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Encyclopedia > Guilin
position of Guilin in Guangxi
position of Guilin in Guangxi
Guilin in Guangxi
Guilin in Guangxi

Guilin (Chinese: 桂林; Hanyu Pinyin: Guìlín; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of China's most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China on the west bank of the Lijiang River (also called the Li River). Its name means "forest of Sweet Osmanthus," owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1062x778, 74 KB) Summary Description: position of Guilin in the Chinese autonomous region of Guangxi Source: own work Date: December 2005 Author: --Immanuel Giel 14:56, 13 December 2005 (UTC) Other versions: none Licensing File links The following pages link to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1062x778, 74 KB) Summary Description: position of Guilin in the Chinese autonomous region of Guangxi Source: own work Date: December 2005 Author: --Immanuel Giel 14:56, 13 December 2005 (UTC) Other versions: none Licensing File links The following pages link to... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a Zhuang autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links GuilinOfGuangXi2. ... Image File history File links GuilinOfGuangXi2. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a Zhuang autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... In the early twentieth century, China (starting with the dying Qing Empire) used Postal (Office) System Pinyin (Traditional Chinese:郵政式拼音 Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) (unrelated to the modern Hanyu Pinyin), based on Wade-Giles (in particularly, Herbert Giless A Chinese-English Dictionary) for postal purposes, especially for... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: Guǎngxī; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Li River The Li River (Chinese: 漓江, pinyin: Lí Jiāng) is a river in Guangxi Province, China. ... Binomial name Osmanthus fragrans Lour. ...

Contents


History

In 314 BC, a small settlement was established along the banks of the Li River. Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 319 BC 318 BC 317 BC 316 BC 315 BC 314 BC 313 BC 312 BC 311...


In 111 BC, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Shi An County was established, which could be regarded as the beginning of the city. Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC - 110s BC - 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 116 BC 115 BC 114 BC 113 BC 112 BC - 111 BC - 110 BC 109 BC... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ...


In 507 AD, the town was renamed Guizhou. Events Battle of Vouillé: Clovis I defeats the Visigoths near Poitiers, ends Visigothic power in Gaul. ...

Guilin prospered in the Tang and Song dynasties but remained a county. The city was also a nexus between the central government and the southwest border, and it was where regular armies were placed to guard that border. Canals were built through the city so that food supplies could be directly transported from the food-productive Yangtze plain to the farthest southwestern point of the empire. From zh:Image:Guilin_lijiang. ... From zh:Image:Guilin_lijiang. ... The Li River The Li River (Chinese: 漓江, pinyin: Lí Jiāng) is a river in Guangxi Province, China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. ...


During the Ming Dynasty, Guilin became the capital of Guangxi, due to its immense role in the province. The Míng Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ...


In 1914, Nanning, another center of the province and a heroic city with more than 1,600 years of history, replaced Guilin as the provincial capital. 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ...


In 1921, Guilin became one of the headquarters of the Northern Expeditionary Army led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen. 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Northern Expedition (北伐) was a military campaign led by the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) and the Communist Party of China from 1926 to 1927. ... Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙, November 12, 1866–March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and political leader who had a significant role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty. ...


In 1940, the city acquired its present name. In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the State Council as one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhou and Suzhou) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage, as well as natural scenery, should be treated as a priority project. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State Council or National Council is the name of a major governmental body in some countries. ... (help· info) (IPA pei˩ tɕɪŋ˦), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Hangzhou (Chinese: 杭州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hang-chou) is a sub-provincial city in China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Suzhou (Simplified Chinese: 苏州; Traditional Chinese: 蘇州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Su-chou; sometimes seen transliterated as Su-chow, Suchow, or Soochow) is a famous city on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu, China. ...


Physical Setting

Elephant Trunk Hill, the Symbol of Guilin
Elephant Trunk Hill, the Symbol of Guilin
  • Area: 27,809 km²
  • Subtropical region
  • Typical karst formation
  • Mountains: Diecai Hill (叠彩山), Elephant Trunk Hill (象鼻山), Seven-Star Cave (七星岩), Wave-Subduing Hill (伏波山), Lipu Mountains and Yaoshan Mountains
  • Rivers: Li Jiang

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A landmark in Guilin. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... A landmark in Guilin. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

Administrative divisions

Map of Guilin.
Map of Guilin.
  • 5 city regions: Xiufeng Qu (秀峰区), Xiangshan Qu (象山区), Diecai Qu (叠彩区), Qixing Qu (七星区), Yanshan Qu (雁山区).
  • 10 counties: Lingui (临桂), Yangshuo (阳朔), Lingchuan (灵川), Xing'an (兴安), Quanzhou (全州), Yongfu (永福), Ziyuan (资源), Guanyang (灌阳), Pingle (平乐), Lipu (荔浦).
  • 2 autonomous counties: Gongcheng (恭城), Longsheng (龙胜).

Image File history File links MapOfGuilin2. ... Image File history File links MapOfGuilin2. ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... ]] as a place to unwind. ... Hsingan or Xingan (also Tsingan) (興安, Pinyin: XÄ«ngān) refers to the Japanese creation in West Heilongjiang and part of Northwest Liaoning of the Autonomous Mongol Anto (province) of Hsingan. ... Quanzhou (Chinese: 泉州; pinyin: Quánzhōu) is a prefecture level city, located in the Fujian province of China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ...

People

The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao) are an ethnic group. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ...

Climate

  • Damp monsoon climate
  • Warm and rainy
  • Plenty of sunshine and clear division of the four seasons
  • Average temperature: 19°C annually

Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a wind pattern that reverses direction on a seasonal basis. ...

Economy

  • The GDP per capita was ¥15775 (ca. US$1910) in 2003, ranked no. 125 among 659 Chinese cities.
  • Local agricultural products: Shatian Pomelo, summer orange, fructus momordicae, ginkgo, moon persimmon, Lipu Tara, Sanhua Alcohol, pepper sauce, fermented bean curd, Guilin Rice Noodle, water chestnut, grain, fish and dried bean milk cream in tight rolls

Firestone tire A tire (U.S. spelling) or tyre (UK spelling) is a roughly toroidal shaped piece of synthetic rubber which covers the circumference of a wheel. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Fertilizers or fertilisers are compounds given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar spraying, for uptake through leaves. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a lasting and pleasant smell. ... Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced by the fermentation of grapes and grape juice. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ... Binomial name Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Cassia (Indonesian cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) also known simply as Chinese medicine (Chinese: 中醫學 or 中药学, zhōngy o xŭe) or traditional Oriental medicine, is the name commonly given to a range of traditional medical practices originating in China thousands of years ago. ... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), frequently misspelled as Gingko, and sometimes known as the Maidenhair Tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ... The water chestnut Trapa natans is a floating aquatic plant, growing in slow-moving water up to 5 meters deep. ... Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a caryopsis). ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus: the most abundant species of fish in the world. ...

Colleges and universities

Public

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed. Guangxi Normal University (广西师范大学) is a university located in Guilin, Guangxi, China. ... The Guilin University of Electronic Technology (abbreviation: GUET; Chinese: 桂林电子工业学院; Pinyin: Guilin Dianzi Gongy Xueyuan) is is a state university, located in Guilin, Guangxi, China. ...


Attractions

Reed Flute Cave, Reed Flute Park, some of Guillin's best scenery
Reed Flute Cave, Reed Flute Park, some of Guillin's best scenery

The Jingjiang Princes City is a royal complex dating from the Ming Dynasty that lies near the center of modern Guilin. Image File history File linksMetadata ReedFluteCave. ... Image File history File linksMetadata ReedFluteCave. ... The front (southern) gate (August 2003) Jingjiang Princes City (ch. ... The Míng Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ...


Other scenic spots around Guilin include:

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Tuoshan (Chinese 驼山; pinyin tuo shan; literally Camel Mountain) is a mountain located 4km south-west of Qingzhou city, Shandong province, China. ... A landmark in Guilin. ... Moon Hill 月亮山 (Yu Liang Shan) is a tourist attraction a few kilometers outside Yangshuo. ...

Cuisine

Guilin cuisine is known for its sweetness and delicate use of spice and chili, and the chili sauce called Guìlín làjiāojiàng (桂林辣椒酱; used as a dip for hot pot dishes)[1] is particularly famous. Guilin is also an especially good place to taste snack food. Zongzi (bamboo leaves stuffed with glutinous rice) and rice noodles are the two most commonly available snacks in Guilin. Other local specialties include turtle soup and bamboo rat. Rice dumpling with red bean filling The zongzi or rice dumpling (Chinese: 粽子 or 糭子; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: tsung-tzu) is a traditional Chinese food, to which the Mesoamerican tamal is similar. ... Rice noodles are noodles made from rice. ... Turtle soup is a soup made from the flesh of the turtle, often the green turtle or, especially in the United States, snapping turtle. ...


Quotes

"I often sent pictures of the hills of Guilin which I painted to friends back home, but few believed what they saw."
- Fan Chengda (Chinese Song Dynasty scholar)
桂林山水甲天下 "Guilin’s scenery bests all others in the world."
- popular Chinese saying

The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...

Additional Images

External links

  • Guilin Map
  • The relative location of Guilin in China
  • China Planner (a very informative site for those interested in visiting China)
  • The Clintons in Guilin
  • Guilin Travel Guide
  • Guilin cuisine is typified by its sweetness and delicate use of spice and chili.
  • Travel guide to Guilin from Wikitravel
  • Pictures from a backpacker's trip to Guilin


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Guangxi
Prefecture-level cities: Baise | Beihai | Chongzuo | Fangchenggang | Guigang | Guilin
Hechi | Hezhou | Laibin | Liuzhou | Nanning | Qinzhou | Wuzhou | Yulin
List of Guangxi County-level divisions

Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a Zhuang autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Baise (simplified Chinese: 百色; pinyin: Baǐsè) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Beihai (Chinese: 北海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-hai), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. ... Chongzuo (simplified Chinese: 崇左; pinyin: Laibin, Zhuang: Cungzcoj) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Fangchenggang (simplified Chinese: 防城港; pinyin: fangchenggang) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Guigang (simplified Chinese: 贵港; pinyin: Guigang, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Hechi (simplified Chinese: 河池; pinyin: Hechi, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Hezhou (simplified Chinese: 贺州; pinyin: Hezhou, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Laibin (simplified Chinese: 来宾; pinyin: Laibin) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Liuzhou (Chinese: 柳州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Liuchow) is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China. ... Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Qinzhou (Chin-chow, Yamchow) is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants on the Gulf of Tongking in Guangxi in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wuzhou is a prefecture-level city on the Eastern fringe of Guangxi Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: ) is one of the fourteen region-level cities (see: Prefecture-level city) of Guangxi autonomous region, in China. ... Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, a autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 14 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 97 county-level divisions 7 county-level cities 56 counties 34 districts 12 ethnic...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Guilin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (649 words)
Guilin (Chinese: 桂林; Pinyin: Guìlín; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of China's most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China on the west bank of the Lijiang River (also called the Li River).
Guilin cuisine is known for its sweetness and delicate use of spice and chili, and the chili sauce called Guìlín làjiāojiàng (桂林辣椒酱; used as a dip for hot pot dishes)[1] is particularly famous.
Guilin cuisine is typified by its sweetness and delicate use of spice and chili.
Guilin - definition of Guilin in Encyclopedia (527 words)
Guilin (桂林 pinyin: Guìlín; Postal Pinyin: Kweilin) is one of China's most picturesque cities, situated northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China on the west bank of the Li River.
Due to the movement of the Earth's crust, the sea floor eventually rose and became dry land.
Canals were built through the city so that food supplies could be directly transported from the food-productive Yangzi plain to the farthest southwestern point of the empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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