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Encyclopedia > Gustav Schwarzenegger
Gustav Schwarzenegger
Gustav Schwarzenegger in a ID photo from the Austrian State Archives
Born August 17, 1907
Austria-Hungary
Died December 1, 1972 (aged 65)
Flag of Austria Steiermark, Austria

Gustav Schwarzenegger (August 17, 1907December 1, 1972) was an Austrian police chief (Gendarmeriekommandant), postal inspector, a senior non-commissioned military police officer, who later became notable as the father of Hollywood star and Governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger. Image File history File links GustavSchwarzenegger. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Austria-Hungary_flag_1869-1918. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Styria redirects here. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... The Feldgendarmerie (a French term roughly translating to Field Police) were the military police units of the armies of the German Empire (including the Wehrmacht) from post-Napoleonic times through its dissolution at the conclusion of World War II. // Early incarnations of the Feldgendarmerie came into being on a ad... ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ...

Contents

Biography

Gustav Schwarzenegger, the son of Karl Schwarzenegger, married war widow Aurelia Jadrny (July 2, 1922August 2, 1998) on October 5, 1945, in Mursteg, Steiermark, Austria. He died in Weiz, Steiermark, Austria at the age of 65, where he had been transferred as a policeman. He is buried in Weiz Cemetery, Weiz, Steiermark, Austria. Aurelia Jadrny Schwarzenegger died of a heart attack at the age of 76 while visiting Weiz Cemetery in 1998 and she is buried next to her husband. is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Styria (Steiermark in German, Štajerska in Slovenian) is a federal state or Bundesland, located in the south east of Austria. ... Weiz is a small town of 8,943 inhabitants in the eastern part of Styria, Austria. ... Styria redirects here. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


His son, Arnold Schwarzenegger, stated in the film Pumping Iron that he did not attend his father's funeral, but later retracted this, explaining that it was a story he had appropriated from a boxer to make it appear as though he could prevent his personal life from interfering with his athletic training.[1] News reports about Gustav's Nazi links first surfaced in 1990, at which time Arnold asked the Simon Wiesenthal Center, an organization he had long supported, to research his father's past. The Center found Gustav's army records and Nazi party membership, but did not uncover any connection to notorious paramilitary organizations such as the Schutzstaffel (SS) or Sturmabteilung (SA).[2] Media interest resurfaced when Arnold ran for Governor in the 2003 recall election. Pumping Iron is a 1977 documentary film about the run-up to the 1975 Mr. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Simon Wiesenthal Center The Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international Jewish organization that declares itself to be a human rights group dedicated to preserving the memory of the Holocaust by fostering tolerance and understanding through community involvement, educational outreach and social action. ... The   (German for Protective Squadron), abbreviated (Runic) or SS (Latin), was a large security and military organization of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) in Germany. ... The seal of SA SA propaganda poster. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ...


Nazi Party and SA membership

According to documents obtained in 2003 from the Austrian State Archives by the Los Angeles Times, which was after the expiration of a 30-year seal of his records under Austrian privacy law, Gustav Schwarzenegger voluntarily joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (also known by its German initials as the NSDAP or simply as the Nazi Party), in 1938, and also voluntarily applied to become a member of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the NSDAP's paramilitary wing, on May 1, 1939.[2] Austria became part of the German Reich through the Anschluss on March 12, 1938. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP, commonly, the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... The seal of SA SA propaganda poster. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The history of Germany is, in places, extremely complicated and depends much on how one defines Germany. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Schwarzenegger remained in the SA until the end of the war, but records of his activities, if any, were not discovered by the State Archives.[2]


Military career

Schwarzenegger was a Hauptfeldwebel (about the equivalent of a Company Sergeant Major)[3] with Battalion 521[4] of the Feldgendarmerie, which were military police units attached to regular army units for traffic control, to enforce military law, and battlefield security, only being used to control civilian populations in the combat zone of the German army.[5] Late in the war, such units were also used to impose draconian measures against both "defeatist" German civilians and military personnel alike. Schwarzenegger appears to have received much medical attention and may have contracted malaria during his term of service; he was discharged in 1943.[2] This page relates to the World War Two appointment. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers, Second Class. ... The Feldgendarmerie (a French term roughly translating to Field Police) were the military police units of the armies of the German Empire (including the Wehrmacht) from post-Napoleonic times through its dissolution at the conclusion of World War II. // Early incarnations of the Feldgendarmerie came into being on a ad... The MP Command providing security coverage at the Padang in Singapore during the National Day Parade in 2000. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. ...


Ursula Schwarz, a historian at Vienna's Documentation Center for Austrian Resistance, has said that Schwarzenegger's career was fairly typical for his generation [6], and no evidence has emerged that has directly linked him with participation in war crimes or abuses against civilians. At the same time, his unit appears to have participated in theatres of operation (in particular, the invasions of Poland, France, and the Soviet Union) where some of the bloodiest fighting occurred and atrocities committed by the Wehrmacht were common. A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ...


In any case, Schwarzenegger was probed for and cleared of suspicions of participation in war crimes and allowed to resume his duties as a policeman in 1947. In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ Nick Gillespie (July 31, 2003). Hasta la Vista, Arnold: How Schwarzenegger could have liberated U.S. politics. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  2. ^ a b c d Tracy Wilkinson and Matt Lait. "Austrian Archives Reveal Nazi Military Role of Actor's Father", Los Angeles Times, August 14, 2003. Retrieved on 2006-11-14. 
  3. ^ Neither Robert E. Witter's Chain Dogs: The German Army Military Police of World War II,Pictorial Histories Pub. Co., Missoula, MT, ISBN 0-929521-86-2 nor the US Army's G-2 report on the German Police, April 1945 list Hauptfeldwebel as a rank. Hauptfeldwebel is a company-level administrative appointment denoting the senior non-commissioned officer of the unit, and can be held by either of the two highest Feldwebel ranks. Perhaps the confusion is that the -civil [ordnungspolizei]- police rank equivalent to a US Army sargeant major is "hauptwachtmeister", while the -military- police rank equivalent is "stabsfeldwebel", I is what is believe Schwarzenegger's actual rank was.
  4. ^ Feldgendarmerie abteilung 521 was formed in Vienna, and served in Poland, France, and with 4th Panzer Army in the USSR, 1941-44.
  5. ^ This is not meant to imply that feldgendarmerie troops or units were never involved in atrocities or war crimes, simply that such was not their function, unlike their SS, SD, Gestapo compatriots.
  6. ^ http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0825-06.htm

 
 

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