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Encyclopedia > HMS George III
Career USN Jack
Captured: 18 May 1775 (as George)
Fate: Burned to prevent capture, 7 July 1777
Struck:
General Characteristics
Displacement: 70 tons
Length:
Beam:
Draft:
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 50 officers and enlisted
Armament: 12 4-pdr., 10 swivels

The USS Enterprise was a Continental Navy sloop-of-war that served in Lake Champlain during the American Revolutionary War. It is the first of a long and prestigious line of United States Navy ships to bear the name USS Enterprise. the United States naval jack File links The following pages link to this file: USS Indianapolis (CA-35) USS Monitor USS Peleliu (LHA-5) USS Oregon (BB-3) USS Akron (ZRS-4) USS Housatonic (1861) USS Holland (SS-1) USS S-1 (SS-105) USS R-14 (SS-91) USS... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Continental Navy was authorized by the Continental Congress on October 13, 1775. ... USS Constellation, a United States Navy sloop-of-war. ... A false-color Landsat image of Lake Champlain. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Eight ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Enterprise. ...


Enterprise was originally a British sloop named George, built at St. Johns (now Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu) in Quebec, Canada. In May 1775, a small American force under Colonel Benedict Arnold sailed up the Richelieu River on the recently captured USS Liberty. At 07:00 on 18 May, Arnold and 35 raiders captured the fort at St. Johns with no loss of life, and took possession of the newly-launched George, the schooner Royal Savage and several smaller vessels. Two hours later they left with the newly captured sloop, which was later armed with 12 guns and renamed Enterprise. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is a city in Quebec, Canada about 50 km southeast of Montreal. ... ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Benedict Arnold Benedict Arnold, V (January 14, 1741 – June 14, 1801) is the most notorious traitor in American history. ... The Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada flows about 130 km north to drain Lake Champlain into the St. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner is a type of sailing ship characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ...


The Enterprise was, at first, the most significant warship in the Lake Champlain squadron — which was charged with maintaining American control of the lake early in the war — and at times she acted as flagship for Colonel Arnold. Control of Lake Champlain and the adjoining Hudson River would have enabled the British to cut off vital supply routes between New England and the other colonies, and it would have allowed British troops to cross and attack Albany. View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Modern New England, the six northeastern-most states of the United States, indicated by red The New England region of the United States is located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Betsy Ross purportedly sewed the first American flag with 13 stars and 13 stripes representing each of the 13 colonies. ... Albany is the capital of the state of New York in the United States of America. ...


On 28 August 1775, Enterprise and other vessels embarked with more than 1,000 troops as part of an expedition against St. Johns, Montreal, and Quebec. Though St. Johns and Montreal were captured, and Quebec was besieged, the arrival of strong British reinforcements forced the Americans to withdraw from Canada in the spring of 1776. Enterprise and the other craft sailed to Isle aux Noix in the Richelieu River, where they waited while Arnold directed the building of a fleet at Fort Ticonderoga and Skenesboro (now Whitehall). August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Concordia Salus (Salvation through harmony) Ville de Montréal, Québec, Canada Location. ... ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Concordia Salus (Salvation through harmony) Ville de Montréal, Québec, Canada Location. ... ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Fort Ticonderoga is a large 18th century fort built at a strategically important narrows in Lake Champlain where a short traverse gives access to the north end of Lake George in the state of New York, USA. The fort controlled both commonly used trade routes between the English-controlled Hudson... Whitehall is a village located in the Town of Whitehall in Washington County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,667. ... Whitehall is a village located in the Town of Whitehall in Washington County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,667. ...


The battle was finally joined on 11 October 1776 at Valcour Island, near Plattsburg, New York. Arnold chose the site and deployed to await the British advance. Though markedly inferior in firepower, Arnold's fleet fought a valiant and effective action all day long, then slipped through the British line after dark. A running battle took place over the next two days, and resulted in the loss of all but five of the American ships. Enterprise and four others escaped to Crown Point, then sailed on to Ticonderoga. October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Valcour Island, about two miles long and a mile broad, lies in Lake Champlain, forming a narrow strait against the New York mainland. ... Plattsburgh, New York refers to two locations in Clinton County, New York: City of Plattsburgh Town of Plattsburgh This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Crown Point is a town located in Essex County, New York. ...


Although a tactical defeat, the Battle of Valcour Island was nevertheless a great strategic victory for the Americans. Arnold and his little fleet disrupted the British invasion into New York such that it couldn't be mounted before the onset of winter, and it was nearly a year before the advance could be renewed. In that interval American troops were recruited and trained, and on 17 October 1777 under General Horatio Gates, defeated the British decisively at Saratoga, New York. This victory was a primary factor in bringing about the alliance with France, and bringing the powerful French navy to the aid of the colonies. The Battle of Valcour Island, also seen as Battle of Valcour Bay, was a naval engagement fought on 11 October 1776, in a narrow strait in Lake Champlain between the New York mainland and Valcour Island. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Horatio Gates Horatio Gates (1726-1806) was an American general during the Revolutionary War. ... Saratoga is a town located in Saratoga County, New York. ...


During the British advance prior to the Battle of Saratoga, Enterprise was one of five vessels assigned to duty convoying bateaux in the evacuation of Ticonderoga. The small American force was no match for the British fleet on Lake Champlain, and after two ships had been captured, Enterprise and the other two were run aground on 7 July 1777, and burned to prevent their capture. The Battles of Saratoga are considered, by many historians, to have been the turning point of the American Revolutionary War and one of the most decisive battles in history. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


See USS Enterprise for other Navy ships of the same name. Eight ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Enterprise. ...


This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS for short) is the primary reference work for the basic facts about every ship ever used by the United States Navy. ...


External links


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