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Encyclopedia > Guilford County, North Carolina
Guilford County, North Carolina
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Guilford County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1771
Seat Greensboro
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,703 km² (658 mi²)
1,682 km² (649 mi²)
21 km² (8 mi²), 1.26%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

421,048
250/km² 
Website: www.co.guilford.nc.us

Guilford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 421,048. Its county seat is Greensboro6. Since 1938, an additional county court has been located in High Point, North Carolina, making Guilford one of only a handful of counties nationwide with a dual court system. High Point's courthouse is the 101st courthouse in North Carolina. Image File history File links Guilford_County_nc_seal. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_NC.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): North Carolina ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Greensboro Skyline Greensboro redirects here. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Greensboro Skyline Greensboro redirects here. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Nickname: Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina Country United States State North Carolina Counties Guilford, Randolph, Davidson, Forsyth Government  - Mayor Rebecca Smothers Area  - City  95. ...

Contents

History

The county was formed in 1771 from parts of Rowan County and Orange County. It was named for Francis North, 1st Earl of Guildford, father of Frederick North, Lord North, British Prime Minister from 1770 to 1782. The Quaker church played a major role in the European settlement of the county, and numerous Quakers still live in the county. 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Rowan County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, KG, PC (13 April 1732 – 5 August 1792), more often known by his courtesy title, Lord North, which he used from 1752 until 1790, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782, and a major actor in the American Revolution. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


On March 15, 1781, the Battle of Guilford Court House was fought in present-day Greensboro between Generals Charles Cornwallis and Nathanael Greene during the American Revolution. This battle marked a key turning point in the Revolutionary War in the South. Although General Cornwallis, the British Commander, held the field at the end of the battle, his losses were so severe that he decided to withdraw to the Carolina and Virginia coastline, where he could receive reinforcements his battered army could be protected by the British Navy. His decision ultimately led to his defeat later in 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia, by a combined force of American and French troops and warships. is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Britain Commanders Nathanael Greene Lord Cornwallis Strength 4,400 1,900 Casualties 79 killed 185 wounded 1,046 missing Total: 1,310 93 killed 413 wounded 26 missing Total: 532 The Battle of Guilford Court House was a battle fought on March 15, 1781 inside the present... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, British general and colonial governor. ... Charles Willson Peale painted a portrait of General Greene from life in 1783, which was then copied several times by C.W. Peale and his son, Rembrandt Peale. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... York Hall is a government building on Yorktowns historic Main Street. ...


In 1779 the southern third of Guilford County became Randolph County. In 1785 the northern half of its remaining territory became Rockingham County. 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ...


Due to the large number of Quakers living in Guilford, many of the county's residents were opposed to slavery before the Civil War. The county was a stop on the famous Underground Railroad, which provided escaped slaves with a route to freedom in the North. Levi Coffin, one of the founders of the "railroad", was a Guilford County native. He is credited with personally helping over 2,000 slaves escape to freedom before the war. Slave redirects here. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Levi Coffin Levi Coffin (October 28, 1798–September 16, 1877) was an American Quaker, educator, and abolitionist. ...


In 1891, the county became home to the state's first and only publicly supported institution of higher learning for women, the State Normal and Industrial School. In 1932, the school became the Women's College of North Carolina when it joined with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and NC State University in Raleigh to form the Consolidated University of North Carolina. From the 1930's to the 1960's the Women's College was the third-largest women's university in the world. The school's name was changed a final time in 1963 when it began admitting men; it is now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ... North Carolina State University at Raleigh is a public, coeducational, extensive research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. ... See also Raleigh, North Carolina and Sir Walter Raleigh. ... The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is a public university in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA and is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system. ...


In 1960 Guilford County helped spark a major development in the American civil rights movement when four black students from the North Carolina A&T State University in Greensbboro started the first civil rightst sit-in. Known afterwards as the Greensboro Four, the four men deliberately sat an "whites-only" lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in downtown Greensboro and asked to be served. Instead they were arrested, but their action led to many other college students in Greensboro - including white students from Guilford College and the Women's College - to sit at the lunch counter in a show of support. Within two months the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in 9 states; Woolworth's eventually agreed to desegregate its lunch counters and other restaurants in Southern towns and cities followed suit. A darker racial incident in 1979 was called the Greensboro massacre. In this incident the predominantly African American Communist Workers Party (CWP) led a march protesting the Ku Klux Klan and other white-supremacist groups through a black neighborhood in southeastern Greensboro. They were attacked and shot at by the Ku Klux Klan and members of the American Nazi Party, several of the Communist Party marchers were killed or wounded in the attack. The case received further national publicity when the accused shooters were declared "not guilty" by an all-white jury. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (NC A&T) is a four-year university located in Greensboro, North Carolina. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Greensboro Sit-Ins. ... Guilford College is a small, private, four-year liberal arts college in Greensboro, North Carolina originally founded by the Religious Society of Friends (the Quakers). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina. ... The Communist Workers Party (CWP) was a Maoist group in the United States. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Prominent Guilford County Natives

Joseph Cannon at the 1904 Republican Convention Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican party; historians consider him one of the most powerful Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1903 through 1911. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... Madison in 1818 The only surviving photograph of Dolley Madison Dorothea Dandrige Payne or Dolley Payne, was born (May 20, 1768 – July 12, 1849) was the wife of President James Madison, who served from 1809 until 1817. ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... This article is about the use of the term first lady internationally. ... O. Henry was the pen name of William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862 – June 5, 1910), whose clever use of twist endings in his stories popularized the term O. Henry Ending. ... William Sydney Porter in his thirties O. Henry is the pen name of American writer William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862 – June 5, 1910). ... April 8, 1956: CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow talking to reporters during a stop in Wiesbaden, Germany. ... CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS. Its current president is Sean McManus who is also head of CBS Sports. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Combatants United Kingdom Including combatants from:[1] Poland New Zealand Canada Czechoslovakia Belgium Australia South Africa France Ireland United States Jamaica Palestine Rhodesia Germany Including combatants from Italy Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Strength 754 single-seat fighters 149 two-seat fighters 560 bombers 500 coastal 1,963 total... Joseph McCarthy This article is about the American politician. ... Levi Coffin Levi Coffin (October 28, 1798–September 16, 1877) was an American Quaker, educator, and abolitionist. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ...

Law and government

Guilford County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments. Categories: Government stubs | North Carolina Councils of Governments ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,703 km² (658 mi²). 1,682 km² (649 mi²) of it is land and 21 km² (8 mi²) of it (1.26%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The county is drained, in part, by the Deep and Haw Rivers. The Deep River, shown highlighted The Deep River is a tributary of the Cape Fear River, approximately 125 mi (201 km) long, in north central North Carolina in the United States. ... Categories: Stub | North Carolina rivers ...


Townships

The county is divided into eighteen townships: Bruce, Center Grove, Clay, Deep River, Fentress, Friendship, Gilmer, Greene, High Point, Jamestown, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Morehead, Oak Ridge, Rock Creek, Sumner, and Washington. A township in the United States refers to a small geographic area, ranging in size from 6 to 54 square miles (15. ...


Adjacent Counties

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Alamance County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Davidson County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Forsyth County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 421,048 people, 168,667 households, and 109,802 families residing in the county. The population density was 250/km² (648/mi²). There were 180,391 housing units at an average density of 107/km² (278/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.53% White, 29.27% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 3.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 168,667 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $42,618, and the median income for a family was $52,638. Males had a median income of $35,940 versus $27,092 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,340. About 7.60% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

Map of Guilford County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Guilford County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Part of Archdale is in Guilford County Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Greensboro Skyline Greensboro redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina Country United States State North Carolina Counties Guilford, Randolph, Davidson, Forsyth Government  - Mayor Rebecca Smothers Area  - City  95. ... Jamestown is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... Oak Ridge is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... Pleasant Garden is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... Sedalia is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... Stokesdale is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... Summerfield is a town in Guilford County, North Carolina, United States. ... Whitsett is a town located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... my dad works there ... Located just north-east of Greensboro, part of the Piedmont Triad Community. ... Gibsonville is a town located in North Carolina. ... Archdale is a city located in Randolph County, North Carolina. ...


Census-designated places

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Place (United States Census Bureau). ... Forest Oaks is a census-designated place located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ... McLeansville is a census-designated place located in Guilford County, North Carolina. ...

See also

  • USS Guilford (APA-112)

The USS Guilford (APA-112) was a Bayfield-class attack transport built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Guilford County, North Carolina, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ...

External links

  • Guilford County government official website

Coordinates: 36°05′N 79°47′W / 36.08, -79.79 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
North Carolina Collection-Guilford County (278 words)
University of North Carolina at Greensboro - Infirmary.
University of North Carolina at Greensboro - Alumni House.
University of North Carolina at Greensboro - Aycock Auditorium.
Guilford County, North Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (508 words)
Guilford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Guilford County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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