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Encyclopedia > HMS E11
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E11 torpedoes the Stamboul off Constantinople, 25 May 1915. Drawing from the Illustrated London News.

HMS E11 was a E-class submarine of the Royal Navy launched on 23 April 1914. E11 was one of the most successful submarines in action during the 1915 naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign, sinking over 80 vessels of all sizes in three tours of the Sea of Marmara. Map of Constantinople. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Illustrated London News was a magazine founded by Herbert Ingram and his friend Mark Lemon, the editor of Punch magazine. ... Length: Beam: 6. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Naval Operations in the Dardanelles Campaign Conflict First World War Date 19 February 1915 - 9 January 1916 Place Dardanelles, Turkey Result Turkish victory The Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign of the First World War were mainly carried out by the Royal Navy with substantial support from the French and... The Sea of Marmara (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Modern Greek: Μαρμαρα̃ Θάλασσα or Προποντίδα) (also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea) is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating the Asian part of Turkey from its European part. ...


In October 1914 E11 was dispatched to the Baltic Sea along with two other submarines but was twice intercepted by German patrols and forced to return to Harwich. During the Scarborough Raid in December 1914, the E11 attempted to intercept the German battlecruisers but failed due to faulty torpedoes. 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Eastern Europe and Central Europe, and the Danish islands. ... (This article is about the town in England. ... HMS Hood (left) and HMS Barham (right), in Malta, 1937. ... A modern torpedo, historically called a self propelled torpedo, is a self-propelled guided projectile that (after being launched above or below the water surface) operates underwater and is designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ...


In May 1915 E11 arrived at the Dardanelles to join the submarine campaign in the Sea of Marmara. Under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Martin Nasmith, E11 was the second submarine to undertake a successful tour, following the HMS E14 which had passed through the straits on 27 April. 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı), formerly Hellespont, is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara. ... The Sea of Marmara (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Modern Greek: Μαρμαρα̃ Θάλασσα or Προποντίδα) (also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea) is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating the Asian part of Turkey from its European part. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Photo submitted by Paul Hinckley Photo by Terry Macdonald - Oct 1996 Martin Eric Nasmith (VC, KCB, KCMG) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ...


The E11 passed through the Dardanelles on the night of 18 May. Surfacing off the town of Gallipoli, Nasmith captured a Turkish sailing vessel and lashed it to the conning tower to act as a disguise. However, this ruse failed to attract any targets so after several days he abandoned it. Travelling up the Sea of Marmara, he sank a gunboat and several other small craft on 23 May. The following day, near the port of Rodosto (today Tekirdağ), E11 encountered the Turkish transport Nagara, laden with ammunition. Aboard the transport as an American journalist Raymond Swing, from the Chicago Daily News. Nasmith sank the ship after it was abandoned by the crew and passengers. Nasmith sank another transport and forced one aground before being driven away from the shore by some Turkish cavalry. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Gallipoli, called Gelibolu in modern Turkish, is a town in northwestern Turkey. ... A conning tower was an armoured observation post on a warship from where the vessel was controlled during a battle. ... A ruse of war is an action taken by a belligerent in warfare to fool the enemy in order to gain intelligence or a military advantage against an enemy. ... A gunboat is literally a boat carrying one or more guns. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... Tekirdag or Tekir Dagh, referred to historically as Rodosto (Greek name: Redestos or Rhaedestos), is a city of European Turkey (Eastern Thrace), which during the period of the Ottoman Empire (before the treaty of Sevres in 1920) belonged in the vilayet of Adrianople. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Boxes of ammunition clog a warehouse in Baghdad Ammunition is a generic military term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people. ... The Chicago Daily News was an afternoon newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois which published between 1876 and 1978. ... An army unit consisting of mounted soldiers is commonly known as cavalry. ...

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The crew of destroyer HMS Grampus cheer the E11 on its return from the Sea of Marmara, 7 June 1915.

On 25 May 1915 E11 reached Constantinople. Nasmith was searching for the German warships Goeben and Breslau but when he surfaced at 12:40, he sighted the elderly transport Stamboul lying alongside the Tophane Arsenal. Nasmith's first torpedo ran in a circle and nearly struck the E11, however the second torpedo hit Stamboul. Under fire from shore-based artillery, E11 dived to make her escape. Caught in the strong Bosphorus current, E11 was out of control for 20 minutes until she settled on the bottom near the Maiden's Tower. Stamboul failed to sink but was beached at Harem. E11's attack on Constantinople, the first by an enemy vessel in over 100 years, had an enormous impact on Turkish morale, causing a panic in the city and compelling Goeben to shift to a safer mooring. USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and manouverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... HMS Grampus was a Beagle-class destroyer originally named Nautilus when she was commissioned on March 30, 1910. ... The Sea of Marmara (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Modern Greek: Μαρμαρα̃ Θάλασσα or Προποντίδα) (also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea) is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating the Asian part of Turkey from its European part. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Constantinople. ... SMS Goeben was a Moltke-class battlecruiser of the Kaiserliche Marine (German Navy) that was launched in 1911 and named after the Franco-Prussian War general August von Goeben. ... The SMS Breslau was a Magdeburg-class light cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine, commissioned in 1912. ... An Arse is an establishment for the construction, repair, receipt, storage, and excretion and issue of weapons and ammunitionand random iraqis. ... Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Fatih Sultan Mehmed Bridge over the Bosporus seen from over Rumelihisarı This article is about the strait; Bosphorus is also a Turkish Boğaziçi or İstanbul Boğazı) is a strait that separates the European part (Rumeli) of Turkey from its Asian part (Anadolu), connecting the Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi) with... Morale measures the degree to which people hold to belief. ...


E11 returned to the Bosphorus approaches on 27 May and sank more ships but running short of torpedoes and with mounting mechanical problems, Nasmith headed home on 5 June. On his return passage through the Dardanelles he encountered another transport which, despite his vulnerable position and the poor state of the submarine, he attacked and sank with his final two torpedoes. Passing through the Narrows near Çanakkale, E11 snagged a moored mine. Nasmith had to tow the mine out of the straits before he was able to disentangle the submarine. Fatih Sultan Mehmed Bridge over the Bosporus seen from over Rumelihisarı This article is about the strait; Bosphorus is also a Turkish Boğaziçi or İstanbul Boğazı) is a strait that separates the European part (Rumeli) of Turkey from its Asian part (Anadolu), connecting the Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi) with... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... The Çanakkale seafront, with wooden horse from the 2004 film Troy Çanakkale, pronounced , is a town and seaport in Turkey, in Çanakkale Province, on the southern (Asiatic) coast of the Dardanelles (or Hellespont). ... A naval mine is a stationary self-contained explosive device placed in water, to destroy ships and/or submarines. ...

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The crew of E11 following their first tour of the Sea of Marmara.

On E11's first tour, eleven ships were sunk or disabled. For this successful tour Nasmith was awarded the Victoria Cross, the third submarine commander to receive the award during the Dardanelles Campaign. The Sea of Marmara (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Modern Greek: Μαρμαρα̃ Θάλασσα or Προποντίδα) (also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea) is an inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating the Asian part of Turkey from its European part. ... Victoria Cross, Source: Veterans Affairs Canada The Victoria Cross (official post-nominal letters VC) is the highest award for valour that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces of any rank in any service and civilians under military command. ...


E11 was on her second tour when, on 8 August 1915 as a new British landing was underway at Suvla, E11 torpedoed the antiquated Turkish battleship Hayreddin Barbarossa off Bulair at the northern entrance to the Dardanelles. Hayreddin Barbarossa was one of two Turkish battleships sunk during the campaign. Visiting Constantinople again, E11 sank a Black Sea collier as it was preparing to unload — a significant blow as coal was the main fuel source and supplies were scarce. Moving into the Gulf of Izmit, on the night of 20 August, E11's first officer, Lieutenant D'Oyly Hughes, swam ashore and blew up a section of the Constantinople-Baghdad railway line; a feat for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Suvla is a bay on the Aegean coast of the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey, south of the Gulf of Saros. ... This article is about a battleship as a type of warship. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ... A collier was a bulk cargo ship that carried coal. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... The initial steps which laid the foundation for the construction of the Bagdad Railway appeared in 1888 when a German syndicate headed by Deutsche Bank obtained a concession from Turkish leaders to extend the Haidar Pasha-Ismid Railway from Constantinople to Angora. ... Source: Veterans Affairs Canada The Distinguished Service Order is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly other Commonwealth countries, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. ...


E11 made three tours of the Sea of Marmara and sank in total 27 steamers and 58 smaller vessels. Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
HMS E11 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (719 words)
HMS E11 was an E-class submarine of the Royal Navy launched on 23 April 1914.
E11 was one of the most successful submarines in action during the 1915 naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign, sinking over 80 vessels of all sizes in three tours of the Sea of Marmara.
E11 was on her second tour when, on 8 August 1915 as a new British landing was underway at Suvla, E11 torpedoed the antiquated Turkish battleship Hayreddin Barbarossa off Bulair at the northern entrance to the Dardanelles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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