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Encyclopedia > Gwalior
  ?Gwalior
Madhya Pradesh • India
Coordinates: 26°08′N 78°06′E / 26.14, 78.1
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
5,214 km² (2,013 sq mi)
• 196 m (643 ft)
District(s) Gwalior
Population
Density
690,342 (2001)
• 132 /km² (342 /sq mi)
Mayor Vivek Narain Shejwalkar
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 474001
• +0751
• MP-07

Coordinates: 26°08′N 78°06′E / 26.14, 78.1 , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Gwalior District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Gwalior pronunciation  is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. It lies 76 miles (122 km) south of Agra and has a population of over 12 lakh (1,200,000). The Gwalior metropolitan area is the 46th most populated area in the country. Image File history File links Gwalior. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... A lakh (Hindi/Nepali : लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Telugu : లక్ష, Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Pakistan. ...


Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of North India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of North India's historic kingdoms. At present also its strategic location is marked by the presence of major air base at Maharajpura. Gwalior is the administrative headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division. Gird is a region of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... Gwalior District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Gwalior division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ...

Contents

Origin of name

Gwalior's history is traced back to a legend in 8th century AD when a chief tain known as Suraj Sen was struck by a deadly disease and cured by a hermit-saint Gwalipa. As a gratitude for that incidence, he founded this city by his name.[citation needed]


History

At the heart of Gwalior is its fortress (Gwalior Fort), built by Raja Man Singh Tomar, of the Tomar dynasty. This formidable structure had the reputation of being one of the most invincible forts of India. It occupies an isolated rock outcrop. The hill is steepended to make it virtually unscalable and is surrounded by high walls which enclose buildings from several periods. The old town of Gwalior lies at the eastern base of the fortress. Lashkar, formerly a separate town that originated as a military camp, lies to the south, and Morar, also a formerly separate town, lies to the east . Gwalior, Lashkar and Morar are presently part of Gwalior Municipality. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // The Tomar or Tanwar is a northwestern Indian Chandervanshi Rajputs clan, most of whom are populated in northern part of India. ... Lashkar, a Persian word meaning military camp, can refer to: A town in Madhya Pradesh that is now part of the Gwalior municipality. ... The Sands at Morar Morar is a small village in Lochaber, Highland, Scotland, with a population of 257 [1]. The name Morar is also applied to the wider district around the village. ...


Massive Gwalior Fort, popularly called Gibraltar of India overlooks the city. The great Mughal Emperor Babur reputedly described it as, "The pearl in the necklace of the forts of Hind". This forts architecture is the only one in India , which shows Chinese influence , as Chinese dragons that have been crafted at the hilt of the pillars. This influence was due to trade between china and India.


In the east of the city are two magnificent examples of early Mughal architecture. One is mausoleum of, 16th century Sufi saint Ghous Mohammed, and another is tomb of Mian Tansen, a great singer and one of the 'Nine Jewels' of Emperor Akbar's court. Right next to them is the Gujari Mahal, which according to the local stories says that the maharaj made for his 9th queen, he was married to eight queens, but none were able to produce a heir for him, thus he finally married a milkman’s daughter called “naani”, later she was renamed “mrignani” (meaning beautiful eyes), since she wasn’t of royal heritage, the maharaj had to make a separate palace for her, which is now called “gujari mahal”.



Close to the heart of the city is splendid Jai Vilas Palace, patterned on the style of the 'Palais de Versailles' in France combines Tuscan, Italian and Corinthian styles of architecture.


Rich in cultural heritage and architectural marvels, Gwalior has the added advantage of it's proximity to Agra, the city of Taj Mahal, Khajuraho, the city of great temples and Delhi, the national capital.


Historically and architecturally, Gwalior is interesting first as a very ancient seat of Jain worship; secondly for its example of palace architecture of the best Hindu period (1486-1516); and thirdly as an historic fortress. Many historical places are found near the Dabra-Bhitarwar Road. Prior to the founding of Gwalior the region was also known by its ancient name of Gopasetra. The great Apabhramsha poet Pandit Raighu lived in Gwalior. Gwalior had an institutional seat of the Bhattarakas of Kashtha Sangh and later Mula Sangh. Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Dabura is a fictional character in the manga Dragon Ball/Dragon Ball Z and the anime Dragon Ball Z. He is the King of the Demons, and Babadis right-hand man, being placed under his control by a spell. ... Bhitarwar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Gwalior district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... A Bhattaraka is the head of traditional Jain institution. ... Kashtha Sangha (काष्ठा संघ) was a Digambar Jain monastic order once dominant in several regions of North and Western India. ... Mula Sangh (Sanskrit मूलसंघ) is an ancient Jain monastic order [1]. Mula literally means the root or the original order. ...

View from the summit of the Gwalior Fort showing the palace of the Maharajah of Scindia. circa 1882.
View from the summit of the Gwalior Fort showing the palace of the Maharajah of Scindia. circa 1882.

According to local legend, the original fort of Gwalior was founded by the Kachwaha chief, Suraj Sen. His palace is the most interesting example of early Hindu work of its class in India. Another palace of even greater extent was added to this in 1516. The Mughal emperors Jahangir and Shah Jahan added palaces to these two, the whole making a group of edifices unequalled for picturesqueness and interest by anything of their class in central India. Among the apartments in the palace was the celebrated chamber, named the Baradari, supported on 12 columns, and 45 ft (15 m) square, with a stone roof, forming one of the most beautiful palace-halls in the world. It was, besides, singularly interesting from the expedients to which the Hindu architect was forced to resort to imitate the vaults of the Muslims. Of the buildings, however, which so excited the admiration of the first Mughal emperor Babur, probably little now remains. Image File history File links Gwalior_fort_view. ... Image File history File links Gwalior_fort_view. ... 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scindia Family of India. ... The Kachwaha (also spelled as Kacchavahas, Kachhawa, Kuchhwaha , Kushwaha, and includes Kacchapghata, Kakutstha, and Kurma) are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan which was ruling a number of kingdoms and princely states, including Jaipur, Alwar, Jammu and Kashmir, Amethi and Maihar, before Indias independence in 1947. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... n ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Zāhir ud-DÄ«n Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ...


Jai Vilas palace, in Lashkar is a marvellous palace museum, part of which is open to the public and gives a glimpse into the life of the royal family. This article is about the monarchy-related concept. ...


The Fort area is also home of the Scindia School, a well regarded institution founded by the late Maratha Maharaja Madho Rao Scindia of Gwalior in 1897. Scindia School Logo The Scindia School is a residential school for boys, situated in the Gwalior Fort, in Gwalior, India. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ...

Teli-ka-Mandir

A striking part of the Jain remains at Gwalior is a series caves or rock-cut sculptures, excavated in the rock on all sides, and numbering nearly a hundred, great and small. Most of them are mere niches to contain statues, though some are cells that may have been originally intended for residences. One curious fact regarding them is that, according to inscriptions, they were all excavated within the short period of about thirty-three years, between 1441 and 1474. One of the colossal figures is 57 ft (17 m) high, which is taller than any other in northern India. temple in Gwalior India from Frolic and Fun 1897 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... temple in Gwalior India from Frolic and Fun 1897 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...


Gwalior fort also has the Gurudwara Data Bandi built in the memory of the sixth Sikh Guru Har Gobind. This Gurudwara is particularly large and grand, built entirely of marble with coloured glass decorating the main building. Recital of the Guru Granth Sahib creates a peaceful and sacred atmosphere. Moghul kings were use to visit gwalior usually(ankur shrivastava {gwalior}) A Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Mid-nineteenth century miniature of Guru Hargobind. ... The Shri Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) is the 11th Guru of Sikhism, the holy book of Sikhism, which is revered as a living Guru by the Sikhs. ...


Geography

Gwalior is located at 26.22° N 78.18° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 197 metres (646 feet). Gwalior is a historical Indian city - is located on the periphery of Madhya Pradesh State, 321 km (199.5 Miles) from Delhi and 121 km (76 Miles) from Agra. This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Climate

Gwalior has a sub-tropical climate with hot summers from March to June, the humid monsoon season from July to October and a cool dry winter from November to December. The highest recorded temperature was 47oC and the lowest was -1oC.

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 22 27 33 38 42 41 34 32 32 31 28 24
Mean daily temperature (°C) 14 18 24 30 34 35 30 28 28 24 19 15
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 7 10 16 22 27 30 26 25 24 18 11 7
Average precipitation (cm) 0 0 1 0 0 9 17 38 18 10 0 0
Source: Weatherbase

For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ...

Transportation infrastructure

The city is well connected via rail, road and air transport services.


Air: There is a daily flight of "Air Deccan" from Delhi.


Railways

Gwalior is one of the major commercial railway stations of North-Central railway. It comes under Allahabad Division of Indian Railways. It has 3 railway stations also. This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Gwalior is, perhaps, one of the only few places where there are both narrow gauge and broad gauge railways tracks are still operational. A unique aspect about Gwalior narrow gauge is that the width of the track is smallest among all the narrow gauge tracks in India. Gwalior is well connected via train services to all parts of the country including 4 metros. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Trivandrum, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu, Indore, Jaipur, Lucknow, Bhopal, Nagpur, Chandigarh and other major towns. Gwalior is the main station serving most of the important and long distance trains. There are two other stations within city limits, named Birla nagar and Sithouli. These stations interconnect to other stations and also serve the short distance trains connecting Gwalior to nearby towns and villages. , Bombay redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ...


There are other narrow gauge stations within city, named Goshipura and Motijheel.


Gwalior lies on the longest functional broad gauge line in India between Delhi and Mumbai. Gwalior railway station has good and clean infrastructure and facilities. Gwalior won awards by Indian Railway for clean infrastructure in 1987, 88, 89 and 1992. All train stop in Gwalior by passing through like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express. , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ...


Gwalior is also direct connections to the IT Hub such as Bangalore, Pune and Hyderabad.


Roads

Gwalior is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The Agra-Bombay national highway (NH3) passes through Gwalior. The Agra-Bombay Road runs though the city connecting it to Shivpuri on one end and Agra on the other. The city is connected to the Jhansi by the National Highway 75, towards the south of the city. In the Northern, the city is connected to the holy city of Mathura via National Highway 3. There are bus services to and from all major and minor cities near Gwalior. The prominent one being Bhopal, Agra, Delhi, Jabalpur, Jhansi, Bhind, Morena, Datia, Jaipur and Indore. , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ...


Local transport

Gwalior had lacked proper means of public transport for long. However, recently the municipal corporation has launched Gwalior City Bus covering most of the areas in Gwalior city.


The other means of public commuting are the mini-buses (Nagar sevas in local language) and Tempos, which are often overcrowded and uncomfortable. You can also hire an auto-rickshaw to get around places in the city which are not covered by bus routes.


The tempos and auto-rickshaws, are rather infamous for pollution, and the local government has plans to replace the tempos with vans that shall run on Liquified Petroleum Gas.


Art and culture

Gwalior is a well acknowledged place of art, associated with historic as well as contemporary evidence. In August 2005 a mural created by Aasutosh Panigrahi along with five other artist, was acknowledged as World's Largest Indoor Mural by Guinness Book of Records. The artwork was created at Shyam Vatika (Saraswati Estate, near Gola Ka Mandir). Shyam Vatika is one of the largest Auditorium of Gwalior. Gwalior holds an unparalleled reputation in Sangeet and the legendary musician Tansen came from Gwalior. In his memory Tansen Samaroh is held every year. Still many people acknowledge that there is no equal to Tansen in music. Sarod Maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan was also from the royal city of Gwalior. His grandfather Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash became a court musician in Gwalior. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Aasutosh Panigrahi is the World Record Holder The largest indoor mural measures 904 m² (9,731 ft²) and was painted by six artists from 27th February to 5th March 2005 at Shyam Vatika, Saraswati Estate, Cimmco Tiraha, Gwalior, India. ... The term sangeet has several definitions - all of which are derived from its Sanskrit origins. ... Tansen (possibly imaginary likeness created much later) Miyan Tansen (1493 or 1506 – 1586 or 1589) is considered among the greatest composer musicians in Hindustani classical music. ... The sarod or sarode (Hindi:सरोद, Bengali: সরোদ) is a string musical instrument, used mainly in Indian classical music. ... Ustad Amjad Ali Khan is a highly acclaimed Indian sarod player and composer. ...


Culturally Gwalior is the confluence of two rich cultures Bundeli and Braj. Bundelkhand covers Gwalior, Bhind, Morena, Sagar, Shivpuri, Guna, Sheopur and adjoining areas.


Tansen Festival

Every year a national level music festival is organised in November/December near the tomb of Mian Tansen, one of the 'Nine Jewels' of Emperor Akbar's court. Musicians and singers from all over India come here to perform in the festival.


Folk Dances

Ahiri Dance

This dance is related to people who have traditionally been in the business of cattle herding. In different parts of the state these people are known by different castes such as Ahir, Baredi, Gwal, Rawat, Raut, Gwala etc. These people believe that they are the descendents of Lord Krishna. Since this site is about Gwalior, here I am giving description of Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand only. If you wish to know more about dances in other parts of the state you are most welcome to contact me.


Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand

This dance has been associated with the biggest Hindu festival "Diwali". On the night of Diwali people worship Laxmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth (after all no body can live without money), and cattle. Next day on the occasion of "Padva" or "Parva" cattle are sent to jungles or ranches after being decorated with flowers and garlands. They are given special dishes as food. Yadav dance is performed on the same occasion.


Dancers dance in a circular path while singing songs. Sometimes they sit or lie down on earth and suddenly they restart their dance. Rhythm of the song is very low in starting and increases with time. Music instruments are started only when two lines of the song are finished. Primarily these are two line couplets. Sometimes these are in form of questions and answers. This dance continues till Kartik Purnima.


Dress Dancers, instrument beaters and their associates wear a clean turban on head. Some people like to put on Dhoti up to knees (long cloth wore by men enwrapping their waist). Some people specially dancers wear colorful shorts. Dancers also keep bunch of peacock feathers.


Music Instruments Mradang, Dholak, Ramtula, Dhapli, Manzira, Jhanz etc. are used in this dance.


Saharia Dances

Saharias are tribal people who live in jungles. They work in farms and also collect medicinal plants from jungles. There are several dances of Saharias. Some of the important ones are: Lur Dance, Lanhgi Dance, Dul-Dul Ghodi Dance, Raya Dance, Ada-Khada Dance.


Lur dance of Saharias

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage starting from the day of ritual of "Haldi" (In this ritual whole body is pasted with turmeric and after sometime it is removed so the body is cleaned) till the arrival of Barat (Bridegroom comes to the house of the bride with his relatives and friends for marriage ceremony).


Lanhgi dance of Saharias

This dance is also known as Danda(baton) dance because Saharias dance with small batons in their hands with which they strike at each other and perform Lanhgi dance. Only men are allowed in it. This dance is performed on the occasion of Bhujarias, Teja ji puja and Aekadashi etc.


Dul-Dul Ghori dance

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage by males. In this dance a hollow case of ghori (mare) is prepared of bamboo sticks. The dancer stands in the hollow place and dances.(depicts various movements of mare.) There is also a joker in women clothing. People sing folk songs during the dance.


Folk Poets

Jagnik

Jagnik was a folk poet of 11th-12th century. At that time some poets used to write biographies of folk warriors. These biographies were called "Raso". Jagnik wrote "Parmal raso" or "Alha khan" Which contains the description of 52 battles fought by Bundeli war heroes Alha and Oodal. The style of singing alha khand has a unique distinction and it is very popular in the region. Dholak, timaki, jhinka, and majira are its musical instruments. People who sing alha are called "Alhet". Lalloo vajpayi is a very famous alhet.


Ghag

Ghag was a folk poet of Mughal period. His couplets are full of humor and normally have a message for common men. One of his poem is:


घर घोड पैदल चले
तीर चलावे बीन
थती धरे दामादे घर
जग मे भकुआ तीन

Ghar ghod paidal chale Teer chalave been Thati dhare damade ghar Jag mai bhakua teen

In this poem Ghag is saying there are three types of fools in this world. First who would walk on foot even if they have a horse i.e. not using the resources. Second who would use Been (a sort of music instrument) in lieu of arrow i.e. doing wrong work. Third who would keep their savings in the house of a son-in-law because son in laws demand dowry in India.


Children Games

Cheel Pata Pat Ghaghar Gholi This is a game of girls. This game is particularly played in moonlight. In this game girls sit in courtyard in such a way that their ankles and the feet meet together. In this position they sing "cheel pata pat ghaghar gholi" and clap once then they move a bit aside. Suddenly a girl say "furra" and all the girls climb to the courtyard wall the girl who does this in the last has to give "dav". Giving "dav" means the girl has to touch some other girl. Other girls try to run away from that girl. This game continues till that girl touches some other girl.


Aati Pati

This is a game of boys. All the boys stand in a circular path and choose a leader of the group. The leader of the group puts his hand on the chest of the boys one by one while saying " Aati-pati mar gadha ki chhati, Tera ladka mera nati, Ja le aa babul ki pati". On whomsoever this line end, needs to bring a leaf of Babul (Acacia Arabica). In the mean time rest of the boys hide themselves. When the boy returns with a leaf, he needs to find a boy. If he does then the boy who got discovered will go to bring new leaf and so on.


Main festivals

All national festivals, Diwali, Holi, Makara Sankranti, Eid-ul-Fitr, Rakhi and other local ones like Nag-Panchmi, Ahilya Utsav, Ganesh Utsav, Garba (Navratri Utsav), Dussehara, Durga Puja are celebrated with equal enthusiam. Last decade has seen a rise in celebration of events like Valentine's Day, Rose Day and New Year's Eve.


Gwalior also celebrates Rang Panchami quite differently. This festival is celebrated five days after Dulendi or Holi. This is also celebrated like Dulendi, but colors are mixed with water and then either sprinkled or poured on others.


Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated in a unique way in Gwalior city. Gwalior's Peoples were arrange a carnival of floats (known as "Jhanki" in local Hindi language) in various places of city.


Makar Sankranit - is a 'Kite Festival' where people fly kites and competitions are held to cut each other's kites in sky on 14th January each year.


Education

Gwalior is known for its large number of educational institutions.


Higher education

  • B.V.M.C.T.M
  • MLB College
  • [Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry & Research Centre](MPCD&RC)
  • Maharana Pratap College Of Technology (MPCT)
  • NIS Academy
  • Aditya College (Aditya College[1])
  • NRI Institute of Technology & Management (N[2]RIITM)
  • Gajara Raja Medical College
  • Institute of Technology and Management(ITM Universe)
  • Laxmi Bai National Institute of Physical Education LNIPE
  • Indian Institute of Travel and Tourism Management
  • Nagaji Group of Colleges
  • Madhav college(Art&Commerce)
  • (The Govt Shayam Lal Pandviya College)
  • Govt Science College
  • Govt Girls College
  • ITM Group of Colleges
  • Shri Ram College of Engineering
  • Gwalior Engineering College (G.E.C.)
  • Academy of Nursing Sciences and Hospital (A.N.S.H)
  • p.g.v college of science

Rustamji Institute of Technology, (Tekanpur, BSF Academy, Gwalior) The Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior (IIITM Gwalior), is a deemed university, which was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Developement, Government of India as an initiative to foster IT and management education in India. ... The Madhav Institute of Technology & Science, Gwalior (formerly Madhav Engineering College, Gwalior), commonly known as MITS-Gwalior or MITS-G, is a major college of engineering in Gwalior, India. ... Jiwaji University is an affiliating university situated in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. ... An affiliating university is one that sets courses of study, conducts examinations, and awards educational credentials, but leaves the chore of undergraduate instruction to an array of colleges; the affiliation, then, is between university and college. ...


Schools

  • BSF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
  • Army School Gwalior
  • BSF PRIMARY SCHOOL
  • Gwalior Glory High School
  • Wendy School Junior College
  • Scindia School
  • Miss Hill School
  • Kiddy's Corner School
  • Little Angels High School
  • Scindia Kanya Vidyalaya
  • National Convent Higher Secondary School.
  • Carmel Convent
  • Vidya Bharti
  • St. Paul's college
  • A.M.I.
  • R.K.V.M. (both M.P as well as C.B.S.E. boards)
  • C.S. Bright Public High School
  • Balak mandir schools
  • D. A. V. Higher Secondary School
  • Bhartiyam Vidya Niketan

Scindia School Logo The Scindia School is a residential school for boys, situated in the Gwalior Fort, in Gwalior, India. ... Miss Hill School is a private school situated in Gwalior, India. ... Little Angels High School is a school in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. ...

Sports

Gwalior boasts the sports university, Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE)[3]. Gwalior is also home to the cricket stadium Roop Singh Stadium, named after the hockey player Roop Singh. The ground has witnessed many One Day International (ODI) Cricket matches including several Day-night encounters. It has an international swimming pool named Taran Puskar. Captain Roop Singh Stadium, is a cricket ground in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. ... A One-day International (ODI) cricket match is a one-day cricket match played between two international teams each representing a particular country. ...


Areas of the city

The Old Town

The old town of Gwalior, commonly called Hazira, which is of considerable size, but irregularly built, lies at the eastern base of the rock. It contains the tomb of the Sufi saint Mahommed Ghaus, erected during the early part of Mughal emperor Akbar’s reign, and the tomb of Mian Tansen, a great singer and one of the 'Nine Jewels' of Akbar's court. A town called by his name Ghauspura situated near the tomb of Mohaommed Ghaus. Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Close to the heart of the city is splendid Jai Vilas Palace, patterned on the French palace of Versailles. The town has a museum situated in the Gujari Mahal. This article is about the city of Versailles. ...


Lashkar

Lashkar is derived from the Persian lashkar, meaning army, or camp, as it was originally the camp, and later the permanent capital, of the Scindia dynasty of Gwalior state. Jayaji Chowk is the central focus of Lashkar, with a large square, a former opera house, banks, tea, coffee and juice stands and a municipal market building. Thriving bazaars surround the chowk. Farsi redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scindia Family of India. ... Gwalior State was an Indian kingdom ruled by the Sindhia dynasty. ...


Many jewellery shops are situated near Jayaji Chowk aka Maharaj bada. A source of water for the city Tighra is 10 km north of here. The Gajra Raja Medical College, founded in 1946 by the Maharaja Jiwaji Rao Scindia and the Maharani Vijayaraje Scindia, is situated in Lashkar on Palace Road, near Katora Taal, together with a group of many hospitals.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1244x805, 486 KB)Gwalior Fort File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1244x805, 486 KB)Gwalior Fort File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Morar

Morar, formerly a separate town, lies three miles (5 km) east of the old city. It was formerly a British military cantonment. Morar was the scene of the most serious uprising in Central India. By 1900 it had become a centre for local trade and had an important training industry, with a population of 19,179 in 1901. A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters, typically in South India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ...


The second Temple of the Sun in India is situated in Morar at Residency Road after The Konark Sun Temple. This Sun Temple was built by the Aditya Birla Trust.


The cantonment area makes up a large area of Morar which is official residences for the Indian Army. It has many canteens for Army personnel. Near it is located one of the best known schools in Gwalior: The St. Paul's School.


Morar is generally a rural farming town. There is a big Galla Mandi. There are some beautiful places in Morar also and the area is known as the green part of Gwalior because much of the area is still rural. Deogarh Kothi


Places of Interest

The Fort

Standing on a steep mass of sandstone, Gwalior Fort dominates the city and is its most significant monument. It has been the scene of momentous events, imprisonment, battles and jauhars . A steep road winds upwards to the fort, flanked by statues of the Jain tirthankaras, carved into the rock face. The magnificent outer walls of the fort still stand, two miles (3 km) in length and 35 feet (11 m) high, bearing witness to its reputation for being one of the most invincible forts of India. This imposing structure inspired Emperor Babur to describe it as " the pearl amongst the fortresses of Hind ".the fort is called as johar tower.


Gujari Mahal

Within the fort are some marvels of medieval architecture. The 15th century Gujari Mahal is a monument to the love of Raja Mansingh Tomar for his intrepid Gujar Queen, Mrignayani. The outer structure of Gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation; the interior has been converted into Archaeological Museum housing rare antiquities,some of them dating back to the 1st century A.D. Even though many of these have been defaced by the iconoclastic Mughals , their perfection of form has survived the ravages of time. Particularly worth seeing is the statue of Shalbhanjika from Gyraspur, the tree goddess, the epitome of perfection in miniature . The statue is kept in the custody of the museum's curator, and can be seen on request.


Man Mandir Palace

Built between 1486 and 1517 by Babur.The tiles that once adorned its exterior have not survived , but at the entrance , traces of these still remain. Within the palace rooms stand bare, stripped of their former glory, testifying to the passing of the centuries. Vast chambers with fine stone screens were once the music halls, and behind these screens, the royal ladies would learn music from the great masters of the day. Below, circular dungeons housed the state prisoners of the Mughals. Emperor Aurangzeb had his brother , Murad imprisoned , and later executed here. Close by is Jauhar Pond, where in the Rajput tradition, the Ranis committed mass sati after their consorts had been defeated in battle. At Man Mandir Palace, a poignant ambience of those days of chivalry and heroism still lingers in the silent chambers. A superbly mounted Son-et-Lumiere here brings it all alive every evening.


Gurudwara Data Bandhi Chhod

Built in the memory of Guru Hargobind Saheb , the 6th Sikh Guru who was imprisoned here by Emperor Jehangir for over two years. It is located on the Gwalior Fort.


Gopachal Parvat

Situated on the Mountain Area at slopes of Gwalior Fort carries unique statue of Jain Tirthankars. The largest Idol of Bhagwan Parshwanath on Lotus is the largest statue(in single stone piece) in the world, being 47 feet (14 m) high and 30 feet (9.1 m) in width. 26 Jain statues in a series give a beautiful and attractivce picturescue. Built between 1398 to 1536 by Tomar Kings - these Jain Tirthankars Statues are a species of Architecture and a treasure of Old Indian heritage and culture.


Sun Temple

Located near the Residency at Morar, the newly constructed Sun Temple takes its inspiration from the famous Konark Sun Temple in Orissa.


Sarod Ghar

This Museum of Music has been set up in the old ancestral house of the legendary Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan. It houses ancient instruments of the great Indian Masters of yesteryears.It also houses an impressive collection of photographs and documents. Sarod Ghar is a unique institution devoted to promoting Indian classical music, heritage and culture.Through this 'window' to the past , music lovers can gain a better understanding of the evolution and history of our classical music and a deeper perspective and insight into the context of the art as it exists today.


Jai Vilas Palace and Museum

A splendor of a different kind exists in the Jai Vilas Palace, current residence of the Scindia family. Some 25 rooms have been turned into the Jivaji Rao Scindia Museum, and in these rooms , so evocative of a regal lifestyle, the past comes alive. Jai Vilas is an Italianate structure which combines the Tuscan and Corinthian architectural modes. The imposing Darbar Hall has two central chandeliers weighing a couple of tonnes, and were hung only after ten elephants had tested the strength of the roof. Ceilings picked out in gilt, heavy draperies and tapestries , fine Persian carpets and antique furniture from France and Italy are the features of these spacious rooms. Eye catching treasures include : a silver train with cutglass wagons which served guests as it chugged around the table on miniature rails; a glass cradle from Italy used for the baby Krishna each Janmashtami, silver dinner services and swords that were once worn by Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan. Also on display are gifts from practically every country in the world. These are ,besides, personal mementoes of past members of the Scindia family : the jeweled slippers that belonged to Chinkoo Rani , four-poster beds, hunting trophies and portraits. The Scindia Museum offers an unparalled glimpse into the rich culture and lifestyle of princely India.


Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Gwalior had a population of 826,919. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Gwalior has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 63%. In Gwalior, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Healthcare

Gwalior is prominent for its health care facilities with leading hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. The prominent hospitals of Gwalior include J.A. Hospital, Kamla Raja Hospital, Sahara Hospital, Cancer Research Institute, Dewan Memorial Hospital & Research Institute. Cancer Research Institute is nationally acclaimed medical center in Cancer "Alok Nursing Home" is one of the leading private maternity nursing home. Well eqquiped with all sorts of modern gadgets, the nursing home also has an I.C.U .


Research Institutes of Gwalior

  1. Cancer Research Institute
  2. Defence research Institute
  3. Potato Research Institute
  4. Cancer Research College Of Life Science

See also

Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary or Palpur-Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary (between latitudes of 25°30’- 25°53’E & longitude of 77°07’-77°26’N) lies in the Sheopur district of north western Madhya Pradesh, a state in central India. ... The Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project is an effort to save the last Asiatic lions from extinction in the wild. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Trinomial name Panthera leo persica Meyer, 1826 Current distribution of the Asiatic Lion in the wild Synonyms Leo leo goojratensis (India) Leo leo persicus (Persia) The Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica; also known as Indian Lion) is a subspecies of the lion found only in India. ... cheese ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... In-situ conservation means on-site conservation. It is the process of protecting an endangered plant or animal species in its natural habitat, either by protecting or cleaning up the habitat itself, or by defending the species from predators. ... The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (also known as Sasan-Gir and गिर वन) is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Gwalior State was an Indian kingdom ruled by the Sindhia dynasty. ... Jiwaji University is an affiliating university situated in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gwalior
  2. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  • FallingRain Map - elevation = 196m
Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gwalior - LoveToKnow 1911 (0 words)
The fort of Gwalior was traditionally built by one Surya Sen, the raja of the neighbouring country.
In 1196 Gwalior was captured by Mahommed Ghori; it then passed into the hands of several chiefs until in 1559 Akbar gained possession of it, and made it a state prison for captives of rank.
On the dismemberment of the Delhi empire, Gwalior was seized by the Jat rana of Gohad.
Gwalior (0 words)
Gwalior is an ancient city, on the Mumbai Delhi railroad, and is located at a distance of about 300 km from Delhi.
Gwalior was under the illustrious rule of the Scindias prior to India's independence.
The temples of interest at Gwalior are the Chaturbhuj temple, the Sas Bahu Temple and the Teli Ka Mandir.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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