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Encyclopedia > Guitar solos

The guitar is often used to provide rhythmic and harmonic accompaniment to a voice or other instrument, or is used as an integral part of an ensemble. However, solo parts for the guitar are commonly found in a number of different musical styles. These can take the form of a section in which the guitar is heard more prominently than other instruments, or in which the guitar may be played entirely unaccompanied. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ... Harmony, Greek ἁρμονία harmonía meaning a fastening or join. The concept of harmony dates as far back as Pythagoras. ... In music accompaniment is the art of playing along with a soloist or ensemble, often known as the lead, in a supporting manner as well as the music thus played. ... Human voice consists of sound made by a person using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, screaming or crying. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The word ensemble can refer to a musical ensemble an ensemble cast (drama) a statistical ensemble in mathematical physics, for example a thermodynamic ensemble a quantum ensemble a fluid mechanical ensemble a Climate Ensemble ensemble forecasting (meteorology) ensemble averaging a distribution ensemble (maths) a neural ensemble a DAB ensemble Ensemble... In music, solo means to play or sing alone. ...


Unaccompanied guitar music is found in folk and classical music dating as far back as the instrument has existed, and the use of a guitar as a solo voice within an ensemble dates back at least to the Baroque concerto. The guitar was also important in jazz (guitarist Charlie Christian was a key figure in the development of bebop) as well as being popular among blues musicians. Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and for the common people. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... The term concerto (plural is concerti or concertos) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is contrasted with an orchestra. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory and marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Charlie Christian (29 July 1916 – 2 March 1942) was an American jazz guitarist. ... Bebop or bop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ... Blues music redirects here. ...

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Guitar solos in rock music

Today the term guitar solo is commonly taken to refer specifically to the idiom of rock music. Although solo passages for guitar are found in many musical genres, the 'guitar solo' has an almost iconic place in rock, and particularly in the subgenre of heavy metal. Rock is a form of popular music from the mid 20th century which typically features a vocal melody (often with vocal harmony) that is supported by accompaniment of electric guitars, a bass guitar, and drums, often with a strong back beat. ... Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that emerged as a defined musical style in the 1970s, having its roots in hard rock bands which, between 1967 and 1974, mixed blues and rock to create a hybrid with a thick, heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound, characterised by the...


Although in principle any kind of guitar can be used in a rock guitar solo, and counter-examples abound, the characteristic solo sound is created using an electric guitar with the timbral effect known as distortion -- traditionally this effect is obtained by driving an amplifier with a higher signal than usual, but an effects pedal is now commonly used to get similar effects. Rock bands sometimes have two guitarists, designated 'lead' and 'rhythm', the 'lead' player taking the solos while the 'rhythm' player accompanies. This arrangement is by no means universal, however. Left: Rosa Hurricane, a heavy metal-style solid body guitar. ... In music, timbre, also timber (French, IPA /tæmbər/ as in the first two syllables of tambourine), is the quality of a musical note or sound which distinguishes different types of sound production or musical instruments. ... A distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of an object, image, sound, waveform or other form of information or representation. ... Genearly, an amplifier is any device that uses a small amount of energy to control a larger amount of energy. ... Signal processing is the processing, amplification and interpretation of signals and deals with the analysis and manipulation of signals. ... An effects pedal, or stomp box, is an effects unit housed in a small metal chassis, used by musicians, usually electric guitar players as a guitar effects pedal, but sometimes players of other instruments including keyboards, violin, or cello. ... Lead guitar refers to a role within a popular music band, especially a rock band, that provides melody or melodic material, as opposed to the rhythm of the rhythm guitar, bass, and drums. ... Rhythm guitar is a kind of guitar playing that provides accompaniment for a singer or other instruments. ...


Most examples of rock music are based around songs in very traditional forms. The main formal features are therefore verses, choruses, bridges and so on, all of which feature the voice as the most prominent instrument. Generally speaking, the guitar solo constitutes the only significant instrumental (that is, non-vocal) section of a mainstream rock song, although such songs often also have tutti sections in which the whole band plays one or more motifs known as riffs. A song is a relatively short musical composition for the human voice (possibly accompanied by other musical instruments), which features words (lyrics). ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... The term musical form is used in two related ways: a generic type of composition such as the symphony or concerto the structure of a particular piece, how its parts are put together to make the whole; this too can be generic, such as binary form or sonata form Musical... The term musical form is used in two related ways: a generic type of composition such as the symphony or concerto the structure of a particular piece, how its parts are put together to make the whole; this too can be generic, such as binary form or sonata form Musical... Verse is a writing that uses meter as its primary organisational mode, as opposed to prose, which uses grammatical and discoursal units like sentences and paragraphs. ... A refrain (from the Old French refraindre to repeat, likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the chorus of a song. ... In popular music, a bridge is a contrasting section which also prepares for the return of the original material section. ... Voice instrumental music is the term used for compositions and improvisations for the human voice. ... An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or piece without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Mainstream is, generally, the common current of thought of the majority. ... In music, a tutti section in a concerto is one in which the orchestra plays and the soloist does not. ... The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic meta-format for storing data in tagged chunks. ...


This use of an instrumental interlude to a song is of course very old, but probably the source in this case is performances by blues musicians like John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters, who were influential in the development of rhythm and blues (eg, Bo Diddley), rock and roll (eg Chuck Berry) and hence more modern forms of rock music. John Lee Hooker. ... McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 or 1913 – April 30, 1983), better known as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician and is generally considered the father of Chicago blues. ... Rhythm and blues (aka R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Bo Diddleys emphasis on rhythm largely influenced popular music, especially that of rock and roll in the 1960s. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer, and song writer. ...


In most cases, the rock guitar solo is a short instrumental section of the song. In the classic verse-chorus form it quite often falls between the second chorus and third verse, although of course there are many variations. There are, for example, well-known cases of extended guitar solos at the end of songs, such as Pink Floyd's "Comfortably Numb" and Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird". In the progressive rock idiom, however, extended instrumental passages or even whole instrumental pieces became commonplace (for example, in the work of Yes and King Crimson). In live performances, an extended guitar solo may be a frequent feature even if in recordings solos are usually kept short; heavy rock band AC/DC might be considered an example. Pink Floyd are an English rock band noted for philosophical lyrics, classical rock compositions, sonic experimentation, innovative cover art, and elaborate live shows. ... Comfortably Numb is a song from the album The Wall by Pink Floyd, music written by David Gilmour (with additional notes by Waters), lyrics by Roger Waters. ... Lynyrd Skynyrd (pronounced /leh-nerd skin-nerd/) is a U.S. Southern rock band, described by All Music Guides Stephen Thomas Erlewine as the definitive Southern rock band, fusing the overdriven power of blues-rock with a rebellious, Southern image and a hard rock swagger. ... Free Bird is a song by American Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd. ... Yes are an English progressive rock band that formed in London in 1968. ... King Crimson is an English musical group founded by guitarist Robert Fripp and drummer Michael Giles in 1969. ... AC/DC is a hard rock band formed in Sydney, Australia in 1973 (see 1973 in music) by brothers Angus and Malcolm Young. ...


The accompaniment to the solo can vary. Probably the most common style is merely a continuation of verse and/or chorus instrumentation; in short, the solo is given the same backing as if it were a vocal passage. Other songs may feature rhythm parts written specifically for the solo, or occasionally no backing at all. In music accompaniment is the art of playing along with a soloist or ensemble, often known as the lead, in a supporting manner as well as the music thus played. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ...


The use of the guitar solo in heavy metal music was especially notable during the 1980s, where a solo was a common feature for a guitar-based band and a lead guitarist who was highly-regarded might be as well-known as the singer. Later, guitarists who had developed considerable technical facility began to release albums which consisted only of guitar compositions; Joe Satriani and Steve Vai were among the most famous. Guitar solos in popular music, however, went out of fashion towards the end of the decade, and since then the guitar solo in pop and popular rock music declined in popularity; when present at all, solos tended to be more subdued and understated. Recently, rock band The Darkness included guitar solos in this style as part of their pastiches of 1980s heavy rock music. As the 2000s progressed, the guitar solo has faded out of mainstream pop-rock, pop-punk, and emo, but several guitar-based indie bands such as The Strokes have kept solos as critical parts of their songs. Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that emerged as a defined musical style in the 1970s, having its roots in hard rock bands which, between 1967 and 1974, mixed blues and rock to create a hybrid with a thick, heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound, characterised by the... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Steven Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960 in Carle Place, New York) is an American virtuoso guitarist, composer, and record producer, notable for having received a Grammy Award (along with nine nominations) and being cited as an influence by many guitarists ever since the 1980s. ... For popular music (music produced commercially rather than art or folk music), see Popular music. ... The Darkness are an English rock band touting themselves as classic hard rock. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Pop rock is a genre of music that combines elements of both pop and rock. ... Pop punk is a fusion genre combining the catchy attributes of some of the original punk rock groups music with musical styles from contemporary pop music. ... Emo is a subgenre of hardcore punk music. ... The Strokes are an American rock band that was formed in 1999 and rose to fame in the early 2000s as a leading group in the garage rock revival. ...

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Musical content of rock guitar solos

Many famous guitarists are known primarily for their solos; as with any instrumentalists, styles vary considerably and so what follows can only be a generalization.


Most rock guitarists compose their solos, perhaps based initially on improvisations, and are able to reproduce them exactly when a song is performed live. This is important in the case of famous solos which come to be seen as much a part of the song as the sung parts; this can contrast with jazz and blues guitarists who may not compose most of the content of their solos.


Since blues is the key source for rock music, the harmonic context of much traditional rock soloing is a single key-centre, without chromatic alterations. This also contrasts with jazz soloing in which 'running the changes' -- creating a melodic line that follows the underlying harmony -- is a key part of the style. Because of this, the melody of rock solos is generally based on scale choice rather than arpeggios of the underlying chords. However, several rock bands have approached guitar soloing in a manner that follows along with an often intricate underlying chord progression. This method of composing, when done correctly, can make for a very melodic--almost operatic--quality. Examples include "Bohemian Rhapsody" by Brian May (of Queen), and "Rest In Peace" by Nuno Bettencourt (of Extreme). Bohemian Rhapsody is a song written by Freddie Mercury, originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... Brian Harold May CBE (Born July 19, 1947) is the guitarist for the English rock band Queen. ... Queen are an English rock band formed by Freddie Mercury, Brian May, and Roger Taylor in London, England in 1970 from the remains of Smile, with John Deacon completing the lineup the following year. ... Nuno Bettencourt is a Portuguese-born rock guitar virtuoso, best known for his role as the lead guitarist of the Boston funk metal band Extreme. ... See Extreme for other uses of the word. ...


The minor pentatonic scale is a basic element of blues guitar solos. The idea is to contrast the flattened third and seventh scale degrees of the scale with the prevailing major tonality of the music underlying it. These so-called blue notes are often accentuated by 'bending' the pitch upwards towards the more consonant major third and root notes that lie above them. This gesture is characteristic of blues and jazz as well as rock. Some famous solos that are based on the minor pentatonic scale are "Comfortably Numb" by David Gilmour (of Pink Floyd), "Stairway to Heaven" by Jimmy Page (of Led Zeppelin), "Eruption" by Eddie Van Halen of Van Halen, and "Crazy Train" by Randy Rhoads (with Ozzy Osbourne). In music, a pentatonic scale is a scale with five notes per octave. ... Blues music redirects here. ... In music or music theory a scale degree is an individual note of a scale, both its pitch and its diatonic function. ... In jazz and blues notes added to the major scale for expressive quality, loosely defined by musicians to be an alteration to a scale or chord that makes it sound like the blues. ... Comfortably Numb is a song from the album The Wall by Pink Floyd, music written by David Gilmour (with additional notes by Waters), lyrics by Roger Waters. ... David Jon Gilmour, CBE (born March 6, 1946 in Cambridge, England) is a guitarist and songwriter best known as a member of the band Pink Floyd. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band noted for philosophical lyrics, classical rock compositions, sonic experimentation, innovative cover art, and elaborate live shows. ... Stairway to Heaven is a song by the English rock group Led Zeppelin released in December 1971 on their fourth studio album, —Led Zeppelin IV. It is widely considered to be one of the greatest rock songs of all time[1] and is often cited as the most played song... James Patrick Jimmy Page, OBE (born January 9, 1944) is an English musician and considered to be one of the greatest and most influential guitarists in rock music history. ... Led Zeppelin were an English rock band, and are one of the most successful and influential groups in popular music history. ... Eruption is a song by Van Halen off their first album Van Halen (1978 — now often called Van Halen I by fans). ... Edward Lodewijk Van Halen, (born January 26, 1955) is a virtuoso guitarist and a founding member of the hard rock band Van Halen. ... Van Halen is an American Hard rock band. ... Crazy Train is an 1981 heavy metal song written by Ozzy Osbourne, Randy Rhoads and Bob Daisley, released on the album Blizzard Of Ozz. The theme of the song is dark, but features Ozzy pleading for sanity in what he views as an insane world, hence the chorus Im... Randall William Randy Rhoads (December 6, 1956 – March 19, 1982) was an American guitarist, rated by Rolling Stone magazine as one of rock musics 100 greatest guitarists of all time. ... Ozzy Osbourne (born John Michael Osbourne on December 3, 1948 in Aston, Birmingham, England) is the lead singer of the pioneering heavy metal band Black Sabbath, popular solo artist, and reality television star. ...


Adding the second and (natural) sixth scale degrees to the minor pentatonic produces the so-called Dorian mode. This is also widely-used in rock guitar solos, including those of Carlos Santana. Other minor modes of the major scale are also characteristic of the rock style, as is the harmonic minor scale, which is particularly associated with heavy metal. In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... Due to historical confusion, Dorian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... Carlos Augusto Alves Santana (born July 20, 1947 in Autlán de Navarro, Mexico) is a Grammy Award-winning Mexican American musician and Latin-rock guitarist. ... This article is about modes as used in music. ... In music theory, the major scale (or major mode) is one of the diatonic scales. ... A minor scale in musical theory can be viewed as the sixth mode of the major scale. ...


Of course, in genres of music outside rock, and even on its margins, there are many variations.

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Bass Solos

Although less common in popular music, some songs and bands also include bass solos. Bass solos are structured and performed similar to a guitar solo, but the deep sound and tendency to keep the bass as a rhythym instrument limit the number of bass solos performed, often meaning they only appear when a band is playing live and not on studio albums. Some bands and artists who utilize bass solos include Rush, The Who, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, Victor Wooten and Primus to name a few. Rush is a Canadian progressive rock band comprising bassist, keyboardist and vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart. ... The Who are an English rock band who first came to prominence in the 1960s and grew in stature to be popularly considered one of the greatest rock n roll bands of all time [1][2] [3] [4]. Except for periods of retirement from 1983 to 1988 and from 1990... Red Hot Chili Peppers (from left): Flea, Chad Smith, John Frusciante and Anthony Kiedis Red Hot Chili Peppers are a Californian rock band who have combined aspects of funk and hip-hop with rock and roll, pioneering funk metal. ... Victor Wooten Victor Lemonte Wooten (born September 11, 1964) is an American virtuoso electric bass guitar player and is regarded by many of his peers as one of the finest players to emerge in the 1990s, if not of all time (he is sometimes referred to as the Michael Jordan... Primus is an American rock band formed in California in the mid-1980s. ...

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See also

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Air guitar is the act of pretending to play guitar, consisting of an exaggerated strumming motion and often coupled with loud singing or lip-synching. ... The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic meta-format for storing data in tagged chunks. ... Alejandro Silva Alex Lifeson Alexi Laiho Angus Young BB King Bill Wichert Brian May Buckethead Carlos Santana Chris Poland Chris Cheney Cliff Gallup Cristóbal Arriagada Dan Swanö Daron Malakian Dave The Edge Evans Dave Davies Dave Gardner Dave Mustaine David Gilmour Dimebag Darrell Duane Allman Eddie Van Halen Eddie... Charlie Christian Larry Coryell Guthrie Govan Pat Metheny Wes Montgomery Joe Pass Les Paul Django Reinhardt Emily Remler Elliott Sharp Sonny Sharrock See also Guitar solo Notable rock guitar soloists ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
guitar solo: Information from Answers.com (1156 words)
Unaccompanied guitar music is found in folk and classical music dating as far back as the instrument has existed, and the use of a guitar as a solo voice within an ensemble dates back at least to the Baroque concerto.
The use of the guitar solo in heavy metal music was especially notable during the 1980s, where a solo was a common feature for a guitar-based band and a lead guitarist who was highly-regarded might be as well-known as the singer.
Guitar solos in popular music, however, went out of fashion towards the end of the decade, and since then the guitar solo in pop and popular rock music declined in popularity; when present at all, solos tended to be more subdued and understated.
Guitar solo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1187 words)
There are, for example, well-known cases of extended guitar solos at the end of songs, such as Pink Floyd's "Comfortably Numb" and Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird".
Some famous solos that are based on the minor pentatonic scale are "Comfortably Numb" by David Gilmour (of Pink Floyd), "Stairway to Heaven" by Jimmy Page (of Led Zeppelin), "Eruption" by Eddie Van Halen of Van Halen, and "Crazy Train" by Randy Rhoads (with Ozzy Osbourne).
Bass solos are structured and performed similar to a guitar solo, but the deep sound and tendency to keep the bass as a rhythm instrument limit the number of bass solos performed, often meaning they only appear when a band is playing live and not on studio albums.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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