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Encyclopedia > HM Submarine X1
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Ordered: na
Laid down: November 2 1921
Launched: September 23 1925
Commissioned: December 1925
Decommissioned: 1936
Fate: Scrapped 1937.
Struck: na
General Characteristics
Displacement: 2,780 tons surfaced
3,600 tons submerged
Length: 363.5 feet (110.8 m)
Beam: 29.75 feet (9 m)
Draught: na
Propulsion: 2 x MAN 6,000 hp (4,474 kW) diesel engines

2,600 hp (1,939 kW) electric motor. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ... Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the Diesel engine. ... The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ...

Speed: maximum 19.5 knots (36 km/h) surfaced,

maximum 9 knots (16 km/h) dived

Range: 12,400 nautical miles (22,964 km) surfaced
Complement: 110 (8 officers and 102 ratings)
Armament: 6 x 21 inch (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes

two x twin 5.2 inch guns 4 x machine-guns

for the midget submarine of the Second World War, see X class submarine The X class was a World War II midget submarine class built for the Royal Navy during 1943–44. ...


HM Submarine X1 was, conceived and designed as a submersible commerce raider for the Royal Navy. The idea of a submarine cruiser had been mooted as early as 1915, but was not put into practice until 1921. X1 was laid down on the 2 November 1921 at the Naval Dockyard Chatham and completed on 23 September 1925, commissioning in December 1925. MAN diesel engines had been fitted to her as they had been seen to be efficient when fitted in German U-boats of the First World War. Unfortunately, in the case of X1 this did not occur and she was to suffer with engine problems all her short life. Commerce raiding or guerre de course is a naval strategy of attacking an opponents commercial shipping rather than contending for control of the seas with its naval forces. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Günther Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine Inside of the Argonaute, showing the typical obstructed, tiny space of a post-WWII diesel attack submarine. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, launched in 1992. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Chatham Dockyard, located on the River Medway in Kent, England, came into existence at the time when, following the Reformation, relations with the Catholic countries of Europe had worsened, and thus requiring added defences. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the Diesel engine. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


She was larger than any other submarine previously built and besides her six 21-inch bow torpedo tubes she carried two twin 5.2 inch gun turrets - one fore and one aft of the conning tower. In theory she could make 19.5 knots (36 km/h) on the surface, and at economical speed she had a greater range than normal cruisers; but her diesel engines suffered from continual mechanical problems and she was plainly vulnerable to counter-fire from ships and bombing by aircraft. Turret (highlighted) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture, a turret is a small tower that projects from the wall of a building, such as a medieval castle or baronial house. ...


The design concept was that she should be able to sink or disable a destroyer at a range of 6,000 yards (5,500 m) with her guns alone, but in practice this was unlikely, as the low height above the water of the range-finding equipment and the unsteady nature of a submarine made this craft inherently unsuitable as a gun platform. USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ...


X1 was placed in Reserve in 1933, taken off the active list in 1936, and finally scrapped in 1937. As such she became the only vessel designed and built for and scrapped by the Royal Navy between the two World Wars.


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