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Encyclopedia > Gulf of California

The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. It is bordered by the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, and Sinaloa. The name "Gulf of California" predominates on most maps in English today. The name "Sea of Cortés" is the one preferred by most local residents. The Gulf opened up 5.3 million years ago which allowed the Colorado River to drain into the ocean. This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Baja California (highlighted) Baja California or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Other Mexican States Capital Mexicali Other major cities Tijuana Ensenada list of municipalities Area 69,921 km² Ranked 12th Population (2000 census) 2,487,700 Ranked 15th Governor (2001-07) Eugenio Elorduy Walther (PAN/PVEM) Federal Deputies (6) PAN = 6 Federal Senators PAN = 2 PRI = 1 ISO 3166-2 Postal... Baja California Sur is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Sinaloa is the name of a city, a municipality and a state in Mexico. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,330 km) long, draining a part of the...

Modern history

It was named in honor of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (or "Cortez") by Francisco de Ulloa in 1539. Ulloa originally believed that the gulf led to the mythical Strait of Anian, which connected the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. Hernán Cortés Hernán(do) Cortés, Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire. ... Route of the 1539 voyage by Francisco de Ulloa from (Acapulco) along the west coast of Mexico Francisco de Ulloa (d. ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... The Strait of Anián was the 16th century Spanish name for the Northwest Passage that supposedly connected the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean in the temperate or tropic regions of North America. ...


Melchior Díaz made extensive explorations in the area in 1540, including surveying the Colorado River which flows into the upper gulf. Melchior Díaz was an early Spanish explorer of Western North America. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ...

Fishery

Giant Pacific Manta Ray
Giant Pacific Manta Ray

The narrow sea is home to a unique and rich ecosystem. In addition to a wide range of endemic creatures, it hosts many migratory species, such as the humpback whale, California Gray Whale, manta ray and Leatherback Sea Turtle. This region has historically been a magnet for world class sport fishing activities, with a rich history of sporting world records. Giant Pacific Manta Ray, , image created by David McMurdie, from a photo taken by David McMurdie, near San Bendicto Island, Mexico, Spring, 2003 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Binomial name Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Humpback Whale range The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a mammal which belongs to the baleen whale suborder. ... Binomial name Eschrichtius robustus Lilljeborg, 1861 Gray Whale range The Gray Whale or Grey Whale (Eschrichtius robustus), more recently called the Eastern Pacific Gray Whale, is a whale that travels between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. ... Binomial name Manta birostris Dondorff, 1798 The manta ray, or giant manta (Manta birostris), is the largest of the rays, with the largest known specimen having been nearly 76 meters (250 ft) across its pectoral fins (or wings) and weighed in at 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). ... Binomial name Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761) The Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the biggest of all living turtles, reaching a length of over 2. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ...


The region also has a rich history as a commercial fishery. Some authors have reported witnessing tuna schools more than 100 miles (160 km) long in this region. Some argue that this region is one of the few in the world that still have potential to open new commercial fisheries, because the statistics show that the fishing resource is stable. But the data are wildly variable across species, and the Gulf's ability to recuperate after years of over fishing remains uncertain. More, changes in terrestrial ecology, such as vastly reduced Colorado River flow into the Gulf, have negatively affected fisheries, particularly in the northern region. A lobster boat unloading its catch in Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England. ... Species See text Tuna, sometimes called tunafish, are several species of ocean-dwelling fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus. ...


Efforts by the Mexican government to create conservation zones have been hampered by a lack of enforcement resources and a lack of political consensus. The thousands of miles of coastline are remote and difficult to police, and the politically powerful commercial fishing industry has been slow to embrace strict conservation measures. Conservation of the Gulf's fisheries and coastlines is also complicated by a long history of over-capitalization in the sector, and the direct, often negative impacts that conservation measures have on the livelihoods of Mexico's coastal inhabitants. At present, the Mexican government and business interests have promoted a macro-level, tourist development vision for the Gulf, whose impacts on ecology and society there are uncertain. The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ...


Sea of Cortés communities that are highly reliant on the sport fishing industry include San Carlos, Sonora, Cabo San Lucas, La Paz, Loreto, Guaymas, and Mulegé. Ensenada, on Baja California's Pacific Ocean coast, and Mazatlán, on the Mexican mainland's Pacific coast, depend on the sagging commercial fishery. San Carlos is a beachfront community near Guaymas in Mexico. ... Lands End is at southern tip of Baja and its arch can be seen in a December sunset San Lucas Marina This view of Cabo San Lucas shows the rapid growth of the area (November 5, 2005). ... The Bay of La Paz, as seen from the International Space Station La Paz, the capital of Baja California Sur, Mexico, is a small city on the shores of the Gulf of California. ... Loreto (or Conchó) was the first Spanish town on the Baja California Peninsula, the capital of Las Californias from 1697–1777, and the current seat of the Loreto municipality in Baja California Sur. ... Guaymas is a port city in Sonora, Mexico. ... Mulegé, from the mission Mulegé is a town in Baja California Sur, Mexico. ... The port of Ensenada Ensenada is a city in the state of Baja California, Mexico. ... Baja California (literally lower California in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. ... View of Mazatlán from El Faro Mazatlán is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa; the surrounding municipality, for which the city serves as the municipal seat, is also called Mazatlán. ...

Islands

The Gulf of California contains two large islands, the Isla Ángel de la Guarda and Tiburón Island, as well as several smaller ones. Isla Ángel de la Guarda () is a large island in the Gulf of California east of Bahía de los Ángeles. ... Tiburón Island (Spanish: Isla del Tiburón; Seri: Tahéjöc) is the largest island in the Gulf of California. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Gulf of California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (576 words)
The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland.
Conservation of the Gulf's fisheries and coastlines is also complicated by a long history of over-capitalization in the sector, and the direct, often negative impacts that conservation measures have on the livelihoods of Mexico's coastal inhabitants.
Ensenada, on Baja California's Pacific Ocean coast, and Mazatlán, on the Mexican mainland's Pacific coast, depend on the sagging commercial fishery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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