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Encyclopedia > Haemophilia in European royalty

Haemophilia figured prominently in the history of European royalty. Queen Victoria passed the mutation to her son Leopold and, through several of her daughters, to various royals across the continent, including the royal families of Spain, Germany and Russia. For this reason it was once popularly called "the royal disease". This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ...


Victoria appears to have been a de novo mutation, as her mother, Victoria, was not known to have a family history of the disease. Queen Victoria's father, Edward, was not haemophiliac, and the probability of her mother having had a lover who suffered from haemophilia is minuscule as, in the Nineteenth Century, male haemophiliacs tended to die before they could sire children.[citation needed] Descendants of Victoria's maternal half-sister, Feodora, are not known to have suffered from the disease. It has been suggested that mutant be merged into this article or section. ... Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria, Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess in Saxony (b. ... HRH The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 – 23 January 1820) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Feodora at about age 21 Princess Feodora of Leiningen (7 December 1807 -23 September 1872) was the only daughter of Karl, Prince of Leiningen (1763–1814) and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1786-1861). ...

The royal families' history of haemophilia. Those who suffered from or carried haemophilia are enclosed in a box.

The disease passed on to Image File history File links Download high resolution version (946x487, 12 KB)A family tree of how haemophilia descended through the British Royal Family. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (946x487, 12 KB)A family tree of how haemophilia descended through the British Royal Family. ...

Alexei's haemophilia was one of the factors contributing to the collapse of Imperial Russia during the Russian Revolution of 1917 (according to Massey, Nicholas and Alexandra, 1967). It is not known if any of Alexei's sisters were carriers, as the whole family were executed while the children were still young. One of Alexandra's daughters, Grand Duchess Maria, is thought by some to have been a symptomatic carrier because she haemorrhaged during a tonsillectomy. (Ian Vorres, The Last Grand Duchess, 1965 p. 115.) Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine (Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Ludwig), (October 7, 1870 - May 29, 1873), was the haemophiliac second son of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom. ... Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (Irene Luise Marie Anna) (11 July 1866-11 November 1953) was the third child and third daughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. ... Prince Waldemar (Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar) (February 10, 1868–March 27, 1879) was the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1726-1802) Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1862-1929) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Alexandra and her daughters, Olga, Tatiana, Anastasia, and Maria, 1913 Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine (German: ) or Saint Alexandra, 6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918, under the title Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna (Russian: ), was Empress consort of the Russian Empire and the wife of Nicholas II of Russia, the... Tsarevich Alexei (1904-1918) Tsesarevich (Tsarevich) Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia (In Russian Царевич Алексей Николаевич) (August 12, 1904 - July 17, 1918), of the House of Romanov, was a Tsarevich of Russia and was the youngest child of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Alexandra of Hesse. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... OTMA was the affectionate group name used by the daughters of Tsar Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra: The Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia. ... Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (Maria Nikolaevna Romanova) (In Russian Великая Княжна Мария Николаевна), (June 14 (O.S.)/June 26 (N.S.), 1899 – July 17, 1918) was the third daughter of Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna. ... Throat after tonsillectomy A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which the tonsils are removed. ...

The younger son, Prince Maurice of Teck, died in infancy, so it is not known if he was a sufferer. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, later Victoria Mountbatten, Marchioness of Milford Haven (Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie) (5 April 1863-24 September 1950), was the eldest daughter of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1837-1892) and his wife Princess Alice of the United Kingdom... Sleeping Beauty character (actually spelled Phillip), see Sleeping Beauty (1959 film). ... HIH The Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (Russian: ), (1 November 1864 - 18 July 1918) was a German princess of the Grand Ducal House of Hesse and was the wife of the Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, the fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Her Grand Ducal Highness Princess Marie of Hesse and the Rhine (24 May 1874 - 16 November 1878) was the youngest daughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Ludwig IV, the Grand Duke of Hesse. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert) (7 April 1853 - 28 March 1884), was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline; née Princess Alice of Albany; 25 February 1883 – 3 January 1981) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Rupert of Teck (Rupert Alexander George), (24 August 1907–15 April 1928) was a great grandson of Queen Victoria. ... His Serene Highness Prince Maurice of Teck (29 March 1910 - 14 September 1910) was the third child and second son of HRH Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone, and HSH Prince Alexander of Teck. ...

Her two daughters, Infantas Beatriz and Maria Cristina of Spain, may have been carriers, but none of their descendants have had the disease as of 2006, although one of Beatriz's grandsons, Paul Weiller, son of her daughter Olimpia, died as a child, but from an unknown cause of death. Her Royal Highness The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daugther and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ... A portrait of Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (Victoria Eugénie Julia Ena), (24 October 1887-15 April 1969), later Queen Victoria Eugenia was the Queen consort of King Alfonso XIII of Spain. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

It is unknown if Victoria's third or fourth daughters, Helena or Louise were carriers. Louise died without giving birth to any children. Helena had two healthy sons, but also two younger sons who died in early infancy and two daughters who both died childless, so there may have been a possibility that either of the younger sons could have been sufferers or the daughters could have been carriers. kllkkll ... Prince Maurice of Battenburg (October 3, 1891–October 27, 1914) was a descendant of the British Royal Family, a grandson of Queen Victoria. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta), (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family. ...


In popular culture

"Tooth and Claw", a Doctor Who story set in Scotland of 1879, mentions "the Royal Disease" at the dénouement of the episode. It suggests that a werewolf bite that Queen Victoria received, rather than a de novo mutation, is responsible for the disorder. (The story ignores the fact that Victoria's son Leopold was born in 1853, and suffered from the disease all through childhood.) Tooth and Claw is an episode in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who that was first broadcast on 22 April 2006. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who travels in his TARDIS (Time And Relative Dimension(s) In Space) time ship, which appears from the exterior... A German woodcut from 1722 A werewolf (also lycanthrope or wolfman) in folklore is a person who shapeshifts into a wolf or wolflike creature, either purposely, by using magic, or after being placed under a curse. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert) (7 April 1853 - 28 March 1884), was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ...


 
 

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