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Encyclopedia > HMS Challenger (1858)
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Launched: 1858
Decommissioned: Chatham Dockyards, 1878
Fate: Broken for scrap, 1921
General Characteristics
Displacement: 2306 tons (2343 t)
Length: 200 ft (61 m)
Propulsion: Steam (1200 hp or 900 kW) and sail
Range: 68,890 nautical miles (127,670 km) (see article)
Complement: 243
Armament: 17 guns (all but 2 were removed)

The fifth HMS Challenger (launched 1858) was a steam assisted British naval corvette. In 1862 she took part in operations against Mexico, including the occupation of Vera Cruz, and in 1866 a punitive operation against some Fijian natives to avenge the murder of a missionary and some of his dependents. Despite this less than glorious history, this vessel is notable for carrying the first global marine research expedition, the Challenger expedition. HMS Challenger, pioneer of Oceanography. ... The source for an SVG image of the White Ensign can be found at User:David Newton/SVG Graphics/White Ensign. ... Chatham Dockyard, located on the River Medway in Kent, England, came into existence at the time when, following the Reformation, relations with the Catholic countries of Europe had worsened, and thus requiring added defences. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... In physical chemistry and in engineering, steam refers to vaporized water. ... The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. ... French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate. ... See: Veracruz (city) (Mexico) Veracruz (state) (Mexico) Vera Cruz, Indiana Vera Cruz, Bahia, Brazil Vera Cruz, São Paulo, Brazil This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... The Challenger Expedition was a scientific expedition that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography. ...


To enable her to probe the depths, the Challenger's guns had been removed and her spars reduced to make more space available. Laboratories, extra cabins and a special dredging platform were installed. She was loaded with specimen jars, alcohol for preservation of samples, microscopes and chemical apparatus, trawls and dredges, thermometers and water sampling bottles, sounding leads and devices to collect sediment from the sea bed and great lengths of rope with which to suspend the equipment into the ocean depths. In all she was supplied with 181 miles (290 km or 335 km?) of Italian hemp for sounding, trawling and dredging. In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic al-khwl الكحول, or al-ghawl الغول) refers almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol, and often to any beverage that contains ethanol (see alcoholic beverage). ... 1852 microscope Compound microscope made by John Cuff in 1750 A microscope (Greek: micron = small and scopos = aim) is an instrument for viewing objects that are too small to be seen by the naked or unaided eye. ... Categories: Fisheries science | Fishing | Stub ... A dredger (sometimes called a dredge) is a special ship or boat used for dredging, which is miscellaneous excavator-type work in shallow sea or fresh water. ... A thermometer is a device used to measure temperatures or temperature changes. ... Sediment is any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bed or bottom of a body of water or other liquid. ... U.S. Marihuana production permit, from the film Hemp for Victory. ...


The Challenger carried a complement of 243 officers, scientists and crew when she embarked on her 68,890 nautical mile (127,670 km) journey. The word complement (with an e in the second syllable, not to be confused with a different word, compliment with an i) has a number of uses. ...


Despite the great success of the Challenger Expedition, the Challenger suffered an ignominious fate. She was commissioned as a Coast Guard and Royal Naval Reserve training ship at Harwich in July 1876. She was finally paid off at the Chatham Dockyards in 1878. She remained in reserve until 1883, when she was converted into a receiving hulk in the River Medway, where she stayed until she was finally broken up for her copper bottom in 1921. Nothing, apart from her figurehead, now remains. This is on display in the foyer of Southampton Oceanography Centre. U.S. Coast Guard helicopter A coast guard is an organization devoted to saving the lives of shipwrecked mariners or people in danger at sea. ... The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... (This article is about the town in England. ... Chatham Dockyard, located on the River Medway in Kent, England, came into existence at the time when, following the Reformation, relations with the Catholic countries of Europe had worsened, and thus requiring added defences. ... The River Medway in England flows for 112 km from Turners Hill, in West Sussex, through Tonbridge, Maidstone and Rochester in Kent, to the River Thames at Sheerness. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance copper, metallic Atomic mass 63. ... A figurehead is a person, usually in a political role, who may hold an important title or office yet executes little actual power. ... Civic Centre, Southampton Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
HMS Challenger (1858) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (324 words)
The fifth HMS Challenger (launched 1858) was a steam assisted British naval corvette.
In 1862 she took part in operations against Mexico, including the occupation of Vera Cruz, and in 1866 a punitive operation against some Fijian natives to avenge the murder of a missionary and some of his dependents.
The Challenger carried a complement of 243 officers, scientists and crew when she embarked on her 68,890 nautical mile (127,670 km) journey.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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