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Encyclopedia > Gustav Mie
Gustav Mie

Gustav Adolf Feodor Wilhelm Ludwig Mie
Born September 29, 1869
Rostock, Germany
Died February 13, 1957
Freiburg, Germany
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Field Physicist
Institutions University of Greifswald
University of Halle-Wittenberg
University of Freiburg
Known for Mie scattering
Religion protestant

Gustav Adolf Feodor Wilhelm Ludwig Mie (September 29, 1869 RostockFebruary 13, 1957 Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German physicist. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare Rostock (pronounced // from Polabian Roz toc, literally to flow apart) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... This article refers to the city in Baden-Württemberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... The Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg is located in the German cities of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt and Wittenberg. ... Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. ... The Mie theory also called Lorenz-Mie theory is a complete mathematical-physical theory of the scattering of electromagnetic radiation by spherical particles, developed by Gustav Mie in 1908. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare Rostock (pronounced // from Polabian Roz toc, literally to flow apart) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about Freiburg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ...


From 1886 he studied mathematics and physics at the University of Rostock. Beside these subjects he heard lectures in chemistry, zoology, geology, mineralogy, astronomy as well as logic and metaphysics. In 1889 he continued his studies at the University of Heidelberg and attained a doctorate degree in the subject mathematics at the age of 22.


In 1897 he got his Habilitation at the University of Göttingen in theoretical physics and in 1902 became extraordinary professor for theoretical physics at Greifswald University. In 1917 he became full professor for experimental physics at Halle University. Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg The Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg is located in the German city Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. ...


In 1924 became Professor at the Freiburg University, where it worked up to his retirement in 1935. He died on 13 February 1957. Location of Freiburg in Germany. ...


During his Greifswald years he worked on the computation of scattering of an electromagnetic wave by a homogeneous dielectric sphere, which was published in 1908 under the title of “Contributions to the optics of turbid media, particularly of colloidal metal solutions” in Annalen der Physik. The term Mie scattering is still related to his name. Using Maxwell's electromagnetic theory applied to spherical Gold particles Gustav Mie povided a theoretical treatment of plasmon resonance absorption of Gold colloids. The sharp absorption bands depend on the particle size and explain the change in colour that occurs as the size of the colloid nanoparticles is increased from 20 to 1600nm. The Mie theory also called Lorenz-Mie theory is a complete mathematical-physical theory of the scattering of electromagnetic radiation by spherical particles, developed by Gustav Mie in 1908. ... For thermodynamic relations, see Maxwell relations. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... In physics, the plasmon is the quasiparticle resulting from the quantization of plasma oscillations just as photons and phonons are quantizations of light and sound waves, respectively. ... A Colloid or colloidal dispersion is a type of homogeneous mixture. ... It has been suggested that nanopowder be merged into this article or section. ...


He wrote further important contributions to electromagnetism and also to relativity theory. In addition he was employed on measurements units and finally developed his Mie system of units in 1910 with the basic units Volt, Ampere, Coulomb and Second (VACS-system). Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a force on particles that possess the property of electric charge, and is in turn affected by the presence and motion of those particles. ... Two-dimensional analogy of space-time curvature described in General Relativity. ... Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt. ... For other uses, see Ampere (disambiguation). ... The coulomb (symbol: C) is the SI unit of electric charge. ... This article is about the unit of time. ...


In Freiburg during the Nazi dictatorship Mie was member of the university opposition of the so-called "Freiburger Kreise" (Freiburg circle) and he one was the participant of the original "Freiburger Konzils". (Freiburg council).


A crater on Mars was named in his honor. and also a building of the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg carries his name. Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ...


Publications

  • Moleküle, Atome, Weltäther. Teubner-Verlag, 1904
  • Die geistige Struktur der Physik. Gütersloh 1934.
  • Die göttliche Ordnung in der Natur. Furche-Verlag, 1946
  • Lehrbuch der Elektrizität und des Magnetismus. Enke-Verlag, 1948
  • Die Grundlagen der Mechanik. Enke-Verlag, 1950
  • Gustav Mie: Beiträge zur Optik trüber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallösungen. Annalen der Physik, Vierte Folge, Band 25, 1908, No. 3, p 377-445.

References

  • Niels Goldschmidt: Die Entstehung der Freiburger Kreise. Historisch-Politische Mitteilungen 4 (1997), 1-17.
  • Wolfram Hergert: Gustav Mie und Albert Einstein, Diskussionen zur Entwicklung der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. scientia halensis 13 (2005) 3, 13-14.
  • Eckhard John, Bernd Martin, Marc Mück, Hugo Ott (Hrsg.): Die Freiburger Universität in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus. Freiburg 1991.
  • Gunter Kohl (Vorwort: David E. Rowe): Relativität in der Schwebe: Die Rolle von Gustav Mie. MPI für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Preprint 2002, Berlin 2002.
  • Pedro Lilienfeld: Gustav Mie: the person. Applied Optics 30 (1991) 33, 4696-4698.

External links

  • Another short biography

  Results from FactBites:
 
IRIS software features (964 words)
For a given scattering angle it calculates the Mie scattered intensity(1) which depends on the droplet diameter, wavelength of light and the complex refractive indices(2) of the droplet and surrounding medium.
The Mie functions for each scattered polarised light component are averaged to ultimately present a simulation as would be seen by eye or camera without a polarising filter.
In contrast to rigorous Mie theory, colour representation involves empiricism and approximations and its perception is to a greater or lesser extent subjective.
Mie theory at AllExperts (477 words)
Mie theory is named after its developer German physicist Gustav Mie (1868 Rostock - 1957 Freiburg im Breisgau) and Danish physicist Ludvig Lorenz (1829-1891) who independently developed the theory of electromagnetic plane wave scattering by a dielectric sphere in 1908.
Mie theory is very important in meteorological optics, where diameter-to-wavelength ratios of the order of unity and larger are characteristic of many problems regarding haze and cloud scattering.
Mie theory is also important for understanding the appearance of common materials like milk, biological tissue and latex paint.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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