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Encyclopedia > Gucumatz

In Maya mythology, Gukumatz ("feathered serpent") was a snake god, one of all three groups of gods who created Earth and humanity. He taught mankind civilization and agriculture. Gukumatz was the name for the deity in the highlands of what is now Guatemala; in Yucatán he was known as "Kukulcan". All these names mean specifically "Quetzal feathered serpent".

He was the Maya equivalent of the central-Mexican Quetzalcoatl (see that article for a longer discussion of this Mesoamerican Deity).

He was a god of the four elements of fire, earth, air and water, as well as a culture hero who taught the Toltecs (his original followers) the arts of civilization, including codes of law, agriculture, fishing and medicine. He came from an ocean, and eventually returned to it.

He had four divine organisms, each associated with a specific element:

Other names

  • Gucumatz
  • Gugumatz
  • Kucumatz
  • Kukulcan
  • Kukumatz
  • Quetzalcoatl (Aztec)

  Results from FactBites:
Popol Vuh: Popol Vuh: Part IV: IV. Chapter 9 (505 words)
Tidings of the wonderful nature of the King were spread and all the lords of the towns heard it.
And this was the beginning of the grandeur of the Quiché, when King Gucumatz gave these signs of his power.
The generation of the wonderful king called Gucumatz was the fourth generation, and Gucumatz was also the Ahpop and the Ahpop-Camhá.
Encyclopedia Mythica: Folktales (383 words)
In the beginning of time there was no Earth, no Sun and no Moon.
There only existed Heaven, the house of Gucumatz, the father and mother of all the creatures, and Hell, the house of the Ahauab de Xibalba, the Lords of Hell.
Gucumatz, Hearth of the Heaven, rewarded Hunahpu and Ixbalanque by making them the Sun and the Moon.
  More results at FactBites »



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