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Encyclopedia > Guilan

Guilan or Gilan (گیلان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, known during ancient times as part of Hyrcania, with a population of approximately 2 million and an area of 14,700 sq. km. It lies just west of the province of Mazandaran, along the Caspian Sea. The center of the province is the city of Rasht. Other towns in the province include Astara, Astaneh-e Ashrafiyyeh, Rudsar, LangRud, Souma'eh Sara, Talesh, Fuman, Masouleh, and Lahijan. province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Guilan Categories: GFDL images ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Gorgan (گرگان); Hyrcania ; Hyrcana (Old Persian Varkâna, land of wolves; modern Persian Gorgan): part of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (present day Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and parts of Turkmenistan). ... Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Rasht Rasht (sometimes spelled Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran (Persia). ... Astara is also the name of a rayon in Azerbaijan, see Astara, Azerbaijan Astara is a city in the Iranian province of Gilan. ... Masouleh is a village in the Gilan Provence of Iran. ... Lahijan is a city in Irans Gilan province, on the shores of Caspian Sea. ...


Language of it’s people is Gileki or Giliki (or in Gilaki in Persian).


The main harbor port of the province is Bandar-e Anzali (previously Bandar-e Pahlavi). Bandar-e Anzali (in Persian: بندر انزلی), known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (بندر پهلوی) before the Iranian Revolution, is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, in the Iranian province of Gilan, close to Rasht. ...

Contents


History

Golden Cup. Excavated at Marlik, Gilan. First half of first millenium BC. National Museum of Iran. Note Griffin on top band.
Golden Cup. Excavated at Marlik, Gilan. First half of first millenium BC. National Museum of Iran. Note Griffin on top band.
Necklace with Swastika from Kaluraz, Guilan, first Millennium BCE. National Museum of Iran.
Necklace with Swastika from Kaluraz, Guilan, first Millennium BCE. National Museum of Iran.

Image File history File linksMetadata Marlik_cup_iran. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Marlik_cup_iran. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... Roman griffin, Turkey The griffin (also spelled gryphon, gryphen, griffon, griffen, or gryphin) is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head of an eagle with the addition of prominent ears, traditionally termed asss ears. The female has the wings of an eagle. ... Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... A right-facing Swastika in decorative Hindu form For the town in Ontario, see Swastika, Ontario. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... Rood-khan Castle, Iran. ... Rood-khan Castle, Iran. ... Rud-Khan Castle, Seljuk era, Iran. ... Seljuk (in Arabic SaljÅ«q; in Turkish Selçuk; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) was the bey (chieftain) of a branch of Oghuz Turks known as the Seljuk Turks. ...

Ancient history

Archaeological excavations reveal the antiquity of the province to date back to prior to the last Ice Age. Giliki(Gileki) is neither a dialect of Persian nor a branch of Pahlavi. It has a separate grammer from both languages. Over the past decades,there were extensive restrictions regarding teaching, using in mass media and officially using it. Therefore, Gilaki language has been gradually disolved in official languae (so-called Persian). That is why it is currently dying off In the 6th century BCE, the inhabitants of Guilan (such as the Gill and Daylam tribes) allied with Cyrus the Great and overthrew the Medes. The province then passed from the control of one dynasty to the next. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Cyrus the Great Cyrus II of Persia, widely known as Cyrus the Great or Cyrus the Elder, (ca. ... The Medes were an Iranian people, who lived in the western and north-western portion of present-day Iran. ... Elamite Empire, 2700BC-660BC The Elamites were an Iranian people located in Susa, in what is now Khuzestan province. ...


Modern history

After World War I, Guilan came to be ruled independently of the central government of Tehran and concern arose that the province might permanently separate at some point. Prior to the war, Guilanis had played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran under the leadership of Mirza Kouchak Khan Jangali. His movement, known as the Jangalis (Foresters Movement), had sent an armed brigade to Tehran which helped depose the Qajar ruler Mohammad Ali Shah. However, the revolution did not progress the way the constitutionalists had strived for, and Iran came to face much internal unrest and foreign intrusions, particularly from the British and Russian Empires. Clockwise from top: Trenches in frontline, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran Tehran is a metropolis of 14 million situated at the foot of the towering Alborz range. ... The Persian Constitutional Revolution was a revolution in Iran against the despotic rule of the last Qajar Shah. ... Mirza Yunes Kuchek Khan Jangali (also Mirza Kouchak Khan Jangali) was the leader of Irans Jangali (Foresters Movement), a rebellion against the Qajar monarchist government of Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran Tehran is a metropolis of 14 million situated at the foot of the towering Alborz range. ... Mullahs in the royal presence. ... Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar (Persian: محمدعلی شاه قاجار)‎ (1872 - 1925) was the shah of Iran from January 8, 1907 to July 16, 1909. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


Guilan's contribution to the movement of Mirza Kouchak Khan Jangali, known as the Constitutionalist movement of Guilan (also Jangalis) is glorified in Iranian history and effectively secured Guilan and Mazandaran against foreign invasions. However, in 1920 British forces invaded Bandar-e Anzali, while being pursued by the Bolsheviks. In the midst of this conflict between Britain and Russia, the Jangalis entered into an alliance with the Bolsheviks against the British. This culminated in the establishment of the Soviet Republic of Guilan, which lasted from June 1920 until September 1921. In February 1921 the Soviets withdrew their support for the Jangali government of Guilan, and signed the Soviet-Iranian Friendship Treaty with the central government of Tehran. The Jangalis continued to struggle against the central government for the rest of that year until their final defeat in September when control of Guilan returned to Tehran. Mirza Yunes Kuchek Khan Jangali (also Mirza Kouchak Khan Jangali) was the leader of Irans Jangali (Foresters Movement), a rebellion against the Qajar monarchist government of Iran. ... Mirza Kuchek, the leader of the movement right before starting the Jungle movement. ... Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Bandar-e Anzali (in Persian: بندر انزلی), known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (بندر پهلوی) before the Iranian Revolution, is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, in the Iranian province of Gilan, close to Rasht. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Geography and Climate

Mirza Kuchek Khan, an Iranian hero from Gilan.
Mirza Kuchek Khan, an Iranian hero from Gilan.

Guilan has a humid temperate climate with plenty of annual rainfall. The Alborz range provides further diversity to the land in addition to the Caspian coasts. Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Photo provided by Zereshk. ... Mirza Kuchek before the rebellion. ... Alborz Mountains underneath clouds seen from Tehran Alborz (in Persian البرز), also written as Alburz or Elburz, is a mountain range in northern Iran, stretching from the borders of Armenia in the north-west to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, where also Tehran and Irans highest peak, Damavand...


Large parts of the province are mountainous, green and forested. The coastal plain along the Caspian Sea is similar to that of Mazandaran, mainly used for rice paddies. Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa. ...


In May 1990 large parts of the province were destroyed by a huge earthquake, in which about 45,000 people died. Abbas Kiarostami made his famous films "Nothing but Life" and "Through the Olive Trees" based upon this event. This article is about the year. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earths surface. ... Abbas Kiarostami Abbas Kiarostami (عباس کیارستمی in Persian) (born June 22, 1940 in Tehran) is one of the most influential and controversial post-revolutionary Iranian filmmakers and one of the most highly celebrated directors in the international film community of the last decade. ...


People and Culture

The majority of the population speaks Gilaki, a distinct dialect of Persian, as their first language while many children, particularly in the cities, tend to use standard Persian amongst themselves. Gilaki or Guilaki (گیلکی) is one of the North-western Iranian languages spoken in Irans Gilan province. ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ...


Gileki (Gilaki) is a branch of Pahlavi language and it is different from Persian (anoter branch from Pahlavi language). Gileki or Giliki (Gilaki in Persian) is one of the North-western Iranian languages spoken in Irans Gilan province. ... Pahlavi is a term that refers: (1) to a script used in Iran derived from the Aramaic script, and (2) more broadly, to Middle Persian, the Middle Iranian language written in this script. ...


Gilan's position in between the Tehran-Baku trade route has established the cities of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht as ranking amongst the most important commercial centers in Iran. As a result, the merchant and middle-classes comprise a significant percentage of the population. Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran Tehran is a metropolis of 14 million situated at the foot of the towering Alborz range. ... Satellite view of Baku The Baku harbour on the south of Absheron peninsula The Maiden Tower in old town Baku Bakı (Azerbaijani: Bakı), also known as Baku, is the capital of Azerbaijan. ...


The province has an annual average of 2 million tourists, mostly domestic. Although Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province, the main tourist attraction in Guilan is the small town of Masouleh in the hills south-east of Rasht. The town is built not dissimilar to the pueblo settlements, with the roof of one house being the courtyard of the next house above. Masouleh is a village in the Gilan Provence of Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Rasht Rasht (sometimes spelled Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran (Persia). ... Pueblos are traditional Native American communities of the Southwest United States of America. ...


Gilan has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran. This richness derives in part from the climate, which allows for a wide variety of fruit, vegetables and nuts grown in the province. Seafood is a particularly strong component of Gilani (and Mazandarani) cuisine. Sturgeon, often smoked or served as kabab, and caviar are delicacies along the whole Caspian littoral. Traditional Persian stews such as ghalieh mahi (fish stew) and ghalieh maygu (shrimp stew) are also featured and prepared in a uniquely Gilani fashion. Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... Species See text Sturgeon (Acipenser) is a genus of fish, of which some twenty different species are known, from European, Asiatic and North American rivers. ... Left to right: Chenjeh Kabab, Kabab Koobideh, Jujeh Kabab Kebab (kebap in Turkish, kabab in Iran and India/Pakistan, also spelled kebob, kabob) means grilled (or broiled) meat in Persian and Turkish. ... Look up Caviar on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Caviar is the processed, salted roe of various species of fish, most notably sturgeon. ...


More specific to Gilan are a distinctive walnut-paste and pomegranate-juice sauce, used as a marinade for 'sour' kabab and as the basis of fesenjun, a rich stew of duck, chicken or lamb. Mirza Ghasemi is an aubergine and egg dish with a smoky taste that is often served as a side dish or appetizer. Other such dishes include pickled garlic, olives with walnut paste, and smoked fish. The caviar and smoked fish from the region are, in particular, widely prized and sought after specialities in both domestic and foreign gourmet markets. See also Persian cuisine. A gourmet is a person with a discriminating palate and who is knowledgeable in fine food and drink. ... Kabab Koobideh, served with doogh (yoghurt drink) and pickles. ...


Colleges and Universities

    1. Gilan University of Mofid
    2. University of Gilan
    3. Islamic Azad University of Astara
    4. Islamic Azad University of Bandar Anzali
    5. Islamic Azad University of Rasht
    6. Gilan University of Medical Sciences

See also

Mirza Kuchek, the leader of the movement. ... The Persian Socialist Soviet Republic (widely known as the Soviet Republic of Gilan ) was a short-lived Soviet republic in the province of Gilan that lasted from June of 1920 until September of 1921. ...

External links

  • Picture Gallery of Guilan
  • Guilan University of Medical Sciences Health Information Center
  • Gilan Cultural Heritage Organization (An excellent source of info in Persian)
  • Masouleh Village Official website
  • Guilan Province Office of Tourism
  • Guilan Province Department of Education (in Persian)


Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azerbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azerbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan
  • Guilan.net A lot Of Pictures About Rasht

Giliki(Gileki) is neither a dialect of Persian nor a branch of Pahlavi. It has a separate grammer from both languages. Over the past decades,there were extensive restrictions regarding teaching, using in mass media and officially using it. Therefore, Gilaki language has been gradually disolved in official languae (so-called Persian). That is why it is currently dying off Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Image File history File links Iran_flag_large. ... Ardabil is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Bushehr is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... East Azarbaijan province enjoys some of Irans most favorable climatic conditions. ... // Isfahan province has enjoyed the benefit of being capital of Persia for 200 years during the 17th and 18th centuries. ... Fars, which is historically known as Persis in European languages, is one of the largest provinces in Iran, covering almost 10 per cent of the country. ... Gonbad-e Qabus, built in 1007, is a reminder of the blossoming of art and architecture in medieval Persia. ... External links Official website of Hamadan Governorship Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Qeshm Island is a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve, seen here on a stormy day in The Persian Gulf. ... // Introduction Ilam province is on the western edges of the Zagros range, bordering Iraq. ... Kerman is a province rich in historical sites and monuments. ... Kermanshah (Also known as KirmaÅŸan in Kurdish) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Kohgiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Map showing Iranian province of Kordestan. ... Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ... The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. ... Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... North Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان شمالی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... Qazvin province contains fine examples of Iranian architecture from various ages. ... The Grand Timcheh of Qoms Bazaar. ... Razavi Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان رضوی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Sistān and BalÅ«chestān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... South Khorasan (Persian: خراسان جنوبی) is a province located in eastern Iran. ... Tehran province has been the seat of Irans capital, Tehran, since 1778. ... West Azarbaijan (آذربایجان غربی in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Yazd is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Zanjan (زنجان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
About IRAN (2568 words)
The population of Guilan Province in 1996 was 2,241, 896 of which nearly 46.83% were registered as urban dwellers, 53.15% as villagers and remaining as non residents.
The plain regions of the province extend between the sea and the mountains to the altitude of 100 m.
Guilan Province is one of the most beautiful regions of Iran due to its ecological and natural aspects.
Guilan Schoolnet (139 words)
Schoolnet launched in Guilan in 1997 by a donation of computer equipments to some schools in central an eastern Guilan.
Clubs are specialized groups of students in different topics such as math, computers, chemistry and etc. Currently we have Schoolinux club active in Guilan.
Guilan students are involved in some iEARN projects.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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