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Encyclopedia > Guru Teg Bahadur
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Sikhism

Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Image File history File links Khanda1. ...

History of Sikhism
Dharmic religions
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Sikh
The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab, the socio-political situation in medieval India, and the social structures and philosophies of Hinduism and Islam. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (yellow) and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... // Ek Onkar There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... A Sikh (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent of Sikhism. ...

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Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ...

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Sikh Bhagats refers to the Saints and holy men of various faiths whose teachings are included in the Sikh holy book the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ...

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This article list historic personalites who are important to the Sikh religion: Bhai Gurdas (1551-1637) is one of the most eminent literary personalities in the history of the Sikh religion. ...

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The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... // There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – No discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, sex, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, etc. ... There are a number of religious prohibitions in Sikhism: Cutting Hair: Cutting hair is strictly forbidden in Sikhism. ... Naam: Or Naam Japo. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books. ...

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The principal Sikh scripture is the Adi Granth (First Scripture), more commonly called the Guru Granth Sahib. ... The Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) — Granth is Punjabi for book; Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master. ... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

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Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ) (Born in Amritsar, Punjab, India on 1 April 1621 and was executed by Aurangzeb in Delhi on 11 November 1675) was the ninth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. He became the Guru on March 20, 1665 following in the footsteps of his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan. Image File history File links Portal. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... Amritsar (Punjabi: ), meaning Pool of the Nectar of Immortality, is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... Look up Punjab in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Aurangzeb (Persian: ‎, English: ) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ...

Contents

Biography

The sixth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Har Gobind Ji, had five sons of whom Guru Teg Bahadur was the youngest. The translation of Guru's name, Teg Bahadur, is "Master of the sword," However, Guru Teg Bahadur was master of the spiritual sword and not the political sword.


One day, Guru Har Gobind asked many priests including Baba Budha Ji and Baba Gurdas to come with him and bless the child that had just been born, Guru Teg Bahadur. On seeing the child, Guru Har Gobind and Baba Budha bowed to the child and touched its feet. On being asked by one of his followers to explain his actions, Guru Har Gobind said that Guru Teg Bahadur was sent to this world with a great mission: he would sacrifice his own life for the welfare of others. Guru Har Gobind always used to wear two swords: Miri (political sovereignty) and Piri (Spiritual sovereignty). When Guru Har Gobind picked up his child, Guru Teg Bahadur, the child grabbed the sword that represented Piri.


Guru Teg Bahadur came up with the triple formula of Naam, Dan and Isnaan. According to the Guru, a person who follows this formula on a regular basis will slowly free himself from the worldly desires and will only desire to be one with god. Naam means to meditate on God’s name (Waheguru), Daan means to share one’s earnings, and Isnaan means to take a bath before morning prayers.


Guru Teg Bahadur has visited various places of pilgrimage in the East. He set his foot on Agra, Prayag (Allahabad), Benares, Gaya, Patna, Kamarpur (Assam) and Jagannath Puri. Agra   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎), (IPA: ) is a medevial city on the banks of the Yamuna River in India. ... This article is about the Indian city. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Gaya was a confederacy of chiefdoms that existed in the Nakdong River valley of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur - now a part of Guwahati. ...


Guru Teg Bahadur was beheaded by the Emperor, in Delhi in a bid to save the Kashmiri Pundits.(On the whole it was for the sake of humanity)


Before he died, he nominated his son, Gobind Rai – who later was renamed Guru Gobind Singh – as the next, and as it turned out, the last Guru of the Sikhs in human form. Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following...


Highlights

The following is a summary of the main highlights of Guru Teg Bahadur's life:

Anandpur Sahib is a holy Sikh city and one of the five most holy places in Sikhism. ... The Kashmiri Pandits (Hindus) are the original inhabitants of the Valley of Kashmir. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... The Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) — Granth is Punjabi for book; Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Aurangzeb (Persian: ‎, English: ) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known as Alamgir I, was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until 1707. ... Guru Tegh Bahadar with the Kashmiri Pandits (Took place in 1675 at Chandni Chowk, Delhi, India) An extremely important event in Sikh history that had a profound impact on the future direction of Sikhism, the religion of the Sikhs. ... After the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur at Delhi, Bhai Jaita, one of his devotees, brought his head to Anandpur to great personal risk. ... Chandni Chowk ,New Delhi Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in central north Delhi, India. ... The Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi marks the site, where Lakhi Shah Vanjara, a disciple of the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, burnt his own house so as to cremate the body of the Guru. ...

See also

Bichitra Natak (Resplendent Drama) is the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru. ...

External links

Audio


Preceded by:
Guru Har Krishan
(7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664)
Guru Teg Bahadur Followed by:
Guru Gobind Singh
(22 December 1666 - 7 October 1708)
 
The Ten Gurus of Sikhism

Guru Nanak Dev | Guru Angad Dev | Guru Amar Das | Guru Ram Das | Guru Arjun Dev | Guru Har Gobind | Guru Har Rai | Guru Har Krishan | Guru Teg Bahadur | Guru Gobind Singh | (Followed by Guru Granth Sahib, Perpetual Guru of the Sikhs) Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in a leap year). ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Satguru Nanak Dev Ji Satguru Nanak Dev Ji[1] (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ, Devanagari:गुरू नानक देव, ); (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), took birth in this world to re-establish Sanatan Dharma. ... Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... Sri Guru Amar Das Ji (Punjabi: ) (5 April 1479 – 1 September 1574) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev, who died 29 March 1552. ... Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das. ... Guru Arjan Dev Ji (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das ji. ... Mid-nineteenth century miniature of Guru Hargobind. ... Guru Har Rai ji. ... Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... Sobha Singh (painter)s impression of Guru Gobind Singh Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi:ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਿਬੰਦ ਿਸੰਘ), (Born in Patna, Bihar, India, on 22 December 1666 as Gobind Rai – 7 October 1708, Nanded, Maharashtra, India) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following... The Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) — Granth is Punjabi for book; Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6651 words)
A similar interpretation describes the guru as the one that "removes the darkness of ignorance" is based on the Guru Gītā (literally "song of the spiritual teacher"), a spiritual text describing a dialogue between Śiva and his consort Pārvatī on the nature of the guru and the guru/disciple relationship.
Some gurus have been perceived by the media and by critical ex-followers to be abusing their status and to be either charlatans, self-deceived, businessmen pretending to be saints, cult leaders, or a combination of these.
Kapur Singh, Parasarprasna or The Baisakhi of Guru Gobind Singh (An Exposition of Sikhism), Jalandhar-1959
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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