FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Guria" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Guria

Guria is a region in Georgia (Caucasus), in the western part of the country, bordered by the eastern end of the Black Sea. Georgia ( Georgian: საქართველო Sakartvelo), known from 1991 to 1995 as the Republic of Georgia, is a country to the east of the Black Sea in the southern Caucasus. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in the antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ...


Guria
გურია

Official language Georgian
Regional capital Ozurgeti
ISO code GE.GU
Governor Bezhan Kalandadze
Area
 - Total
 - % water

2,003 km²
n/a
Population
 - Total
 - Density

143,000
70/km²
Time zone UTC +3
Contents

Location of Guria within Georgia, from Estonian Wikipedia. ... An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Iso (iso-) is a prefix indicating similarity or equality. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ...

History

Flag of the Principality of Guria
Enlarge
Prince Mamia Gurieli, 16th c.

The province had been under the rule of western Georgian rulers until the creation of the unified Georgian “Kingdom of Abkhazians and Georgians” towards the end of 10th century AD. Guria then was a province (saeristavo) governed by eristavi (duke). Following the disintegration of the Kingdom of Georgia in 1466, Guria turned into an independent principality (samtavro) under the noble family of Gurieli, nominal vassals of Imeretian kings. Attacked by the Ottomans at the turn of the 16th century, Guria lost Adjaria and became a tributary of the Sultan. In permanent disputes with neighbouring Georgian rulers, two princes of the Gurieli family Giorgi III Gurieli (r. 1664-16844) and Mamia III Gurieli (r. 1689-1714) were too successful to become king of Imereti in the late 17th century. Throughout the 18th century, Gurian princes were involved in anti-Ottoman liberation wars of the western Georgians. As a result, Guria lost the whole Adjaria and Lower Guria, part of which was forcibly Islamized. Prince Mamia V Gurieli accepted Russian sovereignty on 19 June 1810. Russian domination resulted in the 1819-1820 uprising. In 1828, the Tsarist government abolished the principality and annexed it to Kutais Gubernia in 1840. The 1841 uprising against the Russian rule was brutally suppressed. The former principality of Guria formed Ozurgeti mazra within the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG) in 1918-1921 and was divided into three districts under the Soviet rule. The region (mkhare) of Guria was created in 1995. Image is obtained from http:www. ... Image is obtained from http:www. ... The portrait of Prince Mamia Gurieli, is obtained from http://www. ... The portrait of Prince Mamia Gurieli, is obtained from http://www. ... This article is about the history of the country Georgia. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Imereti is a historic province in Western Georgia, situated along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Official language Georgian Capital Batumi ISO code GE.AJ Head of the Council of MInisters of Adjara Levan Varshalomidze Area  - Total  - % water 2,900 km² n/a Population  - Total ( 1989)  - Density 392,432 135. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... Imereti is a historic province in Western Georgia, situated along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... Official language Georgian Capital Batumi ISO code GE.AJ Head of the Council of MInisters of Adjara Levan Varshalomidze Area  - Total  - % water 2,900 km² n/a Population  - Total ( 1989)  - Density 392,432 135. ... Islam (Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Росси́йская Импе́рия, (also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposition of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of the Russian Revolution... Kutaisi (ancient names: Aea/Aia, Kutatisi) is Georgias second city in Imereti province of Western Georgia, 221 km to the west of Tbilisi, with a population of about 230,000(1989). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Meeting of the National Council (May 26, 1918) The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG, 1918_1921) was the first Republic of Georgia, established after the collapse of the Russian Tsarist empire in the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Soviet redirects here. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Orthodox churches of Likhauri and Shemokmedi are the main historical buildings in the province.


Origin of the name

As for the etymology of the name of Guria, some say that the root of the word refers to restlessness and the word should mean “the land of the restless” and may be associated with the 8th-9th centuries events when “Leon became the King of Abkhazeti, Guruls refused to obey the ruler of Odzrakho, ceased their vassal relations with Adarnase and Ashot Bagrationi and united with Leon” as it was described in Vakhushti Bagrationi’s historical works of the 18th century. Egrisi (or Kolkheti) was a kingdom in the western part of Georgia, which flourished between the 6th century BC and the 7th century AD. It was covered the territory of the former kingdom Kolkha (Colchis) and the territory of modern Abkhazia). ... Vakhushti Bagrationi (1696-1757) was a great Georgian historian and geographer, as well as one of the founders of the Moscow State University. ...


According to the later explanation, in the times of Georgia’s prosperity, when its borders stretched from “Nikopsia to Daruband”, Guria was situated in the heart of the Georgian territory. The linguistic evidence for the above hypothesis is the Megrelian for “heart” – “guri”.


Geography

Guria is bordered by Samegrelo to the north-west, Imereti to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east, Ajaria to the south, and the Black Sea to the west. The province has an area of 2,003 km2. Mingrelia (Samegrelo in Georgian) is a historic province in the western part of the republic of Georgia, formerly also known as Odishi. ... Imereti is a historic province in Western Georgia, situated along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Georgia (country) ... Official language Georgian Capital Batumi Chairman of Interim Council Levan Varshalomidze Area  - Total  - % water 2,900 km² n/a Population  - Total (1989)  - Density 392,432 135. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in the antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ...


Guria consists of 3 administrative districts:

  • Chokhatauri [1]  (http://www.iberiapac.ge/~ysclub/guria.html)

Lanchkhuti is a town in Western Georgian region of Guria. ...

Economy

Subtropic farming and tourism is a mainstay of the region’s economy. Water is one of the Guria’s main assets. The province is famous for the mineral water of Nabeglavi, which is similar to Borjomi in its chemical composition and the Black Sea health resort of Ureki rich in magnetic sand. Guria is also one of the largest tea growing regions in Georgia. [2] (http://http://www.tonus.ge/about.en.html). Categories: Geography stubs ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in the antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ...


Population

Gurians are ethnic Georgians who speak a local dialect of Georgian language. Georgian (also Kartvelian; Kartuli in Georgian) is the official language of Georgia, a republic in the Caucasus. ...


Famous people from Guria

Regions of Georgia
Abkhazia | Adjaria | Tbilisi | Guria | Imereti | Kakheti | Mtskheta-Mtianeti | Racha-Lechkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti | Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti | Samtskhe-Javakheti | Kvemo Kartli |Shida Kartli

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guria - definition of Guria in Encyclopedia (208 words)
Guria is a historic province in Western Georgia.
Since the late 19th century Guria was famous for the strong radical Marxist underground of its peasants, which was prased as a model for revolutionary organization in Vladimir Lenin's writings.
Guria was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918-1921, of Transcaucasian Federative Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922-1936, of Georgian SSR in 1936-1991.
hunting in russia (1674 words)
Guria region is situated on the western Georgia at the Black Sea, on the Kolkheti Valley near mountainnous zone.
Guria region is situated on the western Georgia at the Black Seaside, on the Kolkheti Valley near mountainous zone.
Guria land is humid subtropical, average temperature is 15 digree C, the humidity of air reaches up to 85%, annual pricipitation-3000 mm.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m