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Encyclopedia > Gulf of Tonkin
The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the south of China.
The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the south of China.

The Gulf of Tonkin (Vietnamese: Vịnh Bắc Bộ; Simplified Chinese: 北部湾; Traditional Chinese: 北部灣; pinyin: Běibù Wān) measuring approximately 480 km by 240 km, lies between China and Vietnam. Notably shallow (less than 60 meters deep), it is the northwest arm of the South China Sea. Beihai, China and Haiphong, Vietnam are the chief ports. Hainan Island of China lies in the gulf. Other small islands in the gulf include Weizhou Island of China. The Red River flows into the Gulf. Image File history File links Gulf_of_Tonkin_location. ... Image File history File links Gulf_of_Tonkin_location. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... It has been suggested that Pinyin method be merged into this article or section. ... The South China Sea, showing surrounding countries and neighbouring seas and oceans The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... Beihai (Chinese: 北海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-hai), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. ... Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防, HÇŽifáng) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Henan and Hunan Hainan (海南; pinyin: Hǎinán) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located at the southern end of the country. ... Weizhou (涠洲; pinyin: Wéizhōu) is a Chinese island in the Gulf of Tonkin. ... Flowing from China through Vietnam to the South China Sea, the Red River (Vietnamese Sông Hồng, Chinese Hónghé) is also known as the Yuan Jiang (元江, pinyin yuan2jiang1), which means Primary River. ...


The name Tonkin, written 東京 in Chinese characters and Đông Kinh in Vietnamese, means 'Eastern Capital', and is the former toponym for Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. (Incidentally, the same Chinese characters are used to write "Tokyo", capital of Japan.) Vietnam calls the Gulf either the Vịnh Bắc Bộ ("Gulf of the North") or Vịnh Hải Nam (Gulf of Hainan). Tonkin, also spelled Tongkin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of Chinas Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces, east of northern Laos, and west of the Gulf of Tonkin. ... 漢字 / 汉字 Chinese character in Hànzì, Kanji, Hanja, Hán Tá»±. Red in Simplified Chinese. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


In August of 1964, United States President Lyndon B. Johnson claimed that North Vietnamese forces had twice attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin. Although there was a first attack (in response to U.S. equipped and orchestrated South Vietnam's commando raids on the coast [1]), claims of a second attack were later proven to be unfounded. Known today as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, this led to the open involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War, with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... Chart showing the US Navy’s interpretation of the events of the first part of the Gulf of Tonkin incident The Gulf of Tonkin Incident was an alleged pair of attacks (the second of which did not occur) by naval forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam against two American... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a 1964 resolution of the U.S. Congress. ...


See also

China stretches some 5,000 kilometers across the East Asian landmass in an erratically changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. ... regions Vietnam is located in the southeastern extremity of the Indochinese peninsula and occupies about 331,688 square kilometers, of which about 25 % was under cultivation in 1987. ... Chart showing the US Navy’s interpretation of the events of the first part of the Gulf of Tonkin incident The Gulf of Tonkin Incident was an alleged pair of attacks (the second of which did not occur) by naval forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam against two American...

External links

  • From Vietnam to Iraq: Lessons from Tonkin Gulf Lies by Dr. Mohammad Omar Farooq

Coordinates: 19°16′22″N, 107°19′33″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tonkin Gulf resolution — FactMonster.com (266 words)
Tonkin Gulf resolution, in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia.
On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S. destroyers that were reporting intelligence information to South Vietnam.
Gulf of Tonkin - Tonkin, Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of, NW arm of the South China Sea, c.300 mi (480 km) long and 150 mi...
Tonkin Gulf resolution — Infoplease.com (351 words)
Tonkin Gulf resolution, in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia.
Gulf of Tonkin - Tonkin, Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of, NW arm of the South China Sea, c.300 mi (480 km) long and 150 mi...
Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War.
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