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Encyclopedia > HMS K13
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Ordered: August 1915
Laid down:
Launched: 11 November 1916 at Fairfield Shipbuilders, Glasgow
Commissioned:
Decommissioned:
Fate: sold for scrapping 16 December 1926 in Sunderland
Struck:
General Characteristics
Displacement: 1980 tons surfaced, 2566 tons dived
Length: 339 ft (103 m)
Beam: 26 ft 6 in (8.1 m)
Draught: 20 ft 11 in (6.4 m)
Propulsion: Twin 10 500 shp (7.8 MW) oil-fired Yarrow boilers each powering a Brown-Curtis or Parsons geared steam turbines, Twin 3 blade 7 ft 6 in (2.3 m) screws

Four 1440 hp (1.1 MW) electric motors. One 800 hp (600 kW) Vickers diesel generator for charging batteries on the surface. The source for an SVG image of the White Ensign can be found at User:David Newton/SVG Graphics/White Ensign. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Glasgows location in Scotland Glasgow (or Glaschu in Gaelic) is Scotlands largest city, situated on the River Clyde in the countrys west central lowlands. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This is about the city of Sunderland in England. ... A steam turbine extracts the energy of pressurized superheated steam as mechanical movement. ... Electric motors of various sizes. ... Diesel fuel is a specific distillate fraction of fuel oil that is used in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel, and perfected by Charles F. Kettering. ... Generator redirects here. ... Four double-A (AA) batteries In science and technology, a battery is a device that stores energy and makes it available in an electrical form. ...

Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h) surfaced, 8 knots (15 km/h) dived
Range: Surface: 800 nautical miles (1500 km) at maximum speed, 12500 nautical miles (23,200 k) at 10 knots (19 km/h)

Dived: 8 nautical miles (15 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h), 40 nautical miles (74 km) at 4 knots (7 km/h)

Complement: 59 (6 officers and 53 ratings)
Armament: 4 x 18 in (457 mm) beam torpedo tubes, 4 x 18 in (457 mm) bow tubes, plus 8 spare torpedoes, 2 x 4 in (102 mm) guns, 1 x 3 in (76 mm) gun. Twin 18 in (457 mm) deck tubes originally fitted but later removed.

HMS K13 was a steam-propelled First World War K class submarine of the British Royal Navy. She sunk in a fatal accident during sea trials in early 1917 and was salvaged and recommissioned as HMS K22. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The K class submarines were a class of steam-propelled submarines of the Royal Navy designed in 1913. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Salvage is the process of rescuing the hull, equipment or cargo of a shipwreck or abandoned vessel. ...


She had previously suffered another accident when heavy seas had damaged one of the funnels and water had nearly flooded her engine room. The damage had been repaired but the next one was far more serious.


The accident

She sank in Gareloch on 19 January 1917 just after noon, having signalled to HMS E50 that she was about to dive. She had 80 people onboard - 53 crew, there were 14 employees of the shipbuilders, 5 sub-contractors, 5 Admiralty officials, a River Clyde pilot, and the captain and engineering officer from the still-completing K14. The Gare Loch should not be confused with the Loch Gairloch or the village of Gairloch. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge. ...


As she dived, seawater entered her engine room through openings which failed to close properly and flooded it along with the after torpedo room. As the submarine sunk, a 10 ton ballast weight was dropped but this did not arrest the descent. Two men were seen on the surface by a maid in a hotel a mile or so away but she was ignored. The crew of E50 became concerned when the submarine did not surface again, and found traces of oil on the surface. A maidservant or in current usage maid is a female employed in domestic service. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ...


The first rescue vessel, Gossamer, arrived at around 22:00 and divers were sent down at daybreak. The divers were delayed since Gossamer had a diver but no suit, and the first diver to attempt to contact the submarine had a damaged suit which nearly flooded. 1. ...


Morse code signals were exchanged between them and the trapped crew of the submarine. Despite the lack of proper escape apparatus, the captain Lieutentant-Commander Godfrey Herbert, and the captain of K14, Captain Goodhart attempted an escape to the surface by using the space between the inner and outer hatches of the conning tower as an airlock. Herbert reached the surface alive but Goodhart's body was later found trapped in the superstructure. Morse code is a system of representing letters, numbers and punctuation marks by means of a code signal sent intermittently. ... A conning tower was an armoured observation post on a warship from where the vessel was controlled during a battle. ... An airlock is a device which permits the passage of objects, people, etc between a pressure vessel and its surrounding space while minimising the change of pressure in the vessel. ...


Later that afternoon an airline was connected which allowed the ballast tanks to be blown and with the aid of a hawser and by midday on 21 January the bows had been brought to just above the surface and supported by a barge on each side. A hole was cut through her pressure hull and at 22:00 the final survivor was rescued from the submarine, 57 hours after the accident. At 6 pm the following day, she tore the bollards out of the barges and sunk again, flooding through the hole. January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


The submarine was finally salvaged on 15 March, repaired and recommissioned as HMS K22. 32 crew died in the accident and 48 were resuced. 31 were expected to be still on the submarine, but only 29 were found and it was concluded that the maid had indeed seen two people escaping from the engine room. One of their bodies was recovered from the Clyde two months later. March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ...


The court of enquiry found that four of the 37 inch (940 mm) diameter ventilators had been left open during the dive, and that indicators lights in the control room had actually showed them as open. The engine room hatch was also found to be open.


There is a memorial to the disaster in Carlingford, New South Wales, Australia, paid for by the widow of Charles Freestone, a leading telegraphist on K13 who survived the accident to later emigrate and propser in Australia. The memorial was unveiled on 10 September 1961 and has the inscription "This memorial has been created in memory of those officers and men of the Commonwealth who gave their lives in submarines while serving the cause of freedom. It is called the "K13" memorial in particular memory of those lost in HM Submarine K13." Carlingford Village Shopping Centre. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


HMS K22

A year after the accident, as part of the 13th Submarine Flotilla, K13, now renamed K22 was involved in the "Battle" of May Island on 31 January 1918. This was during a night exercise in the Firth of Forth involving the flotilla, 8 capital ships and numerous cruisers and destroyers, and was a series of collisions which led to the loss of two K boats, serious damage to three others (including K22) and the deaths of a further 105 submariners. Operation E.C.1, sardonically known as the Battle of May Island, was a disastrous series of accidents amongst Royal Navy ships on their way from Rosyth in Scotland to fleet exercises on the misty night of 31 January–1 February 1918 that caused the loss of two submarines, damaged... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Firth of Forth from Calton Hill The Forth Bridges cross the Firth The Firth of Forth is the estuary or firth of Scotlands River Forth, where it flows into the North Sea between Fife to the north, and West Lothian, the City of Edinburgh, and East Lothian to... The capital ships of a navy are its important warships; the ones with the heaviest firepower and armor. ... USS Port Royal, a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, launched in 1994. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and manouverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ...


References

  • RN Submarine museum
  • K13 accident
  • Submarines Association of Australia


British K-class submarine
K1 | K2 | K3 | K4 | K5 | K6 | K7 | K8 | K9 | K10 | K11 | K12 | K13 | K14 | K15 | K16 | K26

List of submarines of the Royal Navy

List of submarine classes of the Royal Navy

  Results from FactBites:
 
K13 SUBMARINE MEMORIAL (1189 words)
K13 looked impressive, she was 339 feet long and displaced on the surface 1,800 tons, figures greater than those of the largest destroyers at that time.
K13 was raised to the surface six weeks after her fatal plunge and in mid March was towed into Fairfield’s for refitting.
M Freestone the widow of Charles, survivor of HMS K13, paid for the building of a memorial in commemoration of those who have lost their lives in K13 and other submarines.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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