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Encyclopedia > Gwardia Ludowa

Gwardia Ludowa ("People's Guard", abbreviated GL) was a communist armed organisation in Poland, organised by the Soviet created Polish Workers Party. It was created in 1942 and in 1944 it was incorporated by the Armia Ludowa. The Polish Workers Party (Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. ... Armia Ludowa (AL, pronounced ; English Polish Peoples Army) was a Polish World War II resistance organisation. ...


History

Gwardia Ludowa was created on January 6, 1942. Its main task was fight against Germany, by means of partisan warfare, sabotage and reprisal actions. In addition, Gwardia Ludowa was connected to the intelligence services of the Soviet Union. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Look up partisan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The first partisan detachments (foray groups were organized even earlier) of Gwardia Ludowa were formed in May 1942 near Piotrków and Radom. By the end of the year the organisation was divided onto 7 administrative areas: Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Piotrków Trybunalski is a town in central Poland with 81,200 inhabitants (2004). ... Radom (pronounce: [radÉ”m]) is a city in central Poland with 227 309 inhabitants. ...

The Lwów area was never fully developed and in 1943 it was passed to the Soviet partisans. Gwardia Ludowa was commanded directly by the head of the Polish Workers' Party. The first commander of GL was Bolesław Mołojec. After his execution in at the end of 1942 by the Polish Workers' Party he was succeeded by Franciszek Jóźwiak. Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: ) is the capital of Poland, its largest city, and a gamma world city. ... For other uses, see Lublin (disambiguation). ... Radom (pronounce: [radÉ”m]) is a city in central Poland with 227 309 inhabitants. ... Kielce ( ) is a city in central Poland with 202,609 inhabitants (2006). ... Wawel Hill. ... Łódź ((?)) is Polands second largest city (population 776,297 in 2004). ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Soviet partisans were members anti-fascist resistance movement which fought against the occupation of the Soviet Union by Axis forces during World War II. At the end of June 1941, immediately after the Germans crossed the Soviet border, the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) (see... The Polish Workers Party (Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. ... BolesÅ‚aw MoÅ‚ojec (1909–1942), also known under the noms de guerre Edward and DÅ‚ugi, was a Polish communist activist and International Brigades commander during the Spanish Civil War. ... The Polish Workers Party (Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. ...


The units of GL were divided onto field partisan units and garrison units created for fast attacks and which returned to their homes after the action. By the end of 1942 GL had approximately 5 000 members, including, at least nominally, every member of the Polish Workers' Party. By late 1943 the number rose to about 10 000. Among them approximately 1 700 were partisans, and the rest were part-time fighters. The Polish Workers Party (Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...


The Gwardia Ludowa carried out mostly sabotage tasks, including sabotage of railway transport. However, the units of GL also fought on several occasions against the forces of Armia Krajowa and NSZ. Armia Krajowa (the Home Army), abbreviated AK, was the dominant Polish resistance movement in World War II German-occupied Poland. ... Narodowe Siły Zbrojne (English National Armed Forces, NSZ) was one of the Polish armed underground guerilla organizations, fighting Nazi German occupation in General Government. ...


On July 21st, 1944, by a decree of the Krajowa Rada Narodowa, the Soviet-recognized Polish government in exile, the Gwardia Ludowa became a part of the newly-formed Armia Ludowa. July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... State National Council (Polish Krajowa Rada Narodowa, KRN) was a political body formed in the late stages of the Second World War in the Soviet Union, as a begining of new Polish government. ... Armia Ludowa (AL, pronounced ; English Polish Peoples Army) was a Polish World War II resistance organisation. ...


http://wolnapolska.boom.ru/index-GL42.html


Commanders

The prominent commanders and chiefs of staff were:

Marian Spychalski (1906-1980) was a Polish Communist politician who served as Polish Head of State from 1968 to 1970. ... Mieczysław Moczar (original name Mikołaj Demko, pseudonym Mietek, born December 25, 1913 in Łódź - died November 1, 1986) was a Polish communist who played a prominent role in the history of the Polish Peoples Republic. ...

Other

Veterans of GL actions were often awared the Cross of Grunwald. Order Krzyża Grunwaldu kl. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gwardia Ludowa (299 words)
Gwardia Ludowa (Polish Peoples' Guard, abbreviated GL) was a World War II resistance movement in Poland, organised by the Polish Workers Party.
Gwardia Ludowa was commanded directly by the head of the Polish Workers' Party.
On January 1, 1944, Gwardia Ludowa became a part of the newly-formed Armia Ludowa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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