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Encyclopedia > Guitar solo

Guitar solos are a melodic passage, section, or entire piece of music written for an electric guitar or an acoustic guitar. Guitar solos, which often contain varying degrees of improvisation, are used in many styles of popular music such as blues, rock and metal, jazz styles such as swing and jazz fusion. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... Acoustic guitar can refer to the following musical instruments: Nylon and gut stringed guitars: Renaissance guitar Baroque guitar Romantic guitar Classical guitar, the modern version of the original guitar, with nylon strings Flamenco guitar Steel stringed guitars: Steel-string acoustic guitar, also known as western, folk or country guitar Twelve... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... Heavy metal is a form of rock music characterized by aggressive, driving rhythms and highly amplified distorted guitars, generally with grandiose lyrics and virtuosic instrumentation. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Look up swing, swinging in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ...


Guitar solos are also used in classical music forms such as chamber music and concertos. Guitar solos may be unaccompanied works for a single guitar. As well, they may be accompanied by other instruments, ranging from a small ensemble such as a jazz quartet or a rock band, to a large ensemble such as an orchestra or big band. This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the 2000s . ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. ... In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... Band may mean: A musical band A band (electronics) is a range of frequencies or wavelengths between two given limits In anthropology, a band society A Rubber band In solid-state physics, an energy band The Band, a particular musical band See also: bandana This is a disambiguation page — a... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ...


Unaccompanied guitar music is found in folk and classical music dating as far back as the instrument has existed, and the use of a guitar as a solo voice within an ensemble dates back at least to the Baroque concerto. Folk song redirects here. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. ...

Contents

Guitar solos in rock music

Sweep picking on an electric guitar.

Today the term guitar solo is commonly taken to refer specifically to the rock music genre. Although solo passages for guitar are found in many musical genres, the 'guitar solo' has become characteristic part of rock music. Guitar solos are usually performed with electric guitar with the timbral effect known as distortion. Rock bands sometimes have two guitarists, designated 'lead' and 'rhythm', the 'lead' player taking the solos while the 'rhythm' player accompanies. Lonnie Johnson was one of the first if not the first musicians (in modern music especially) to play single string guitar solos. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... In the world of guitar music and guitar amplification, distortion is actively sought, evaluated, and appreciatively discussed in its endless flavors. ... Lead guitar refers to a role within a band, that provides melody or melodic material, as opposed to the rhythm of the rhythm guitar, bass, and drums. ... Rhythm guitar is a guitar that is primarily used to provide rhythmic and harmonic accompaniment for a singer or for other instruments in an ensemble. ... Alfonzo Lonnie Johnson (February 8, 1894 – June 6, 1970) was a pioneering blues and jazz singer/guitarist born in New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


Most examples of rock music are based around songs in very traditional forms. The main formal features are therefore verses, choruses, and bridges. The guitar solo is usually the most significant instrumental (that is, non-vocal) section of a mainstream rock song. In other rock-related genres such as pop and dance music, the keyboard synthesizer usually plays this melodic role. For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... The term musical form is used in two related ways: a generic type of composition such as the symphony or concerto the structure of a particular piece, how its parts are put together to make the whole; this too can be generic, such as binary form or sonata form Musical... The term musical form is used in two related ways: a generic type of composition such as the symphony or concerto the structure of a particular piece, how its parts are put together to make the whole; this too can be generic, such as binary form or sonata form Musical... The structures or musical forms of songs in popular music are typically sectional forms, such as strophic form. ... A refrain (from the Old French refraindre to repeat, likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the chorus of a song. ... In popular music, especially occidental, a bridge is a contrasting section which also prepares for the return of the original material section. ... An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


This use of an instrumental interlude to a song is influenced by blues musicians like John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters, who were influential in the development of rhythm and blues (e.g., Bo Diddley), rock and roll (e.g. Chuck Berry) and hence more modern forms of rock music. In most cases, the rock guitar solo is a short instrumental section of the song. In the classic verse-chorus form it quite often falls between the second chorus and third verse. As well, extended guitar solos are sometimes used at the end of songs, such as Pink Floyd's "Comfortably Numb" , Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird" and Led Zeppelin's "Stairway To Heaven". John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1917 – June 21, 2001) was an influential American post-war blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter born in Coahoma County near Clarksdale, Mississippi. ... McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 – April 30, 1983), better known as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician and is generally considered the Father of Chicago blues. He is also the actual father of blues musician Big Bill Morganfield. ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... Bo Diddley (born December 30, 1928) aka The Originator, is an influential American rock and roll singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... The Wall Disc Two track listing Comfortably Numb is a song by the British progressive rock band Pink Floyd, which was released on the 1979 double album The Wall. ... Lynyrd Skynyrd (pronounced lÄ•h-nérd skin-nérd) (pronounced ) is an iconic U.S. Southern rock band. ...   is an anthemic song by the American Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... For other uses of Stairway to Heaven, see Stairway to Heaven (disambiguation). ...


The use of the guitar solo in heavy metal music was especially notable during the 1980s, where guitar solos were common, and a lead guitarist of a band might be as well-known as the singer. During this time the use of techniques such as harmonics became more widely used. Later, guitarists who had developed considerable technical facility began to release albums which consisted only of guitar compositions. Heavy metal redirects here. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... In acoustics and telecommunication, the harmonic of a wave is a component frequency of the signal that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. ... Musical composition is a phrase used in a number of contexts, the most commonly used being a piece of music. ...


Guitar solos in popular music went out of fashion towards the end of the 1990s, and since then the guitar solo in pop and popular rock music declined in popularity. Guitar solos remain important in rock, heavy metal, blues, and jazz music. For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Blues music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ...


Bass guitar solos

While bass guitar solos are not common in popular music, some bands also include bass solos in some songs, particularly heavy metal, funk, and progressive rock bands. Some genres use bass guitar solos in most songs, such as jazz bands or jazz fusion groups. A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ...


In a rock context, bass guitar solos are structured and performed in a similar fashion as a rock guitar solo, often with the musical accompaniment from the verse or chorus sections. While bass guitar solos appear on few studio albums from rock or pop bands, genres such as progressive rock, fusion-influenced rock, and some types of heavy metal are more likely to include bass solos, both in studio albums and in live performances. For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Look up fusion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Bass solos are performed using a range of different techniques. Bass solos are often performed by using plucking or fingerpicking. In the 1960s, The Who's bassist, John Entwistle, performed a bass break on the song "My Generation" using a pick. Bass players such as Cliff Burton, Geezer Butler, Alex Webster from heavy metal and punk rock styles often perform bass solos, generally performed using a pick (though there are exceptions, most notably Cliff Burton, who shunned the use of a pick). Jazz fusion bassist Jaco Pastorius (Weather Report) used chime-like harmonics and rapid plucking techniques in his bass solos. The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for rock band The Who. ... A bass run is an instrumental break in which the main vocal or melody line rests (pauses, takes a break) and the bass instruments and line are given the forefront. ... This article is about the song. ... Various guitar picks A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument. ... Clifford Lee Burton (February 10, 1962 – September 27, 1986) was a bass guitarist best known for his work with the thrash/heavy metal band Metallica from 1982 - 1986. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ... John Francis Anthony Jaco Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his virtuosity of the fretless bass,[1][2] as well as his command of varied musical styles. ... For the song Weather Report by The American Analog Set, see The Golden Band. ...


In the 1970s, funk bassists such as Larry Graham began using slapping and popping techniques for their bass solos, which coupled a percussive thumb-slapping technique of the lower strings with an aggressive finger-snap of the higher strings, often in rhythmic alternation. The slap and pop technique incorporates a large number of muted (or 'ghost' tones) to normal notes to add to the rhythmic effect. Slapping and popping solos were prominent in the 1980s and they are still used by more recent bands. Larry Graham, Jr. ... In music, the term slapping is often used to refer to two different though related playing techniques on the double bass and on the (electric) bass guitar. ...


When playing bass solos, hard rock and heavy metal bassists sometimes use bass effects such as distortion or Wah-wah pedals to produce a more pronounced sound. Due to the lower range of the bass, bass guitar solos usually have a much lighter accompaniment than solos for other instruments; in some cases, the bass guitar solo is unaccompanied, or it is accompanied only by the drums. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bass instrument amplification. ... Seventh release by Manchester indie rock group, James. ...


See also

In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... It is believed that air guitar possibly originated from early Iron Maiden fans in the late 1970s. ... Imagination is accepted as the innate ability and process to invent partial or complete personal realms within the mind from elements derived from sense perceptions of the shared world. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ...

External links

References

Goetz, Philip, ed., Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 5 (Fifteenth Edition ed.), Chicago (published 1990), pp. 982, ISBN 0-85229-511-1. Philip W. Goetz (born 1927) was the Executive Editor (under Chief Editor Warren E. Preece) for the first version of the 15th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... 1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt — look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelled with æ, the ae-ligature) was first published in 1768–1771 as The Britannica was an important early English-language general encyclopedia and is still...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
guitar solo: Information from Answers.com (1156 words)
Unaccompanied guitar music is found in folk and classical music dating as far back as the instrument has existed, and the use of a guitar as a solo voice within an ensemble dates back at least to the Baroque concerto.
The use of the guitar solo in heavy metal music was especially notable during the 1980s, where a solo was a common feature for a guitar-based band and a lead guitarist who was highly-regarded might be as well-known as the singer.
Guitar solos in popular music, however, went out of fashion towards the end of the decade, and since then the guitar solo in pop and popular rock music declined in popularity; when present at all, solos tended to be more subdued and understated.
Guitar solo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1187 words)
There are, for example, well-known cases of extended guitar solos at the end of songs, such as Pink Floyd's "Comfortably Numb" and Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird".
Some famous solos that are based on the minor pentatonic scale are "Comfortably Numb" by David Gilmour (of Pink Floyd), "Stairway to Heaven" by Jimmy Page (of Led Zeppelin), "Eruption" by Eddie Van Halen of Van Halen, and "Crazy Train" by Randy Rhoads (with Ozzy Osbourne).
Bass solos are structured and performed similar to a guitar solo, but the deep sound and tendency to keep the bass as a rhythm instrument limit the number of bass solos performed, often meaning they only appear when a band is playing live and not on studio albums.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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