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Encyclopedia > Guide dog
A blind man is led by his guide dog in Brasília, Brazil.
A blind man is led by his guide dog in Brasília, Brazil.
Labrador Retriever guide dogs resting.
Labrador Retriever guide dogs resting.
Guide dog training.
Guide dog training.

Guide dogs are assistance dogs trained to lead blind or visually impaired people around obstacles. The name of one of the more popular training schools for such dogs, Seeing Eye, has entered the popular vernacular as a genericized term for guide dogs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1851x1287, 336 KB) A blind man is leaded by a guide dog in Brasília, Brazil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1851x1287, 336 KB) A blind man is leaded by a guide dog in Brasília, Brazil. ... Location of Brasília Coordinates: Country Brazil State Distrito Federal Governor Maria de Lourdes Abadia Area    - City 5,801,937 km² Elevation 1000 m Population    - City (2005) 2,333,108  - Density 353,53/km² Time zone UTC (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Guide Dog Photography person : MASA Photography day :November, 2002 Photography place :Japanese light house at Osaka City Tsurumi-ku This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Guide Dog Photography person : MASA Photography day :November, 2002 Photography place :Japanese light house at Osaka City Tsurumi-ku This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Labrador Retriever Canis familiaris (Labrador or Lab for short), is one of several kinds of retriever, and is the most popular breed of dog (by registered ownership) in both the United States and the United Kingdom. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... An assistance dog is a dog trained to help a person with a disability. ... Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. ... Blindness can be defined physiologically as the condition of lacking sight. ... A genericized trademark (Commonwealth English genericised trade mark), sometimes known as a generic trade mark, generic descriptor or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which is often used as the colloquial description for a particular type of product or service as a result of widespread popular or cultural...


Although the dogs can be trained to navigate various obstacles, they are partially (red-green) color blind and are not capable of interpreting street signs. The human half of the guide dog team does the directing, based upon skills acquired through previous mobility training. The handler might be likened to an aircraft's navigator, who must know how to get from one place to another, and the dog is the pilot, who gets them there safely. Color blindness in humans is the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish. ... See also: street sign theft External links http://homepages. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal apes belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin for wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (known as the great apes). ...


In several countries, guide dogs, along with most service and hearing dogs, are exempt from regulations against the presence of animals in places such as restaurants and public transportation. A service dog is a type of assistance dog, specifically trained to help people who have disabilities other than visual or hearing impairment. ... Hearing dogs, called signal dogs in the past and also sound alert dogs, hearing ear dogs, or hearing assist dogs, are a category of assistance dogs that are especially selected and trained to assist people who are deaf or hard of hearing. ...

Contents

History

The first guide dog training schools were established in Germany during the First World War, to enhance the mobility of returning veterans who were blinded in combat. The United States followed suit in 1929 with the Seeing Eye in Morristown, New Jersey. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning old) is a person who is experienced in a particular area, and is particularly used to refer to people in the armed forces. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Military Capital of the Revolution Location of Morristown in Morris County (L); Location of Morris County in New Jersey (R) Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Morris Founded 1715 Incorporated 1865 Mayor Donald Cresitello (D; term ends December 31, 2009. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ...


The first guide dogs in Britain were German Shepherds. Three of these first were Judy, Meta and Folly who were handed over to their new owners, veterans blinded in World War I, on 6 October 1931[1]. This was followed, in 1934, by the start of The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association in Great Britain. The German Shepherd Dog or Alsatian (See History), is a breed of dog. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Guide Dogs logo The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association is a British charitable organisation founded in 1934. ...


Breeds

Early on, trainers began to recognize which breeds produced dogs most appropriate for guide work; today, Golden Retrievers, Labradors, and German Shepherds are most likely to be chosen, though by no means does this mean other breeds, such as Collies, Vizslas, and Dobermanns, are not. Crosses such as Golden Retriever/Labrador, which are popular due to both breeds' known intelligence, work-ethic, and early maturation, and Labradoodles, Labrador/Poodles bred in an attempt to provide dogs suitable for those with hair or dander allergies, are also common. The Golden Retriever is a very popular breed of dog. ... The Labrador Retriever Canis familiaris (Labrador or Lab for short), is one of several kinds of retriever, and is the most popular breed of dog (by registered ownership) in both the United States and the United Kingdom. ... A Rough Collie Collie refers to various breeds of herding dog originating primarily in Scotland. ... Country of origin Hungary Classification Breed standards (external links) The Hungarian Vizsla, pronounced Vizh-la (zh as in vision), is a dog breed originating in Hungary. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A Labradoodle is a crossbred dog created by crossing the Labrador Retriever and the Standard Poodle. ... The Poodle is a breed of dog; specifically, it is a gun dog noted for its ability in the water and bird hunting skills. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


Guide dog training

Potential guide dogs come from various sources. Some organizations breed and raise their own puppies, while some rely on "foster families" to raise the puppies until they are ready for formal training. Also, some dogs are rescued from shelters, although any dog heading for a career as a guide dog must be sound and desensitized to most public situations. Socialization is the process by which human beings or animals learn to adopt the behavior patterns of the community in which they live. ...


When dogs become old enough to start training, most guide dog schools will conduct a physical exam to analyze the dog's potential for guide dog work. If the dog passes this test, they continue on to more advanced training in a harness where they learn to help a person move around safely, including such achievements as navigating curbs and avoiding overhead obstacles. The dogs may be taught additional skills, such as retrieving items for their handler.


At the end of approximately three months of individual training, visually impaired students that have applied and are accepted begin to work with their own guide dog under the instruction of the school or an individual instructor. When the newly-created team has finished their training, they are certified and released on their own. Depending on the organization, follow-up training to ensure the dog is still doing its job correctly may or may not be required.


Guide dog accessibility

Despite regulations or rules that deny access to animals in restaurants and other public places, in many countries, guide dogs and other types of assistance dogs are protected by law, and therefore may accompany their handlers most places that are open to the public. Laws and regulations vary worldwide:

  • In the United States, the Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits any business, government agency, or other organization that provides access to the general public from barring guide dogs. However, religious organizations are not required to provide such access. The Fair Housing Act requires that landlords allow tenants to have guide dogs in residences that normally have a No Pets policy and no extra fees may be charged for such tenants. Whether guide dogs in training have the same rights or not usually falls on each individual state government.
  • In South American countries and Mexico, guide dog access depends solely upon the goodwill of the owner or manager. In more tourist-heavy areas, guide dogs are generally welcomed without problems.
  • In Europe, the situation varies. Some countries have laws that govern the entire country and sometimes the decision is left up to the respective regions.
  • In Israel, it is considered an insult if any transportation operator or business owner or manager refuses entry to a guide dog.
  • In Canada, guide dogs are allowed anywhere that the general public is allowed.

Because Islam considers dogs to be unclean, many Muslim taxi drivers and store owners have refused to accommodate customers who have guide dogs. This has resulted in controversy in a number of cities in North America, Europe, and Australia, especially as Muslim drivers become an increasing percentage of the taxi business. Some critics have accused Muslims who refuse to accommodate people with their guide dogs of trying to impose Sharia on non-Muslims [2]. On the other hand, those Muslims who hold that they are forbidden to come into contact with dogs even when used by people with disabilities see this as a religious liberty issue. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is the short title of United States Public Law 101-336, 104 Stat. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the six inhabited continents of the Earth. ... The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA) was an act passed by the Parliament of Australia in 1992 to promote the rights of people with disabillities in certain areas such as housing, education and provision of goods and services. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... Sharia ( translit: ) refers to the body of Islamic law. ...


References

Commonly Asked Questions About Service Animals in Places of Business. U.S. Department of Justice (1996). Retrieved on 2006-02-09. 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


See also

An assistance dog is a dog trained to help a person with a disability. ... Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. ... A guide horse is an alternative to a guide dog. ... A white cane is used by many people who are blind or visually impaired, both as a mobility tool and as a courtesy to others. ... Leader Dogs for the Blind is a guide dog training school located in Rochester, Michigan. ...

External links

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Guide dog. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ...

Guide dog training schools


  Results from FactBites:
 
guide dog. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (229 words)
The first school for training such dogs was established by the German government after World War I for the benefit of blinded veterans.
The master spends about a month at the school training with the already trained dog and is usually charged a nominal fee.
Approximately 10% of the blind population can use seeing-eye dogs successfully, that fraction including scores of persons who have achieved new independence through their assistance.
Guide dog - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1011 words)
In several countries, guide dogs, along with most service and hearing dogs, are exempt from regulations against the presence of animals in places such as restaurants and public transportation.
The first guide dog training schools were established in Germany during the First World War, to enhance the mobility of returning veterans who were blinded in combat.
Also, some dogs are rescued from shelters, although any dog heading for a career as a guide dog must be sound and desensitized to most public situations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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