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Encyclopedia > Halifax, Nova Scotia (former city)
Part of a series about
Communities in Nova Scotia
Communities in Halifax Regional Municipality
Halifax, Nova Scotia (former city)
Image:Novascotiahrm-oldhalifaxdet.gif

Halifax in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Image File history File links Halifaxregionlogo. ... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... Image File history File links Novascotiahrm-oldhalifaxdet. ... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total...

Community Statistics
Area 97.23 km²
Population 276,221 *
Year Founded 1749
Other Information
Postal Code FSA Range B3H to B3S
Neighbourhoods in Community
Downtown Halifax, The Hydrostone, North End Halifax, Quinpool district, Richmond, South End Halifax, Spring Garden, Armdale, Boulderwood, Clayton Park, Cowie Hill, Fairview, Fairmount, Jollimore, Melville Cove, Rockingham, Spryfield
Governing Councils
Chebucto Community ,Peninsula Community ,Halifax Regional
Adjacent Counties
NORTH
Hants
WEST EAST
Lunenburg, Guysbourgh
SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean
Nova Scotia Counties
Annapolis, Antigonish, Cape Breton, Colchester, Cumberland, Digby, Guysbourgh, Lunenburg, Halifax, Hants, Inverness, Kings,Pictou, Queens, Richmond, Shelburne, Victoria, Yarmouth
Footnotes
* According to StatCan Census Year 2001


This article is about the city of Halifax, specifically. For the local goverment, see Halifax Regional Municipality. Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... Nova Scotia - 76 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... Downtown Halifax as seen from the Dartmouth waterfront. ... The Hydrostone is a neighbourhood in the North End of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Gottingen Street commercial district at night. ... The Quinpool district usually refers to the commercial section of Quinpool Road, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as well as a few streets to the north and south of it. ... Richmond is a county on Cape Breton island, in the Canadian maritime province of Nova Scotia. ... The South End is a region of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Part of Spring Garden Road on a rainy night. ... Armdale is a neighborhood of Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia generally accepted as bordering the Northwest Arm, and extending as far north as St. ... Boulderwood is a Residential subdivision in Armdale on Mainland Halifax within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia on the shore of the Northwest Arm in Halifax Harbour . ... Clayton Park is a Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia community. ... Cowie Hill is a subdivision of Mainland Halifax in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. ... Fairview is a neighbourhood of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Fairmount is a subdivision on the Mainland Halifax area of the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia . ... Jollimore is a Residential subdivision in Armdale on Mainland Halifax within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia on the shore of the Northwest Arm in Halifax Harbour . ... Melville Coveis a Residential subdivision in Armdale on Mainland Halifax within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia on the shore of the Northwest Arm in Halifax Harbour . ... Rockingham is a former community located in Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Spryfield is a neighbourhood in Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Halifax Regional Council is the governing body for the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia. ... Hants County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Lunenburg County is a county located on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Guysborough County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Annapolis County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Antigonish County, Nova Scotia is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island. ... Colchester County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Cumberland County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Digby County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Guysborough County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Lunenburg County is a county located on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Hants County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Inverness County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Kings County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Pictou County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Queens County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Richmond County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Shelburne County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Victoria County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Yarmouth County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ...



Halifax is a city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, and the provincial capital. Its 2001 population was 276,221 .[1] Halifax was founded in 1749. Historically it was the shire town of Halifax County. Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... A shire town is another term for county seat or county town, meaning the place a countys government is based. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...


Halifax (in the sense of the city itself) has been unincorporated since April 1, 1996, when the provincial government amalgamated all the municipalities within the boundaries of Halifax County into a single-tier regional government named Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM). The City of Halifax ceased to be as a legal entity at that time, along with its connurbated neighbours, the City of Dartmouth and the Town of Bedford, and the Municipality of the County of Halifax. However, at the same time the provincial government gave the Halifax, Dartmouth and Bedford, collectively, the status of a "Metropolitan Area", more commonly known as the "urban core". Halifax itself is officially labelled the "capital district" by the HRM government. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... Flag of the former City of Dartmouth Dartmouth neighbourhoods and former city boundaries in relation to the Halifax Regional Municipality This article is about the present community of and the former City of Dartmouth (1750-1996); for more information about the wider region, see Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Bedford (2001 pop. ... Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Halifax
For information since 1996, consult the History of the Halifax Regional Municipality.

Rudyard Kipling paid homage to Halifax in his poem The Song of Cities: Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... The Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) is one of the newest municipalities in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, in terms of incorporation. ... Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was a British author and poet, born in India, and best known today for his childrens books, including The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Jungle Book (1895), Just So Stories (1902), and Puck of Pooks Hill (1906); his novel...

Into the mist my guardian prows put forth,
Behind the mist my virgin ramparts lie,
The Warden of the Honour of the North,
Sleepless and veiled am I!

Halifax was established by the British to counter-balance the French presence in Québec and Acadia, which at the time included present-day New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton Island and the Gaspe Peninsula. For most of its early history, Halifax was the primary North Atlantic base for the Royal Navy, it prospered during times of conflict and languished during times of peace. Despite Halifax's status as the regional centre and colonial capital, the city had difficulty sustaining peacetime economic success in its early years. Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Pink Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada NASA landsat photo of Cape Breton Island Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Míkmaq: Únamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... The Gaspé Peninsula or just the Gaspé (la Gaspésie in French) is a North American peninsula on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River, in Quebec. ...


Halifax only began to benefit from a process of increased rural depopulation and corresponding urban growth in Atlantic Canada during the late 20th century — a demographic shift that was delayed several decades in the region compared with other parts of North America. Today the former city is the centre of HRM's urban core and is benefitting from increased cultural and economic diversity. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Geography

The original settlement of Halifax occupied a small stretch of land inside a palisade at the foot of Citadel Hill on the Halifax Peninsula, a sub-peninsula of the much larger Chebucto Peninsula that extends into Halifax Harbour. Halifax subsequently grew to incorporate all of the north, south, and west ends of the peninsula with a central business district concentrated in the southeastern end along "The Narrows". Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ... Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... Nova Scotias Chebucto Peninsula. ... Halifax Harbour, October 13, 2006. ...



In 1969, the City of Halifax grew westward of the peninsula by amalgamating several communities from the surrounding Halifax County; namely Fairview, Rockingham, Spryfield, Purcell's Cove, and Armdale. These communities saw a number of modern subdivision developments during the late 1960s through to the 1990s, one of the earliest being the Clayton Park development at the southwestern edge of Rockingham. Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Fairview (pop. ... Rockingham is a former community located in Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Spryfield is a neighbourhood in Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Purcells Cove is a community and small cove within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia Canada on the west side of Halifax Harbour from the Northwest Arm to Fergusons Cove along Nova Scotia Route 253 . ... Armdale is a Canadian community located in Halifax County, Nova Scotia at the head of the Northwest Arm. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Since amalgamation into HRM, the term "Halifax" refers to the Metropolitan Area, which follows the boundaries of the former city (ie. Halifax Peninsula and Mainland Halifax), although the communities that comprise Mainland Halifax that were amalgamated into the City of Halifax in 1969 are reasserting their identities. Aerial Photo of the Peninsula The peninsula, bordered by Halifax Harbour, the Northwest Arm, and the Bedford Basin, is the part of Halifax that was first settled. ... Mainland Halifax commonly refers to the part of Halifax, Nova Scotia lying on the Chebucto Peninsula east of the Northwest Arm and the Bedford Basin that was a part of the city before amalgamation in 1996. ...


Present-day neighbourhoods

Halifax skyline at night
Halifax skyline at night

Colloquial neighbourhood names Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1288 KB)halifax skyline File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 1288 KB)halifax skyline File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Flag of the former City of Halifax
Flag of the former City of Halifax

Official neighbourhood names Downtown Halifax as seen from the Dartmouth waterfront. ... Gottingen Street commercial district at night. ... The Quinpool district usually refers to the commercial section of Quinpool Road, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as well as a few streets to the north and south of it. ... The South End is a region of Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Part of Spring Garden Road on a rainy night. ... Image File history File links Ca-ns1hf. ... Image File history File links Ca-ns1hf. ...

Historic neighbourhood names Armdale is a Canadian community located in Halifax County, Nova Scotia at the head of the Northwest Arm. ... Boulderwood is a Residential subdivision in Armdale on Mainland Halifax within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia on the shore of the Northwest Arm in Halifax Harbour . ... Clayton Park is a Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia community. ... The Hydrostone is a neighbourhood in the North End of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Jollimore is a Residential subdivision in Armdale on Mainland Halifax within the Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia on the shore of the Northwest Arm in Halifax Harbour . ... Rockingham is a former community located in Nova Scotias Halifax Regional Municipality. ... Spryfield is a neighbourhood in Mainland Halifax, Nova Scotia. ...

Africville was a small neighbourhood in the north end of Halifax, Nova Scotia, populated entirely by black families from a wide variety of origins. ... Richmond is an urban neighbourhood comprising part of the North End of the Halifax Peninsula in the community of Halifax Nova Scotia. ... Armdale is a Canadian urban community located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia at the head of the Northwest Arm. ...

External links

Flag of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia
Counties Annapolis - Antigonish - Cape Breton - Colchester - Cumberland - Digby - Guysborough - Halifax - Hants - Inverness - Kings - Lunenburg - Pictou - Queens - Richmond - Shelburne - Victoria - Yarmouth
Regional Municipalities Cape Breton - Halifax - Queens
Incorporated Towns Amherst - Annapolis Royal - Antigonish - Berwick - Bridgetown - Bridgewater - Canso - Clark's Harbour - Digby - Hantsport - Kentville - Lockeport - Lunenburg - Mahone Bay - Middleton - Mulgrave - New Glasgow - Oxford - Parrsboro - Pictou - Port Hawkesbury - Shelburne - Springhill - Stellarton - Stewiacke - Trenton - Truro - Westville - Windsor - Wolfville - Yarmouth
Other Communities Baddeck - Bedford- Bible Hill - Canning - Chester - Cole Harbour - Dartmouth - Dominion - Eastern Passage - Fall River - Glace Bay - Greenwood - Halifax - Kingston - Liverpool - Louisbourg - Lower Sackville - New Minas - New Waterford - North Sydney - Pugwash - Sydney - Sydney Mines - Tatamagouche - Weymouth

 
 

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