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Encyclopedia > Gustave Eiffel
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel

Personal information
Name Alexandre Gustave Eiffel
Nationality French
Birth date December 15, 1832(1832-12-15)
Birth place Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France
Date of death December 27, 1923 (age 91)
Place of death Rue Rabelais in Paris
Work
Significant buildings Eiffel Tower and Statue Of Liberty

Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832December 27, 1923; French pronunciation /ɛfɛl/ in IPA, in English usually pronounced /ˈaɪfəl/) was a French structural engineer and architect and a specialist of metallic structures. He is famous for designing the Eiffel Tower, built 1887-1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France, and the armature for the Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor, USA. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1233x1600, 564 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gustave Eiffel ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... For other uses, see Côte dOr (disambiguation). ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... structural engineer is an engineering profession who practices structural engineering. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Contents

Early life

A monument to Gustave Eiffel at the base of the Eiffel Tower
A monument to Gustave Eiffel at the base of the Eiffel Tower

Eiffel was born in Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France. The name Eiffel was adopted by one of his German ancestors in the early 18th century. The name was taken from his birthplace Marmagen located in the Eifel, as the French could not pronounce his actual name, Bönickhausen. During youth, the two strongest influences on Eiffel were both successful chemists, his uncle Jean-Baptiste Mollerat and Michel Perret. Both men spent a lot of time with young Eiffel, filling his head with everything from chemistry and mining to religion and philosophy. At school, Eiffel was extremely smart, but not very studious. While attending high school at Lycee Royal, Eiffel was bored and felt that the classes were a waste of time. It was not until his last two years at school that Eiffel found his niche; not in engineering, but in history and literature. Eiffel's study habits improved and he graduated with a degree in both science and humanities. Eiffel went on to attend college at Sainte Barbe College in Paris, in order to prepare for the difficult entrance exams into The Ecole Polytechnique. The Ecole Polytechnique was, and still is, the most prestigious engineering institution in France. Ultimately, Eiffel was denied admission to The Ecole Polytechnique, but instead attended the Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris. Ecole Centrale was a liberal private school that is now known as one of the top engineering schools in Europe. His mother's coal business provided ample income for the family and provided the funds for Gustave to receive education at the Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris, where he studied chemistry (the equivalent to a Master of Science). Eiffel graduated from Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in 1855, the same year that Paris hosted the first world's Fair, with a master's degree in chemistry.[1] After graduation, Eiffel's uncle offered him a job at his vinegar works in Dijon, France. However, a family dispute removed that opportunity, and Eiffel soon accepted entry-level employment with a company that designed railway bridges. Download high resolution version (534x1460, 790 KB) A monument to Gustave Eiffel at the base of the Eiffel Tower. ... Download high resolution version (534x1460, 790 KB) A monument to Gustave Eiffel at the base of the Eiffel Tower. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... For other uses, see Côte dOr (disambiguation). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Nettersheim is a village and a municipality in the district of Euskirchen in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Eifel is a hilly region in Germany. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Charles Nepveu provided Eiffel with his first job as one of many project managers for a railway bridge located in France. During the construction process, fellow engineers on the project were steadily quitting, and Eiffel eventually took charge of the entire project. Nepveu saw the work that Eiffel performed on the site, and continued to place Eiffel in other jobs that involved project management of railway bridges and structures. During these projects, Eiffel got to know other engineers of the time, and he would be remembered for his work and allowed to work on other projects. Without the influence of Nepveu and his unwavering support, Eiffel might not have been as successful as he would later become.


Career

The Eiffel Tower at sunrise
The Eiffel Tower at sunrise
A drawing of Gustave Eiffel.
A drawing of Gustave Eiffel.

Eiffel et Cie., Eiffel's consulting and construction firm, with the support of Belgian engineer Téophile Seyrig, participated in an international bid to design and build a 160-m long railway bridge over the Douro river, between Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal. His proposal was the winner because it was a beautiful, transparent, structure, it was the least expensive, and it incorporated the use of the method of forces, a then novel technique in structure design developed by Maxwell in 1864. The Ponte Maria Pia is a double-hinged arch that supports a single-line railway plate through pillars that reinforce the whole of the bridge. The construction proceeded rapidly and the bridge was built in less than two years (5 January 1876 to 4 November 1877). It was inaugurated by King D. Luís and Queen D. Maria Pia, after whom it was named. The bridge was in use until 1991 (114 years), when it was replaced by the S. John Bridge, designed by engineer Edgar Cardoso.[2][3] Eiffel built a number of cast iron railway bridges in the Massif Central, such as the viaduct at Rouzat, and Bouble. They are still in use by local trains and were built in the late 1860s. Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 2595 KB) The Eiffel tower at sunrise, taken from the Place du Trocadero Date: 11th January 2005 08:58 Camera: Canon EOS 20D Exposure: 1/100 sec. ... Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 2595 KB) The Eiffel tower at sunrise, taken from the Place du Trocadero Date: 11th January 2005 08:58 Camera: Canon EOS 20D Exposure: 1/100 sec. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1250x1500, 371 KB) He was a old person Gustave Eiffel in LIllustration 1893 File links The following pages link to this file: Gustave Eiffel ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1250x1500, 371 KB) He was a old person Gustave Eiffel in LIllustration 1893 File links The following pages link to this file: Gustave Eiffel ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ... James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish mathematician and theoretical physicist. ... Maria Pia Bridge, Oporto The Maria Pia bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy married to Louis of Portugal Category: ...

Rouzat viaduct
Rouzat viaduct

Gustave Eiffel also designed La Ruche in Paris. This, like the Eiffel Tower, became a city landmark. It is a three-story circular structure that looks like a large beehive and was created as a temporary structure for use as a wine rotunda at the Great Exposition of 1900. He also constructed the Garabit viaduct, a railway bridge near Ruynes en Margeride in the Cantal département. In the Americas, Eiffel designed the central railway station in Santiago de Chile (1897) and the lighthouse located on Mona Island, Puerto Rico. The lighthouse was built around 1900 by the United States which acquired the island after the end of the Spanish-American War. It was decommissioned in 1976.[4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 397 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 1544 pixel, file size: 194 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Peter R Lewis, photographed 2004 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 397 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 1544 pixel, file size: 194 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Peter R Lewis, photographed 2004 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... La Ruche (literally the beehive) is an artists residence in Montparnasse Quarter of Paris, France. ... The Garabit Viaduct (Viaduc de Garabit in French) is a railroad arch bridge spanning the Truyère River near Ruynes en Margeride, Cantal, France, in the mountainous Massif Central region. ... volcanic rock. ... For the cheese, see Cantal. ... Estación Central Estación Central is Santiago, Chiles only operating train station after the decommissioning of the Estación Mapocho. ... Mona Mona (a. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares General Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique, Railway Station in Maputo, Mozambique.
Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique, Railway Station in Maputo, Mozambique.

In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a Panama Canal. The French Panama Canal Company, led by Ferdinand de Lesseps, had been attempting to build a sea-level canal, but finally came to the realisation that this was impractical. An elevated, lock-based canal was chosen as the new design, and Eiffel was enlisted to design and build the locks. However, the whole canal project suffered from serious mismanagement, and finally collapsed with enormous losses. Eiffel's reputation suffered a severe setback when he was implicated in the financial scandals surrounding de Lesseps and the entrepreneurs backing the project. Eiffel himself had no connection with the finances, and his guilty judgment was later reversed.[5] However, his work was never realised, as the later American effort to build a canal used new lock designs (see History of the Panama Canal). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 391 pixel Image in higher resolution (2520 × 1233 pixel, file size: 922 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Digital photograph of Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique, Railway Station in Maputo, Mozambique. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 391 pixel Image in higher resolution (2520 × 1233 pixel, file size: 922 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Digital photograph of Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique, Railway Station in Maputo, Mozambique. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Ferdinand de Lesseps. ... The History of the Panama Canal goes back almost to the earliest explorers of the Americas. ...


After retirement he researched and developed new ideas through practical use of the Eiffel Tower. The tower enabled him to make advancements in aerodynamics, meteorology, and radio-broadcasting. He built a wind tunnel at the base of the tower for his aerodynamic research, had meteorological equipment placed in various locations on the tower, and suggested to the military to have radio equipment installed on the top of the tower. Within the following years the tower would continue to serve as a permanent radio tower and eventually used for television broadcasting. [6] The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ...


Eiffel died on December 27, 1923 in his mansion on Rue Rabelais in Paris. He was interred in the Cimetière de Levallois-Perret. December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Impact

Edward Moran's 1886 painting, The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World, depicts the unveiling of the Statue of Liberty.
Edward Moran's 1886 painting, The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World, depicts the unveiling of the Statue of Liberty.

The Industrial Revolution played an important role in Gustave Eiffel's life. People were traveling across the world, new technologies and materials became available, and countries were industrializing. Much of Eiffel's work was affected by one or more of these conditions brought by the Industrial Revolution. Download high resolution version (580x857, 222 KB)Statue of Liberty is unveiled The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (580x857, 222 KB)Statue of Liberty is unveiled The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... He painted some pictures, including one of The Barbary War. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886. ...


The condition that had the most impact on Eiffel's work was transportation. People around the world were demanding safe passages across rivers and were in need of bridges. Building these bridges is how Eiffel gained a reputation as an engineer, which allowed him to pursue larger and more difficult projects later in life. The bridges that he designed were constructed all over the world. The bridges allowed for easier and faster travel and trade in the geographical area in which they were constructed. Many of Eiffel's bridges did not require skilled workers for assembly, which made his bridges a great economical choice.


The Eiffel Tower had a huge impact on France. The tower was the focal point of the Exposition Universelle (1889) and drew millions of people to Paris. Nearly two million people visited the Eiffel Tower in 1889 alone. The tower quickly became a tourist attraction and brought large amounts of money into France's economy. After originally being thought of as an eyesore (it was actually designed to be torn down easily after the end of the Exposition), the tower quickly became a national symbol of France and brought a sense of pride to the people who live there. The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a Worlds Fair held in Paris, France from May 5, to October 31, 1889. ...


The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States. Eiffel's design for the interior structural elements of the statue allowed for the statue to become a reality. The statue showed the friendship and respect that was shared between France and the United States. The Statue of Liberty quickly became a national symbol of freedom in the United States and gave citizens a sense of pride. The statue became a great tourist attraction and brought many people to New York, boosting the economy. Several Americans living in France were pleased by the gift to their country and in turn, built a ¼ scale bronze model which stands approximately 2km north of the Eiffel Tower.


With all the opportunities the Industrial Revolution brought with it, it also had many challenges. Just as Eiffel had the opportunity to work on more projects in different locations, so did other engineers. Competition for projects was extremely high and the reputation of the engineer played a major role for obtaining projects. Yet another challenge during Eiffel's career was the introduction of new construction materials. Since the new materials had not been proven in projects, engineers took a risk in using them. Many of the bridges Eiffel had built were made from steel which Eiffel had helped pioneer. With the thriving Industrial world of the time. Some of his advancements included: designing a system of hydraulic presses which allowed workers to set bridge foundations deep under water, creating sturdy yet lightweight "web-like" trusses and arches to withstand high winds, using wrought iron for bridge construction because its flexibility could withstand high winds, curving the edges of piers to create more stable bases, and the development of "launching" which is a way to more easily move pieces of structures into place. Eiffel's ingenuity and brilliance allowed him to design and build some of the world's most famous structures.


Buildings and structures

The "Casa de Fierro" in the Peruvian jungle
The "Casa de Fierro" in the Peruvian jungle
Konak Pier in İzmir, Turkey, designed by Gustave Eiffel
Konak Pier in İzmir, Turkey, designed by Gustave Eiffel
San Sebastian Church, Manila, Philippines
San Sebastian Church, Manila, Philippines
  • The General Post Office, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1793 × 1188 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1793 × 1188 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886. ... The main cupola The 76-cm refractor at Nice Observatory The Nice Observatory (Observatoire de Nice) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. ... Cental portal of Eiffel market in Manaus (photo 2006) Portal of Eiffel market in Manaus (photo 2006) Mercado Adolpho Lisboa (also calling Mercado Municipal and Eiffel Market) - a central market of Manaus between Rua dos Barés and Avenida Lourenço da Silva Braga. ... San Sebastian Church The Basilica Minore de San Sebastian or, more known as San Sebastian Church, is the seat of the Parish of San Sebastian and the National Shrine of Our Lady of Mt. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ibangon Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010 GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Image File history File links Konak_Pier. ... Image File history File links Konak_Pier. ... Konak Pier in Konak, Ä°zmir Konak Pier is a 19th century building in Ä°zmir, within the boundaries of the central metropolitan district of Konak, near the citys historic center Konak Square. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 495 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) San Sebastian Church I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 495 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) San Sebastian Church I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Bridges

Maria Pia Bridge, Oporto The Maria Pia bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal. ... The Garabit Viaduct (Viaduc de Garabit in French) is a railroad arch bridge spanning the Truyère River near Ruynes en Margeride, Cantal, France, in the mountainous Massif Central region. ... Viaduc de la Souleuvre is a well-known permanent bungee jumping facility in La Ferrière-Harang, Normandy, France. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Münchenstein is a municipality in the district of Arlesheim, in the canton of Basel-Country, Switzerland. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Other works

  • Viaduct over the Sioule river (1867)
  • Viaduct at Neuvial (1867)
  • Notre Dame des Champs, Paris (1868)
  • Swing bridge at Dieppe (1870)
  • Gasworks of La Paz, Bolivia
  • Church at Tacna, Peru (1875)
  • Ruhnu Lighthouse at Ruhnu island, Estonia (1877)
  • Hotel Traian, at Iaşi, Romania (1884)
"Traian Hotel" from Iaşi, is Gustave Eiffel's link to Romania
"Traian Hotel" from Iaşi, is Gustave Eiffel's link to Romania

The bridge over the Sioule in Menat. ... Dieppe is the name of several places and events: Dieppe, France (pop. ... Location of La Paz within Bolivia Coordinates: , Country Departament Province Pedro Domingo Murillo Province Founded October 20, 1548 Incorporated (El Alto) 20th century Government  - Mayor Juan Del Granado Area  - City 470 km²  (181. ... Tacna is a city in southern Peru, located only 35 km (21 mi) north from the border with Chile. ... Ruhnu (Swedish: Runö) is an island situated in the Gulf of Riga in the Baltic Sea. ... County Status Municipality Mayor Gheorghe Nichita, Social Democratic Party, since 2003 Area 93. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 773 pixel, file size: 122 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 773 pixel, file size: 122 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... County Status Municipality Mayor Gheorghe Nichita, Social Democratic Party, since 2003 Area 93. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... Santa Rosalía is a city located on the Baja California peninsula, in the northern part of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... Estación Central Estación Central is Santiago, Chiles only operating train station after the decommissioning of the Estación Mapocho. ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Santiago Metropolitan Region Province Santiago Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... Szeged and the Tisza river. ... There are parishes that have the name Campos in Portugal: Campos, a parish in the municipality of Póvoa de Lanhoso Campos, a parish in the municipality of Vieira do Minho Campos, a parish in the municipality of Vila Nova de Cerveira There are cities and municipalities in Brazil that... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Begej (Serbian: Begej or Бегеј, Romanian: Bega) is a river in Romania and Serbia. ... City Hall and monument of king Peter I of Yugoslavia Court House Zrenjanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Зрењанин) is a city and a municipality located in Serbia. ... Mona Mona (a. ... Mayagüez (pronounced Mah-yah-GWEHZ) is the third largest city of Puerto Rico. ... The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that drains Laguna de Bay (via the Napindan Channel) into Manila Bay. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ibangon Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010 GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Maputo is the capital of Mozambique. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...

Unrealized projects

Trinity Bridge Trinity Bridge (Russian: ) is the bridge across Neva in Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...

Trivia

  • Gustave's great-great-grandson, Savin Yeatman-Eiffel founded the independent animation company Sav! The World Productions, which has recently finished producing, writing, and directing its first TV production, Ōban Star-Racers. Further, in commemoration, his company's logo features the Eiffel Tower standing atop a globe.
  • The song "Alec Eiffel" by alternative rock band the Pixies is a tribute to Gustave Eiffel.

ÅŒban Star-Racers is a French/Japanese animated television series created by Savin Yeatman-Eiffel of Sav! The World Productions. ... Alec Eiffel is a alternative rock song by the Pixies from their 1991 album Trompe le Monde, also released as a single. ... Alternative rock (also called alternative music or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of rock music that emerged in the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s. ... The Pixies are an American alternative rock music group formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1986. ...

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  1. ^ "Gustave Eiffel: The Man Behind the Masterpiece" Retrieved April 1, 2007.
  2. ^ Porto, city of bridges. Retrieved April 17, 2006.
  3. ^ Ponte Maria Pia. Retrieved April 17, 2006.
  4. ^ Mona Island Lighthouse, from Lighthouse Digest. Retrieved April 17, 2006.
  5. ^ Gustave Eiffel, from the official site of the Eiffel Tower. Retrieved April 17, 2006.
  6. ^ "Gustave Eiffel". Retrieved April 1, 2007.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gustave Eiffel (0 words)
His outstanding career as a constructor was marked by work on the Porto viaduct over the river Douro in 1876, the Garabit viaduct in 1884, Pest railway station in Hungary, the dome of the Nice observatory, and the ingenious structure of the Statue of Liberty.
Equally outstanding are certain other structures in which the pure inventiveness of Eiffel's company was allowed free rein, such as the "portable" bridges sold around the world in "kits", the ingenious structure of the Statue of Liberty in New York, and of course the Eiffel Tower itself.
In 1887 Eiffel agreed to build the locks of the Panama canal, an immense undertaking badly managed by Ferdinand De Lesseps, which ended in the biggest financial scandal of the century.
Gustave Eiffel Alexander (531 words)
Gustave-Alexandre Eiffel (nato a Digione il 15 dicembre 1832 e morto a Parigi il 28 dicembre 1923), noto ingegnere e costruttore francese, reso famoso dalla realizzazione della torre parigina che prese il suo nome, Eiffel.
Eiffel si occupò della supervisione dei lavori e il grande lavoro ottenuto lo stimolò nel 1866 a fondare una società, che acuisitì a breve grande fama riguardo la sua tecnica costruttiva, che impiegava avveniristiche strutture metalliche.
Gustave Eiffel non era mosso solo da scopi commerciali; il suo lavoro univa infatti un'impareggiabile esecuzione a un design armonioso; un esempio dell'unione di queste due caratteristiche è testimoniato dal viadotto di Garabit, in Francia, che fu, all'epoca, il ponte più alto del mondo.
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