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Encyclopedia > Halden
Halden kommune
Locator map showing Halden within Østfold
County Østfold
District
Municipality NO-0101
Administrative centre Halden
Mayor (2003) Per Kristian Dahl (Ap)
Official language form Bokmål
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Percentage
Ranked 173
642 km²
596 km²
0.20 %
Population
 - Total (2004)
 - Percentage
 - Change (10 years)
 - Density
Ranked 29
27,463
0.60 %
6.0 %
46/km²
Coordinates 59°7′N 11°28′E
www.halden.kommune.no

Data from Statistics Norway Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Halden ... Image File history File links NO_0101_Halden. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Vestfold is on the other side of the bay. ... Norway may be divided into a number of traditional districts. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for Norway describe 19 counties (fylke). ... The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, Arbeiderpartiet or DNA) is a left-wing political party in Norway. ... Norwegian is a Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway, where it is an official language. ... BokmÃ¥l (lit. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which...

Coordinates: 59°7′N 11°28′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Halden, formerly Fredrikshald, is a town and municipality in the county of Østfold, Norway. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Vestfold is on the other side of the bay. ...

Contents

History of Halden

Halden's fortress and new town bridge.
Halden's fortress and new town bridge.

Halden is located on the Iddefjord, at the delta of the river Tista. The fjord represents the southern-most border between Norway and Sweden. Evidence of early human settlements in this region of Norway have been found, particularly in the Svinesund area of the municipality where rock carvings from the Nordic Bronze Age can be found. Halden, a night in January. ... Halden, a night in January. ... The Iddefjord (a classic fjord with a narrow watercourse and steep natural formations on both sides) runs along the Norwegian – Swedish border from the Singlefjord . ... Svinesund is a sound separating the Swedish municipality of Strömstad in the province of Bohuslän in the county of Västra Götaland from the Norwegian municipality of Halden in the county of Østfold. ... Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument, southern Utah, USA Petroglyphs are images incised in rock, usually by prehistoric, especially Neolithic, peoples. ... Map of the Nordic Bronze Age culture, ca 1200 BC The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age) is the name given by Oscar Montelius (1843-1921) to a period and a Bronze Age culture in Scandinavian pre-history, ca 1800 BC - 600 BC, with sites that reached as far...


Due to Halden's close proximity to the border with Sweden, the Fredriksten fortress was erected in Halden in the 17th century. The fortress replaced the former Norwegian border fortress Bohus that had been lost at the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, when the province of Wiken, or Bohuslän, was ceded to Sweden. In 1718, the Great Northern War ended at Fredriksten when King Karl XII of Sweden was shot and killed while attempting to conquer the fortress. Fredriksten fortress, Halden, Norway - seen from the citys harbor Fredriksten is a fortress in the city of Halden in Norway. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Bohus Fortress, or Bohus Fästning, is a fortress from the 14th century at Kungälv in Sweden. ... The Treaty of Roskilde was signed on February 26, 1658 in the Danish city Roskilde, whereby the king of Denmark-Norway sacrificed nearly half his territory to save the rest. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... , (Latin: Bahusia; Norwegian: BÃ¥huslen) is a province (landskap) in West Sweden (Västsverige). ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Russia Denmark-Norway Poland-Lithuania Saxony later also Prussia) Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Peter the Great August II Frederick IV of Denmark Battle of Poltava as painted by Denis Martens the Younger in 1726 This is an article about the 18th... Charles XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 - November 30, 1718) was a King of Sweden (1697 - 1718). ...


Although Fredriksten was occupied by Nazi forces in World War II, it has never been captured by force by any invading army. National Socialism redirects here. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33...


Halden is the only city mentioned in Norway's national anthem (along with Rome), with a reference to the town's citizens burning their own houses to prevent them being taken by the invading Swedes. Listen to anthem (MIDI) (audio help) // Ja, vi elsker dette landet (or: Ja, vi elsker) is the national anthem of Norway. ...


The name

The city is named after a small farm with the name Hallen (the finite form of hall m 'rise, slope'). It is first mentioned in 1629, with the Danish form "Halden". When the site became a city in 1665 the name of the Danish-Norwegian king Frederik III was added. The name of the city was changed back to Halden in 1928. Frederick III (March 28, 1609 — February 19, 1670) was King of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. ...


Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from 1665. It shows a knight standing on a mountain. The text ("Gud med oss") means "God with us".


Politics in Halden

The political situation in Halden has become infamous in Norway for conflicts between individual politicians and between local political parties. A series of controversial decisions by prominent local politicians, often rooted in personal interests, has resulted in a general distrust of politicians by the population of Halden.


As of 2004, Halden is ruled by an unusual coalition between Arbeiderpartiet (a Social-Democratic party), Høyre (a Conservative party), and Fremskrittspartiet (a Neoliberal party). The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, Arbeiderpartiet or DNA) is a left-wing political party in Norway. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Høyre - Norwegian Conservative Party The Conservative Party (norwegian Høyre, H, meaning right) is a Norwegian party. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... The Progress Party is a right-wing political party of Norway. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Industry in Halden

Halden's slogan is Halden, IT- og Miljøbyen (Halden, IT and Environment City). During the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, Halden was infamous for high levels of industrial pollution, largely originating from the Saugbrugs paper mill (part of Norske Skog since 1989). As a result of projects initiated by both Norske Skog-Saugbrugs and the city authorities, the polluted fjords and rivers of Halden have been cleaned up and the city was dubbed Norway's Environment City in 1996. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... Norske Skogindustrier ASA (Norske Skog), which translates as Norwegian Forest Industries, is an Norwegian pulp and paper company based in Oslo, Norway. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


In addition to being the location of one of Norway's largest IT departments at Østfold University College, the city is home to a large number of IT companies, thus the reference to information technology in the slogan. In the late 1960s, the most powerful mainframe computer in Norway at the time was located at Insitutt for energiteknikk's facilities in Halden. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


One of Norway's two nuclear reactors is located in Halden. The Halden Boiling Water Reactor is a research reactor located 100 metres within Månefjell, adjacent to the Saugbrugs paper mill. It is in operation about 50% of the time and, in addition to research data, supplies steam to the mill. The reactor is operated by Institutt for energiteknikk (IFE), one of Halden's largest employers, and is the largest experimental facility operated for OECD Halden Reactor Project research. IFE's Man-Technology-Organisation laboratory is IFE's other major facility, and was opened by Norway's crown prince regent in March 2004. This new laboratory building houses the most recent incarnations of the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB) and Halden Virtual Reality Centre's (HVRC) VR laboratory. The OECD Halden Reactor Project (established in 1958) is one of the world's longest running international research collaborations, with 20 countries participating (2005) and the largest international research project in Norway. This ensures a steady influx of international guest scientists to the city. The fact that Norway has no commercial interest in nuclear power ensures that Halden is viewed internationally as a neutral location. In national politics, the reactor is controversial, however locally it has had support from the majority of political parties and the city's population. Some of the largest IT companies in Halden, such as Hand-El Skandinavia (now part of the OM Technology group) and ScandPower, are spin-offs from IFE. Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... Virtual reality (VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment, be it a real or imagined one. ... A nuclear power station. ...


With its rich history and Fredriksten fortress dominating the skyline, tourism is also an important industry for Halden. Fredriksten is one of Norway's most visited tourist locations, with over a quarter of a million visitors every year. Other popular attractions include a canal system, Rød mansion, and the Svinesund bridges. The fortress citadel houses several historical museums. Svinesund is a sound separating the Swedish municipality of Strömstad in the province of Bohuslän in the county of Västra Götaland from the Norwegian municipality of Halden in the county of Østfold. ... This article is about a type of fortification. ...


Education in Halden

In addition to primary and secondary schools, Østfold University College (Høgskolen i Østfold) is located in Halden, offering courses up to Masters level in a variety of subjects. Østfold University College is a college in Norway. ...


Sports in Halden

Because of Halden's forests and nature, it is a good place for orienteering. Some of the world's greatest orienteerers come from Halden. The local volleyball club, Halden VBK, also plays in the Premier Division for men, while Comet, Halden's ice hockey club, was recently promoted to the Premier Division. Like most other places in Norway, football is the most popular sport in Halden. Halden has many football clubs, the biggest of them, Kvik/Halden F.K., plays in the Norwegian Third Division. The international orienteering symbol. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms, or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Kvik/Halden F.K. is a Norwegian Football club, founded June 19th, 1906. ...


One of Norway's few curling centres lies in Halden and curling is a very popular sport. Halden Curling Center is host to East-Norway 1. division. In addition there is a separate amateur league with two divisions. Several curlers from Halden have won Norwegian championships and competed internationally. Curling is a precision team sport similar to bowls or bocce, played on a rectangular sheet of prepared ice by two teams of four players each, using heavy polished granite stones which they slide down the ice towards a target area called the house. ... Look up amateur in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Handball is also a very popular sport in Halden. Although there are no teams in a higher division, Halden has two clubs; Håndballklubben Halden (HKH) and Tistedalens Turn og Idretts Forening (TTIF) which both have teams for children, youth and adults.


Hiking, canoeing, boating, fishing, and gymnastics are also popular sports amongst Halden's population.


Nature

Halden is surrounded by forests and water so hiking and fishing locations can easily be found. Deer and elk are a common sight, and wolves have also been observed in the district along the border with Sweden. Raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, wild cranberries, and many varieties of mushroom can be found in the woods in the early autumn. Popular destinations for hikers and other nature lovers include Prestebakke and Kornsjø.


Cultural Life in Halden

Halden has a rich musical life with regular concerts from local, national and international artists and orchestras. During the summer months outdoor concerts are frequently held at the fortress while the local churches, pubs, and student union are regular venues for indoor concerts.


Two highly-esteemed recording studios are located in the Halden region: Hitsville and Athletic Sound. The recording artists that use these studios contribute to an unusually high quality music scene for such a small city. Artists that have recorded in Halden include Motorpsycho, DeLillos, Madrugada, Morten Harket, Paal Flaata, Kurt Nilsen, Margarets, Number Seven Dehli, CC Cowboys, Somebody's Darling and Tom Pacheco. Since rock and roll came to Halden in the 1950s, the city has also fostered nationally well-known local artists and bands including Tor Brynildsen, Saturday Cowboys, Young Lords, Henning Kvitnes, Ole I'Dole, and recently Corazón and Camaros. Motorpsycho Motorpsycho is a band from Trondheim in Norway. ... Press photo by Autumn de Wilde. ... Morten Harket Morten Harket (born September 14, 1959 in Kongsberg) is the lead singer of the Norwegian pop band a-ha, who have released eight studio albums and topped the charts in several countries after their breakthrough hit Take on Me in 1985. ... Cover of CD A Part Of Me Kurt Erik Nilsen ( September 29, 1978 in Bergen, Norway), won the Norwegian version of the television show Pop Idol, aired on TV 2 in May 2003. ...


The city's intimate theatre hosts frequent plays by national and local theatre groups, and occasionally serves as a concert hall.


Annual festivals in Halden include the Halden Day, a Food and Wooden Boat Festival (July), a Croquet Festival (August), and the Bom-Kræsj-Bang cultural festival (April). In July 2006, The Down on the Farm country/roots festival, which was very popular in the 1980s and early 90s, was resurrected. Winslow Homer: Croquet, 1864 Croquet is a recreational game and, latterly, a competitive sport that involves hitting wooden or plastic balls with a mallet through hoops embedded into the grass playing arena. ...


Artists born in Halden that are represented in the Norwegian National Gallery in Oslo include Thomas Fearnley (1802-1842) and Jacob Mathias Calmeyer (1802-1883). Other significant artists that lived in Halden, but were not born there, include Johannes Fintoe (1786-1870) and Heinrich August Grosch (1763-1843). Grosch's son, Christian Heinrich Grosch (1801-1865), who moved with his parent to Halden at the age of ten, became an influential architect, whose works include seventy-eight churches (including Immanuels Kirke in Halden), the Bank of Norway, the Oslo Stock Exchange, and the original university buildings in Oslo. County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...

Download high resolution version (1348x972, 520 KB)Old picture of Fredrikshald (Halden), Norway. ...

Famous residents

  • Nini Roll Anker, 1873-1942, writer


Municipalities of Østfold Østfold coat of arms

Aremark | Askim | Eidsberg | Fredrikstad | Halden | Hobøl | Hvaler | Marker | Moss | Rakkestad | Rygge | Rømskog | Råde | Sarpsborg | Skiptvet | Spydeberg | Trøgstad | Våler Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 431 municipalities/communes (kommuner). ... Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Vestfold is on the other side of the bay. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The municipality Aremark in the county of Østfold, Norway, has 1,441 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Østfold Landscape Smaalenene Municipality NO-0124 Administrative centre Askim Mayor (2003) Trygve WestgÃ¥rd (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 409 69 km² 66 km² 0. ... The municipality Eidsberg in the county of Østfold, Norway, has 9,919 inhabitants as of January 1, 2002. ... County Østfold District Municipality NO-0106 Administrative centre Fredrikstad Mayor (2006) Ole Haabeth (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 283 288 km² 283 km² 0. ... County Østfold District Smaalenene Municipality NO-0138 Administrative centre Elvestad Mayor (2003) Ã…se Hammerhei (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 365 140 km² 139 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0111 Administrative centre Skjærhallen Mayor (2003) Paul Henriksen (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 393 90 km² 89 km² 0. ... Marker is a municipality in the county of Østfold, Norway. ... http://www. ... County Østfold District Smaalenene Municipality NO-0128 Administrative centre Rakkestad Mayor (2003) John Thune (KrF) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 227 435 km² 421 km² 0. ... County Østfold District Municipality NO-0136 Administrative centre Moss Mayor (2003) Aud-Kristin Løken (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 400 74 km² 70 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Smaalenene Municipality NO-0121 Administrative centre Rømskog Mayor (2003) Kari Pettersen (KrF) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 340 183 km² 159 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0135 Administrative centre RÃ¥de Mayor (2003) Kjell Løkke (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 373 119 km² 105 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0105 Administrative centre Sarpsborg Mayor (2003) Jan O. Engsmyr (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 238 406 km² 370 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0127 Administrative centre Meieribyen Mayor (2004) Odd-Ingar Widnes (Sp) Official language form Bokmål Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 384 101 km² 93 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0123 Administrative centre Spydeberg Mayor (2003) Stein HÃ¥land (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 362 142 km² 133 km² 0. ... County Østfold District Municipality NO-0122 Administrative centre Trøgstad Mayor (2003) Ellen Løchen Børresen (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 328 204 km² 188 km² 0. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0137 Administrative centre VÃ¥ler i Østfold Mayor (2003) Torbjørn Meyer (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 298 257 km² 239 km² 0. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Halden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1221 words)
Halden, formerly Fredrikshald, is a town and municipality in the county of Østfold, Norway.
Due to Halden's close proximity to the border with Sweden, the Fredriksten fortress was erected in Halden in the 17th century.
Halden is the only city mentioned in Norway's national anthem, with a reference to the town's citizens burning their own houses to prevent them being taken by the invading Swedes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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