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Encyclopedia > H. Jones

Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Jones VC OBE (May 14, 1940May 28, 1982), better known as H. Jones, was a posthumous British recipient of the Victoria Cross. Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ...


Jones was born in Putney to a wealthy family, and attended St Peter's Prep School in Seaford, Sussex and Eton College. He joined the British Army on leaving school and was commissioned into the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment. By 1982 had reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel, During the Falklands War he was in command of 2nd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment when the deed described below took place for which he was awarded the VC. Putney is a district of south-west London in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Seaford is the name of a place in the United Kingdom: Seaford, East Sussex Seaford is the name of some places in the United States of America: Seaford, Delaware Seaford, New York Seaford, Virginia Seaford is also a place in Victoria, Australia: Seaford, Victoria This is a disambiguation page &#8212... Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for male students, founded in 1440 by Henry VI. It is located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor in England, situated north of Windsor... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment (usually known as the Devon and Dorset Regiment or just the Devon and Dorsets) is an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Commanders Sir John Fieldhouse Sir John Woodward Margaret Thatcher Leopoldo Galtieri Mario Menéndez Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: ) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom... The Parachute Regiment is the Airborne Infantry element of the British Army. ...


Command of 2 Para passed to Major Chris Keeble, and Jones was buried at Ajax Bay on May 30, near where he fell. After the war his body was exhumed and buried at the Blue Beach War Cemetery in Port San Carlos on October 25. Colonel Christopher P.B. Keeble, DSO was an officer in the British Army, most noted for his service in the Falklands War of 1982. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Port San Carlos is located on the northern bank of the San Carlos Estuary on the Western coast of East Falkland (also known as Soledad), in the Falkland Islands. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Citation

On 28th May 1982 Lieutenant Colonel Jones was commanding 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment on operations on the Falkland Islands. The Battalion was ordered to attack enemy positions in and around the settlements of Darwin and Goose Green. During the attack against an enemy who was well dug in with mutually supporting positions sited in depth, the Battalion was held up just South of Darwin by a particularly well-prepared and resilient enemy position of at least eleven trenches on an important ridge. A number of casualties were received. In order to read the battle fully and to ensure that the momentum of his attack was not lost, Colonel Jones took forward his reconnaissance party to the foot of a re-entrant which a section of his Battalion had just secured. Despite persistent, heavy and accurate fire the reconnaissance party gained the top of the re-entrant, at approximately the same height as the enemy positions. From here Colonel Jones encouraged the direction of his Battalion mortar fire, in an effort to neutralise the enemy positions. However, these had been well prepared and continued to pour effective fire onto the Battalion advance, which, by now held up for over an hour and under increasingly heavy artillery fire, was in danger of faltering. In his effort to gain a good viewpoint, Colonel Jones was now at the very front of his Battalion. It was clear to him that desperate measures were needed in order to overcome the enemy position and rekindle the attack, and that unless these measures were taken promptly the Battalion would sustain increasing casualties and the attack perhaps even fail. It was time for personal leadership and action. Colonel Jones immediately seized a sub-machine gun, and, calling on those around him and with total disregard for his own safety, charged the nearest enemy position. This action exposed him to fire from a number of trenches. As he charged up a short slope at the enemy position he was seen to fall and roll backward downhill. He immediately picked himself up, and again charged the enemy trench, firing his sub-machine gun and seemingly oblivious to the intense fire directed at him. He was hit by fire from another trench which he outflanked, and fell dying only a few feet from the enemy he had assaulted. A short time later a company of the Battalion attacked the enemy, who quickly surrendered. The display of courage by Colonel Jones had completely undermined their will to fight further. Thereafter the momentum of the attack was rapidly regained, Darwin and Goose Green were liberated, and the Battalion released the local inhabitants unharmed and forced the surrender of some 1,200 of the enemy. The achievements of 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment at Darwin and Goose Green set the tone for the subsequent land victory on the Falklands. The British achieved such a moral superiority over the enemy in this first battle that, despite the advantages of numbers and selection of battle-ground, the Argentinian troops never thereafter doubted neither the superior fighting qualities of the British troops, nor their own inevitable defeat. This was an action of the utmost gallantry by a Commanding Officer whose dashing leadership and courage throughout the battle were an inspiration to all about him. The Parachute Regiment is the Airborne Infantry element of the British Army. ... Darwin is a settlement on East Falkland, lying on Choisel Sound, on the east side of the islands central isthmus. ... Goose Green is a settlement on East Falkland in the Falkland Islands. ...

London Gazette October 8, 1982

Controversy

The award of the posthumous VC to Jones was controversial at the time because some military experts considered that despite his undoubted courage he failed as a leader, because he was always drunk on wine, losing sight of the overall battle picture and failing to allow his sub-unit commanders to exercise Mission Command, before his fatal attempt to lead "A" Company forward from the position where they had become bogged down (Not Mentioned in Dispatches ISBN 0-7188-3016-4). A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... Mission Command is a style of military command promoting decentralised command, freedom and speed of action, and initiative. ...


Papers disclosed in 2005 showed that this argument was raging in private at the time the award of a medal was being considered, with the commander of 3 Commando Brigade, Brigadier Julian Thompson, had "very strongly recommended" the award of the VC, but the overall Task Force commander, Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse, gave it "only" a recommendation. When the award came before the VC committee, consideration was influenced by the fact that the award would be considered as '2 Para's VC' in recognition of the whole unit's contribution. Admiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable John David Elliott Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse, GCB, GBE (1928–17 February 1992) was a high ranking officer in the Royal Navy Primarily a submariner in the Royal Navy, later rising to the highest position in UK Armed Forces In 1982 in the rank...


The medal

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum (Chelsea, London, United Kingdom). The National Army Museum is the British Armys central museum. ...


Memorials

Jones has a headstone in the Blue Beach War Cemetery which is topped by the Parachute Regiment's logo and also features an image of the Victoria Cross. The headstone includes the quotation "He is not the beginning but the continuing of the same unto the end." A memorial stone to all those killed at the scene of the battle, near Darwin, also bears his name. His name is also on the South Atlantic Task Force Memorial in St Paul's Cathedral, London, and the Parachute Regiment Memorial at their headquarters in Aldershot; he also has a memorial in the cloisters of Eton College and a plaque on a footpath at Kingswear, Devon. The memorial board from St Peter's School, carved with the name of Jones can be seen in Seaford Museum. In addition the 'Colonel H' Public house in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk is named in his honour. This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Devon (disambiguation). ... Seaford is the name of a place in the United Kingdom: Seaford, East Sussex Seaford is the name of some places in the United States of America: Seaford, Delaware Seaford, New York Seaford, Virginia Seaford is also a place in Victoria, Australia: Seaford, Victoria This is a disambiguation page &#8212... Great Yarmouth, often known to locals simply as Yarmouth, is an English coastal town in the county of Norfolk. ... Norfolk (pronounced IPA: ) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ...


References

Monuments To Courage is a book by David Harvey, published in 1999. ... The Register of the Victoria Cross A list of all 1350 Victoria Crosses with details of each recipient ISBN 0906324033 Publisher: Cheltenham: This England Books; 1981 Size: 8vo - over 7 3/4 - 9 3/4 Pagination: 303 + 4. ... SCOTLANDS FORgotten VALOUR is a book by Graham Ross published in 1995 by MacLean Press, ISBN 1899272003. ...

External links

  • 2 Para's Battle for Darwin Hill and Goose Green by David J Kenney ISBN 0-9660717-1-9

 
 

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