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Encyclopedia > Hafnarfjord
Hafnarfjörður, Iceland
Official seal of Hafnarfjörður, Iceland
Seal
Location in Iceland
Coordinates: 64°04′N 21°57′W
Constituency Southwest
Area  
 - City 147 km²  (56.76 sq mi)
Population  
 - City (2005) 22,451
 - Density 157/km²
Postal Codes: 220-221-222
Website: http://www.hafnarfjordur.is/

Hafnarfjörður is a port town located on the south-west coast of Iceland, about 10 km south of Reykjavík. It is the third most populous town in Iceland, after Reykjavík and Kópavogur, with a population on 1st December 2005 of 22,451. Image File history File links Skjaldarmerki_Hafnarfjardar. ... Image File history File links Hafnarfjordur_map. ... Iceland is divided into 6 constituencies for the purpose of selecting representatives to the Alþingi (parliament). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... km redirects here. ... For the town in Canada see Reykjavik, Manitoba Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Reykjavík North Reykjavík South Area    - City 274. ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Southwest Area    - City 83. ...


The town is the site of an annual Viking festival where Viking culture enthusiasts from around the world display reconstructions of Viking garb, handcraft, sword-fighting etc. For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ...


Tourists with a New Age mindset enjoy a guided tour of the habitats of elves and other hidden people in the town area.


Locally the town is famed in Iceland for being the butt of generic jokes, such as the joke about the women of the town carrying ladders to the supermarket to check if the prices have gone higher.


Hafnarfjörður is now arguably considered to be the rock n' roll capital of Iceland (a title that once belonged to Keflavík). Popular Icelandic bands such as Botnleðja, Sign, Úlpa, Lada Sport and Jakobínarína all trace their origins to the town of Hafnarfjörður. Keflavík on the Reykjanes peninsula of Iceland Keflavík is a town of around 10,200 inhabitants in the Reykjanes region in southwest Iceland (64°01′N 22°34′W). ...


Hafnarfjörður is the home town of the famous Icelandic pop singer Björgvin Halldórsson and the actor Stefán Karl Stefánsson. Björgvin Helgi Halldórsson (born on April 16, 1951) is a famous Icelandic pop singer from Hafnarfjörður. ... Stefán Karl Stefánsson Stefán Karl Stefánsson born July 10, 1975 in Hafnarfjörður, Iceland, is an Icelandic film and stage actor who is best known for playing the character Robbie Rotten on the television show LazyTown. ...

Contents


Local industry

Just two kilometers outside of Hafnarfjörður is an aluminium smelter, run by Alcan. Alcan has applied for an extension for the smelter, which will make it the fourth largest smelter in Europe. The local governing body has sold Alcan land for the extension, Alcan has received permission for the extension from the government and a deal has been struck for selling energy to the smelter, even though the neighbouring area is the only place around Hafnarfjörður with available domestic building area for Hafnarfjörður. Local elections were held in May 2006, and the people of Hafnarfjörður will vote on the future of the extension for the smelter in 2006. General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... Historic smelter in Florence, Colorado In extractive metallurgy, a smelter is a factory for producing metal by the reduction of ore. ... Alcan Inc. ...


The smelter was originally built in 1969, and it has improved it cleaning process since then, especially regarding fluoride. The effect that the extension will have on the environment and the local residents is though a huge concern for the people of Hafnarfjörður. A fluoride ion is the ionic form of fluorine. ...


History

Hafnarfjörður takes its name (meaning harbour fjord) from the area's excellent natural harbour. The town is first named in the medieval "Book of Settlements", and the earliest reports of voyages to Hafnarfjörður date from the end of the 14th century. Englishmen began trading in Hafnarfjörður in the 15th century, but German merchants followed in their wake and eventually drove the English out. After that, Hanseatic traders prevailed in town until 1602, based at Hvaleyri. At this point, the Danish monarchy established a Danish trade monopoly in Iceland which lasted until late in the 18th century. During this period, Hafnarfjörður was the nation's busiest trade centre. A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes, which results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ...


In 1793 Bjarni Sívertsen settled here and became influential in local business and international trade, setting up a major commercial fishing operation. His enterprise and initiative signalled the start of impressive commerce in the town. Ever since, he has been called "the father of Hafnarfjörður" and nicknamed "Sir Bjarni." Around 1870 dramatic changes took place in Icelandic fishing. Residents followed the growing trend in Iceland of using decked boats rather than row-boats. This led to even more employment and rapid growth, and Hafnarfjörður attained official municipal status in 1908.


After World War II, more advanced trawlers and numerous motorised ships were added to the fleet. The town's first stern trawler appeared in 1973. Today, Hafnarfjörður is one of the nation's largest fishing centres and the site of Iceland's first fish wholesalers' auction market. Through the years, Hafnarfjörður's dynamic local economy has been strongly linked to fishing, although freight transport has recently become the major harbour activity. And now, the town is Iceland's second-ranked import and export harbour.


Local festivals

Bright days

Each year in May, the Bright Days festival is held . The events include short movies and concerts, and usually concludes on a day memorating the sailors of Iceland.


Viking festival

Each year on the summer solstice a viking festival is held in Hafnarfjörður. A local pub and restaurant, Fjörukráin, started the festival and maintains it to this day. Diagram of the Earths seasons Solstice is an astronomical term regarding the position of the Sun in relation to the earths equator. ...


Elves

Hafnarfjörður is known as one of the most popular residences for elves in Iceland. The town is built on lava and around huge boulders, which are believed to be homes for elves. A popular mythology is that it is very hard, and almost impossible, to destroy these homes. Tours around Hafnarfjörður to visit the most popular elven homes are available, and even though belief in elves has diminished in recent years, these are very popular amongst both Icelanders and tourists. For alternate meanings, see Lightning (disambiguation). ... Look up lava, Aa, pahoehoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Swimming pools

Hafnfjörður has three swimming pools, despite its low population. This is common for any town in Iceland, due to the geothermal energy.


See also

Following is a list of some significant cities and towns in Iceland. ...

Miscellaneous information

Hafnarfjörður was first mentioned around the year 1400, although the town is mentioned in the book of Landnámabók.


The first Lutheran church in Iceland was raised at Háigrandi, opposite Óseyri, just outside of the small boat harbour in the year of 1533.


Favourable harbour conditions made Hafnarfjörður a popular commercial harbour early on, and it was the main harbour for German merchants in the 15th century and during the early part of the commercial monopoly in the 16th century.


The first road between Reykjavík and Hafnarfjörður was finished in 1898. For the town in Canada see Reykjavik, Manitoba Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Reykjavík North Reykjavík South Area    - City 274. ...


The first hydrological power plant in Iceland was built in Hafnarfjörður in 1904.


The first Icelandic trawler, Coot, was stationed in Hafnarfjörður between 1905 and 1908. Its kettle stands by the roundabout on the junction of Reykjavíkurvegur, Strandgata and Vesturgata. A roundabout, rotary (the term used almost universally in the US state of Massachusetts), or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams around a central island, after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ...


The first mayor was Páll Einarsson. He later became the mayor of Reykjavík. For the town in Canada see Reykjavik, Manitoba Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Reykjavík North Reykjavík South Area    - City 274. ...


A harbour for large commercial ships was raised in 1912.


The first car arrived in Hafnarfjörður in 1913. The Bookless-brothers owned the car, which was an Austin Martin.


Out of 6000 voting immigrants in Iceland almost 3000 live in Hafanrfjörður, therefore it has Iceland's largest immigrant population.


External links

  • Hafnarfjörður - Picture Gallery from www.islandsmyndir.is
  • Photos
  • Fjarðarpósturinn - Local Newspaper
  • Google Maps
  • Site of the local municipality.


Twenty largest Municipalities of Iceland Flag of Iceland

Reykjavík | Kópavogur | Hafnarfjörður | Akureyri | Reykjanesbær | Garðabær | Mosfellsbær | Árborg | Akranes | Seltjarnarnes | Vestmannaeyjar | Skagafjörður | Ísafjörður | Fjarðabyggð | Borgarbyggð | Húsavík | Grindavík | Hornafjörður | Fljótsdalshérað | Dalvíkurbyggð | Following is a list of municipalities in Iceland sorted by 2004 population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... For the town in Canada see Reykjavik, Manitoba Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Reykjavík North Reykjavík South Area    - City 274. ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Southwest Area    - City 83. ... City nickname: Höfuðstaður Norðurlands (Capital of North Iceland) Location in Iceland County Eyjafjarðarsýsla Constituency Northeast Area 125 km² ( 48. ... Reykjanesbær is a municipality on the Reykjanes peninsula in Iceland, it is made up of the towns Keflavík, Njarðvík and Hafnir. ... Garðabær is a municipality in the Greater Reykjavík area of Iceland. ... Mosfellsær is small city in Southwestern Iceland. ... Árborg is the largest city in Southern Iceland. ... City nickname: Skaginn Location in Iceland County Borgarfjarðarsýsla Constituency Northwest Area 8. ... Seltjarnarnes is a township located within the Greater Reykjavík area. ... Cliffs on Heimaey, Vestmannaeyjar Vestmannaeyjar (The Westman Islands) is a small archipelago off the south coast of Iceland. ... Location in Iceland County Skagafjarðarsýsla Constituency Northwest Area 4180 km² (1614mi²) Population Total (2003) Density 4,178 0. ... Location of Ísafjörður in Iceland A street in Ísafjörður Ísafjörður (IPA: [ˈi:saËŒfjÅ“rðʏrÌ¥]) (ice fjord in Icelandic) is the capital of the Westfjords (Vestfirðir) region of Iceland, With a population of about 3,000, Ísafjörður is the largest... Disambiguation, see also Húsavík, Faroe Islands Location in Iceland County Suður-Þingeyjarsýsla Constituency Northeast Area 270 km² ( 104. ... Location of Grindavík Grindavík is a fishing town at the peninsula of Reykjanes at the south-western coast of Iceland. ... Dalvík is a small fishing village in Eyjafjörður, Iceland. ...


 
 

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