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Encyclopedia > HMS Terror (1813)
HMS Terror in the Arctic
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HMS Terror in the Arctic

HMS Terror was a bomb vessel designed by Sir Henry Peake and constructed by the Royal Navy in the Davy shipyard in Topsham, Devon. The ship, variously listed as being of either 326 or 340 tons, carried two mortars, one ten-inch and one thirteen-inch. The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... Bomb vessels attacking Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore A bomb ketch, bomb vessel, bomb ship, or simply bomb was a type of wooden sailing naval ship. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Map sources for Topsham, Devon at grid reference SX966884 Topsham is a small town in Devon, England, on the east side of the River Exe estuary between Exeter and Exmouth. ... Soldier Firing the M224 60mm Mortar. ...


Terror saw war service in the War of 1812 against the United States. Under the command of John Sheridan, she took part in the bombardment of Stonington, Connecticut on August 9 - 12, 1814, and of Fort McHenry in the Battle of Baltimore on September 13 - 14, 1814; the latter attack inspired Francis Scott Key to write The Star-Spangled Banner. In January, 1815, still under Sheridan's command, Terror was involved in the attack on St. Marys, Georgia. The War of 1812 was a conflict fought in North America between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 to 1815. ... John Sheridan was a character in the sci-fi series Babylon 5 John Sheridan is an Irish footballer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Town of Stonington, Connecticut, in the southeastern corner of the state, includes the communities of the Borough of Stonington, Mystic, Old Mystic, Pawcatuck and Wequetequock, the site of the first European settlement in 1649, in lands that had belonged to the Pequots. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Fort McHenry Located in Baltimore, Maryland, Fort McHenry is best known for its role in the War of 1812, when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from the British navy. ... The American defense of Baltimores Fort McHenry in this battle inspired Francis Scott Key to compose the poem which would become the national anthem of the United States, The Star Spangled Banner. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 - January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer and amateur poet. ... Nicholson took the copy Key gave him to a printer, where it was published as a broadside on September 17 under the title The Defence of Fort McHenry, with an explanatory note explaining the circumstances of its writing. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... St. ...


In 1836, command of Terror was given to George Back for an expedition to the northern part of Hudson Bay, with plans to cross the Melville Peninsula overland and explore the opposite shore. Terror was beset in the ice for 10 months and at one point was pushed 40 feet up the side of a cliff by the pressure of the ice. In the spring of 1837, an encounter with an iceberg further damaged the ship, which was in a sinking condition by the time Back was able to beach the ship on the coast of Ireland at Lough Swilly. 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Sir George Back (6 November 1796 – 23 June 1878) was a British naval officer, explorer of the Arctic and artist. ... Hudson Bay is a large body of water in northeastern Canada. ... Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Nunavut Territory, Canada The Melville Peninsula is a large peninsula in the Canadian Arctic. ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... An iceberg (berg is the German word for mountain) is a large piece of ice that has broken off from a glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. ... Lough Swilly (Loch Súilí in Irish) in Ireland is a fjord-like body of water lying between the eastern side of the Ininshowen Peninsula in County Donegal and the rest of northern Donegal. ...


Terror was repaired and next assigned to a voyage to the Antarctic in company with HMS Erebus under the overall command of James Clark Ross. Francis Crozier was commander of Terror on this expedition, which spanned three seasons from 1840 to 1843. The volcano Mount Terror on Ross Island was named for the ship. Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ... HMS Erebus was a Hecla-class bomb vessel constructed by the Royal Navy in Pembroke Dockyard, Wales in 1826. ... Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a British naval officer and explorer. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For mountains named Mount Terror, see Mount Terror. ... Map of Ross Island Ross Island is a volcanic island in the Ross Sea by Antarctica, on the coast of Victoria Land. ...


Erebus and Terror were both outfitted with 20hp steam engines for their next voyage to the Arctic, with Sir John Franklin in overall command of the expedition in Erebus, and Terror again under the command of Crozier. The ships were last seen entering Baffin Bay in August 1845. The disappearance of the Franklin expedition set off a massive search effort in the Arctic. The ships' fate were revealed in a series of expeditions into the Arctic between 1848 and 1859 when it was discovered that both ships had become icebound and were abandoned by their crews. None of the members of the Franklin expedition survived. The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... Sir John Franklin (April 15, 1786 – June 11, 1847) was an English sea captain and Arctic explorer, whose fate — and that of his last expedition — was for many years a mystery. ... Map of Baffin Island and surrounding areas, including Baffin Bay. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


See HMS Terror for other ships of this name. Nine ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Terror. ...


References

  • Pierre Berton: The Arctic Grail. ISBN 0-670-82491-7.

External links

  • Erebus and Terror
  • Central Park still awaits the British
  • Ships of the World listing
  • Naval History of Great Britain, volume VI

  Results from FactBites:
 
HMS Terror - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (275 words)
The sixth Terror was a bomb vessel of 10 guns, launched in 1813, and converted to a discovery vessel in 1836.
This Terror was one of the ships involved in the bombardment of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
HMS Terror was also the name of a shore base in Singapore.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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