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Encyclopedia > Guyuk Khan

Güyük (c. 1206–1248) (also transliterated Guyuk, Kuyuk, Güyük, etc.) was the third Mongol khan, son of Ögedei Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, who reigned from 1246 to 1248. Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han, Polish chan) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ... Ögedei Khan Ögedei, (also Ögädäi, Ögedäi, Ogotai, etc. ... Genghis Khan (c. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ... Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo...


He served as a military officer, as did the other senior princes of the Mongol Empire, under Genghis and, mainly, Ögedei. In 1233, he conquered Puxian Wannu's Dongxia Kingdom. Mongol Empires largest extent outlined in red; Timur-i-Lenks empire is shaded The Mongol Empire (1206–1368) was the largest contiguous land empire in world history ruling 35 million km² (13. ... Puxian Wannu (蒲鮮萬奴) was a Jurchen warlord who established a short-lived kingdom in the 13th century. ...


He participated in the invasion of Russia and Europe in 1236-1241 with many of the other Mongol princes, including Batu. During the course of the invasion, however, Güyük quarreled violently with Batu, and was for a time recalled to Mongolia. This breach between the families of Jöchi and Ogedei would widen over time, and ultimately prove the downfall of the Mongol Empire. // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Batu Khan (c. ... Jochi (also spelled Jöchi) (c. ...


In the meanwhile, however, Ögedei had died, his widow Töregene had taken over as regent, was in a position of great influence and authority, and used both to advocate for her son Güyük. In spite of Batu's withdrawal from Europe so that he might have some influence over the succession, and in spite of his delaying tactics, Töregene succeeded in getting Güyük proclaimed grand khan in 1246. Guyuk's enthronement near Qaraqorum, the Mongol capital, was attended by John of Plano Carpini. Töregene Khatun ruled as Regent of the Mongol Empire from the death of her husband Ögedei Khan in 1241 until the election of her son Güyük Khan in 1246. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han, Polish chan) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ... Giovanni da Pian del Carpini, or John of Plano Carpini or Joannes de Plano (??-1252) was one of the first Europeans to enter the court of the Great Khan of Mongol Empire and the author of the earliest important Western work on northern and central Asia, Russian Europe, and other...


He reversed several of the unpopular edicts of his mother the regent and made a surprisingly capable khan, appointing Eljigidei in Persia (with designs for an attack on Baghdad) and pursuing the war against the Song Dynasty. Nevertheless, he was somewhat unpopular and insecure, executing several formerly high-ranking officials on grounds of treason. In 1248, he demanded Batu come towards Mongolia to meet him, a move that at least some at the time regarded as a pretext for Batu's arrest. After this order, Batu indeed was on his way, with a large army. Guyuk also prepared for battle, and a civil war was almost inevitable. Eljigidei was a Mongol commander in Persia, fl. ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo...


However, this showdown never came to be— Güyük died on the way at about forty-two of the combined effects of alcoholism and gout. His widow Oghul Ghaimish took over as regent, but she would be unable to keep the succession within her branch of the family, as Möngke succeeded as khan in 1251. Möngke Khan (1208-1259, also transliterated as Mongke, Mongka, Möngka, Mangu) was the fourth khan of the Mongol Empire. ... Events First Shepherds Crusade Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned from 1217 to 1252) Categories: 1251 ...


Genghis Khan's sons and grandsons, like many Mongols, were haunted by alcoholism, a vice that Genghis himself had detested. Genghis himself once remarked that it was not realistic to expect a man not to get drunk on occasion. The death of Guyuk had a profound effect on history. Guyuk wanted to turn the Mongol conquests against Europe. Due to Guyuk's early death, Mongol family politics caused the Mongol efforts to be directed against South China, which was eventually conquered in the time of Kublai Khan.


The reign of Güyük, then, showed that the family split between Batu's line, the descendants of Jöchi, and the rest of the family might well be the fatal flaw for the unity of all the khanates, and civil war might well have occurred then, had he not died early. Batu eventually got together with Mongke and helped to set up Mongke as Great Khan, replacing the house of Ogodei with that of Tolui.


As for Oghul Ghaimish, who Mongke had remarked was "more contemptible than a bitch" (to a European visitor) she was executed after Batu and Mongke engineered this family coup.


External links

  • Plano Carpini's account of the Mongols.
Preceded by:
Ögedei Khan
Great Khan of Mongol Empire
1246–1248
Succeeded by:
Möngke

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mongols and Yuan China by Sanderson Beck (11119 words)
The khan must be elected, and everyone, including the khan, was subject to the law.
One exception was after the husband of Genghis Khan's daughter was killed at Nishapur in 1221; she ordered the death of all in the city, and the skulls of men, women, and children were piled in pyramids.
Guyuk accused his mother's advisor, Fatima Khatun, and got away with torturing her because she was not a Mongol.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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