FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Gustave Caillebotte
Self-portrait
Self-portrait

Gustave Caillebotte (August 19, 1848February 21, 1894), was a French painter, member and patron of the group of artists known as Impressionists, stamp collector, and yacht engineer. Gustave Caillebotte self-portrait This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Gustave Caillebotte self-portrait This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... See also Impressionist (entertainment): A girl with a watering can by Renoir, 1876 Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, which began as a private association of Paris-based artists who exhibited publicly in 1874. ...

Contents

Biography

Gustave Caillebotte was born on August 19, 1848 to an upper-class Parisian family. His father, Martial Caillebotte (1799-1874), was the inheritor of the family's textile industry and was also a judge at the Seine's Tribunal de Commerce. Caillebotte's father had been twice widowed before marrying Caillebotte's mother, Céleste Daufresne (1819-1878), who had two more sons after Gustave, René (1851-1876) and Martial (1853-1910).


Caillebotte was born at his family's home on rue du Faubourg-Saint-Denis in Paris, and lived on that street until 1866 when his father had a home built on rue de Miromesnil in Paris. The Caillebottes began spending many of their summers in Yerres, a town on the Yerres River about 12 miles south of Paris, in 1860, when Martial Caillebotte, Sr. bought a large property there. It was around this time that Caillebotte probably began to draw and paint. Many of Caillebotte's paintings depict members of his family and daily domestic life; Young Man at His Window, 1875, shows René in the home on rue de Miromesnil, The Orange Trees, 1878, depicts Martial Jr. and his cousin Zoë in the garden of the family property at Yerres, and Portraits in the Country, 1875, includes Caillebotte's mother along with his aunt, cousin, and a family friend. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Yerres is a French town located in the département Essonne, in the ÃŽle-de-France region. ...


Caillebotte earned a law degree in 1868 and a license to practice law in 1870. Shortly afterwards, He was drafted to fight in the Franco-Prussian war, and served in the Garde Mationale Mobile de la Seine. After the war, Caillebotte began visiting the studio of painter Léon Bonnat, where he began to seriously study painting. In 1873, Caillebotte entered into the École des Beaux-Arts, but apparently did not spend much time there. Around this time, Caillebotte met and befriended several artists working outside the official French academy, including Edgar Degas and Giuseppe de Nittis, and attended (but did not participate in) the first Impressionist exhibition of 1874. Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III # Otto Von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000[] 1,200,000[] Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian [] 70,000 dead or wounded 200... Léon Joseph Florentin Bonnat (20 June 1833 - 1922) was a French painter. ... École des Beaux-Arts (IPA ) refers to several art schools in France. ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, and drawing. ... See also Impressionist (entertainment): A girl with a watering can by Renoir, 1876 Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, which began as a private association of Paris-based artists who exhibited publicly in 1874. ...


Caillebotte's sizeable allowance and the inheritance he received after the death of his father in 1874 and his mother in 1878 allowed him to paint without the pressure to sell his work. It also allowed him to help fund Impressionist Exhibitions and support his fellow artists and friends (including Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, and Camille Pissarro among others) by purchasing their works and, at least in the case of Monet, paying the rent for their studios. In addition, Caillebotte used his wealth to fund a variety of hobbies for which he was quite passionate, including stamp collecting (his collection is now in the British Museum), orchid horticulture, yacht building, and even textile design (the women in his paintings Madame Boissière Knitting, 1877, and Portrait of Madame Caillebotte, 1877, may be working on patterns created by Caillebotte). Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... Pierre-Auguste Renoir (February 25, 1841 _ December 3, 1919) was a preeminent French painter. ... --88. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Buro Happold and Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ...

Gustave Caillebotte. Paris Street, Rainy Day. 1877. Art Institute of Chicago.
Gustave Caillebotte. Paris Street, Rainy Day. 1877. Art Institute of Chicago.

Caillebotte's style belongs to the school of Realism. As did his predecessors Jean-Francois Millet and Gustave Courbet, as well his contemporary Degas, Caillebotte aimed to paint reality as it existed and as he saw it, hoping to reduce painting's inherent theatricality. He also shared the Impressionists' commitment to optical truth. Caillebotte painted many domestic, familial scenes, interiors, and figures in a landscape at Yerres, but he is most well known for his paintings of urban Paris, such as The Floor Scrapers, 1875, Le pont de l'Europe, 1876, and Paris Street, Rainy Day, 1877. These paintings were quite controversial for their banal and often lower-class subjects, and for their exaggerated, plunging perspective. The tilted ground common to these paintings is very characteristic of Caillebotte's work, which may have been strongly influenced by Japanese prints and the new technology of photography. Cropping and "zooming in," techniques which are also commonly found in Caillebotte's oeuvre, may also be the result of his interest in photography. A large number of Caillebotte's works also employ a very high vantage point, including his many balcony paintings such as Vue des toits, effet de neige, 1878 and Boulevard vu d'en haut, 1880. Image File history File links Gustave Caillebotte. ... Image File history File links Gustave Caillebotte. ... The Art Institute of Chicago is one of the premier fine art institutions in the United States. ... Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. ... Jean-Fran ois Millet (October 4, 1814 - January 20, 1875) was a painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. ... Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (June 10, 1819 – December 31, 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. ...


Caillebotte's painting career slowed dramatically in the 1890s, when he stopped making large canvases and showing his work. He acquired a property at Petit Gennevilliers, on the banks of the Seine near Argenteuil, in 1881, and moved there permanently in 1888. He devoted himself to gardening and to building and racing yachts, and spent much time with his brother, Martial, and his friend Renoir, who often came to stay at Petit Gennevilliers. Caillebotte died prematurely, while working in his garden at Petit Gennevilliers in 1894 of pulmonary congestion, and was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... Looking down the hill at the Père-Lachaise cemetery The cimetière du Père-Lachaise (pronounced pierre la-sh-ez) is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris (there are larger cemeteries in Paris suburbs). ...


For many years, Caillebotte's reputation as a painter was superseded by his reputation as a supporter of the arts. Seventy years after his death, however, art historians began reevaluating his artistic contributions.


Caillebotte's Collection

In his will, Caillebotte donated a large collection to the French government. This collection included sixty-eight paintings by various artists: Camille Pissarro (nineteen), Claude Monet (fourteen), Pierre-Auguste Renoir (ten), Alfred Sisley (nine), Edgar Degas (seven), Paul Cézanne (five), and Édouard Manet (four). --88. ... Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... Pierre-Auguste Renoir (February 25, 1841–December 3, 1919) was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. ... Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne. ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, and drawing. ... Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. ... Édouard Manet (portrait by Nadar). ...


At the time of Caillebotte's death, the Impressionists were still largely condemned by the art establishment in France, which was dominated by Academic art and specifically the Académie des beaux-arts. Because of this, Caillebotte realised that the cultural treasures in his collection would likely disappear into "attics" and "provincial museums". He therefore stipulated that they must be displayed in the Luxembourg Palace (devoted to the work of living artists), and then in the Louvre. Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... The Académie des beaux-arts (Academy of Fine Arts) is a French learned society. ... Luxembourg Palace The Luxembourg Palace in the VIe arrondissement of Paris, north of the Luxembourg Garden, is where the French Senate meets. ... This article is about the museum: for building history, see Palais du Louvre. ...


Unfortunately, the French government would not agree to these terms. In February 1896, they finally negotiated terms with Renoir, who was the will's executor, under which they took thirty-eight of the paintings to the Luxembourg. The remaining twenty-nine paintings (one was taken by Renoir in payment for his services as executor) were offered to the French government twice more, in 1904 and 1908, and were both times refused. When the government finally attempted to claim them in 1928, the bequest was repudiated by the widow of Caillebotte's son. Most of the remaining works were purchased by Albert C. Barnes, and are now held by the Barnes Foundation of Philadelphia. Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Year 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Albert Coombs Barnes (January 2, 1872 - July 24, 1951) was an American inventor and art collector who derived his fortune from the development of the antiseptic drug Argyrol. ... The Barnes Foundation is a museum situated in Merion Station, one of the suburbs of Philadelphia in the United States. ...


Forty of Caillebotte's own works are now held by the Musée d'Orsay. His L'Homme au balcon, boulevard Haussmann, painted in 1880, sold for more than $14.3 million in 2000. --67. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory[1], the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


Works by Caillebotte

  • The Floor Scrapers, 1875, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  • Young Man at his Window, 1875, Private Collection
  • Yerres River, Effect of Rain, 1875, Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington
  • The Park of the Caillebotte Property at Yerres, 1875, Private Collection
  • Young Man at the Piano, 1876, Private Collection
  • Le Pont de L'Europe, 1876, Musée du Petit Palais, Geneva
  • Le Pont de L'Europe (Variant), 1876-1877, Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth
  • Portraits in the Country, 1876, Musée Baron Gérard, Bayeux
  • House Painters, 1877, Private Collection
  • Paris Street; Rainy Day, 1877, The Art Institute of Chicago
  • Rowers, 1877, Private Collection
  • Portrait of Madame Martial Caillebotte, 1877, Private Collection
  • Madame Boissière Knitting, 1877, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  • Rower in a Top Hat, 1877-1878, Private Collection
  • The Orange Trees, 1878, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  • Interior, Woman at the Window, 1880, Private Collection
  • In a Café, 1880, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen
  • Nu au Divan, 1882, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

--67. ... The Kimbell Art Museum is situated in the Cultural District of Fort Worth, Texas. ... On the western edge of Grant Park in Chicago, Illinois, is the Art Institute of Chicago, one of the premier art museums and schools in the United States, known especially for the extensive collection of impressionist and American art in its museum. ... The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a free one. ... The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a free one. ... The Minneapolis Institute of Arts is an art museum located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...

Bibliography

  • Berhaut, Marie. Gustave Caillebotte: Catalogue raisonné des peintures et pastels. Paris: Wildenstein Institute, 1994.
  • Broude, Norma, Ed. Gustave Caillebotte and the Fashioning of Identity in Impressionist Paris. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2002.
  • Distel, Anne. Gustave Caillebotte: The Unknown Impressionist. London: The Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1996.
  • Varnedoe, Kirk. Gustave Caillebotte. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.
  • Wittmer, Pierre. Caillebotte and His Garden at Yerres. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1991.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Gustave Caillebotte

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gustave Caillebotte - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (510 words)
Gustave Caillebotte (August 19, 1848 February 21, 1894), was a French painter, patron of the impressionist art movement, and engineer.
Caillebotte inherited a sizable fortune, including the estate in Yerres, after his father's death in 1874, which funded his patronage of the arts.
Gustave Caillebotte died in 1894 of pulmonary congestion and was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m