Mubahela means debating with each other. It is also the name of an event where Muhammad summoned the Ahl al-Bayt against the Christians of Najran.
The event is recorded in manny hadith collections and is referred to in the Qur'an.
It is seen as one of the merits of Ahl al-Bayt and is widely used in Shia-Sunni argumantations, and also used by the Shia to prove that Ali has the same authority over Muslims as Muhammad.
Pickthall Sura 3:61: Surah ( ) is the Arabic term for chapter of the Quran. ...
And whoso disputeth with thee concerning him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie.
Intrestingly, this verse is addressing Muhammad, he is the one making the Mubahela, but it is written in the perspective of Ali. Fatimah is described as "our women", Hasan and Husain are "our sons" and Ali is "ourselves". This is taken by Shias to prove that they hold the same authority in the eyes of God.
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