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Encyclopedia > Haakon VII of Norway
Haakon VII
King of Norway
Reign November 18, 1905September 21, 1957
Coronation June 22, 1906
Full name Haakon, né Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel
Titles HM The King of Norway
HRH Prince Carl of Denmark
Born August 3, 1872(1872-08-03)
Flag of Denmark Charlottenlund, Copenhagen
Died September 21, 1957 (aged 85)
Flag of Norway Royal Palace, Oslo
Buried Akershus Fortress, Oslo
Predecessor Oscar II
Successor Olav V
Consort Maud of Wales
Issue Olav V
Royal House House of Oldenburg (Glücksburg branch)
Royal anthem Kongesangen
Father Frederick VIII
Mother Lovisa of Sweden

Haakon VII (Prince Carl of Denmark, born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel) (August 3, 1872September 21, 1957), was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the personal union with Sweden. As one of the few elected monarchs, Haakon quickly won the respect and affection of his people and played a pivotal role in uniting the Norwegian nation in its resistance of the attack and five-year-long Nazi occupation during World War II. Image File history File linksMetadata Haakon7Small. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Charlottenlund Slot is a palace near Copenhagen in Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The Royal Palace in Oslo from the front The Royal Palace in Oslo from the park The Royal Palace (no:Slottet) in Oslo was built in the first half of the 18th century as the Norwegian residence of Swedish-Norwegian king Charles III (Charles XIV of Sweden) and is used... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Princess Maud of Wales (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; later Queen Maud of Norway; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and later Queen consort of Norway, as the wife of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (in Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg (or Glücksborg)), from Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, is a line of the House of Oldenburg (Danish: Oldenborg), to which the royal houses of Denmark, Norway, and the former royal house of Greece belong. ... Kongesangen is Norways Royal anthem. ... Frederik VIII (June 3, 1843 – May 14, 1912), was King of Denmark from 1906–1912. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Postcard with photo of Prince Carl of Denmark, candidate for king. ... It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ... Norwegian resistance to the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 took several forms: Asserting the legitimacy of the exiled Norwegian government, and by implication the lack of legitimacy of the Quisling regime and Terboven administration The initial defense in Southern Norway, which was largely disorganized, but... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Haakon is regarded as one of the greatest Norwegians of the twentieth century and is particularly revered for his courage during the German invasion and his leadership and preservation of Norwegian unity during the Nazi occupation. He died at the age of 85 in 1957, after having reigned for 52 years.

Contents

Early years as a Danish prince

Known in his youth as Prince Carl of Denmark (namesake of his maternal grandfather the King of Norway etc), he was the second son of the future King Frederick VIII of Denmark and a younger brother of the future King Christian X of Denmark. He personally became king of Norway before his father and brother became kings of Denmark. He was a paternal grandson of King Christian IX of Denmark (during whose reign he was prince of Denmark) and a maternal grandson of King Charles XV of Sweden, who was also king of Norway (as Charles IV). Frederik VIII (June 3, 1843 – May 14, 1912), was King of Denmark from 1906–1912. ... Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm) (26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947) was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and of Iceland between 1918 and 1944. ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... Karl XV (Karl Ludvig Eugén) (May 3, 1826 – September 18, 1872) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl IV) from 1859 until his death. ...


Prince Carl was born in Charlottenlund. He belonged to the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg branch of the House of Oldenburg. The House of Oldenburg had been the Danish royal family since 1448, and between 1536-1814, also ruled Norway when it was part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway. The house was originally from northern Germany, where also the Glucksburg (Lyksborg) branch held their small fief. The family had permanent links with Norway already beginning from late Middle Ages, and also several of his paternal ancestors had been kings of independent Norway (Haakon V of Norway, Christian I of Norway, Frederick I, Christian III, Frederick II, Christian IV, as well as Frederick III of Norway who integrated Norway into the Oldenburg state with Denmark, Slesvig and Holstein, after which it was not independent until 1814). Christian Frederick, who was King of Norway briefly in 1814, the first king of the Norwegian 1814 constitution and struggle for independence, was his great-granduncle. Charlottenlund Slot is a palace near Copenhagen in Denmark. ... Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (in Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg (or Glücksborg)), from Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, is a line of the House of Oldenburg (Danish: Oldenborg), to which the royal houses of Denmark, Norway, and the former royal house of Greece belong. ... The House of Oldenburg is a North German noble family and one of Europes most influential Royal Houses. ... The Danish Royal Family includes The Queen of Denmark and her family. ... The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... Burial site of HÃ¥kon V in Oslo Haakon V Magnusson (1270 - May 8, 1319) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319. ... Christian I of Denmark (1426-1481), Danish monarch and union king of Denmark (1448_1481), Norway (1450-1481) and Sweden (1457-1464), under the Kalmar Union. ... Frederick I of Denmark and Norway (October 1, 1471 – April 10, 1533) was the son of the first Oldenburg King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1426-1481) and of Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430-1495). ... Christian III Christian III (August 12, 1503–January 1, 1559), king of Denmark and Norway, was the son of Frederick I of Denmark and his first consort, Anne of Brandenburg. ... Frederick II of Denmark and Norway Frederick II (July 1, 1534 - April 4, 1588), King of Denmark and Norway from 1559 until his death. ... An image of Christian IV. Christian IV (1577–1648), king of Denmark and Norway, the son of Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia of Mecklenburg, was born at Frederiksborg castle in 1577, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (April 4, 1588... Frederick III (March 28, 1609 – February 19, 1670) was King of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. ... Slesvig is the Danish language spelling for the city of Schleswig the duchy of Schleswig Hedeby, the pre-Christian trading center This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Christian VIII (September 18, 1786–January 20, 1848), king of Denmark 1839-48 and of Norway 1814-14, the eldest son of the hereditary prince Frederick of Denmark and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was born in 1786 at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen. ...


In 1896, Prince Carl married his first cousin Princess Maud of Wales, youngest daughter of the future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom and his wife, Princess Alexandra of Denmark, daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise of Hesse-Cassel. Their son, Prince Alexander, the future Crown Prince Olav and finally king Olav V of Norway, was born on July 2, 1903. Princess Maud of Wales (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; later Queen Maud of Norway; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and later Queen consort of Norway, as the wife of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... Princess Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Carolina Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen Consort to Edward VII of the United Kingdom and thus Empress of India during her husbands reign. ... Louise of Hesse-Cassel, Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Hessen-Kassel (in Danish, Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie), b Kassel 7 Sep 1817, d Bernstorff 29 Sep 1898, was a daughter of ancient German princely family, the Landgraves of Hesse, and became Queen of Denmark, being the... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Accession to the Norwegian throne

Norwegian Royalty
House of Oldenburg (Glücksburg branch)
Haakon VII
Children
   Crown Prince Olav
Olav V
Children
   Crown Prince Harald
   Princess Ragnhild
   Princess Astrid
Harald V
Children
   Princess Märtha Louise
   Crown Prince Haakon
Grandchildren
   Princess Ingrid Alexandra
   Prince Sverre Magnus
The coronation of Haakon VII and Queen Maud on June 22, 1906
The coronation of Haakon VII and Queen Maud on June 22, 1906

After the Union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905, a committee of the Norwegian government identified several members of European royalty as candidates for Norway's first king of its own in several centuries. Gradually, Prince Carl became the leading candidate. He had a son (and hence an heir to the throne) and Princess Maud's ties to the British royal family were viewed as advantageous to the newly-independent Norwegian nation. Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (in Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg (or Glücksborg)), from Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, is a line of the House of Oldenburg (Danish: Oldenborg), to which the royal houses of Denmark, Norway, and the former royal house of Greece belong. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Harald V, KG (born February 21, 1937) is the King of Norway. ... Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. ... Princess Astrid, Mrs. ... Harald V, KG (born February 21, 1937) is the King of Norway. ... Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (born September 22, 1971 in Oslo) is the only daughter of King Harald V and Queen Sonja. ... Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (born on July 20, 1973 in Oslo, full name Haakon Magnus) is the heir apparent to the throne of Norway. ... Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway was born January 21, 2004 at 9:13am in Rikshospitalet University Hospital in Oslo. ... Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway (born 3 December 2005 in Oslo) is the second child of Haakon Magnus, Crown Prince of Norway and Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway. ... The Coronation of Haakon VII and Queen Maud of Norway File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Coronation of Haakon VII and Queen Maud of Norway File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sweden and Norway 1888 The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4. ... Postcard with photo of Prince Carl of Denmark, candidate for king. ...


The democratically-minded Carl, aware that Norway was still debating whether to retain its monarchy or to switch to a republican system of government, was flattered by the Norwegian government's overtures, but declined to accept the offer without a referendum to show whether monarchy was truly the choice of the Norwegian people. Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


After the referendum overwhelmingly confirmed by 79 percent majority that Norwegians desired to retain a monarchy, Prince Carl was formally offered the throne of Norway by the Storting (parliament) on November 18, 1905. When Carl accepted the offer that same evening (after the approval of his grandfather Christian IX of Denmark), Carl became Haakon VII. In so doing, he succeeded his grand-uncle, Oscar II of Sweden, who had abdicated the Norwegian throne in October following the agreement between Sweden and Norway on the terms of the separation of the union. Haakon's coronation took place in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on June 22, 1906. Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... Picture of the Nidaros Cathedral in 1857. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Resistance in World War II

Norway and World War II
Key events

Norwegian Campaign · Weserübung
Elverum Authorization
Midtskogen · Vinjesvingen
Occupation and Resistance
Camps · Telavåg
Festung Norwegen
Heavy water sabotage
Post-war purge Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign, lasting from 9 April to 10 June 1940, led to the first direct land confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France — against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for... Combatants Germany Denmark Norway Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... The Elverum Authorization (Elverumsfullmakten) was approved unanimously by the Norwegian Parliament on April 9, 1940 in the town of Elverum in Norway after the Norwegian royal family, executive branch, and parliament had evacuated Oslo to evade capture by German troops in the course of Operation Weserübung during World War... Combatants Norway Germany Commanders Oliver Møystad Eberhard Spiller Strength 100+ 100 Casualties 3 wounded 2 killed, ? wounded Midtskogen farm is situated approximately 5 kilometers west of the town Elverum at the mouth of the Østerdalen valley in southern Norway. ... The Battle of Vinjesvingen took place in May of 1940 in Telemark county, Norway. ... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Norwegian resistance to the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 took several forms: Asserting the legitimacy of the exiled Norwegian government, and by implication the lack of legitimacy of the Quisling regime and Terboven administration The initial defense in Southern Norway, which was largely disorganized, but... During the German occupation of Norway in World War II the civilian occupying authorities with the Quisling regime and the German Wehrmacht operated a number of camps in Norway. ... TelavÃ¥g is a small village in the municipality of Sund, located 39 km south west of Bergen, Norway, with a population of about 600. ... Festung Norwegen (Fortress Norway) was the German term for the heavy defense and fortification system of Norway during the occupation of Norway in World War II. By some, including Reichskommissar Josef Terboven, it was thought that these fortifications would serve effectively as a last perimeter of defense of the Third... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of ammonia production with a militarily important byproduct, heavy water. ... Following the general capitulation of Germany in Europe and in Norway on May 10, 1945, the legitimate Norwegian government moved quickly to prosecute individuals who were suspected of treason or war crimes during the German occupation. ...

People

Haakon VII · Nygaardsvold · CJ Hambro
CG Fleischer · Otto Ruge · Max Manus
Jens Chr. Hauge · Gunnar Sønsteby King Haakon VII King Haakon VII of Norway, Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel (August 3, 1872 - September 21, 1957) was the first King of Norway after the dissolution of the personal union with Sweden in 1905. ... Campaign poster of Johan Nygaardsvold Johan Nygaardsvold (September 6, 1879 - March 13, 1952) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party. ... Carl Joachim Hambro (usually C.J. Hambro) (January 5, 1885 – 15 December 1964) was a leading politician from the Norwegian Conservative Party. ... Carl Gustav Fleischer (1883-1942) was a Norwegian general and the first allied general(actually not allied, as the allies and Norway never had any official cooperation, in writing) to win a major victory against the Germans in World War II. In 1940, as commander of the Norwegian 6th division... Otto Ruge (January 9, 1882 - 1961) was a Norwegian general. ... Max Manus was a famous Norwegian World War II resistance fighter. ... Jens Christian Hauge (born 1915) was the leader of the secret military organisation Milorg in WWII occupied Norway. ... Gunnar Fridtjof Thurmann Sønsteby DSO (born 11 January 1918) is the most highly decorated Norwegian, based in large part on his efforts as a Norwegian resistance fighter during World War II. Known also as Kjakan (The Chin) and , he participated in the resistance effort from 1940. ...

Quisling · Jonas Lie · Henry Rinnan
Josef Terboven · Wilhelm Rediess
von Falkenhorst Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... Jonas Lie (1899-1945) was a Norwegian councillor of state in the NS government of Vidkun Quisling in 1940, then acting councillor of state 1940-1941, and minister between 1941 and 1945. ... Born May 14, 1915 in Levanger, Norway Died Executed on February 1, 1947 by shooting. ... Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Wilhelm Rediess (October 10, 1900 – May 8, 1945) was the German chief of secret police (General der Polizei) during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. ... Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, (January 17, 1885 - June 18, 1968), German General that planned the attack on Denmark and Norway in 1940, Weserübung. ...

Organizations

Milorg · XU · Linge · Nortraship Milorg was a secret military organization under World War II in Norway. ... Xu can be a pinyin transliteration of one of several Chinese surnames: 徐 (pinyin Xú, also spelled Hsu or Tsui or Eu) 許 (traditional) or 许 (simplified), (pinyin XÇ”, also spelled Hui or Hii) In this context it is pronounced somewhat like Shoo or simply Shh. ... Norwegian Independent Company 1 (NOR.I.C.1, also Norisen) was a SOE group formed in March of 1941 for the purpose of perfoming commando raids in occupied Norway. ... The Norwegian Shipping and Trade Mission (Nortraship) was established in London in April 1940 to administer the Norwegian merchant fleet outside German controlled areas. ...

Nasjonal Samling Symbol of the Hirden, the stormtroopers or paramilitary organization of the Nasjonal Samling. ...

     pro-Norwegian      pro-German/Quisling

Norway was invaded by the naval and air forces of Nazi Germany during the early hours of April 9, 1940. The German naval detachment sent to capture Oslo was challenged at Oscarsborg fortress. The fortress fired at the invaders, causing damage to the pocket battleship Lützow and the sinking of the heavy cruiser Blücher, with heavy German losses that included many of the armed forces, Gestapo agents, and administrative personnel who were to have occupied the Norwegian capital. These events led to the withdrawal of the rest of the German flotilla, preventing the invaders from occupying Oslo at dawn as had been intended in the order of battle. The German occupation forces' delay in arrival in Oslo, along with swift action from the President of the Storting C. J Hambro in turn created the opportunity for the Norwegian royal family, the cabinet, and most of the 150 members of the Storting (parliament) to make a hasty departure from the capital by special train. This article is about the independent states that comprised the Axis powers. ... Combatants Germany Denmark Norway Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Oscarsborg festning is a coastal fortress in the Oslofjord, close to the small city of Drøbak. ... Pocket battleship is an English language term for a class of warships built by German Reichsmarine in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. ... The Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of a heavy cruiser class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. The ship was originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by Germany, and referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... HMS Raleigh a Hawkins class cruiser around which the treaty limits for Heavy cruisers were written. ... The German heavy cruiser Blücher ¹ was the German Kriegsmarines newest ship at the outbreak of World War II. The Blücher is most notable for being sunk on April 9, 1940, less than three years after her launch, on the first day of the invasion of Norway (Operation... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ...

King Haakon VII early during his reign.

The Storting first convened at Hamar the same afternoon, but with the rapid advance of German troops, the group moved on to Elverum. The assembled parliament unanimously enacted a resolution, the so-called Elverumsfullmakten (Elverum Authorization), granting the Cabinet full powers to protect the country until such time as the Storting could meet again. source: http://www. ... source: http://www. ... County Hedmark District Hedemarken Municipality NO-0403 Administrative centre Hamar Mayor (2004) Einar Busterud (By- og bygdelista - The City and Rural areas Party) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 257 351 km² 338 km² 0. ... Image:NO 1101 Elverum. ... The Elverum Authorization (Elverumsfullmakten) was approved unanimously by the Norwegian Parliament on April 9, 1940 in the town of Elverum in Norway after the Norwegian royal family, executive branch, and parliament had evacuated Oslo to evade capture by German troops in the course of Operation Weserübung during World War...


The next day, German minister Curt Bräuer demanded a meeting with Haakon. The German diplomat called on the Norwegians to cease their resistance and stated Hitler's demand that the king appoint Nazi sympathizer Vidkun Quisling as prime minister of what would be a German puppet government. Bräuer suggested that Haakon follow the example of the Danish government, which had surrendered almost immediately after the previous day's invasion, and threatened Norway with harsh conditions if it didn't surrender. Curt Bräuer (1889–1969) was a German career diplomat. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ...


In an emotional meeting with the Cabinet in Nybergsund, the king reported the German ultimatum to his cabinet and stated that Nybergsund is a village in the municipality of Trysil, Norway. ...

I am deeply affected by the responsibility laid on me if the German demand is rejected. The responsibility for the calamities that will befall people and country is indeed so grave that I dread to take it. It rests with the government to decide, but my position is clear.
For my part I can not accept the German demands. It would conflict with all that I have considered to be my duty as King of Norway since I came to this country nearly thirty-five years ago.[1]

Haakon went on to say that he knew the Norwegian people and Storting had no confidence in Quisling and, in the event the Cabinet felt otherwise, the king said he would abdicate so as not to stand in the way of the government's decision. Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ...


The government unanimously agreed with their king and announced its refusal to accept the German terms to the German emissary by telephone. In a radio broadcast that evening, the government and king's refusal to the German ultimatum were announced to the Norwegian people. The government indicated that they would resist the German attack as long as possible, and expressed their confidence that Norwegians would lend their support to the cause.


The following morning, April 11, 1940, bomber aircraft of the Luftwaffe attacked Nybergsund, destroying the small town where the Norwegian government was staying in an attempt to wipe out Norway's unyielding king and government. The king and his ministers took refuge in the snow-covered woods and escaped harm, continuing farther north through the rugged Norwegian mountains toward Molde on Norway's northwestern coast. As the British forces in the area lost ground under Luftwaffe bombardment, the king and his party were taken aboard the British cruiser HMS Glasgow and conveyed by sea to Tromsø where a provisional capital was established on May 1. Haakon and Crown Prince Olav took up residence in a forest cabin in Målselvdalen valley in the interior of Troms county where they would stay until the evacuation to the United Kingdom. While residing in Troms the two were protected by local rifle association members armed with the ubiquitous Krag-Jørgensen rifle. is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon, pronounced lufft-va-fa, IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... County Møre og Romsdal District Romsdal Municipality NO-1502 Administrative centre Molde Mayor (2005) Jan Petter Hammerø (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 254 363 km² 355 km² 0. ... The seventh HMS Glasgow (21) was built on the Clyde, and was a Southampton-class light cruiser, a sub-class of the Town-class, commissioned in September 1937. ... County District Municipality NO-1902 Administrative centre Tromsø Mayor (2004) Herman Kristoffersen (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 18 2,566 km² 2,519 km² 0. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... County NO-19 Region Nord-Norge Administrative centre Tromsø County mayor   Area  - Total  - Percentage Ranked 4 25,877 km² 8. ... The Krag-Jørgensen is a repeating bolt action rifle designed by the Norwegians Ole Herman Johannes Krag and Erik Jørgensen in the late 19th century. ...


The Allies had a fairly secure hold over northern Norway until late May, but as the Allies' position in the Battle of France rapidly deteriorated, the British forces in northern Norway were badly needed elsewhere and were withdrawn. The beleaguered and demoralized Norwegian government was evacuated from Tromsø on June 7 aboard HMS Devonshire; and after a 34 knot dash, under cover of HMS Glorious, HMS Acasta, and HMS Ardent, safely arrived in London. Haakon and his cabinet set up a Norwegian government in exile in the British capital. Taking up residence at Rotherhithe in London, Haakon was an important national symbol in the Norwegian resistance. Between March 1942 and the end of the war in June 1945 the King and his son, Crown Prince Olav, lived at Foliejon Park in Winkfield, near Windsor. Combatants  France  United Kingdom  Canada  Czechoslovakia  Poland  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Germany Italy Commanders Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand Lord Gort (British Expeditionary Force) Leopold III H.G. Winkelman Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Fedor von Bock (Army Group B) Wilhelm von Leeb (Army Group C) H.R.H. Umberto di... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... HMS Devonshire was a County-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy, that served in World War II. Devonshire was laid down by HM Dockyard at Devonport in Plymouth on 16 March 1926, launched on 22 October 1927 and completed on 18 March 1929. ... A knot is a unit of speed abbreviated kt or kn. ... HMS Glorious was a warship of the Royal Navy. ... The third Acasta (H09), launched in 1929, was an A-class destroyer. ... The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Ardent was launched on 26th June, 1929. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... , Rotherhithe is a district of south-east London in the London Borough of Southwark. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Winkfield is a village and civil parish in the Bracknell Forest unitary authority of Berkshire, England. ... This article is about the English town. ...


Meanwhile, Hitler had appointed Josef Terboven as Reichskommissar for Norway. On Hitler's orders, Terboven attempted to coerce the Storting to depose the king; parliament declined, citing constitutional principles. A subsequent ultimatum was made by the Germans under threat of interning all Norwegians of military age in German concentration camps.[citation needed] With this threat looming, the Norwegian parliament's representatives in Oslo wrote to their monarch on June 27, asking him to abdicate. The king, politely replying that the Storting had acted under duress, declined the request. After one further German attempt in September to force the Storting to depose Haakon failed, Terboven finally decreed that the royal family had "forfeited their right to return" and dissolved the democratic political parties. Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Reichskommissar (Commissionary of the Empire) was an official title of authorized representative of the Deutsches Reich (after 1871) who was appointed to a special task, e. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


During Norway's five years under German control, many Norwegians surreptitiously wore clothing or jewelry made from coins bearing Haakon's "H7" monogram as symbols of resistance to the German occupation and of solidarity with their exiled king and government, just as many people in Denmark wore his brother's monogram on a pin. Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm) (26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947) was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and of Iceland between 1918 and 1944. ...


Post-war years

King Haakon VII fell in his bathroom at the estate at Bygdøy in July 1955. This fall, which occurred just a month before his eighty-third birthday, broke the king's thighbone and, although there were few other complications resulting from the fall, the king was left confined to a wheelchair. The once-active king was said to have been depressed by his resulting helplessness and began to lose his customary involvement and interest in current events. With Haakon's loss of mobility and, as the king's health deteriorated further in the summer of 1957, Crown Prince Olav appeared on behalf of his father on ceremonial occasions and taking a more active role in state affairs. At Haakon's death in 1957, the crown prince succeeded as Olav V. Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula on the western side of Oslo, Norway. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ...


Today, King Haakon is regarded by many as one of the greatest Norwegian leaders of the pre-war period, managing to hold his young and fragile country together in unstable political conditions. In 1927 he said "I am also the Communists' King."[verification needed] His loyalty to democracy proved to be crucial for Norway's political situation during and after World War II. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Countess Friederike of Schlieben
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Christian IX of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Charles of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Frederick VIII of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Prince Frederick of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Prince William of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Caroline of Nassau-Usingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Louise of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Haakon VII of Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Charles XIV John of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Oscar I of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Désirée Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Charles XV of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Eugène de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Josephine of Leuchtenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Lovisa of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. William I of the Netherlands
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Prince Frederik of the Netherlands
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Wilhelmine of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Louise of the Netherlands
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Frederick William III of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Luise of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
 
 
 
 
 

Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (August 20, 1757 - April 24, 1816) , was the son of Karl Anton August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, and Friederike von Dohna-Schlobitten. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... Charles of Hesse (Danish: Carl af Hessen; German: ) (Kassel 19 December 1744 – Luisenlund 17 August 1836) was born in Kassel as the second surviving son of Kassels then hereditary prince, the future Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and his first wife Princess Mary of Great Britain. ... Luise Caroline, Princess of Hesse-Kassel (28 September 1789 – 13 March 1867) was the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ... Louise, Princess of Denmark and Norway (January 30, 1750 - January 12, 1831) was the daughter of King Frederik V and Princess Louise, daughter of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. ... Frederik VIII (June 3, 1843 – May 14, 1912), was King of Denmark from 1906–1912. ... Prince Frederick of Hesse (11 September 1747 – 20 May 1837) was a younger member of the dynasty that ruled the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general. ... Prince William of Hesse-Kassel Prince William of Hesse-Kassel (24 December 1787 – 5 September 1867), son of Friedrich, Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel and Karoline of Nassau-Usingen. ... Louise of Hesse-Cassel, Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Hessen-Kassel (in Danish, Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie), b Kassel 7 Sep 1817, d Bernstorff 29 Sep 1898, was a daughter of ancient German princely family, the Landgraves of Hesse, and became Queen of Denmark, being the... Frederick (Danish: Frederik) (October 11, 1753, Copenhagen - December 7, 1805 Copenhagen), was a Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway. ... Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (30 October 1789 — 28 March 1864) was a princess of Denmark. ... Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (24 August 1758 — 29 November 1794), in Danish Sophie Frederikke of Mecklenburg, was a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. ... Charles XIV John (Swedish: Carl XIV Johan), born Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (January 26, 1763 – March 8, 1844) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl III Johan) from 1818 until his death. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... Her Majesty Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway (Bernhardine Eugenie Désirée Bernadotte, née Clary, November 8, 1777 - December 17, 1860) was the wife of King Charles XIV of Sweden and a one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Karl XV (Karl Ludvig Eugén) (May 3, 1826 – September 18, 1872) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl IV) from 1859 until his death. ... Eugène Rose de Beauharnais (September 3, 1781 - February 21, 1824) was the first child and only son of Joséphine de Tascher de la Pagerie and Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais. ... Joséphine, Queen of Sweden and Norway (Joséphine Maximiliane Eugénie Napoléone de Beauharnais) (14 March 1807 - 7 June 1876) was the Queen consort of Oscar I of Sweden and Norway. ... Princess Augusta of Bavaria paiting by François Gérard c. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other men at some time in history called William I of Orange-Nassau, see William of Orange. ... Prince Frederik of the Netherlands (full names: Willem Frederik Karel), Prince of Orange-Nassau, (Berlin, February 28, 1797 – Wassenaar, September 8, 1881), was the second son of king William I of the Netherlands and his wife Queen Wilhelmine. ... Queen Wilhelmine of the Netherlands at a young age Queen Wilhelmine of the Netherlands, born Princess of Prussia (full names in Dutch: Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina; full names in German: Friederike Luise Wilhelmine) (Potsdam, 18 November 1774 - The Hague, 12 October 1837), was the first wife of King William I of... Princess Louise of the Netherlands (Wilhelmina Frederika Alexandrine Anna Louise) (August 5, 1828 – March 30, 1871), later Queen Lovisa of Sweden and Norway, was a member of the Dutch Royal Family, who became the Queen Consort of King Charles XV of Sweden (King Charles IV of Norway). ... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ... Princess Louise of Prussia Princess Louise of Prussia (German: Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie von Preußen) (born Berlin, 1 February 1808; died Pauw Haus, The Netherlands, 6 December 1870) was the third surviving daughter and ninth child of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. ... Louise, Queen of Prussia by Josef Grassi Louise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie (Louisa Augusta Wilhelmina Amelia) (March 10, 1776 - July 19, 1810), Queen of Prussia, was born in Hanover, where her father, Karl of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, was field marshal of the household brigade. ...

Honours

Statue of Haakon VII in Bergen, Norway
Statue of Haakon VII in Bergen, Norway

The entire plateau surrounding the South Pole was named Haakon VII's Vidde in the king's honour by Roald Amundsen when he in 1911 became the first human to reach the South Pole. See Polheim. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (833x1237, 176 KB) Summary Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (833x1237, 176 KB) Summary Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2006) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... Haakon VIIs Vidde was the name given to the entire plateau surrounding the South Pole in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872 – c. ... Polheim, Home of the Pole, was Roald Amundsens name for his camp (the first ever) at the South Pole. ...


In 1914 Haakon County in South Dakota was named in his honor. Haakon County is a county located in the state of South Dakota. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ...


For his struggles against the Nazi regime and his effort to revive the Holmenkollen ski festival following World War II, King Haakon VII earned the Holmenkollen medal in 1955 (Shared with Hallgeir Brenden, Veikko Hakulinen, and Sverre Stenersen), one of only eleven non-Nordic skiers to earn this honour. The others are Norway's Stein Eriksen, Borghild Niskin, Inger Bjørnbakken, Astrid Sandvik, King Olav V (his son), Erik Håker, Jacob Vaage, King Harald V (his paternal grandson), and Queen Sonja (his paternal grandaughter-in-law), and Sweden's Ingemar Stenmark. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Holmenkollen Medal is Norwegian skiings highest award for competitors. ... Hallgeir Brenden born February 10, 1929). ... Veikko Hakulinen (January 4, 1925 - October 25, 2003) was a Finnish Forestry technician and cross country skier, triple champion in both the olympics and world championship competition in crosscountry skiing. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Stein Eriksen (born December 11, 1927), is a Norwegian skier. ... Borghild Niskin (born 19 February 1924) is a Norwegian alpine skier who finished 7th in the womens giant slalom at the 1956 Winter Olympics at Cortina dAmpezzo. ... Inger Bjørnbakken is a Norwegian Alpine skiier who finished tied for 6th (with fellow Norwegian and Holmenkollen medal winner Astrid Sandvik. ... Astrid Sandvik is a Norwegian Alpine skiier who finished tied for 6th (with fellow Norwegian and Holmenkollen medal winner Inger Bjørnbakken. ... Olav V Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Erik HÃ¥ker is a Norwegian Alpine skiier who finished 5th in the Mens Downhill at the 1972 Winter Olympics at Sapporo. ... Jacob Vaage is a Norwegian Historian who wrote many books about Norwegian skiing, including the Holmenkollen Ski Festival. ... Harald V, King of Norway (born February 21, 1937) is the monarch of Norway. ... Queen Sonja of Norway (née Sonja Haraldsen, born July 4, 1937 in Oslo) is the queen consort of Norway, wife of King Harald V of Norway. ... Ingemar Stenmark (born March 18, 1956 in Joesjö, Storumans kommun) is a Swedish former slalom and giant slalom skier, competing for Fjällvinden Tärnaby. ...


Other honours:

[2] Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The War Cross No. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The Medal for Outstanding Civic Achievement or Medaljen for Borgerdåd is the second highest ranked Norwegian medal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image:Order of St Olav collar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Czechoslovakia. ... 4th Class Medal of the Order of the White Lion, Military Division The Order of the White Lion is the highest order of the Czech Republic, which continues a Czechoslovak order of the same name created in 1922 as an award for foreigners ( Czechoslovakia had no decoration for its citizens... Image File history File links Flag_of_Czechoslovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Coat of arms of Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway surrounded by the collars of the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... The Order of the Dannebrog is an Order of Denmark, instituted in 1671. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... An example of Dannebrogordenens Hæderstegn from the reign of Frederick VI. Photo: Jesper Valentin Dannebrogordenens Hæderstegn is a meritous award connected to the Danish Order of Dannebrog. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia_(1897). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... There are three official orders in Finland: the Order of the Cross of Liberty, the Order of the White Rose of Finland (Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta) and the Order of the Lion of Finland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... French Military Medal The Médaille militaire (Military Medal) is a decoration of the French Republic which was first instituted in 1852. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) Ribbon of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on May 18, 1725. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The King Edward VII Coronation Medal was a commemorative medal issued in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII. The medal was issued in silver to members of the Royal family, foreign dignitaries, senior government officials and service officers involved in the coronation parade. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... The Order of the Redeemer (Greek: ) is an Order (decoration) of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... The Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation () was the primer dynastic order of the Kingdom of Italy, which ceased to be a national order when the kingdom became a republic in 1946. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Knights Cross of the Order of the Falcon The Grand Cross Star of the Order of the Falcon The Order of the Falcon is a national order of Iceland, established on July 3, 1921 by King Christian X of Denmark and Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The Breast Star of the Order of the Chrysanthemum The Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum (大勲位菊花章 daikuni kikkashō, literally Grand Order of the Badge of the Chrysanthemums) is Japans highest order. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The Order of the Dutch Lion (De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw) is an order (decoration) of the Netherlands which was first created in 1815 by the first King of the Netherlands, King William I. The Order of the Dutch Lion was until recently awarded upon eminent individuals from all... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... The Order of the Sun is the highest award bestowed by the nation of Peru to commend notable civil and military merit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Order of the White Eagle (badge) The Order of the White Eagle (Polish Order Orła Białego) is Polands highest decoration awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Founded in 1318, the Military Order of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo) was the heritage of the Knights Templar in Portugal, after the suppression of the Templars in 1312. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Orders emblem The Military Order of Aviz (Ordem Militar de Aviz, Portuguese pron. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... The Military Order of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... The Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword, of Valour, Loyalty and Merit is a Portuguese order of knighthood, and was created by King Afonso V in 1459. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Order of the Black Eagle The Order of the Black Eagle (German: Schwarzer-Adler-Orden) was the highest order of chivalry in Prussia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Order of the Red Eagle was an order of chivalry of Prussia, awarded to recognize valor in combat or excellence in military leadership. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Collar and Breast Star of the Order of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... // History The introduction of the Order of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... The Order of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Order of the White Eagle (badge) The Order of the White Eagle (Polish Order Orła Białego) is Polands highest decoration awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Imperial Russian Order of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... The founder, Philip the Good , with at least six other Members wearing collars, 1447-8 Philip III, Duke of Burgundy, with the collar of the Order The Order of the Golden Fleece (Spanish: Orden del Toisón de Oro) is an order of chivalry founded in 1430 by Duke Philip... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... The Order of the Seraphim or the Order of His Majesty the King (Swedish Serafimerorden or ) is a Swedish Royal order of chivalry created by King Frederick I of Sweden on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Ottoman_Flag. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


Titles from birth to death

Here is a list of the styles King Haakon bore from birth to death, in chronological order:

  • His Royal Highness Prince Carl of Denmark
  • His Majesty The King of Norway

Notes

  1. ^ The account and quotation were recorded by one of the cabinet members and were recounted in William L. Shirer's The Challenge of Scandinavia.
  2. ^ Royal House of Norway web page on King Haakon VII's decorations (Norwegian) Retrieved 5 October 2007

See also

Below is a complete list of state visits made by His Majesty King Haakon VII of Norway during his reign from 1905 to 1957. ... Postcard with photo of Prince Carl of Denmark, candidate for king. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Norwegian resistance to the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 took several forms: Asserting the legitimacy of the exiled Norwegian government, and by implication the lack of legitimacy of the Quisling regime and Terboven administration The initial defense in Southern Norway, which was largely disorganized, but...

References

  • Shirer, William L. (1956). The Challenge of Scandinavia. London: Robert Hale. 
  • Bomann-Larsen, Tor (2004). Haakon og Maud/Kongstanken. Oslo: Cappelen. ISBN 82-02-22527-2. 
  • Bomann-Larsen, Tor (2004). Haakon og Maud/Folket. Oslo: Cappelen. ISBN 978-82-02-22529-2. 
  • Bomann-Larsen, Tor (2006). Haakon og Maud/Vintertronen. Oslo: Cappelen. ISBN 978-82-02-24665-5. 

External links

Haakon VII
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: August 3, 1872 Died: September 21, 1957
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Oscar II
King of Norway
1905-1957
Succeeded by
Olav V
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Martin Stokken
Holmenkollen medal
1955
with Hallgeir Brenden
Veikko Hakulinen
Sverre Stenersen
Succeeded by
Borghild Niskin,
Arnfinn Bergmann
& Arne Hoel

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History of Norway (956 words)
Norway's power were further weakened by the fact that one third of the population died during the Black Death pandemic of 1349-1351.
King Haakon VII and his government fled to Britain on June 7th, the same day the French forces that had retaken Narvik abandoned it to return to a quickly disintegrating France.
Norway is a firm believer in sustainable development of its natural resources, and firmly believes that a quota of approximately 500 whales a year out of about 120,000 whales is reasonable.
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