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Encyclopedia > Gurdwara
The Harimandir Sahib.
The Harimandir Sahib.
A Gurdwara in Johor Bahru.
A Gurdwara in Johor Bahru.

A Gurdwara (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, gurdu'ārā or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ, gurdvārā), meaning "the doorway to the Guru", is the Sikh place of worship and may be referred to as a Sikh temple. The most famous and the holiest gurdwara is the Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar, in northern India. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1702x1131, 442 KB) Golden Temple in Amritsar, India Originally uploaded by en:User:Harisingh on http://en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1702x1131, 442 KB) Golden Temple in Amritsar, India Originally uploaded by en:User:Harisingh on http://en. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2448x1632, 613 KB) Created by me. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2448x1632, 613 KB) Created by me. ... Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha (SGSS) is a famous Sikh Temple situated in Southall on Havelock Road as well as Park Avenue. ... It has been suggested that Southalls South Asian community be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 436 KB) Gurdrawa Sahib, Johor Bahru. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 436 KB) Gurdrawa Sahib, Johor Bahru. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... “Punjabi” redirects here. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib(also Hari Mandir, Harimandar and other variants; Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the most sacred shrine in Sikhism, located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

In the early days of the Sikh Gurus, before the first gurdwara, followers of Guru Nanak Dev Ji formed a congregation whose venue was known as a dharamśālā (place or seat of dharam or faith). A Gurdwara always houses the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib Ji and displays a triangular orange flag called Nishan Sahib. Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ... ... Guru Arjan dictating the Adi Granth to Bhai Gurdas. ... The Nishan Sahib is a Sikh holy flag made of cotton or silk cloth and is triangular in shape. ...


Description

View of a Langar Hall (Dining Hall) inside a Gurdwara.
View of a Langar Hall (Dining Hall) inside a Gurdwara.

Guru Granth Sahib Ji is housed in the main hall known as the Darbar hall. In most modern Gurdwaras, the hall is large and will house many hundreds of visitors. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1590 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1590 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... A typical layout for the Darbar Sahib. ...

Sikh man in attendance to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
Sikh man in attendance to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.

Most Sikh temple buildings will have the following important features: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1592 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1592 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ...

  • 1. A triangular orange flag with a Khanda, a Sikh emblem in the middle of the flag. The flag is referred to as a Nishan Sahib - literally meaning Mark or Symbol.
  • 2. Langar Hall is a large dining room where communal meals are served. Some temples may have tables and chairs but most will expect the devotees to sit on the carpeted floor.
  • 3. Darbar Sahib - A hall which houses the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book. This hall in most modern temples is large and will house many hundreds of visitors. Devotees will sit cross-legged on the carpeted floor. All those who enter the Darbar Sahib also known as the Diwan Hall, must remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering. The devotees normally on entering this hall will walk slowly and respectfully to the dominant throne on which is placed the Guru Granth Sahib. They then stand before the Holy Scriptures, say silent prayers, offer some coins and then bow humbly before the Guru Granth Sahib. The Sikhs treat their holy Book like a living Teacher or Guru. This act of respect is not to be taken as an act of worship as Sikhs are only allowed to worship the One God, who they call Waheguru.
  • 4. Night Room for the Guru Granth Sahib: A room where the Sikh Holy Book is placed overnight. This room is sometimes called "SachKhand" (which translates to True/Pure Domain/Paradise).
  • 5. Various utility rooms, washrooms, kitchen, etc. Some of the larger Sikh temples may also have bedrooms for the devotees to stay overnight with bathroom facilities.

The Sikhs treat their Holy Scriptures like a living teacher or guru. This act of respect is not to be taken as an act of worship as Sikhs are only allowed to worship the One Creator, for which the word in Punjabi is Waheguru. The Khanda Sikh Khanda on Stamp designed by Stacey Zabolotney Issued By Canada Post in November 2000 . ... The Nishan Sahib is a Sikh holy flag made of cotton or silk cloth and is triangular in shape. ... For the Sufi practice of Langar, see Langar (Sufism). ... A typical layout for the Darbar Sahib. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... Stylised Ek Onkar Simple Ek Onkar Ek Onkar (also , , Ēk Ōaṅkār, Ek Omkar, Ik Onkar and other variants) means one God and is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ...


Visiting a Gurdwara

Seating segregation

In most, but not all gurdwaras, men and women typically sit on different sides of the room, separated in the middle by a pathway that leads to the Guru Granth Sahib. Children of either gender may sit on either side. Some Gurdwaras, especially smaller ones, do not have this division. When entering the Darbar Hall Sikhs should have their mind on the guru while singing God's praises. With men and women separated, distraction by thoughts of lust, or Kaam, is avoided thus allowing the faithful to focus on Waheguru. Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ...

A view inside a typical Darbar hall.
A view inside a typical Darbar hall.

People of all religious backgrounds or of no religious faith are welcomed into a Sikh Gurdwara. However, it is necessary that any visitors remove their shoes and cover their head with a rumāl before entering the Darbar Sahib. Visitors are also forbidden to go into the gurdwara while they are inebriated or possess alcohol, cigarettes or any intoxicating substance. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1578 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1578 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... A typical layout for the Darbar Sahib. ... A Rumāl (Punjabi: ਰੁਮਾਲ) is a piece of clothing similar to a handkerchief or bandana. ...


Customs and etiquette

Devotees will sit cross-legged on the floor. All those who enter the hall must remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering. On entering the hall, devotees walk slowly and respectfully to the main throne on which the Guru Granth Sahib rests. Devotees then stand before the Holy Scriptures, often say a silent prayer, offer a donation (if able), then bow humbly. These manners and practices, though seemingly ritualistic in modern times are actually a well preserved extension of the ancient Punjabi practice of respect (for elders, ruling or religious persons).


When visiting a Gurdwara the following guidelines should be followed:

  • Dress appropriately so that you can comfortably and with decency sit on the carpeted floor. It is recommended to wear loose fitting clothing which covers most of your legs to reduce distraction and thoughts of kaam and lust.
  • While entering the main Prayer Hall (Darbar Sahib or Darbar Hall), all visitors will have to remove their shoes and place them in the shoe racks provided, for which a token will be issued depending on the practice of the gurdwara.
  • Visitors cannot enter the Gurdwara while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, tobacco products should not be taken into the Gurdwara, nor should they be used immediately before entering.
  • All visitors will need to cover their heads while in the Darbar Hall and Dining Hall (Langar Hall) inside the Gurdwara.

Head covering for men/boys will normally be available in the Gurdwara but a knotted handkerchief is acceptable. (The Gurdwara may provide handkerchief sized cloth to cover the head). Other hats (eg baseball-style caps) are not appropriate.

Non-Sikh and Sikh Visitors to a Gurdwara shown with their heads covered.
Non-Sikh and Sikh Visitors to a Gurdwara shown with their heads covered.

Women/Girls will need to wear a headscarf or such head covering but they can also wear a knotted handkerchief. The Gurdwara usually has a box of scarves, but you should bring your own headscarf for this purpose. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1293x543, 208 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1293x543, 208 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gurdwara User:Harisingh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

  • On first entering the large prayer room (called the Darbar Sahib), a small bow to the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book) shows respect to the 'Guru'. It is normal to sit cross-legged in a yoga style. It is recommended to practice this at home if possible before a visit to the Gurdwara.
  • Visitors will be offered Kara Parshad (sweet flour and oil based food offered as prashad) in the worship hall, which is usually given into the cupped hands of a visitor. If you are uncertain about your ability to eat a lot of this prashad – Say "thoda" “very small portion” to the Sewadar (volunteer) serving the Kara Parshad. You should take a small plastic bag (or ask for one from the Sewadar serving the Kara Parshad) to save your Kara Parshad for consumption later.
  • You may be offered Langar (vegetarian food from the communal kitchen). If not too certain about consuming this food you can ask to be excused although most people should take langar as it is regarded as a blessing by the Guru. When in the Langar Hall, it is better to ask for less rather than take too much and waste the food. Say “very little” to the Sewadar serving the Langar. If you require more later, just wait for the Sewadar to come around
  • If you are at fundamentalist Gurdwara, you may be required to sit on the ground while eating langar. The more modern, or "moderate" temples allow the visitors to sit comfortably on chairs and eat on tables.

Also within the Gurdwara is a learning center for Sikhs to learn more about their religion, as well as a library. A typical layout for the Darbar Sahib. ... Kara Parshad is a sweet flour based oily vegetarian food which is offered to all visitors to the Darbar Sahib in a Gurdwara. ... Sewadar is a Punjabi word for a volunteer who offers his/her services to a Gurdwara or to the Community free of charge. ... For the Sufi practice of Langar, see Langar (Sufism). ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ...


See also

These are a list of the Sikh festivals and their dates and a short description. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Here are major worldwide Gurdwaras. ... // Gurdwaras in Africa Kenya Eldoret Gurdwara Ramgharia Sabha, Eldoret Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Eldoret Kericho Sikh Temple, Kericho Guru Nanak NSJ, Kericho Kisumu Ramgharia Sikh Sabha, Kisumu Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Kisumu Kitale Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Kitale Gurdwara Ramgharia Sabha, Kitale Nairobi Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Nairobi Ramgharia Sikh... // A Gurdwara is a place of worship for Sikh people. ... Here is a list of some of the Gurdwaras in Australia and nearby islands, like Fiji, New Zealand. ... // Gurdwara Nanaksar, Austria Gurdwara Nanaksar Galicija, Austria Gurdwara Sangat Sahib, Belgium Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Denmark Gurdwara Singh Sabha, Paris Gurdwara Nanaksar, Germany Gurdwara Nanak Niwas, Germany Babbar Khalsa International, Germany Gurunanak Darbar, Ireland Gurdwara Singh Sabha, Italy Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Sewa Society, Italy Sikh Center And Gurdwara... Historic Gurdwaras in India are those gurdwaras built to honor important people contributing to, or significant events occurring during, the growth of Sikhism primarily in what is now Punjab, India. ... Historical Gurdwaras in Pakistan are an essential part of Sikhism and form an important part of the history of Sikhism. ... The following is a list of gurdwaras in Canada // Alberta Fort Mcmurray Sikh Society Gurdwara Nanaksar Edmonton Sikh Federation Edmonton Sri Guru Singh Sabha Society Edmonton 47 Sri Guru Singh Sabha Society Edmonton 155 Sikh Heritage Association Edmonton Sikh Society Of Alberta Sikh Society Of Brooks Sikh Society Of Calgary... Here is a list of Gurdwaras in Mexico and South America, please note these are only major known Gurdwaras around the area. ... A list of Gurdwaras in the United Kingdom: Central Gurdwara London (Established 1908) Guru Nanak Gurdwara Wednesfield (Established 1976) This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... // Sikh Society of Alaska Siri Guru Singh Sabha of Arizona Sikh Gurdwara Selma Sri Guru Nanak Sikh Temple Yuba City Shri Guru Ravidass Sabha Pittsburg Gurdwara Sahib of San Jose Pacific Khalsa Diwan Society Sikh Council of North America Sikh Gurdwara Sahib Live Oak Sikh Temple Livingston Sikh Gurdwara Sahib... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... This list is of topics related to Sikhs and Sikhism. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. ... Guru Nanak Dev[1] (Punjabi: , ) (Born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, (now Pakistan) on 20th October 1469 – 7 May 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab, India), was the founder of Sikhism, and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. ... Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... Guru Amar Das Guru Amar Das (Punjabi: ) (Born in Amritsar, Punjab, India on 5 May 1479 – 14 May 1574 Amritsar, Punjab, India) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev, who died 29... Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Punjabi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ) (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das. ... Guru Arjan, right, dictating the Adi Granth to Bhai Gurdas. ... Mid-nineteenth century miniature of Guru Hargobind. ... Guru Har Rai ji. ... Guru Har Krishan (Punjabi: ) (Born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India on 7 July 1656 as – 30 March 1664, Delhi, India) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, and he became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A traditional portrait of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. ... The Shri Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) is the 11th Guru of Sikhism, the holy book of Sikhism, which is revered as a living Guru by the Sikhs. ... Sikh Bhagats refers to the Saints and holy men of various faiths whose teachings are included in the Sikh holy book the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. ... The Sikh religious philosophy is covered in great detail in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text. ... // There is only one God who has infinite qualities and names. ... The Sikhs must believe in the following values: Equality: All humans are equal before God – No discrimination is allowed on the basis of caste, race, sex, creed, origin, color, education, status, wealth, etc. ... There are a number of religious prohibitions in Sikhism and by the SGPC: Cutting Hair: Cutting hair is strictly forbidden in Sikhism. ... Naam: Or Naam Japo. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... The Ardās (Punjabi: ) are the Sikh daily prayers. ... The Amrit Sanskar Ceremony Amrit Sanskar or Amrit Sanchar or the Amrit ceremony is the Sikh ceremony of initiation or baptism. ... Chardi Kala is an important expression used in Sikhism for a mind frame that a Sikh has to accept and practise. ... Dasvand means to donate 10% percent of ones harvest to the Gurdwara. ... The Five Ks, or kakaars, are five items that baptised Orthodox Sikhs wear at all times either out of respect for the tenth teacher, Guru Gobind Singh, or out of a sense of religious devotion. ... Kirat Karō is one of three primary pillars of Sikhism. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Sufi practice of Langar, see Langar (Sufism). ... Nām Japō (Punjabi: ), refers to the meditation, vocal singing of Hymns from the Sri Guru Granth Sahib or of the various Names of God, specially the chanting of the word Waheguru, which means Wonderful Lord. ... The term Simran refers to the vocal repetition or recital of the God Names - Naam or of the Holy Text from the Two Granths of the Sikhs - the Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Dasam Granth. ... The Three Pillars of Sikhism Guru Nanak formalised the three important pillars of Sikhism: 1. ... In Sikhism Vaṇḍ Chakkō (Punjabi: ) is a technique and method which means share it as you consume it. ... The Shri Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: , ) is the 11th Guru of Sikhism, the holy book of Sikhism, which is revered as a living Guru by the Sikhs. ... Guru Granth Sahib (Granth is Punjabi for book, Sahib is Hindi meaning master, from Arabic, meaning companion, friend, owner, or master) or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or SGGS for short, is more than a holy book of the Sikhs. ... The Dasam Granth (Punjabi: , ) is a scripture of Sikhism, containing texts composed by 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh and his assembly of scholars. ... Bani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to various sections of the Holy Text that appears in their several Holy Books. ... Chaupai is the short name for the Sikh prayer or Gurbani whose full name is Kabiobach Bainti Chaupai. ... Jaap Sahib is the morning prayer of the Sikhs. ... Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra as the beginning followed by 38 hymns and a final Salok at the end of this composition. ... Illuminated Adi Granth folio with nisan (Mool Mantar) of Guru Gobind Singh. ... Evening prayer of the Sikhs. ... Sukhmani Sahib is the name given to the set of hymns divided into 24 sections which appear in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Scriptures on page 262. ... This is a short hymn of 10 stanzas. ... The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab, the socio-political situation in medieval India, and the social structures and philosophies of Hinduism and Islam. ... Stylised Ek Onkar Simple Ek Onkar Ek Onkar (also , , Ä’k ÅŒaá¹…kār, Ek Omkar, Ik Onkar and other variants) means one God and is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. ... For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan, see Kinkaku-ji. ... Khalsa which means Pure is the name given by Guru Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptised or initiated by taking Amrit in a ceremony called Amrit Sanchar. ... The Khanda Sikh Khanda on Stamp designed by Stacey Zabolotney Issued By Canada Post in November 2000 . ... This section of Sikh Names and the Sikh Names List is material copyright of www. ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... Waheguru (Punjabi: , or , ) means The Wonderful Lord in the Punjabi language. ... Sheikh Farid (Farid-ul-Din Masaud Shakar Ganj) c. ... Kabir (कबीर) (1440 - Indian Mystic who preached an ideal of seeing all of humanity as one. ... The first known use of the word Punjab is in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by Sher Khan of Punjab. The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the territory... For other uses, see Sardar (disambiguation). ... The word Takhat literally means seat of power or throne of authority and refers to one of the five bodies of authority for the Sikhs. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ... Image File history File links Sikh emblem. ...

External links

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Gurudwaras

  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC - Religion & Ethics - Gurdwara (677 words)
The literal meaning of the Punjabi word Gurdwara is the residence of the Guru, or the door that leads to the Guru.
Although a Gurdwara may be called the residence of the Guru (meaning the residence of God), Sikhs believe that God is present everywhere.
Gurdwaras are managed by a committee of their community.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Gurdwara Bangla Sahib (254 words)
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is the most prominent Sikh gurdwara, or Sikh house of worship, in Delhi.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib was originally a bungalow belonging to Raja Jai Singh, an Indian ruler in the seventeenth century.
As with all Sikh Gurdwaras, the concept of langar is practiced, and all people, regardless of race or religion may eat in the Gurdwara kitchen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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