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Encyclopedia > Guwahati
  ?Guwahati
Assam • India
Coordinates: 26°10′N 91°46′E / 26.17, 91.77
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
216 km² (83 sq mi)
• 55 m (180 ft)
District(s) Kamrup
Population
Density
808,021 (2001)
• 3,935/km² (10,192/sq mi)
Mayor Dolly Borah
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 781xxx
• +(91)361
• AS-01
Website: www.guwahatimunicipalcorporation.com

Coordinates: 26°10′N 91°46′E / 26.17, 91.77 Guwahati is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. Dispur, the capital of the Indian state of Assam is situated within the city. Guwahati is one of the most rapidly growing cities in India. During past few decades it has experienced unprecedented spatial expansion and also steep rise in population. In fact according to a survey done by a UK media, Guwahati is among the first 100 fastest growing city of the world and its 5th fastest growing among Indian cities. Today, the city straddles between the LGB International Airport in the west to Narengi in the east for almost 45 kilometres and between the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong plateau for around 15 kilometres. Moreover, the city is also getting gradually expanded to the northern bank of Brahmaputra. Guwahati with population just 0.2 million in 1971 is a million plus city today. Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), the city's local government covers an area of 216 km², while Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA), the planning and development authority covers an area of 340 km². Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Assam_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Kamrup was the mighty Kingdom ruled by Narayana Dynasty before the British broke the Kingdom into two big districts. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the following states: Nagaland Arunachal Pradesh Mizoram Manipur Meghalaya Tripura Sikkim Assam Sikkim became an Indian protectorate in 1947 and a full state in 1975. ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU, ICAO: VEGT), also known as Borjhar Airport, is the airport of Guwahati, Assam, India. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... , Shillong (Khasi Shillong) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smaller states in India. ... Guwahati Municipal Corporation or GMC in short is the local government in Guwahati. ... Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority or GMDA is a state parastatal agency of Government of Assam created for the Guwahati metropolitan area. ...


It is a major commercial and educational center of eastern India and is home to world class institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati. The city is also a major center for cultural activities and sports in the North Eastern Region and for the administrative and political activities in Assam. The city is also an important hub for transportation in the North East Region. Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati or IITG), an autonomous institute for education and research in science, engineering and technology located in Guwahati, in north east India. ... The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ...


Guwahati is also one of the most beautiful cities in South Asia with the mighty and picturesque Brahmaputra, river islands (e.g. Umananda), beaches, beach-islands (balicapori), thick tropical green cover, natural sweetwater lakes, hills with thick forests and with beautiful and lively native population. Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ...


Traditionally, Guwahati has been an important administrative and trading center and a river port. The name Guwahati is derived from two Assamese words: 'guwa' (areca nut) and 'haat' (market place). The name used to be spelled as Gowhatty (pre-colonial and colonial), standardized to Gauhati (colonial-British), which was then changed to the present form in the late 1980s to conform to the local pronunciation. Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... Binomial name Areca catechu Linnaeus Areca nut, or pinang, more commonly known as betel nut, is the seed of the betel palm or Areca catechu, a species of palm tree which grows throughout the Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. ...

Contents

Myths and history

View of part of Guwahati from the Sarania Hills, with the Brahmaputra river. The peaked Kamakhya Hills are to the left, the Saraighat bridge near the horizon and on the right bank is North Guwahati. The Nehru stadium and the railway station are faintly visible, right bottom.
View of part of Guwahati from the Sarania Hills, with the Brahmaputra river. The peaked Kamakhya Hills are to the left, the Saraighat bridge near the horizon and on the right bank is North Guwahati. The Nehru stadium and the railway station are faintly visible, right bottom.

Guwahati's myths and history are extended to several thousands of years. Although a specific time of the city's origin is unknown, with reference from the epics, puranas and from the pages of the explored history, it can be concluded that it is one among the ancient cities in Asia. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 716 pixel, file size: 94 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tasiruddin Ahmed I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 716 pixel, file size: 94 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tasiruddin Ahmed I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... Saraighat Bridge is the first rail-cum-road bridge constructed over the mighty Brahmaputra in Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Epigraphic sources place capitals of many ancient kingdoms in Guwahati. It was the capital of the mythological kings Naraka and Bhagadatta (reference in the Mahabharata). The ancient sakti temple of Kamakhya in the Nilachal hill (also important seat of tantric and Vajrayana Buddhism), Navagraha, the nine planets temple (ancient and a unique temple for astrology) located in Chitrachal Hill and archaeological remains in Basista and many other locations support the mythological characters and the city's ancient past. For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Image:Kamakhya. ...


The Ambari excavations trace the city to the 6th century AD. The city was known as Pragjyotishpura and Durjoya in different periods of time and was the capital under the Varman and the Pala dynasties of the Kamarupa kingdom. Descriptions by Xuanzang (Hiuen Tsang) reveal that during the greatest Varman king Bhaskaravarma 7th century AD, the city was stretched to 19 km and probably was the principal base for his strong naval force (30,000 war-boats, with officers knowing details of the sea-routes in Indian Ocean to China - Xuanzang). The city remained as the capital of Assam till 10-11th century AD under the rulers of the Pala dynasty. Excavations in Ambari and the brick walls and houses excavated during construction of the present auditorium of Cotton College, Guwahati suggest that it was a city of great size with economic and strategic importance till the 9-11th century AD. Varman is a village in Sirohi District in Rajasthan state in India. ... This article is about a village in Estonia. ... Kamarupa [from kama desire + rupa body, form] Metaphysically, and in our esoteric philosophy it is the subjective form created through the mental and physical desires and thoughts in connection with things of matter, by all sentient beings, a form which survives the death of their bodies. ... A portrait of Xuanzang Xuanzang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsüan-tsang; CantoneseIPA: jyn4tsɔŋ1; CantoneseJyutping: jyun4zong1) was a famous Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler and translator that brought up the interaction between China and India in the early Tang period. ... A portrait of Xuanzang Xuanzang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsüan-tsang; CantoneseIPA: jyn4tsɔŋ1; CantoneseJyutping: jyun4zong1) was a famous Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler and translator that brought up the interaction between China and India in the early Tang period. ... Cotton College is a premier institution for higher education located in the heart of Guwahati city in Panbazar area. ...

Digholy Pukhury, Guwahati
Digholy Pukhury, Guwahati

In the medieval times, after weakening and destruction of the Kamata kingdom between the 12-15th century AD, the city lost its earlier glory and became only a strategic outpost of the then Koch Hajo and Ahom Kingdoms of western and eastern Assam. Later the western part of the Koch Kingdom fell to the Mughals and the eastern half became an Ahom protectorate. Although the actual border between both the powers (Ahoms and Mughals) kept fluctuating between Kartoya river (now in North Bengal) to Manas river and Barnadi river time to time, Guwahati became the actual war-front (as the outpost of importance). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 513 pixelsFull resolution (1753 × 1125 pixel, file size: 688 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 513 pixelsFull resolution (1753 × 1125 pixel, file size: 688 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Kamata kingdom appeared in the western part of the older Kamarupa kingdom in the 13th century, after the fall of the Pala dynasty. ... Koch Hajo was the eastern portion of the Kamata kingdom of medieval Assam that Nara Narayan handed over to Raghudev (son of Chilarai) to govern, fixing the Subansiri river as the boundary between the western and the eastern portions. ... The Ahom Kingdom (1228-1826) was established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river, between the extant Chutiya kingdom in the north and the Kachari kingdom in the south. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...


The city was the seat of the Borphukan, the civil and military authority of the lower Assam region appointed by the Ahom kings. The Borphukan's residence was in the present Fansi Bazaar area, and his council-hall, called Dopdar, was situated about 300 yards to the west of the Bharalu stream. The Majindar Baruah, the personal secretary of the Borphukan, had his residence in the present-day Deputy Commissioner's residence (Baruah 1992:200-201). Borphukan was one of the five patra mantris (councillors) in the Ahom kingdom, a position that was created by the Ahom king Prataap Singha. ... , Guwahati is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ...


Mughals attacked Assam for 17 times and many a times temporarily Guwahati fell to them. The Battle of Saraighat fought close to Guwahati in 1671 is the most famous and known war, in which the Mughals faced severe defeat due to strong leadership of Lachit Borphukan and hard work of Assamese Army. The Battle of Saraighat was fought between the Mughal forces lead by Raja Ram Singh and the Ahoms lead by Lachit Borphukan, the Ahom governor of Guwahati in 1671. ...


There are a number of historic features in Guwahati. The Dighali Pukhuri is a rectangular lake that was connected to the Brahmaputra, and was an ancient boat yard, which was probably also used by the Ahoms in the medieval times. Moreover, there are many tanks, temples, ramparts, etc. in the city. The most important archaeological site is the Ambari excavation site close to Digholy Pukhury.


Natural environment

Bor-Sola Beel, Guwahati

Geomorphologically, the city is located in an area, where the Shillong Plateau and the Floodplains of the Brahmaputra confront each other. Landforms within the city are therefore unique with dissected hills (originally part of the Shillong Plateau), plain areas and natural lakes (the beels), swamps and the mighty river Brahmaputra. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 834 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)dkonwar File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 834 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)dkonwar File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... The Shillong Plateau is a plateau in eastern Meghalaya state, northeastern India. ... This picture shows the flood plain following a 1 in 10 year flood on the Isle of Wight. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ...


The main city is situated on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. At places the width of the river is 6 to 8 km, while its narrowest portion (1.8 km) is in the location of the famous bridge of Saraighat. There are many permanent and temporary islands and beaches in the river. Umananda a permanent island situated close to the city-center provides a unique picturesque environment. The natural drainage system consist of the Bharalu River (a tributary - the Brahmaputra) and its inter-linkages to the beels and to the Brahmaputra river. Apart from Bharalu, many small rivers Morabharalu, Bahini, and Basista flow within the city interconnected with the feeder drains of the city.


There are numerous beels spread throughout the city, which largely contribute to aesthetic and natural environments.Deepor Beel, a Ramsar Convention list wetland of international importance, the only such large water reserve of Guwahati adds to its close relation with nature. It is a famous site for the bird fans after being declared a bird sanctuary by the officials. Other water bodies/wetland within the city are Soru Sola Beel and Bor Sola Beel. The Bor-Sola Beel, which about four times the length of Dighalipukhuri, stretches from behind the Meghadoot Cinema hall and the Nepali Mandir in the Paltan Bazaar locality in the north end to Sarabhatti locality in the south end and is the biggest water body within the city. Deepor Beel, a Ramsar list wetland of international importance, on south western part of Guwahati city. ... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ...


There are several hills of different sizes and shapes. The hills in the northern areas (Nilachal or Kamakhya Hill in the north-west, Chitrasala or Kharghuli Hill in the north) close to the bank of Brahmaputra, south-central areas (Narakasur Hill, Kalapahar and Fatasil Hill) and eastern areas (Narengi, Hengerabari, etc) have in fact guided Guwahati's development in three elongated corridors limiting to the plain areas. Many of these hills such as the Nilachal, Chitrachal, Narakasur, etc. are famous of their legendary, religious and historic importance.


Climate

Guwahati's climate is mildly sub-tropical with warm, dry summers from April to late May, a strong monsoon from June to September and cool, dry winters from late October to March. The city's average yearly temperature is recorded at 24 degree Celsius (76 °F). Average high temperature is recorded at 29 degree Celsius (85 °F), while the average low at 19 degree Celsius (67 °F). The highest recorded yearly temperature is 40 degree Celsius (104 °F), while the lowest recorded yearly temperature is 5 degree Celsius (41 °F). December, January and February are the coldest and June, July, August and September are the hottest. Average yearly precipitation is 161.3 cm (63.5inches) with an average number of 77.3 rainy days. June and July are the wettest months. Extreme high level of humidity, many a times at more than 80/90 percent often creates discomfort during summer. Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... Humidity is the amount of water vapor in air. ...

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 23 25 30 31 31 31 32 32 31 30 27 24
Mean daily temperature (°C) 16 18 22 25 26 28 28 28 27 25 21 17
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 10 12 15 20 22 25 25 25 24 21 16 11
Mean number of rainy days 1 2 3 6 7 14 14 13 7 4 1 0
Source: Weatherbase

Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...

Urban morphology

Guwahati's Urban Morphology
Guwahati's Urban Morphology

Guwahati's 'urban form' is somewhat like a starfish. With a core in the central areas, the city has tentacles extending in the form of growth corridors towards south, east and west. In the past few decades, the southern Guwahati with the areas such as Ganeshguri, Beltola, Panjabari, etc. are forming a southern sub-center surrounding the capital complex at Dispur and principally depending on the GS Road corridor. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 720 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png) Creator: Amitabh Kakoty for depicting Guwahatis urban morphology I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 720 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png) Creator: Amitabh Kakoty for depicting Guwahatis urban morphology I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Beltola is a prime residential area in the southern part of Guwahati, Assam. ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ...


The core area is comprised of the old city with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fansi Bazaar and Ujan Bazaar, each one facilitating unique urban activities. When Paltan Bazaar is the hub for transportation and hotels, Pan Bazaar if for educational, administrative, cultural activities and for offices and restaurants, Fansi Bazaar is the hub for retail and wholesale-commercial and on the other hand Ujan Bazaar is for administrative, retail-commercial and residential activities. The core Guwahati with these areas is the busy and lively part of the city. Ulubari, Lachit Nagar and Chandmari with Zoo (R.G. Baruah) Road can be considered as added part of the core, which have a mix of retail-commercial and residential activities. Pan Bozaar, Guwahati, A lively part of the city centre on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river. ... Polton Bozaar, Guwahati Polton Bozaar or Paltan Bazar in the central part of the city-centre is the hub for transportation and hotels in Guwahati, Assam. ...


Among the corridors, the most important is the corridor formed along the Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road towards south (almost 15 km from the city-center). The GS Road corridor is an important commercial area with retail, wholesale and offices developed along the main road and is also a densely-built residential area in the inner parts. The capital complex of Assam at Dispur is situated in this corridor. The corridor also facilitates growth of a southern node (sub city-center) at Ganeshguri along with other southern residential areas developed during past few decades. Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ...


The corridor towards west (around 30 km from the city-center) is a rail-road corridor linking not only Guwahati but also other parts of NER east of Guwahati to western Assam and to the mainland India. The corridor links residential and historically important areas such as Nilachal Hill (Kamakhya), Pandu, Maligaon (headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways) and separates into two - one towards North Guwahati and the other one towards further west to the LGB International Airport via the University of Gauhati (Jalukbari). There are also many river ports/jetties along this corridor. The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... North Guwahati is a town and a town area committee in Kamrup district in the Indian state of Assam. ... Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU, ICAO: VEGT), also known as Borjhar Airport, is the airport of Guwahati, Assam, India. ... Gauhati University, the first University of North East India, located in Jalukbari area in the western part Guwahati city, Assam, India the university was established in the year 1948. ...


The third major corridor is towards east (around 15 km from the city-center) linking Noonmati (Guwahati Oil Refinery - IOC Ltd.) and Narengi. The corridor facilitates residential growth towards east. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. ...


Moreover, the bypass of NH 37 encircling the city's southern parts linking the western corridor in Jalukbari and the southern corridor in Nomile is currently supporting rapid development along it. Similarly the VIP Road linking Zoo Road and the eastern corridor and recently completed Hengerabari-Narengi Road as planned in the older master plan are also supporting massive residential development in the east.


In brief, the major components of Guwahati's urban structure are:

  • The core or the 'city center' with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fansi Bazaar and Ujan Bazaar
  • The extended core with Chandmari, Zoo Road and Ulubari
  • The north-southeast Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road Corridor
  • The southern sub-center of Ganeshguri
  • The western corridor towards Kamakhya, Jalukbari and LGBI Airport and
  • The eastern corridor towards Noonmati and Narengi

Pan Bozaar, Guwahati, A lively part of the city centre on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river. ... Polton Bozaar, Guwahati Polton Bozaar or Paltan Bazar in the central part of the city-centre is the hub for transportation and hotels in Guwahati, Assam. ...

Governance

Guwahati Municipal Corporation

Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) is the local body responsible for governing, developing and managing the city. GMC has sub-divided the city into 60 municipal wards. The Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is a state parastatal agency currently responsible for planning and development of Guwahati Metropolitan Area, which is currently revising the Guwahati Master Plan and the Building Bye-laws. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Guwahati Municipal Corporation or GMC in short is the local government in Guwahati. ... Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority or GMDA is a state parastatal agency of Government of Assam created for the Guwahati metropolitan area. ...


The Guwahati Development Department, a special department of the Government of Assam has been recently formed for Guwahati's overall development.


Demographics

Demographically Guwahati is one of the most rapidly growing cities in India. The city's population grew from just two-hundred thousand in 1971 to more than five-hundred thousand in 1991 and in the census of 2001 the city's population was found to be 808,021. By 2011, it is estimated that Guwahati will be a million plus city.


In 2001, males constituted 55 percent while the females at 45 percent. It was found that 10 percent of the population is under 6 years of age. Guwahati has an average literacy rate of 78 percent with a male literacy at 81 and female at 74 percent.


Economy

Separate income estimates for the city are yet not available as city-level income estimation is not a traditional practice in India and is not practiced in a systematic and continual manner. But looking at the agglomeration of activities and employment patterns it can be easily understandable that the city contributes a lions share of the state's income.


The major economic activities are trade and commerce, transportation and services. Guwahati is the most important trade hub in NER. It is a major wholesale distribution center, a marketing hub and also a retail hub in the region. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre is one of the largest in the world. As in other cities, 'mall culture' is slowly invading Guwahati. Manufacturing is also an important activity although it is not comparable to those of India's rapidly growing industrial cities. The most important manufacturing industry in the city is the petroleum refinery of IOCL at Noonmati. The city is also the head quarter or the seat for regional offices for several manufacturing and business establishments, e.g. Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL). Guwahati is also important for printing and publishing and businesses related to electronic and print media. During past two decades, businesses such as real estate development, finance, etc. are also intensifying. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC) is one of the busiest tea trading facilities in the world. ... Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. ... Numaligarh Refinery Limited is a 3 MMTPA grassroots oil refinery situated near Numaligarh in the Golaghat District of Assam. ...


Tourism and recreation, education, research, cultural activities, etc. are also slowly increasing and are contributing to city's economy.


Quality of life

Although being a medium sized city ranking around at 50th position (in terms of population) in India, city's quality of life is comparatively higher. A recent survey (2006) by a popular Indian magazine - Outlook (Money) has ranked Guwahati at 17th among all the major and medium sized Indian cities. Screenshot of Outlook 2003 Microsoft Outlook is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office. ...


The city provides competitive residential and working environments with beautiful landscapes, pleasant climate, modern shopping areas, modern apartments and bungalows and considerably good social infrastructure.


But infrastructure in the city requires extensive attention, which can increase and revolutionize city's reputation, investment environment and overall growth pattern. Major investments in infrastructure are being planned in the city covering many aspects of utility and transport infrastructures with financial assistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB). City is to also receive substantial city development funds from JNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission) - the Government of India's recently conceived mission for urban development. A city development plan has been recently finalised for the city. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ... Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission is a massive city modernisation scheme launched by Government of India. ...


Utility and transport infrastructure

The city suffers from lack of utility infrastructure. The existing water supply system is inadequate. It depends largely on ground water resources (higher water level). Neither has it a comprehensive underground sewage system. Septic tanks at individual houses are popular. The storm drainage system is comparatively good, although many areas experience water logging due to heavy rainfall in the monsoon. Extensive soil erosion from the hillocks and clogging of the drainage system is frequent and expensive for the city. Solid waste is being managed by the local authority with private partners. It lacks modern equipment, methods and practices.


Lack of sufficient road space is also a major problem. The length of surfaced road within the city is presently 218 km (ARSAC). The major corridor roads suffer from insufficient right of way, illegal construction and improper planning and design. The roads in the residential neighborhoods are extremely narrow (lack of proper regulations) causing problems related to both traffic and infrastructure installations. Cul-de-sacs are neither planned nor designed properly.


Guwahati has a good public transport system. A government agency - ASTC (Assam State Transport Corporation) and many private operators provide a considerably good city-bus system. It requires further modernisation and integration with city planning and management initiatives. Besides these Guwahati is the first city in northeast where low floored buses were introduced.


Guwahati's airport, known as Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, is situated in Borjhar about 20 km west of the city. Air connectivity has improved considerably in the last couple of years and all major domestic airlines fly into Guwahati except Go Air. Indian flies the only international flight out of Guwahati, flying the Guwahati to Bangkok sector that extends up to Gaya on the return leg. This flight is once a week. Guwahati airport averages about 20 arrivals and departures a day. Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU, ICAO: VEGT), also known as Borjhar Airport, is the airport of Guwahati, Assam, India. ... Go Air is a domestic budget airline based in Mumbai, India owned by Mumbai-based Wadia Group, majority owners of Bombay Dyeing and Britannia Industries. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Gaya was a confederacy of chiefdoms that existed in the Nakdong River valley of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era. ...


Guwahati has three railway stations serving it. Its major station is Guwahati Junction. Two minor stations are Kamakhya and New Guwahati located towards west and east respectively. Major trains serving Guwahati are Guwahati Rajdhani Express, Saraighat Express, North-East Express, Guwahati-Jorhat Town Jan Shatabdi Express. Comfortable interiors of a First Class AC bedroom Rajdhani Express is a passenger train service in India introduced in 1969 providing high-speed connections (up to 140 km/h / 87 mph, speed varies depending upon the particular track section) from various railway stations in the capital city of New Delhi... Jorhat is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ...


Educational and health infrastructure

IIT Guwahati Academic and Administrative Buildings
IIT Guwahati Academic and Administrative Buildings

The city has Gauhati University in Jalukbari. The century old Cotton College is one of the most reputed colleges in eastern India and possesses great scholastic and cultural values. Image File history File links Iitgdepts. ... Image File history File links Iitgdepts. ... Gauhati University, the first University of North East India, located in Jalukbari area in the western part Guwahati city, Assam, India the university was established in the year 1948. ... Cotton College is a premier institution for higher education located in the heart of Guwahati city in Panbazar area. ...


The Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati is the recent addition to the high-profile world's renowned IITs in India. Within a very short period of time, Guwahati IIT is proving itself as an excellent institution for research and education and its ranking among the IITs in India is increasing every year. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati or IITG), the sixth member of the IIT fraternity, was established in 1994. ...


The Assam Engineering College and the Gauhati Medical College and Hospital are the two important institutions for science and technology and medical education. Assam Engineering College established in 1955 is located in Jalukbari area of Guwahati city. ... Gauhati Medical College and Hospital is in Guwahati, India. ...


Among the city's many other institutions of higher learning, Gauhati Commerce College, College of Veterinary Science, Government Ayurvedic College, Arya Vidyapeeth College, B. Borooah College, Handique Girls College (the latter two have both Arts and Science streams), Assam Engineering Institute (engineering diploma courses), Pandu College, LCB College, West Guwahati Commerce College, Netaji Vidyapith Rly. H.S. School(Maligaon), Vidya Niketan High School(Pandu) etc. are well known.


The city is an important center for health facilities in eastern India. Many government and private specialty hospitals are available. The most important are the Guwahati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati Neurological Research Centre (GNRC), Down Town Hospital, B. Baruah Cancer Institute, Sankardev Netralaya, , etc. Medical education and research are also important activities.


Sports infrastructure

Guwahati has considerably good sports infrastructure. The Nehru Stadium and the Kanaklata Indoor Stadium in R.G. Baruah Sport Complex in Ulubari locality is older sports complex of the city. There are smaller stadiums in Maligaon--the N.F. Railway Stadium and in Paltan Bazaar area where the SAI Sports complex is located. Recently completed sports infrastructure specially constructed for the 33rd National Games includes a large stadium at Sarusajai--the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, the Dr. Zakir Hussain Aquatic Complex, and the Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi A.C. Indoor Hall. Other new sports infrastructure include the Maulana Md. Tayabullah Hockey Stadium in Bhetapara, the Deshbhakta Tarun Ram Phookan Indoor Stadium at Ulubari, Rajib Gandhi Indoor Stadium in Amingaon, and Chachal Tennis Complex. The other renovated sports complexes include--Ganesh Mandir Indoor Stadium, Khanapara, Rudra Singha Sports Complex, Dispur and Gauhati University sports stadium.


Moreover, along with the Brahmaputra, there are many lakes and rocky hillocks in the city suitable for various water and adventure sports. The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ...


Places of interests

Guwahati possesses many places of interests with lively urban activities, ancient temples, attractive natural features (apart from the Brahmaputra river) and with recreational activities. Guwahati is also situated at the center of an attractive region (within 200 km radius) with natural parks, wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations of different types and with a colourful cultural landscape.


Urban attractions

There are several interesting and lively places in the city. These areas provide the city with hotels, restaurants, shopping and business areas. The most lively part is the city center. Momos and chicken rolls are popular fast food available almost in every restaurant. Moreover, there several good restaurants offering Indian, South Indian, traditional Assamese, Chinese and continental food. There are also several good book shops and music stores. Few of these lively areas in the city are:

Brahmaputra with Ferry; Fansi Bazaar
Brahmaputra with Ferry; Fansi Bazaar

Pan Bazaar: A lively part of the city center on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. Cotton College, Digholy Pukhury (Dighali Pukhuri), The State Museum, RBI, District Court (Kamrup District), etc. are major landmarks. Moreover, the area also possesses many libraries, major government offices and a shopping district. Restaurants and bookshops in the area provide a unique environment. It is also a major wholesale market for drugs and pharmaceutical products and a hub for printing and publication. Close to Digholy Pukhury, there are many stores with traditional arts and crafts from Assam and other parts of the NER. Kacari Ghat, next to the district court is an important local river port. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 507 pixelsFull resolution (1775 × 1124 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 507 pixelsFull resolution (1775 × 1124 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Pan Bozaar, Guwahati, A lively part of the city centre on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river. ... The RBI headquarters in Mumbai The RBI Regional Office in Mumbai The RBI heaquarters in Delhi. ... Kamrup was the mighty Kingdom ruled by Narayana Dynasty before the British broke the Kingdom into two big districts. ... The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ...


Fansi Bazaar: Situated in the western part of the city-center is a busy commercial district for both wholesale and retail. Fansi Bazaar is the hub for various wholesale products ranging from food and beverages, garments to hardware and building materials. It is also known for the retail shopping areas for clothes and garments.


(because of the existence of a district jail, hangings used to take place here during the British regime, which is responsible for the prefix 'Phasi', i.e., hanging, that later got mispronounced as 'Fancy')


Paltan Bazaar: In the central part of the city-center is the hub for transportation and hotels. With Guwahati railway station, the regional bus stand (ASTC), numerous hotels, restaurants and offices and stops of numerous private bus service (regional) providers, the area is the busiest and congested. There are also many small shops selling traditional garments from various parts of the NER. The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ...


Ganeshguri: Is a newly developed commercial node in the south outside the city-center. Its proximity to the state capital complex and rapidly growing southern residential areas have made it an important sub-city-center. Ganeshguri is a busy part of the city with retail shopping areas, hotels and restaurants and small businesses.


Beltola Bazaar: Is a traditional weekly fruits and vegetables market with historic importance. The market exisists since historic past and is an important traditional trading point between the people from the Khasi hills (Meghalaya) and local people. It is a rich market with various types of local food products. It is located in Beltola, a predominantly residential area in the south. The Khasi Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ...


Other attractions

Kamakhya Temple: This ancient temple atop the Nilachal Hills is the seat of tantrik worship and shakti culture. Any person visiting Assam and Guwahati in particular , invariably pays a visit to this temple. Flooded with devotees throughout the year and mainly during the Ambubachi Mela , Kamakhya Temple is the religious heartthrob of the Assamese populace.


There is a temple of Purva Tirupati Sri Balaji situated in a sprawling 2 acres of land at Betkuchi, Guwahati. In this complex, the temples of Sri Balaji, Sri Ganesha and Padmabati (Mahalaxmi) with Garuda is the main attraction for the visitors.


Gandhi Mandap: On the top of Sarania hill is Gandhi Mandap a memorial built in honour of Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી), called... “Gandhi” redirects here. ...


Deepor Beel: A large natural lake in the western parts of the city. Provides quality aesthetics and is popular among the bird watchers, ecologists, etc. Deepor Beel, a Ramsar list wetland of international importance, on south western part of Guwahati city. ...


The Artificial Lakes: Within the city there many man made fresh water tanks/small lakes built during Ahom era including Dighalipukhuri, Silpukhuri, Nakkatapukhuri and Jorphukhuri. During the Ahom period the Dighalipukhuri used be an inland port for war ships and boats. In those days it was connected to the Brahmaputra river by a channel. On the western bank of Jorpukhuri (Jor means twin in Assamese; Jorphukhuri meaning Twin tanks) is the Ugra Tara Temple, dedicated to a form of the Hindu/Buddhist goddess Tara (Devi). The Ahoms established the Ahom kingdom (1228-1826) in parts of present-day Assam and ruled it for nearly 600 years. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... A temple dedicated to Tara (Devi) located in the western side of Jorpukhuri tanks in the heart of Guwahati city in the Latasil locality. ... This article is about the Hindu goddess. ...


Guwahati Zoo: Guwahati Zoo is one of the richest of its kind in India. Major attraction is the one horned rhinoceros.


The key attractions are:

Urban Attractions Art & Culture Ancient & Historic Others
Pan Bazaar Assam State Museum Kamakhya Temple Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Fansi Bazaar Shankardev Kalakhetra Uma Nanda Temple Accoland
Paltan Bazaar Jyoticitrobon Basistha Temple Guwahati Planetorium
Ganeshguri Guwahati Book Fair Navagraha Temple Nehru Stadium
Beltola Bazaar NEDFi Haat Sukreswar Temple Digholy Pukhury
Zoo Road Assam Forest Museum Digheswari Temple Narengi Golf Club
GS Road Commercial Museum - G.Univ Doul Govinda Temple Deepor Beel
Maligaon Lankeshwar Temple Nauka Mandir, New Colony Pandu
Pandu Lokenath Temple, Loco Colony, Pandu Rudreswar Temple
Rest Camp Kalibari Ugra Tara Temple
Hajo Pandu Port
Milan Mandir, Pandu Nabagraha

Pan Bozaar, Guwahati, A lively part of the city centre on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river. ... The Assam State Museum is located in the southern end of Dighalipukhuri tank in the heart of Guwahati city. ... Image:Kamakhya. ... Umananda Devaloi, a Shiva Temple is located at the Peacock island in middle of river Brahmaputra at Guwahati. ... A group of nine temples east of Guwahati, on the top of Chirtasala Hill, in the area of the former Chola empire of India are referred to as the Navagraha temples (Navagraha Stalams) unified by their associations with with the nine celestial bodies referred to in Hindu astrology. ... The Nehru Stadium is one of Chennai (Madras) three cricket grounds. ... The Sukreswar Temple is a important Shiva temple of Assam and was constructed by Ahom King Pramatta Singha (1744 -1751). ... Deepor Beel, a Ramsar list wetland of international importance, on south western part of Guwahati city. ... Lankeswar Temple is an ancient Shiva temple on top of a hillock in the western part of the Guwahati city near Gauhati Universitycampus. ... The Rudreswar Devaloy (Temple) was built by Ahom King Pramatta Singha (reign 1744 to 1751) in honour of his father Rudra Singha who died in August, 1714. ... A temple dedicated to Tara (Devi) located in the western side of Jorpukhuri tanks in the heart of Guwahati city in the Latasil locality. ... Hajo is a centre for various religions, Hajo is about 24 km across the Brahmaputra River, around the city of Guwahati in the Assam state in India. ...

Regional attractions

Guwahati is also located centrally to many of the regional tourist destinations and the city provides basic communication services and tours to access these. Few of these are:

  • Kaziranga National Park - 200 km east, famous for one horned rhinoceros
  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary - 60 km east
  • Shillong - 100 km south, a beautiful hill station and the capital city of Meghalaya surrounded by pine forests
  • Tawang - 200 km north, a famous Buddhist monastery in the snow-clad Arunachal-Himalayas
  • Manah / Manas National Park - 150 km west, a beautiful wildlife sanctuary in the foot hills of Himalaya

Moreover, there are several wonderful picnic spots (e.g. Candubi) in and around the city. Kaziranga National Park (Assamese: কাজিৰাঙ্গা জাতীয় উদ্যান , Assamese IAST: kājirāṅgā jātiya udyāna, Assamese IPA: kɑ/ɟi/rɑŋ/gɑ, Indian English IPA: kɑ/zi/rɑŋ/gɑ) is an Indian national park located on the south bank of the Brahmaputra river in the state of Assam, India. ... Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife preserve in the state of Assam in India. ... , Shillong (Khasi Shillong) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smaller states in India. ... The Tawang district is located at the north-west of the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. ... Manas National Park is a National Park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam, India. ...


Hundreds of traditional Oxomeeya (Assamese), Bodo, Karbi, Tiwa, Garo, Khasi villages and traditional way of life in 200 km radius of the city can be of great interests to tourist. Bamboo and fruit orchards, handloom and handicraft, wet paddy fields, fishing, etc. are typical characteristics of local traditional way of life. Xorthebary and Xualkuchi are two places near the city with tradition of bronze-crafts and silk weaving for thousands of years. Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... Bodo may stand for: Bodø A city in Norway An ethnic community in India: Bodo A genus of protozoa: Bodo Polish actor and director Eugeniusz Bodo Saint Bodo of Toul This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Language(s) Karbi language Religion(s) Related ethnic groups Other tribes of Assam The Karbi, mentioned as the Mikir in the Constitution Order of the Government of India, constitute an important ethnic group in the hill areas of Assam. ... For other uses see Garo. ... The Khasi are a tribe in Meghalaya, India and in parts of Bangladesh, who call themselves Hynniew trep (which means the seven huts in the Khasi language). ...


Madan Kamdev, at 35 km from the city is an important archeological site with ancient ruins of temples and other structures.


Hajo and the sacred place of Hayagriba Madhava are two important religious places both for the Hindus and the Buddhists. One of the temples, which is known as the Haygriba Madhava temple is a Bishnu temple for the Hindus and at the same time an important shrine for the Tibetan Buddhists. The Buddhists believe that the Buddha attained nirvana at this place. The temple was destroyed by Kalapahar and was rebuilt by the Koch king Raghudev in 1543. Another temple in proximity was built by the Ahom king Pramatta Singha, where 'doul' - a grand religious festival is celebrated every year. There is a large pond with a giant turtle close to the temple. Puwa Macca in Hajo is an important religious place for Muslims with a mosque built in 1657 during the time of Mughal's invasion.


References

  • Buaruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd, New Delhi

External links

The links provide access to important websites related to governance, educational and health establishments, industries and businesses, travel, tourism, media and major events in Guwahati:


Governance, Justice and Police

Education

Health

Economy - Industries

Tourism and Travel

Software & IT

  • A Guwahati Website Designing Company
  • Web Hosting Company

Media, Culture, Sports, etc

  • The Assam Tribune: An English daily, Guwahati
  • Asomiya Pratidin: An Assamese daily, from Guwahati
  • rupaliparda.com - link to cinema, music, local TV channels
  • guwahati.com - a local website
  • 33rd National Games, Guwahati (with the new sports complex)
  • 8th North-East Book Fair, Guwahati
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Guwahati


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

State of Assam
Assam Topics | History | Politics | People of Assam
Capital Dispur
Districts Baksa | Barpeta | Bongaigaon | Cachar | Chirang | Darrang | Dhubri | Dibrugarh | Dhemaji | Golaghat | Goalpara | Hailakandi | Jorhat | Karbi Anglong | Kokrajhar | Kamrup | Kamrup Metro | Karimganj | Lakhimpur | Marigaon | North Cachar Hills | Nagaon | Nalbari | Sibsagar | Sonitpur | Tinsukia | Udalguri
Major cities BarpetaBongaigaonDhubriDibrugarhDiphuGoalparaGuwahatiJorhatKarimganjNagaonNorth LakhimpurSibsagarSilcharTezpurTinsukia

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Guwahati: Information from Answers.com (874 words)
Guwahati is identified with Pragjyoshapura, the capital of King Bhavadatta, who is mentioned in the great Sanskrit epic Mahabharata.
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Guwahati's main business, tea is booming with the new Assam tea auction centre holding auctions that previously took place as far away as Calcutta and London.
Although strictly speaking Guwahati is split in two by the Brahmaputra - only crossed by the Saraighat Bridge and the ferries - "Guwahati" is taken to refer to the main town south of the river, while north Guwahati is virtually a separate town.
Guwahati's leafy and well-managed zoo and botanical gardens are 5-km east of the centre.
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