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Encyclopedia > Habitat (ecology)

Habitat (which is Latin for "it inhabits") is the place where a particular species live and grow. It is essentially the environment—at least the physical environment—that surrounds (influences and is utilized by) a species population. We use "species population" instead of "organism" here because, while it is possible to describe the habitat of a single black bear, we generally mean not any particular or individual bear, but the grouping of bears that comprise a breeding population and occupy a certain geographical area. Further, this habitat could be somewhat different from the habitat of another group or population of black bears living elsewhere. Thus, it is neither the species, nor the individual, for which the term habitat is typically used. A microhabitat or microenvironment is the immediate surroundings and other physical factors of an individual plant or animal within its habitat. In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Where appreciation for the importance of biodiversity meets the New Urbanism, youll find the pursuit of the creation of urban wilderness. ...



However, the term "habitat" can be used more broadly in ecology. It was originally defined as the physical conditions that surround a species, or species population, or assemblage of species, or community (Clements and Shelford, 1939). Thus, it is not just a species population that has a habitat, but an assemblage of many species, living together in the same place that essentially share a habitat. Ecologists would regard the habitat shared by many species to be a biotope. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In ecology, a community is an assemblage of populations of different species, interacting with one another. ... Biotope is a coined word proposed firstly in Germany (Biotop) based on Greek bios=life or organism and topos=place. So biotope is literally an area where life is living. ...


Habitat destruction is a major factor in causing a species population to decrease, eventually leading to its being endangered, or even to its extinction.


A biome is the set of flora and fauna which live in a habitat and occupy a certain geography. A biome is a major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms. ...


See also

A biocoenosis (alternatively, biocoenose or biocenose), termed by Karl Möbius in 1877, describes all the interacting organisms living together in a specific habitat (or biotope). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... To conserve habitat for wild species and prevent their extinction or reduction in range is a priority of a great many groups that cannot be easily characterized in terms of any one ideology. ... Human habitats are any habitats intended for humans. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Reference


  Results from FactBites:
 
Living Things: Habitats & Ecosystems (602 words)
The energy cycle within biomes, habitats, and ecosystems determines which populations survive and which die.
Habitats must also supply water for all living things to survive.
When the habitat vanishes, and all members of the population die, then the species is considered extinct.
Habitat (ecology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (307 words)
Habitat (from the Latin for "it inhabits") is the place where a particular species lives and grows.
Habitat destruction is a major factor in causing a species population to decrease, eventually leading to its being endangered, or even to its extinction.
A biome is the set of flora and fauna which live in a habitat and occupy a certain geography.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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