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Encyclopedia > HOPE VI

HOPE VI is a major HUD plan meant to revitalize the absolute worst public housing projects. Its philosophy is largely based on New Urbanism and the concept of Defensible space. Since these are broad, unproven theories, the program largely serves as a testing ground for those ideas. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, often abbreviated HUD, is a Cabinet department of the United States government. ... The New urbanism is an American urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s. ... Defensible space is a concept first proposed by the architect Oscar Newman. ...

After a campaign of research in 1989, the program began in 1992, with formal recognition in law in 1998. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...



Slum clearance and housing projects

In the United States and Canada, public housing is usually a block of purpose-built housing operated by a government agency, often simply referred to as projects. ...

"Severely Distressed Public Housing"


Program Concepts

HOPE VI makes use of New Urbanism, meaning that communities must be dense, pedestrian-friendly, and transit-accessible. Housing rarely comes in the form of apartments, instead private houses, duplexes, and especially for these public housing projects, rowhouses are preferred, because these buildings directly interact with the street. Similarly, houses always stand close to the street, with small front yards. It is common to see porches on the buildings, as well as small apartments for single residents built over garages or on the ground floor. The New urbanism is an American urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s. ... Roads can be pedestrian-friendly by measures such as: no other traffic allowed; in addition poles may prevent cars from entering low speed limit for other traffic wide pavements pedestrian crossings, especially with priority for pedestrians restrictions on advertising material cluttering shopping streets a partial or full roof to protect... Aerial view of growth patterns in Arlington County, Virginia. ... Look up duplex in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A street of British terraced housing In architecture and city planning, a terrace, rowhouse, or townhouse (United States) is a style of housing since the late 18th century where identical individual houses are cojoined into rows. ...

By applying defensible space, most communities are specifically designed or remodelled with private property, emphasizing security and a wholesome community. Buildings are low-rise and often integrated directly into failing urban areas, in an effort to revitalize them. Private custodianship, with individuals taking care of their assigned part of the project, is a critical element. Likewise, providing residents with high-quality materials and houses is believed to encourage pride in the space and an interest in keeping things in good condition. This, theoretically, mitigates vandalism. Many of the ideas of defensible space, however, conflict with tenets of New Urbanism, leading to a mishmash of the systems. Defensible space is a concept first proposed by the architect Oscar Newman. ... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... The New urbanism is an American urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s. ...

In general, much of the philosophy comes from a theory that apartment buildings are not healthy spaces for human habitation. Only with substantial wealth can an apartment building maintain the characteristics of security, social networking, and urban integration that the designers feel is necessary for a healthy community. Instead, the lower-rise, urban feel with a sense of safety in the built environment satisfies that need. A red brick apartment block in central London, England, on the north bank of the Thames An apartment building, block of flats or tenement is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (US) or flats (UK). ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ... A social network is a social structure made of nodes (which are generally individuals or organizations) that are tied by one or more specific types of relations, such as values, visions, idea, financial exchange, friends, kinship, dislike, trade, web links, sexual relations, disease transmission (epidemiology), or airline routes. ... 1)A community is a social group of organisms sharing an environment, normally with shared interests. ...

Many of the elements of the program do not involve construction of buildings at all. More funding goes to housing assistance vouchers than in previous programs. As with the strategy of constructing in-fill housing in middle-class neighborhoods and providing new housing for market-rate buyers, this element helps integrate residents into existing neighborhoods, to produce a certain cohesion. In almost all implementations of the program, housing authorities and non-profits have provided resident-assistance information programs for new homeowners, teaching them and their neighbors how to take care of a house that they must protect. The Housing Choice Voucher Program is a type of Federal assistance provided by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) dedicated to sponsoring subsidized housing for low-income families and individuals. ... The middle class, in colloquial usage, consists of those people who have a degree of economic independence, but not a great deal of social influence or power. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ...

Examples of Projects

Nickname: The Rubber Capital of the World Location within the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Summit Founded 1825 Incorporated 1835 (village) - 1865 (city) Government  - Mayor Don Plusquellic (D) Area  - City  62. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Pueblo del Sol is a housing project in the Boyle Heights district of Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...

External links

  • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development Official Website
  • The Urban Institute Official Website
  • From Hope VI to Hope Sick? from Dollars & Sense magazine

Dollars & Sense is a magazine dedicated to providing left-wing perspectives on economics. ...


  • Alexander van Hoffman, “Why They Built Pruitt-Igoe,” in From Tenements to Taylor Homes, ed. John F. Bauman, Roger Biles, and Kristin Szilvian. (University Park (Pennsylvania), The Pennsylvania State University Press).
  • “Public Law 105-276.” (112 Stat. 2461). Text from United States Public Laws. Available from LexisNexis™ Congressional. Bethesda, MD: Congressional Information Service.
  • Janet L. Smith, “Diminishing High Rise Housing,” in Chicago Architecture: Histories, Revisions, Alternatives. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005).
  • Susan J. Popkin, Bruce Katz, Mary K. Cunningham, Karen D. Brown, Jeremy Gustafson, and Margery A. Turner, A Decade of HOPE VI: Research Findings and Policy Challenges. (Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 2004).
  • Oscar Newman, Creating Defensible Space. (Washington, DC: US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1996).
  • Pam Belluck, “Raising Slums to Rescue the Residents,” The New York Times, September 6th, 1998. A Section.

  Results from FactBites:
Architecture and HOPE VI (3880 words)
HOPE VI projects are appealing: pedestrian friendly, with effective separation between pedestrian and vehicular traffic, a good definition of public, semi-private and private spaces, and – at least in theory - a nice mix of incomes.
In the case of HOPE VI, for an architect who believes that we should be eliminating Public Housing, or for whom Public Housing isn’t that high a priority, the path of least resistance to HOPE VI could be the right path for that architect to take.
In fact, the earliest HOPE VI planning studies in Seattle seriously considered a modernizations/additions approach, similar in many ways to both the Breaking Down the Barriers proposal and the Commonwealth renovation, which latter was completed in 1985.
  More results at FactBites »



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