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Encyclopedia > Guizhou
贵州省
Guìzhōu Shěng
Abbreviation(s): 黔 or 贵 (pinyin: Qián or Guì)
Guizhou is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 贵 guì - Gui Mountains
州 zhōu - zhou (prefecture)
Administration type Province
Capital and
Largest City
Guiyang
CPC Guizhou Committee Secretary Shi Zongyuan
Governor Shi Xiushi
Area 176,100 km² (16th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
39,040,000 (15th)
222/km² (18th)
GDP (2004)
 - per capita
CNY 159.2 billion (26th)
CNY 4010 (31st)
HDI (2005) 0.639 (30th) — medium
Major nationalities (2000) Han - 62%
Miao - 12%
Buyi - 8%
Dong - 5%
Tujia - 4%
Yi - 2%
Undistinguished - 2%
Gelao - 2%
Shui - 1%
Prefecture-level divisions 9
County-level divisions 88
Township-level divisions
(December 31, 2004)
1539
ISO 3166-2 CN-52
Official website:
http://www.gzgov.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》/ China Statistical Yearbook 2005 ISBN 7503747382

Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》/ Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China ISBN 7105054255

Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its provincial capital city is Guiyang. It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell(ing) and yin means sound(s)). This article describes the most common variant called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Image File history File links China-Guizhou. ... The zhōu (州) was a historical political division of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... position in Guizhou districts of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: 贵阳; Traditional Chinese: 貴陽; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) also known as Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total areas. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total populations in 2003. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total population density in 2003. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product per capita in 2003. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2003) HDI redirects here. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, in order of their Human Development Index (HDI). ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—; Pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), Hmong: Hmoob, are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of... The Buyi or Bouyei people (Self called: Puyi, Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; pinyin: bùyī zú) are an ethnic group living in southern Peoples Republic of China. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Tujia (土家族) are an ethnic group numbering about 8 million, living in the Wuling Mountains of Chinas Hunan and Hubei provinces. ... The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sÅ«]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ... Undistinguished nationalities (未识别民族: Wèi Shíbié Mínzú) are ethnic groups in the Peoples Republic of China that have not been recognized among or classified within the official 56 Nationalities of China. ... The Gelao people (own name: Klau, Chinese: 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú) are an ethnic group. ... The Shui people are an ethnic group. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Website - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Image File history File links Zh-Guizhou. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also Simplified Chinese: 简化字; Traditional Chinese: 簡化字; pinyin: jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell(ing) and yin means sound(s)). This article describes the most common variant called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... position in Guizhou districts of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: 贵阳; Traditional Chinese: 貴陽; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Contents


History

Guizhou was well known by the Chinese for thousands of years but it was not until the Ming dynasty that it came under Chinese domination during which it was made a province. This prompted mass migration from Sichuan, Hunan and its surrounding provinces into Guizhou. Countless rebellions by its native Miao people occurred throughout the Qing dynasty. It was said in the Qing dynasty that every 30 years there would be minor revolts while every 60 years there would be major rebellions. All the revolts would be violently suppressed by the government. The Míng Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Pinyin: Míng Cháo) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... (Chinese: 四川; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; Postal Pinyin: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: 苗; Pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), Hmong: Hmoob, are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: 清朝; Pinyin: Qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire...


Geography

Bouyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou (near Longgong caves), China.

Guizhou adjoins Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality to the north, Yunnan Province to the west, Guangxi Province to the south and Hunan Province to the east. Overall Guizhou is a mountainous province however it is more hilly in the west while the eastern and southern portions are relatively flat. The western part of the province forms part of the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau Image File history File linksMetadata Shitoucun,Longtanzhen,Guizhou,China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Shitoucun,Longtanzhen,Guizhou,China. ... (Chinese: 四川; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; Postal Pinyin: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆; Traditional Chinese: 重慶; pinyin: Chóngqìng; Wade_Giles: Chung_ching; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four municipalities, which have provincial_level status. ... Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ...


Other cities include: Anshun, Kaili, Zunyi, Duyun, Liupanshui and Qingzhen. Anshun is a city in mainland China in the province of Guizhou. ... Zunyi is a city in Guizhou province in south west China. ... Qingzhen is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Southern Guizhou province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Guizhou has a subtropical humid climate. There are few seasonal changes. Its annual average temperature is roughly 10-20°c, with January temperature ranging from 1-10°c and July temperature ranging from 17-28°c.


Economy

Guizhou is a relatively poor and undeveloped province. It also has a small economy compared to the coastal provinces. Its nominal GDP for 2004 was 159.2 billion yuan (19.75 billion USD). Its per capita GDP of 3568 RMB (470 USD) ranks last in all of the PRC. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Its natural industry includes timber and forestry. Other important industries in the province include energy (electricity generation) and mining, especially in coal, limestone, arsenic, gypsum, and oil-shale. Guizhou's total output of coal was 110 million tons in 2005, a 12% growth from the previous year. [1] Itaipu Dam is a hydroelectric generating station Electricity generation is the first process in the delivery of electricity to consumers. ...


Demographics

The long-horn tribe, one of the small branches of Miao living in the 12 villages near Zhijing (织金) County, Guizhou Province. The wooden horns remain daily attires for most women
The long-horn tribe, one of the small branches of Miao living in the 12 villages near Zhijing (织金) County, Guizhou Province. The wooden horns remain daily attires for most women

Guizhou is one of the provinces that contains the most minority groups. The minority groups account for more than 37% of the total population and they include Yao, Miao, Yi, Qiang, Dong, Zhuang, Buyi, Bai, Tujia, Gelao and Shui. 55.5% of the province area is designated as autonomous regions for them. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x910, 139 KB) Summary The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x910, 139 KB) Summary The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—; Pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), Hmong: Hmoob, are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao) are an ethnic group. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—; Pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), Hmong: Hmoob, are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of... The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sÅ«]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ... The Qiang people (羌族; Pinyin: qiāng zú) are an ethnic group. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Buyi or Bouyei people (Self called: Puyi, Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; pinyin: bùyī zú) are an ethnic group living in southern Peoples Republic of China. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Bye - k thx bai Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Bai, a Chinese ethnic group Banco Africano de Investimentos, present in List of Angolan companies BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany... The Tujia (土家族) are an ethnic group numbering about 8 million, living in the Wuling Mountains of Chinas Hunan and Hubei provinces. ... The Gelao people (own name: Klau, Chinese: 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú) are an ethnic group. ... The Shui people are an ethnic group. ...


Culture

Guizhou is the home of the Moutai Distillery, distillers of Maotai liquor, China's most famous alcoholic beverage. The Chinese name of the distillery is Zhongguo Guizhou Maotai Jiuchang. Maotai (Chinese: 茅台酒; pinyin: ) is a famous Chinese liquor, distilled from fermented sorghum. ... Jiu (Chinese: 酒; Pinyin: jiǔ) is the Chinese word that refers to all alcoholic beverages. ...


Tourism

Huang guo shu waterfall
Huang guo shu waterfall

The province has many covered bridges, called Wind and Rain Bridges. These were built by the Dong minority people. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 89 KB) Summary self taken Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 89 KB) Summary self taken Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A covered bridge is a bridge with enclosed sides and a roof. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ...


Huangguoshu Waterfall, the biggest waterfall in China. Hopetoun Falls near Otway National Park, Victoria, Australia A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ...


The southeastern corner of the province is known for its unique Dong minority culture. Towns such as Rongjiang, Liping, Diping and Zhaoxing are scattered amongst the hills along the border with Guangxi.


The rich population of minorities in Guizhou allow for a great many ethnic festivals throughout the lunar calendar. During the first lunar month (usually February), the early festival in Kaili (east of Guiyang) celebrates local culture with acts of bullfighting, horse racing, pipe playing, and comedy works.


Miscellaneous topics

Colleges and universities

Guizhou Normal University (Guiyang); Zunyi Medical College (Zunyi); Guiyang Medical University (Guiyang); Guizhou University for Nationalities (Guiyang); Guizhou College of Finace and Economics (Guiyang); Commercial College of Guizhou (Guiyang); Bijie University; Anshun Vocational and Technology College (Anshun) Guizhou University (abbreviation: Gui Da; Chinese: 贵州大学; Pinyin: Guizhou Daxue) is is a state university, located in Guiyang, capital of Guizhou province, China. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Guizhou
  • Guizhou's Provincial Government
  • Large map of Guizhou
  • Guizhou Moutai
  • Business in Guizhou
  • Guizhou Adoption Page
  • Guizhou adoptive families eGroup
Province-level divisions administered by the People's Republic of China
Provinces: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special administrative regions: Hong Kong | Macau
See also: Political status of Taiwan and Taiwan Province (People's Republic of China)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guizhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (625 words)
Guizhou was well known by the Chinese for thousands of years but it was not until the Ming dynasty that it came under Chinese domination during which it was made a province.
Guizhou adjoins Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality to the north, Yunnan Province to the west, Guangxi Province to the south and Hunan Province to the east.
Guizhou is a relatively poor and undeveloped province.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Guizhou (4028 words)
Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州, Traditional: 貴州;, pinyin: Gùizhōu, WG: Kuei-chou, also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.
Perhaps best-known from the province is the lusheng, a type of mouth organ, used by the Miao of Guizhou for pentatonic antiphonal courting songs.
Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州;; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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