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Encyclopedia > Hair (film)
Hair
Directed by Miloš Forman
Produced by Michael Butler
Lester Persky
Written by Gerome Ragni
James Rado
Starring John Savage
Treat Williams
Beverly D'Angelo
Annie Golden
Dorsey Wright
Donnie Dacus
Cheryl Barnes
Richard Bright
Music by Galt MacDermot
Cinematography Miroslav Ondříček
Distributed by United Artists
Release date(s) March 14, 1979
Running time 121 min.
Language English
IMDb profile

Hair is a 1979 film based on the 1968 Broadway musical of the same name about a Vietnam war draftee who meets and befriends a tribe of long-haired hippies on his way to the army induction center. The hippies introduce him to their countercultural lifestyle of marijuana, LSD, "be-ins", and protests. Image File history File links Hair_1979_movie_poster. ... Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as Miloš Forman, is a film director, actor, screenwriter and professor. ... Gerome Bernard Ragni (September 11, 1942 - July 10, 1991) is famous as the writer and co-writer of several musicals that spoke to the generation of the 1960s. ... James Radomski (born 1932, stage name James Rado, business name James Radomicki), is an actor, writer and composer, most well known for his work writing the musical Hair, for which he won a Grammy Award. ... There is also a doctor and politician of the same name, see John Savage (politician) John Savage (b. ... Richard Treat Williams (born December 1, 1951 in Rowayton, Connecticut) is an American actor. ... Beverly DAngelo (born November 15, 1951 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American singer and actress. ... Annie Golden (born October 19, 1951 in Brooklyn, New York) is an actress and singer. ... Dorsey Wright played Cleon in The Warriors, a hit movie made in the 1970s. ... Donnie Dacus (pronounced DAY-cus, born October 12, 1951 in Galena Park, Texas) is an American guitarist and songwriter. ... Richard J. Bright (June 28, 1937 – February 18, 2006) was an American actor best known for his role as Al Neri in the The Godfather films. ... Galt MacDermot (born December 18, 1928 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian writer of musical theater, best known for the show Hair, which ran for nearly 2000 performances in both London and New York and was later made into a film in 1979. ... Miroslav Ondříček is a Czech cinematographer with a body of work spanning over 40 films, including Amadeus and Ragtime. ... The current United Artists logo (a variant was used during the 1980s). ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... // Events March 5 - Production begins on Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. ... Hair, subtitled The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical, is a rock musical written during the anti-war sentiment and youth-sexual revolution of the 1960s. ... Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia Hippie (sometimes spelled hippy) refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, becoming an established social group by 1965, and expanding to other countries before declining in the mid-1970s. ...


The film was directed by Miloš Forman, who was nominated for a César Award for his work on the film. Cast members include Treat Williams, John Savage, Beverly D'Angelo, Don Dacus of the rock band Chicago, Annie Golden, Nell Carter, Ellen Foley as well as Johnny Maestro, Jim Rosica and Fred Ferrara of the rock group The Brooklyn Bridge. Dance scenes were cheoreographed by Twyla Tharp and performed by the Twyla Tharp Dance Foundation. The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as MiloÅ¡ Forman, is a film director, actor, screenwriter and professor. ... César Award for Best Foreign Film: 1976: Scent of a Woman (Italy), directed by Dino Risi 1977: We All Loved Each Other So Much (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1978: A Special Day (Italy), directed by Ettore Scola 1979: The Tree with the Wooden Clogs (Italy), directed by Ermanno... Richard Treat Williams (born December 1, 1951 in Rowayton, Connecticut) is an American actor. ... There is also a doctor and politician of the same name, see John Savage (politician) John Savage (b. ... Beverly DAngelo (born November 15, 1951 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American singer and actress. ... Donnie Dacus (pronounced DAY-cus, born October 12, 1951 in Galena Park, Texas) is an American guitarist and songwriter. ... Chicago is a pop-rock band formed in 1967 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Annie Golden (born October 19, 1951 in Brooklyn, New York) is an actress and singer. ... Nell Carter, as Nell Harper on Gimme a Break! Nell Carter (September 13, 1948 – January 23, 2003) was an American singer and film, stage and television actress. ... Ellen Foley (born 1951, St. ... Left-Right: Freddie Ferrara, Johnny Maestro, Les Cauchi Background: Lou Agiesta Johnny Maestro and The Brooklyn Bridge is an American musical group, best known for their rendition of Jimmy Webb’s The Worst That Could Happen (1968). ... Left-Right: Freddie Ferrara, Johnny Maestro, Les Cauchi Background: Lou Agiesta Johnny Maestro and The Brooklyn Bridge is an American musical group, best known for their rendition of Jimmy Webb’s The Worst That Could Happen (1968). ... Twyla Tharp (born July 1, 1941) is an American dancer and choreographer. ...

Contents

Plot

Meeting the hippie tribe

The movie begins in a small town in Oklahoma, where Claude Bukowski (John Savage) is boarding a bus for New York City, to be drafted to fight in the Vietnam War. Once he arrives in New York, he encounters a tribe of hippies in Central Park ("The Tribe"), including George Berger (Treat Williams), the leader; Jeannie, a young pregnant girl; Lafayette "Hud" Johnson (Dorsey Wright), a black man with a large afro; and Woof (Don Dacus), who has long blond hair. The four befriend Claude and share some marijuana. Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... There is also a doctor and politician of the same name, see John Savage (politician) John Savage (b. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The United States has employed conscription (mandatory military service, also called the draft) several times, usually during war but also during the nominal peace of the Cold War. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia Hippie (sometimes spelled hippy) refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, becoming an established social group by 1965, and expanding to other countries before declining in the mid-1970s. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Richard Treat Williams (born December 1, 1951 in Rowayton, Connecticut) is an American actor. ... Dorsey Wright played Cleon in The Warriors, a hit movie made in the 1970s. ... Woman with an afro at the Tribeca Film Festival For the Italian painter known as Afro, see Afro Basaldella. ... Donnie Dacus (pronounced DAY-cus, born October 12, 1951 in Galena Park, Texas) is an American guitarist and songwriter. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ...


The next morning, Berger suggests that the tribe crash a debutante ball to meet the beautiful and wealthy young debutante. The five hippies crash the elegant dinner, and Berger dances on the dinner table singing "I Got Life" before he is arrested. The tribe do not have bail money, so they are jailed, during which time there is rendition of the title song "Hair" during a prison riot. A debutante ball, or debs, is the Irish equivalent to the USAs proms. ...


Once out of jail, the tribe goes to Central Park with thousands of protesting hippies. Claude tries LSD, and experiences bizarre hallucinations of marrying Sheila, watching her fly around the inside of the church, and then the wedding being consumed by fire. The Tribe finds Claude alone at night, still high from LSD, and they all go swimming naked in the reservoir. The Tribe plays a prank by taking their clothes, so Sheila has to hail a cab while she is naked. However, the tribe becomes upset at Claude when he indicates that he plans to go to the Army the next morning to begin boot camp.


Army boot camp and Vietnam

Claude is sent to a base in Nevada for his boot camp training, and he writes to Sheila. Berger suggests that they should all go visit him in Nevada. Meanwhile, Hud's ex-fiancee finds Hud and tries to find out if Jeannie is carrying his child. She doesn't want to go home with him, claiming that he does not love her and his child ("Easy to be Hard"). Hud agrees to take her along with the rest of the Tribe to Nevada by stealing a Lincoln town car.


Once they arrive at the army base gate, the guard won't let them in, so Sheila seduces a soldier, and The Tribe takes his uniform and his car. Berger cuts his hair, puts on the uniform and drives the soldier's car through the gate. Berger takes Claude's place in boot camp, and they exchange uniforms. Berger then goes into the barracks in Claude's place, while Claude drives off to meet the rest of The Tribe. While Claude is gone, his unit, including Berger, has been shipped out to Vietnam. Berger dies in Vietnam, as established by the final scene of the movie, when The Tribe (with Claude) gathers around their Berger's grave in Arlington Cemetery, a military ceremony near Washington D.C. Then a huge group of hippies gather around demonstrating and singing the final song, "Let the Sunshine In". Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ...


Changes from original version

A few verses from "Manchester, England" and a small portion of "Walking In Space" yet, the film omits the songs "The Bed", "Dead End", "Oh Great God of Power", "I Believe in Love", "Going Down", "Abie Baby," "Air," "My Conviction," "Frank Mills," and "What a Piece of Work is Man" from the musical. The latter five songs were originally recorded for the film, but were eventually cut, as they slowed the pace of the film. They can be found on the motion picture soundtrack album, although they were omitted on the 1990 reissue. While the songs "Don't Put It Down" and "Somebody To Love" are not specifically sung by characters in the movie, they are both used as background or instrumental music for scenes at the army base. There are several other differences from songs in the movie and as they appear on the soundtrack, mainly in omitted verses and different orchestrations.


The show also changes the plot. Many of the songs have been shortened, sped up, rearranged, or assigned to different characters to allow for the differences in plot. Opinions are mixed as to whether the film was an improvement over the stage show.


In the original stage show, the character Claude Bukowski is a hippie who eventually joins the army and is sent to Vietnam. In the movie, the plot was changed so that Claude comes to New York City from Oklahoma after he is drafted and befriends a group of hippies before being sent to Army training camp. They introduce him to their psychedelically-inspired style of living, and eventually drive to Nevada to visit him at a training camp. Also, in the original, Claude is from "dirty, mucky, polluted Flushing," in Queens, but wishes he was from "Manchester, England," which explained why he sung a song with that title. The song remains in the film, though with a joking introduction by Berger - "he just got off the boat" - to make it apply to an Oklahoman Claude. Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia Hippie (sometimes spelled hippy) refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, becoming an established social group by 1965, and expanding to other countries before declining in the mid-1970s. ...


Also in the musical, Shelia Franklin is also a hippie, and falls in love with Berger, not Claude. And Jeannie was "knocked up" by a speed freak, not by either Woof or Huff.


Arguably, the most extreme change is Berger's death in the finale; in the original play it is Claude who dies in Vietnam.


See also

  • Hair - the original stage production

Hair, subtitled The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical, is a rock musical written during the anti-war sentiment and youth-sexual revolution of the 1960s. ...

External links


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