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Encyclopedia > Guthrie Theatre

The Guthrie Theater is a venue for staging plays in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was the result of Sir Tyrone Guthrie's desire for a new kind of theater that would provide an atmosphere that would encourage the production of great works of literature and cultivate actors' talents away from the more commercial environment of Broadway where increasing production costs demanded profitability over artistic content. The Guthrie Theater first opened its doors on May 7, 1963 with a production of Hamlet with George Grizzard playing the lead and directed by Tyrone Guthrie himself. This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8. ... William Tyrone Guthrie (2 July 1900 - 15 May 1971) was a British theatrical director. ... For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle — indeed... Literature is literally an acquaintance with letters as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary (from the Latin littera meaning an individual written character (letter)). The term has generally come to identify a collection of texts. ... This article is about the street in New York City. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. ... The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a tragedy by William Shakespeare and one of his most well-known and oft-quoted plays. ...


Paired with an innovative philosphy that included a resident acting company with high professional standards was a unique design concept in the stage itself. Design as a process can take many forms depending on the object being designed and the individual or individuals participating. ...


Guthrie selected architect Ralph Rapson to design the new theater. Rapson was a leading contributor to architecture's modern movement on the East Coast from the late 1940s through the 1950s, and served as head of the University of Minnesota School of Architecture in the late '50s. Rapson had also worked on some preliminary sketchs of the Walker Art Center, who donated some land for the Guthrie's construction. Guthrie and Rapson selected a modified theater in the round design that featured a thrust stage projecting from a back wall with seating surrounding nearly two thirds of it. Ralph Rapson (born 1914) is a modernist architect born in Alma, Michigan. ... The East Coast (also known as the Eastern Seaboard) is a term referencing the easternmost coastal states in the United States of America. ... Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Years: 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Events and trends Technology First nuclear bomb First cruise missile, the V1 flying bomb and the first ballistic missile, the... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... Affectionately referred to by locals as the U or U of M, The University of Minnesota is a large university with several campuses spread throughout the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... Architecture (in Greek αρχή = first and τέχνη = craftsmanship) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... This page is about the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, the Walker Art Gallery is in Liverpool. ... Theater in the round is a type of theater stage design. ... In theater, a thrust stage is one that extends into the audience on three sides and is connected to the back stage area by its up stage end. ...

Contents

History

Tyrone Guthrie was an English stage director, playwright, and writer. Guthrie was the director of the Scottish National Players during the 1920s and directed the Festival Theatre in Cambridge, England. During the mid-fifties, Guthrie was the artistic director and co-founder of the Shakespearean Festival in Stratford, Ontario. It was there that he first worked on the thrust stage that he included in the Guthrie Theater. In 1959 Guthrie published a small invitation in the drama page of the New York Times soliciting communities interest and involvement in a resident theater. Out of the seven cities that responded, the Twin Cities showed not only interest but also eagerness for the project. Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... Generally a director is a person or one of a body of persons appointed to manage the affairs of a government agency, company, corporation, group or project. ... A playwright is an author of plays for performance in the theater. ... Though anyone who creates a written work may be called a writer, the term is usually reserved for those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s - 1920s - 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s Years: 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Referred to as the Roaring 20s. ... The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the regional centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ... Stratford originally meant ford in a Roman street and is the name of several places: Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England Stratford, London, England Fenny Stratford, Milton Keynes, England Stony Stratford, Milton Keynes, England Stratford, Ontario, Canada Stratford, Connecticut, United States of America Stratford, New Jersey, United States of America Stratford... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Twin cities are either: two towns or cities that are geographically close to each other, and often referred to collectively; or two distant cities which, perhaps because of similar circumstances, such as industrial decline, or demographics, agree to partner each other and share expertise (e. ...


Frank Whiting, the director of the University of Minnesota Theater introduced Guthrie to the arts community in the Twin Cities and helped gather support that persuaded Guthrie to locate his theater in Minneapolis. With the help of the newly founded Tyrone Guthrie Theater Foundation a fundraising effort raised over US$2 million. The new theater was completed in 1963 in time for the May 7th opening of Hamlet. During its first season the Guthrie theater featured well known stage actors Jessica Tandy and Zoe Caldwell and featured a group of younger actors including Joan van Ark. Tyrone Guthrie served as Artistic Director until 1966 and contiuned to direct at the theater he founded until 1969, two years before his death. In 1966 Douglas Campbell was named Artistic Director. Campbell was an actor and director who considered Guthrie as a mentor. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. ... Jessica Tandy (June 7, 1909 – September 11, 1994) was a British-born American actress who was born in London. ... Categories: Actor stubs | 1943 births | Soap opera actors ... -1... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... -1... For others named Douglas Campbell see Douglas Campbell (disambiguation) Douglas Lloyd Campbell (May 27, 1895-April 23, 1995) was a Manitoba politician. ...


Throughout the 1960s the Guthrie found critical acclaim in its productions of Henry V, St. Joan, Caucasian Chalk Circle, Three Sisters and especially The House of Atreus. In 1968 the production of The House of Atreus was taken on the road in a national tour that was a first for a resident theater. Also starting in 1968 the Guthrie started producing a series of plays done on smaller stages in the Twin Cities area, Crawford-Livingston Theater and The Other Place. Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ... Henry V is a play by William Shakespeare based on the life of King Henry V of England. ... The Caucasian Chalk circle (Der kaukasische Kreidekreis) is one of United States, and was first staged in May 1948 by students at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. ... This article is about the volcanoes in Oregon. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


In 1971, Michael Langham became Artistic Director and produced highly successful classics including Oedipus the King, Love's Labour's Lost, She Stoops to Conquer, and A Streetcar Named Desire. Langham was a friend and colleague of Guthrie and continued the tradition of using a repertoire of actors. After Langham left in 1977, the Guthrie crossed a milestone of sorts when for the first time it selected an artistic director that was not a respected collaborator or friend of the Tyrone Guthrie. That year Alvin Epstein was selected as Artistic Director and was the first American to fill that role. 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Oedipus the King (also known as Oedipus Rex and Oedipus Tyrannos) is a Greek tragedy, written by Sophocles around 427 BC. The play was the second of Sophocles three Theban plays to be produced, but its events occur before those of Oedipus at Colonus or Antigone. ... One of Shakespeares early comedies, Loves Labours Lost features an artificial and rather silly plot, but displays an astonishing rhetorical technique. ... She Stoops to Conquer is a comedy by Oliver Goldsmith, first performed in 1773. ... A Streetcar Named Desire is a play by Tennessee Williams describing a culture clash between Blanche DuBois—a pretentious, fading relic of the Old South—and Stanley Kowalski, a rising member of the industrial, inner-city immigrant class. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


In 1980 Liviu Ciulei replaced Epstein. Ciulei was the former Artistic Director of the Bulandra Theatre in Romania and had a profound influence on the Guthrie theater. He challenged audiences with his bold theatrical interpretations and his highly contemporary and international style. Ciulei's intense interest in theater didn't stop at the productions themselves, he was a world-class world-class designer and architect and one of the first things he did was to redesign the theater itself. His changes allowed more structural flexibility in the stage to allow each production a unique physical presentation. While Ciulei was not able to attain all the goals he had envisioned, he was able to maintain and advance the Guthrie's national and international reputation as a first-rate example of American Theater and drew critical success with productions of classics such as Peer Gynt, The Marriage of Figaro, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Seagull, and Tartuffe. He also was able to reestablish the Guthrie’s commitment to acting ensembles by gathering together a rotating repertory in his last season as Artistic Director in 1985. 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Peer Günt is a Finnish hard rock band. ... Le Nozze di Figaro, is a comic opera composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Beaumarchais. ... A Midsummer Nights Dream is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare written in the mid- 1590s. ... The Seagull is the first of what are generally considered to be Anton Chekhovs four major plays. ... Tartuffe is a comedy by Molière, and is one of the most famous French plays of all time. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


That year the Guthrie turned to Garland Wright who had spent some time as Liviu Ciulei’s Associate Artistic Director in the early 1980s as Ciulei's replacement. Wright had shared a vision with Ciulei that included the desire to have a second, smaller stage that could act as a lab to enable the exploration of new work and performance techniques. Born out of this vision was the Guthrie Laboratory located in the Minneapolis Warehouse District. Wright also shared a desire to keep the concept of a resident acting company alive and used his ensembles to great effect. He as able to combine critical and popular success with a series of productions that helped reestablish a large, enthusiastic and loyal audience base. Productions from this period include The Misanthrope, Richard III, The Screens, and a trilogy of Richard II, Henry IV (Parts I and II) and Henry V, Medea and As You Like It. Wright also created a series of outreach programs designed to garner interest in theater among young people and involving high school and colleague instructors to help instill a theater-going habit. During this time the Guthrie also had a $3.5 million facelift that maintained Tyrone Guthrie's desire for an intimate theater-going experience. Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... The Tragedy of Richard III is a play by William Shakespeare, in which the monarch Richard III of England is unflatteringly depicted. ... Richard II is a play by William Shakespeare, based on the life of King Richard II of England, written in 1595. ... Although at its first publication in 1598 it was titled The History of Henrie the Fourth, this play by William Shakespeare is the tale of the coming-of-age of the future Henry V—young Prince Hal, the compatriot of Falstaff and other disreputable rascals. ... Henry IV part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare, first published as part of Shakespeares First Folio. ... See Medeia for the Euripides play of the same name. ... As You Like It is a pastoral comedy written by William Shakespeare, in 1599 or early 1600. ...


Garland Wright announced his resignation in 1994 and after an international search for his successor, Irish director Joe Dowling was chosen as the Guthrie's seventh Artistic Director. Dowling had gained a international reputation with his work at Ireland's national theater, The Abbey Theater, including becoming the Abbey's youngest Artistic Director in its long history. Dowling continued the Guthrie's commitment to repertory theater and presided over a return to national touring. Along with an increase in the number of the theaters subscribers to a new high of 32,000, his production of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream is the Guthrie's most-attended play ever. 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Reputation is the general opinion of the public towards a person, a group of people, or an organization. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ...


Architecture and design

Along with the Guthrie's groundbreaking production philosophy, the theater itself gained a lot of attention by the unique style. The Guthrie's design arose out of architect Ralph Rapson's work with the Walker Art Center who had asked him to work on some ideas for a small auditourm the Walker had in mind near their museum. The result was a theater with a thrust stage that put more demands upon performers on the stage, and for technical staff. The theater seated 1,441 people when it first opened its doors in 1963 and featured an irregularly-shaped stage that had 7 sides and took up 1120 square feet (104 m²). From the angles, seating radiates outward and upward, balconies hung over the space just under ceiling-hung acoustical panels that carried the asymmetrical theme all the way to the top of the theater. The uniqueness of the concept was carried right though to the use of a minimum of scenic props intended for suggestion rather then literal presentation of the physical production. In 1980 Artistic Director Liviu Ciulei redesigned the stage. The stage itself was modified so that its size, shape and height was adjustable, and he opened up the back wall to create more depth. Philosophy (from a combination of the Greek words philos meaning love and sophia meaning wisdom), as a practice, aims at some kind of understanding, knowledge or wisdom about fundamental matters such as reality, knowledge, meaning, value, being and truth. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person licensed in the art of planning, designing and overseeing the construction of buildings, or more generally, the designer of a scheme or plan. ... Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Future

The Guthrie is in the middle of construction of its replacement theater along the Mississippi River in downtown Minneapolis. The design is the work of architect Jean Nouvel and is a 255,000 square foot (24,000 m²) facility that replicates the theater's signature thrust stage and will seat 1,100 theatergoers. In 2002 the National Trust for Historic Preservation put the Guthrie on its list of the most endangered historic properties in the United States in response to plans announced by the Walker Art Center to expand on the land occupied by the theater. The future status of the existing theater is still undecided and, while the Walker Art Center owns the building and the land, many believe that the fate of the theater will be decided in the courts. A demolition permit that was issued for the theater has expired. Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge 16,200 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin Lake Itasca Mouth Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American organization which was founded in 1949. ...


References

  • Minneapolis Public Library  (http://www.mplib.org/history/ae2.asp)
  • Minnesota Historical Society (http://www.mnhs.org/library/tips/history_topics/04guthrie.html)
  • The Guthrie Theater  (http://www.guthrietheater.org/act_II/history.htm)
  • National Trust (http://www.nationaltrust.org/news/docs/20020606_guthrie.html)
  • Save the Guthrie (http://www.savetheguthrie.org/whysaveit/roscoe_archanalysis.htm)

External link

  • Guthrie Theater (http://www.guthrietheater.org)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tyrone Guthrie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (396 words)
William Tyrone Guthrie ( 2 July 1900 - 15 May 1971) was a British theatrical director instrumental in the founding of the Stratford Festival of Canada and the Guthrie Theatre in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Guthrie was born in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, the great-grandson of the actor Tyrone Power.
In 1963 he founded the Tyrone Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which was modelled after the Stratford Theatre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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