council. Council has responsibility for the Halifax Regional Police Department, the Halifax Regional Library, the Halifax Regional Fire Department, Halifax Regional Water Commission, parks and recreation, public works and waste management, among other issues. Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1288 KB)halifax skyline File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1288 KB)halifax skyline File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day, week or month in order to keep the calendar year in sync with an astronomical or seasonal year. ...


Police and Fire Services

Two areas of contention during the post-amalgamation years have been in the areas of fire and police services. HRPD is an amalgamation of the municipal forces from the City of Halifax, City of Dartmouth, and Town of Bedford. Areas that were formerly part of the Municipality of Halifax County were previously policed by the RCMP under a provincial policing contract. Since amalgamation, the HRPD has been restricted to primarily the urban core while RCMP still provide rural policing services, as well as highway traffic enforcement. Jurisdictional boundaries have been relaxed in recent years, allowing more integration between both forces to allow for better coverage and response. Unlike policing services, HRFD is an amalgamation of all fire departments in Halifax County. This created some controversy in rural areas where predominantly volunteer fire companies were being stripped of equipment and trucks which local communities had fund-raised for during the pre-amalgamation period; this equipment was being relocated to service the urban core. This has since been halted, although there is still some tension between the professional paid HRFD members in the urban core and their volunteer rural counterparts. Royal Canadian Mounted Police heraldic badge. ...

Argyle street
Argyle street

Download high resolution version (1215x810, 216 KB)View down Argyle Stree, Halifax, NS, June 2004, Photographer: Thorfinn Stainforth File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1215x810, 216 KB)View down Argyle Stree, Halifax, NS, June 2004, Photographer: Thorfinn Stainforth File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Haligonians

The term Haligonians has not been borrowed since amalgamation to apply more broadly to all residents of HRM, because many citizens in Dartmouth, Bedford and smaller centres in the municipality tend to avoid use of the term when applied to themselves. In fact, despite amalgamation, most residents of the municipality, maps, (and Canada Post) still refer to the names of the pre-amalgamation municipalities when describing geographic areas. Canada Post (French: Postes Canada) is a Canadian postal service operated as an independent crown corporation. ...


Budget

Since its creation, rapid property value increases have resulted in HRM's budget growing to $589 million in 2005/06, up from $439 million in 1996. This has allowed HRM to proceed with major capital projects such as an extension of municipally-supplied water to Fall River, breaking ground on the new sewage treatment system (called the Harbour Solutions project), and establishment of Metrolink, a bus rapid transit system. Fall River is a suburb of Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada), to the north of Bedford and east of Sackville. ... Silver Line in Boston Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a broad term given to a variety of different transportation systems that, through infrastructural and scheduling improvements, attempt to use buses to provide a service that is of a higher quality than an ordinary bus line. ...


Federal

The former city of Halifax is represented in the federal ridings of Halifax and Halifax West. Other HRM ridings include Dartmouth—Cole Harbour and Sackville—Eastern Shore. The municipality also overlaps with parts of Central Nova, Cumberland—Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley, and South Shore—St. Margaret's ridings. Halifax in relation to the other Nova Scotia ridings Halifax is a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1867. ... Halifax West is the name of a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Dartmouth—Cole Harbour in relation to the other Nova Scotia ridings Dartmouth—Cole Harbour is a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 2004. ... Sackville—Eastern Shore is the name of a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Central Nova in relation to the other Nova Scotia ridings Central Nova is a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 2004. ... Cumberland—Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley (formerly North Nova) is the name of a federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... South Shore—St. ...


Provincial

In the last three provincial elections over 50% of the population of HRM who voted, has voted for the provincial New Democratic Party, placing the region's voters outside the mainstream of provincial politics in outlying more rural areas which are split between a Liberal/Conservative voting pattern. It can be argued that HRM's recent voting pattern has actually placed the provincial (and federal) NDP or social-democratic politics in general, into the political mainstream for the province and the Maritimes as a whole. The New Democratic Party (NDP) (Nouveau Parti Démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a social democratic philosophy and moderate democratic socialist tendencies that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... The Maritime provinces See also Maritime province for disambiguation. ...


Transportation

Air

Halifax International Airport, which serves HRM and virtually all of peninsular Nova Scotia, is located in the northern part of the municipality on the border with Hants County in Enfield. CFB Shearwater, an air force base, is located on the southern Dartmouth side of Halifax Harbour. There are also 5 separate heliports located in the HRM urban core. Halifax International Airport (also known as HIA) is an airport in Enfield, Nova Scotia, and serves Halifax Regional Municipality and central Nova Scotia as well as nearby areas of the Maritime provinces. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... Hants County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Enfield, pop. ... Canadian Forces Base Shearwater (CFB Shearwater) is a Canadian Forces base located in Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia on the eastern shore of Halifax harbour. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Rail

HRM is the eastern terminus of the Canadian National Railway, which provides direct freight service to Montreal, Toronto, and Chicago for cargo arriving at either of the Port of Halifax's two container terminals, or the port's general cargo and specialized cargo piers. VIA Rail Canada also operates the Ocean, a passenger train to Truro, Moncton, and Montreal six days a week. Canadian National Railways logo or herald (used pre-1960) Network Map of Canadian National Railway The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class... The Halifax Port Authority (HPA) is a port authority operating as a not-for-profit Crown corporation of the Government of Canada. ... VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ... Ocean (passenger train) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... One of Truros tree sculptures Truro (2001 population 11,457; area population 44,276) is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Moncton (46°6′ N 64°46′ W) is the second largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick and is at the heart of the fastest growing urban area in the province. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


Roadways

The two urban core communities are linked by two suspension bridges: the Angus L. Macdonald Bridge, opened in 1955, and the A. Murray MacKay Bridge, opened in 1970. Residents refer to these as the Old (or South) Bridge and New (or North) Bridge, respectively. A passenger ferry system run by Metro Transit also connects peninsular Halifax and Dartmouth with regular services throughout the day and is the oldest saltwater ferry service operating in North America. High-speed ferries are being planned to connect downtown Halifax with Shannon Park, Bedford, the South Mainland, and Eastern Passage. Traffic is problematic in many older parts of the urban core area for several reasons. The Halifax Peninsula, similar to an island, has several bottleneck points through which any traffic leaving the area must pass: The Angus L. Macdonald Bridge is the original suspension bridge linking downtown Halifax to Dartmouth, opened on April 2, 1955. ... Looking towards Dartmouth from Halifax side The A. Murray MacKay Bridge is the second suspension bridge linking the Halifax peninsula with Dartmouth and opened on July 10, 1970. ... Metro Transit is a publicly-owned public transport agency operating buses and ferries in the greater Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia (also known as HRM), including the outlying areas. ... Shannon Park is a former milatary community on the eastern shore of Halifax Harbour in the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia next to the A. Murray MacKay Bridge in Dartmouth. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Mainland Halifax commonly refers to the part of Halifax, Nova Scotia lying on the Chebucto Peninsula east of the Northwest Arm and the Bedford Basin that was a part of the city before amalgamation in 1996. ... A photo of Fishermans Cove in 2001 Eastern Passage is mid-sized communty on Nova Scotias Eastern Coast. ... Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ...

Density is increasing somewhat on the peninsula, but the population of workers living in suburban areas or commuting from more distant exurban/outlying areas has increased at a much higher rate in recent decades. Roads in existing developed suburban areas and the historic districts on the Halifax Peninsula cannot be easily expanded. A proposed bridge across the Northwest Arm to relieve traffic congestion on the Armdale Rotary (it would connect at South Street near Dalhousie University) has been rejected several times by residents of the affluent South End. A controversial proposal in 2003-04 to widen Robie Street, the major north-south artery on the peninsula, resulted in protests, leading to a compromised, smaller expansion of the road, which still suffers from rush-hour congestion today. Many of the newer neighbourhoods benefit from a network of expressways (Nova Scotia 100-series highways) which were designed for modern automobile traffic in the early 1980s (Highway 101, Highway 102, Highway 103, Highway 107, Highway 111, and Highway 118) however these roads serve mainly to dump high-speed traffic onto the existing urban low-speed street network. The Angus L. Macdonald Bridge the first of two suspension bridges linking the Halifax Peninsula to Dartmouth across Halifax Harbour in the Halifax Regional Muncipality , opened on April 2, 1955. ... The A. Murray MacKay Bridge is the second suspension bridge linking the Halifax Peninsula with Dartmouth and opened on July 10, 1970. ... The Armdale Rotary is a notable roundabout in the Armdale district of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Highway 102 is a north-south highway in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia that runs from Halifax to Onslow. ... The expression exurb (for extra-urban) was coined in the 1950s, by Auguste Comte Spectorsky in his book The Exurbanites, to describe the ring of prosperous rural communities beyond the suburbs that, due to availability via the new high-speed limited-access highways, were becoming dormitory communities for an urban... North West Arm, Halifax The Northwest Arm is an inlet measuring approximately 3. ... An expressway is a divided highway, usually 4 lanes or wider in size, where direct access to adjacent properties has been eliminated. ... Highway 101 is an east-west highway in Nova Scotia that runs from Yarmouth to Bedford. ... Highway 102 is a north-south highway in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia that runs from Halifax to Onslow. ... Highway 103 is a west-east highway in Nova Scotia that runs from Yarmouth to Halifax. ... Highway 107 in Nova Scotia runs through the eastern suburbs of the Halifax Regional Municipality, from the Burnside Industrial Park in Dartmouth to an intersection with Highway 7 in Musquodoboit Harbour. ... Nova Scotia Highway 111 is a 4-12 lane freeway known informally as the Dartmouth Circumferential Highway. The highway runs from Pleasant Street in the neighbourhood of Woodside in the south to the A. Murray MacKay Bridge in the north and serves as a key transportation link for Dartmouth. ... Highway 118 in Nova Scotia is a short suburban freeway connecting Highway 111 in Dartmouth with Highway 102 at Fall River, 14 kilometres (9 miles) to the north. ...


Mass Transit

The HRM urban core is served by Metro Transit. The main forms of public transportation are the regular transit buses and a new bus-rapid transit system, as well as the harbour ferries. The mayor, Peter Kelly, and several regional councillors also favour instituting a commuter rail or a modern tram system on current and abandoned railway lines in the region. This plan would require provincial and federal funding and coordination and is pending the provincial government's creation of a regional transportation planning authority, similar to what eastern Massachusetts did in the 1960s when MBTA was created. A Community Transit bus service is run by Metro Transit, serving the communities of Beaver Bank, Fall River, East Preston, Lake Echo, Porters Lake and Grand Desert. There is no public transit available for residents in the other more rural areas of the municipality, a fact which has become a growing bone of contention in the urban-rural tension within the region. Metro Transit is a publicly-owned public transport agency operating buses and ferries in the greater Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia (also known as HRM), including the outlying areas. ... The Pride of Rotterdam, One of the P&O Ferriess Flagships operating the Hull-Rotterdam Route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... Peter J. Kelly is the current mayor of the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... TW2000 car in Hanover Volkswagen Cargo-Tram in Dresden on a section of grassed track. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [1] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ...


Bicycle

Regional council has also stated an interest in improving bicycle transport in the urban core, however since the 2000 municipal election little has been accomplished. A part-time coordinating position was created to oversee the planning and implementation of a bicycle transport plan but this position was eliminated during budget cuts in 2003 with little other than planning/reporting having been accomplished. Overall, HRM remains fairly difficult for bicycles, partially as a result of geography and climate, but also the increased traffic congestion. Despite these setbacks there has been a small increase in the number of bicycle lanes and designated bike routes in the urban core. This racing bicycle is built using lightweight, shaped aluminium tubing and carbon fiber stays and forks. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... This article or section should include material from Cycle path debate Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ...


Driver Attitude

There is a perceived belief that car drivers in HRM are unusually courteous in comparison with drivers in other North American cities. There is no empirical evidence to support such a claim, however drivers in the region have been witnessed on occasion to yield to pedestrians crossing the road (even illegally), usually within the downtown urban core of the Halifax Peninsula; this has been colloquially referred to as a "Nova Scotian traffic jam". As with any growing urban area, the increasing traffic congestion has also been leading to more car-pedestrian and car-bicycle accidents. Speeding and street-racing have become major sources of concern for residents in many districts within the municipality. There recently has been a growing of loud mufflers on both motorcycles and on cars however, the province does not allow municipalities to make their own bylaws regarding what can be on a motor vehicle. Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ... CAR is a three letter-acronym, that may stand for: Canadian Airborne Regiment Canadian Aviation Regulations Canonical anticommutation relation Caribou Municipal Airport (IATA airport code CAR) in Caribou, Maine, United States Center Axis Relock, a new shooting technique developed by Paul Castle Central African Republic Computer-assisted reporting Cordillera Administrative...


Buildings and structures

See also: List of buildings in the Halifax Regional Municipality The Halifax Regional Municipality has a higher proportion of historic buildings compared with other municipalities in Canada, particularly in the downtown urban core. Preservationists and heritage advocacy organizations have attempted to prevent their demolition by developers in recent decades. Such groups have been criticized for stunting the centralization of urban growth and for stopping buildings from being built on empty land containing little to no historic value. The urban core communities the Halifax Peninsula and former city of Dartmouth are home to several modern office buildings, however the downtown core area in the former city of Halifax is governed by height restrictions which prevent buildings from obstructing the sight line between Citadel Hill and the Halifax Harbour/Georges Island. This is why taller buildings are sometimes built in unusual locations, to get around the restrictions. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2594x1731, 443 KB) Summary A photo I took while on the Metro Transit ferry. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2594x1731, 443 KB) Summary A photo I took while on the Metro Transit ferry. ... Downtown Halifax as seen from the Dartmouth waterfront. ... The following is a partial list of buildings in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ... Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Location City Information Established: July 9, 1749 Area: (former city) 79. ... Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ...


Demographics

Approximately 18% of the population is under the age of 14, while 11% are 65 and older.


Ethnic Origins

Ethnic Origin Population Percent
Canadian 160,005 44.95%
English 109,665 30.81%
Scottish 96,305 27.06%
Irish 79,835 22.43%
French 58,965 16.57%
German 37,865 10.64%
Dutch (Netherlands) 13,295 3.74%
North American Indian 9,495 2.67%
Welsh 6,135 1.72%
Italian 4,890 1.37%
African (Black), not included elsewhere 4,435 1.25%
Polish 4.005 1.13%
Lebanese 3,995 1.12%
Ukrainian 3,580 1.01%
Acadian 3,560 1.00%

The information regarding ethnicities at the right is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 3,000 responses are included. This article is about the English as an ethnic group. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... The Dutch are the native inhabitants of the Netherlands. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... The Welsh are an ethnic group associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... The term Black Canadian refers to black Canadian citizens whose ancestors were indigenous to sub-saharan Africa; for the most part they have recent origins in the Caribbean, but others trace their lineage through the United States, Latin America, Africa and elsewhere. ... The Acadians (French: Acadiens) are the descendants of the original French settlers of parts of the northeastern region of North America comprising what is now the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. ...


Religious make-up


Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان) is an adherent of Islam. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Sikh (IPA: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: , , IPA: [sɪk. ...


Neighbourhoods, and Communities

Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... Africville was a small unincorporated community located on the southern shore of Bedford Basin, adjacent to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Downtown Halifax as seen from the Dartmouth waterfront. ... The Hydrostone is a neighbourhood in the North End of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Gottingen Street commercial district at night. ... The Quinpool district usually refers to the commercial section of Quinpool Road, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as well as a few streets to the north and south of it. ... The South End is a region of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Spring Garden, along with Barrington Street (which it adjoins) and Quinpool Road, is a major commercial and cultural district in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Mainland Halifax commonly refers to the part of Halifax, Nova Scotia lying on the Chebucto Peninsula east of the Northwest Arm and the Bedford Basin that was a part of the city before amalgamation in 1996. ... Armdale is a neighborhood of Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia generally accepted as bordering the Northwest Arm, and extending as far north as St. ... Clayton Park is a Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia community. ... Fairview is a neighbourhood of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Herring Cove, Nova Scotia, at 44°34; North and 63°33; West, is a community located 15 km southwest of central Halifax at the mouth of Halifax Harbour, and at the intersection of Nova Scotia collector highways # 253 and # 349. ... Rockingham is a former community located in Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Spryfield is a neighbourhood in Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the history of the former city of Dartmouth. ... Brightwood is an unincorperated lower to upper middle income neighborhood in Northern Dartmouth, part of District 9 of the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia. ... Cole Harbour is a town in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... A photo of Fishermans Cove in 2001 Eastern Passage is mid-sized communty on Nova Scotias Eastern Coast. ... Manor Park is a mainly residential, upper middle-class district in Dartmouth, (part of the Halifax Regional Municipality) Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Portland Estates, as well as more recent Portland Hills, is a community nestled in the eastern part of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. ... Preston is a provincial electoral district in Halifax County, Nova Scotia. ... Shannon Park is a former milatary community on the eastern shore of Halifax Harbour in the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia next to the A. Murray MacKay Bridge in Dartmouth. ... Tufts Cove is a power station in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia near the harbour narrows. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Fall River is a suburb of Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada), to the north of Bedford and east of Sackville. ... The northern portion of Lower Sackville. ... A photo of Fishermans Cove in 2001 Eastern Passage is mid-sized communty on Nova Scotias Eastern Coast. ... Enfield, pop. ... Fall River is a suburb of Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada), to the north of Bedford and east of Sackville. ... Glen Haven is a small coastal community in Nova Scotia, Canada, about 40 km from Halifax. ... Herring Cove, Nova Scotia, at 44°34; North and 63°33; West, is a community located 15 km southwest of central Halifax at the mouth of Halifax Harbour, and at the intersection of Nova Scotia collector highways # 253 and # 349. ... Lakeview is a small community located approximately 20 minutes outside of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Middle Sackville is located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ... Mineville, Nova Scotia 44°4121N, 63°2257W is community within the Eastern Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia between Lake Echo on Nova Scotia Route 7 ,Nova Scotia Highway 107 and Upper Lawerncetown on Nova Scotia Route 207. ... North Preston is a rural community in Halifax County, Nova Scotia, in Canada. ... The lighthouse situated on Peggys Point, immediately south of Peggys Cove. ... Preston is a provincial electoral district in Halifax County, Nova Scotia. ... Timberlea is a community in the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada; located approximately 15 kilometres west of downtown Halifax. ... Hammonds Plains lies at the neck of the Chebucto Peninsula along a road that runs from Bedford to the Head of St. ... Waverley is a small village in Nova Scotia, Canada. ...

Major parks

Point Pleasant Park, a popular forested seaside park on peninsular Halifax.
Point Pleasant Park, a popular forested seaside park on peninsular Halifax.

See also: List of parks in the Halifax Regional Municipality Point Pleasant Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Point Pleasant Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Map of park at main entrance, July 2005 Point Pleasant Park is a large, forested area at the southern tip of Halifax peninsula. ... The following is a complete list of parks in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ...

The Dartmouth Commons was an area of land approximately 300 acres set aside by the government in the late 1700s for the settlers common use in Dartmouth Nova Scotia maintained by the Halifax Regional Municipality only a small portion of it remains today . ... Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Map of park at main entrance, July 2005 Point Pleasant Park is a large, forested area at the southern tip of Halifax peninsula. ... The Halifax Public Gardens (44° 38′ 35″ N 63° 34′ 59″ W) are Victorian-style public gardens formally established in 1867 and located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, adjacent to Spring Garden Road and South Park Street. ... Shubie Park is a large urban park in Dartmouth Nova Scotia maintained by the Halifax Regional Municipality that is part of the historic Shubenacadie Canal Park system. ... Dingle Tower seen over the Northwest Arm Sir Sandford Fleming Park, known locally as the Dingle Park, is a 95 acre (38 ha) urban park located in the Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Long Lake Provincial Park is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ...

Consular Representation In Halifax

Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

See also

The 2004 municipal elections of the Halifax Regional Municipality took place on October 16, 2004. ...

External links

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Halifax Panorama, Chebucto Community Net
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Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Flag of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia
Counties Annapolis - Antigonish - Cape Breton - Colchester - Cumberland - Digby - Guysborough - Halifax - Hants - Inverness - Kings - Lunenburg - Pictou - Queens - Richmond - Shelburne - Victoria - Yarmouth
Regional Municipalities Cape Breton - Halifax - Queens
Urban communities Dartmouth - Halifax - Kentville Area - New Glasgow Area - Sydney - Truro Area
Other communities (with 3000+ population) Amherst - Antigonish - Bedford - Bible Hill - Bridgewater - Cole Harbour - Digby - Eastern Passage - Enfield - Fall River - Glace Bay - Greenwood - Liverpool - Lunenburg - New Minas - New Waterford - North Sydney - Pictou - Port Hawkesbury - Pugwash - Lower Sackville - Shelburne - Springhill - Stellarton - Sydney Mines - Timberlea - Westville - Windsor - Wolfville - Yarmouth
Provincial and territorial capitals of Canada
Edmonton, ABVictoria, BCWinnipeg, MBFredericton, NBSt. John's, NLYellowknife, NTHalifax, NSIqaluit, NUToronto, ONCharlottetown, PEQuebec City, QCRegina, SKWhitehorse, YT

  Results from FactBites:
 
Halifax County, Nova Scotia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (251 words)
Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The boundaries of four other counties - Annapolis, Kings, Cumberland and Lunenburg - were specifically defined at that time, with Halifax County comprising all the part of peninsular Nova Scotia that was not within their limits.
In 1835, Halifax County was divided and the Counties of Colchester and Pictou County were created out of parts of what had hitherto been Halifax County.
Atlantic Climate Centre - The Climate of Nova Scotia (2018 words)
Nova Scotia's north coast is exposed to Gulf waters which, in late August, have a maximum surface temperature of 18C.
Nova Scotia is wettest over the highlands of Cape Breton Island, where over 1600 mm of precipitation fall in an average year.
Nova Scotia's most persistent spell of fog occurred during Canada's centennial in 1967 at Yarmouth, when over the 92 days of summer, 85 had an occurrence of 1 or more hours with fog.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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