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Encyclopedia > Gulistan Treaty

Gulistan Treaty of 1813 (also written Golestan, Gulestan, and Golistan), was a peace treaty between imperial Russia and Persia, signed on October 24 (November 5) in a village of Gulestan in Karabakh at the end of the first Russo-Persian Wars (1804-1813). (29 Shawal 1228 on the Islamic Lunar Calendar). A peace treaty is an agreement (a peace treaty) between two hostile parties, usually countries or governments, that formally ends a war or armed conflict. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of... The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ...


The treaty was set up by Sir Gore Ouseley of Great Britain who served as the mediator, and was signed by Haji Mirza Abol Hasan Khan from the Iranian side in 11 chapters.


By this treaty:

  1. Persia (Iran) loses all its territories to the north of Aras River and is forced via this treaty to recognize Russia's authority over them henceforth. These lands include:
    1. All the cities, towns, and villages of Dagestan.
    2. All the cities, towns, and villages of Georgia, including all the villages and towns on the coast of the Black Sea,
    3. Baku (now capital of Azerbaijan Republic),
    4. Derbent,
    5. Shirvan,
    6. Megrelia,
    7. Karabakh,
    8. Ganja,
    9. Shekin,
    10. Mughan,
    11. The khanates of Talysh.
  2. Iran loses all rights to navigate the Caspian Sea, and Russia is granted exclusive rights to station its military fleet in the Caspian Sea.
  3. Both countries agree on the establishment of free trade, with Russians having free access to conduct business anywhere in Iran.
  4. Russia in return promises to support Abbas Mirza as heir to the Persian throne after the death of Fath Ali Shah. (which did not happen)

Some historians believe that Russia's annexation of the Transcaucasus territories delivered their population from constant murderous Turkish and invasions on Persian territories and led to peace and relative economic stability. Others think that the peoples of Transcaucases were deprived of their right for self-determination and forcefully integrated with the Russian Empire, especially the Shiite people of Caucasus who have strong cultural ties whith Persia. The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Aras may have one of the following meanings A synonym for Araks River Special forces unit in Lithuania ascending reticular activating system This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Republic of Dagestan (Russian: ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Satellite view of Baku The Baku harbour on the south of Absheron peninsula The Maiden Tower in old town Baku Bakı (Azerbaijani: Bakı), also known as Baku, is the capital of Azerbaijan. ... Darband is built around a Sassanid fortress, the only one preserved in the world. ... Shervan or Shirvan was a former Persian province in Caucasus, a state ruled by the Shervanshahs and the birthplace of the Persian poet Khaqani. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Ganja is both: a slang term for cannabis derived from the Hindustani language; and the Azerbaijani city of Ganja. ... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... Talysh (also Talishi, Taleshi or Talyshi) are an Iranian people who speak one of the Northwestern Iranian languages. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Fleet can refer to several things: Fleet is the name of several places: Fleet, a village in Dorset, England Fleet, in the county of Hampshire, England the River Fleet, a subterranean river in London, England Fleet Street, named after the river Fleet Prison, named after the river Fleet Marriages, named... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... Abbas Mirza (عباس میرزا in Persian) ‎(August 26, 1789 - October 25, 1833), was a crown prince of Persia, known because of his wars with Russia and the Ottoman empire, and his death before his father, the shah. ... Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Transcaucasus is a region covering the majority of Caucasus mountain range. ... Self-determination is a principle in international law that a people ought to be able to determine their own governmental forms and structure free from outside influence. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Shi‘as (the adjective in Arabic is شيعى shi‘i; English has traditionally used Shiite) which mean follower in Arabic make up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%-35% of all Muslim. ...


Iran officially sees this and the succeeding Turkmanchai treaty as one of Iran's most humiliating treaties ever signed. The treaty is also regarded by Iranians as the main reason why Fath Ali Shah is seen as one of Iran's most incompetent rulers in memory. The Turkmanchai treaty (also written Turkemanchay, Turkamanchay, and Turkmanchay) is a treaty by which Iran lost many of its northern territories to Imperial Russia after its defeat in 1828, bringing an end to the second Russo-Persian wars (1827-1828). ... Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ...


See also: Treaty of Turkmenchay Treaty of Turkmenchay (also Turkmenchai, Torkamanchay) was signed on February 10, 1828 between Persia (now Iran) and Russia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gulistan Treaty - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (389 words)
Gulistan Treaty of 1813 (also written Golestan, Gulestan, and Golistan), was a peace treaty between imperial Russia and Qajarid Persia, signed on October 24 (November 5) in a village of Gulestan in Karabakh at the end of the first Russo-Persian Wars (1804-1813).
The treaty was set up by Sir Gore Ouseley of Great Britain who served as the mediator, and was signed by Haji Mirza Abol Hasan Khan from the Iranian side in 11 chapters.
The treaty is also regarded by Iranians as the main reason why Fath Ali Shah is seen as one of Iran's most incompetent rulers in memory.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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